Bacteriophage Ecology Group
References (All)
Dedicated to the ecology and evolutionary biology of the parasites of unicellular organisms (UOPs)
© Stephen T. Abedon
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© Phage et al. last updated on Monday, December 31, 2007

  1. Phenotypic transformation including host-range transition through superinfection of T-even phages. Abe,M., Izumoji,Y., Tanji,Y. (2007). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 269:145-152. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2. Bacteriophage evolution given spatial constraint. Abedon,S.T., Culler,R.R. (2007). J. Theor. Biol. 248:111-119. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3. Optimizing bacteriophage plaque fecundity. Abedon,S.T., Culler,R.R. (2007). J. Theor. Biol. 249:582-592. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  4. 5500 phages examined in the electron microscope. Ackermann,H.-W. (2007). Arch. Virol. 152:227-243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  5. Bacteriophage-encoded toxins: the l-holin protein causes caspase-independent non-apoptotic cell death of eukaryotic cells. Agu,C.A., Klein,R., Lengler,J., Schilcher,F., Gregor,W., Peterbauer,T., Blasi,U., Salmons,B., Gunzburg,W.H., Hohenadl,C. (2007). Cellular microbiology 9:1753-1765. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  6. UV light inactivation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in milk as assessed by FASTPlaqueTB phage assay and culture. Altic,L.C., Rowe,M.T., Grant,I.R. (2007). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73:3728-3733. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  7. Propagation of fluorescent viruses in growing plaques. Alvarez,L.J., Thomen,P., Makushok,T., Chatenay,D. (2007). Biotech. Bioeng. 96:615-621. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  8. Lytic phage as a specific and selective probe for detection of Staphylococcus aureus--A surface plasmon resonance spectroscopic study. Balasubramanian,S., Sorokulova,I.B., Vodyanoy,V.J., Simonian,A.L. (2007). Biosensors & bioelectronics 22:948-955. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  9. CRISPR provides acquired resistance against viruses in prokaryotes. Barrangou,R., Fremaux,C., Deveau,H., Richards,M., Boyaval,P., Moineau,S., Romero,D.A., Horvath,P. (2007). Science (New York, N. Y. ) 315:1709-1712. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  10. Temperate bacteriophages affect pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns of Campylobacter jejuni. Barton,C., Ng,L.K., Tyler,S.D., Clark,C.G. (2007). J. Clin. Microbiol. 45:386-391. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  11. Development of a bacteriophage model system to investigate virus inactivation methods used in the treatment of bone allografts. Bienek,C., MacKay,L., Scott,G., Jones,A., Lomas,R., Kearney,J.N., Galea,G. (2007). Cell and tissue banking 8:115-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  12. Effects of wastewater disinfection on waterborne bacteria and viruses. Blatchley,E.R., Gong,W.L., Alleman,J.E., Rose,J.B., Huffman,D.E., Otaki,M., Lisle,J.T. (2007). Water Environ. Res. 79:81-92. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  13. Clonal interference is alleviated by high mutation rates in large populations. Bollback,J.P., Huelsenbeck,J.P. (2007). Mol. Biol. Evol. 24:1397-1406. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  14. Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Boots,M., Mealor,M. (2007). Science 315:1284-1286. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  15. Bacteria-eating virus approved as food additive. Bren,L. (2007). FDA consumer 41:20-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  16. Bacteriophage-based bioluminescent bioreporter for the detection of Escherichia coli 0157:H7. Brigati,J.R., Ripp,S.A., Johnson,C., Iakova,P.A., Jegier,P., Sayler,G.S. (2007). J. Food Prot. 70:1386-1392. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  17. The impact of migration from parasite-free patches on antagonistic host-parasite coevolution. Brockhurst,M.A., Buckling,A., Poullain,V., Hochberg,M.E. (2007). Evolution 61:1238-1243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  18. Experimental coevolution with bacteria and phage. The Pseudomonas fluorescens--F2 model system. Brockhurst,M.A., Morgan,A.D., Fenton,A., Buckling,A. (2007). Infec. Genet. Evol. 7:547-552. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  19. Phage metagenomics. Casas,V., Rohwer,F. (2007). Meth. Enzymol. 421:259-268. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  20. A possible heterodimeric prophage-like element in the genome of the insect endosymbiont Sodalis glossinidius. Clark,A.J., Pontes,M., Jones,T., Dale,C. (2007). J. Bacteriol. 189:2949-2951. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  21. Microbiological performance of common water treatment devices for household use in India. Clasen,T., Menon,S. (2007). International Journal of Environmental Health Research 17:83-93. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  22. Phage-antibiotic synergy (PAS): b-lactam and quinolone antibiotics stimulate virulent phage growth. Comeau,A., Tétart,F., Trojet,S.A., Prère,M.-F., Krisch,H.M. (2007). PLoS One 2:e799 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  23. Shiga toxin and Shiga toxin-encoding phage do not facilitate Escherichia coli O157:H7 colonization in sheep. Cornick,N.A., Helgerson,A.F., Sharma,V. (2007). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73:344-346. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  24. Conservation and diversity in the immunity regions of wild phages with the immunity specificity of phage lambda. Degnan,P.H., Michalowski,C.B., Babic,A.C., Cordes,M.H.J., Little,J.W. (2007). Mol. Microbiol. 64:232-244. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  25. Host density impacts relative fitness of bacteriophage f6 genotypes in structured habitats. Dennehy,J.J., Abedon,S.T., Turner,P.E. (2007). Evolution 61:2516-2527. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  26. Virus population extinction via ecological traps. Dennehy,J.J., Friedenberg,N.A., Yang,Y.W., Turner,P.E. (2007). Ecol. Lett. 10:230-240. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  27. Abortive phage resistance mechanism AbiZ speeds the lysis clock to cause premature lysis of phage-infected Lactococcus lactis. Durmaz,E., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2007). J. Bacteriol. 189:1417-1425. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  28. Gene flow reverses an adaptive cline in a coevolving host-parasitoid interaction. Forde,S.E., Thompson,J.N., Bohannan,B.J.M. (2007). Am. Nat. 169:794-801. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  29. A Survey of the bacteriophage WO in the endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia. Gavotte,L., Henri,H., Stouthamer,R., Charif,D., Charlat,S., Bouletreau,M., Vavre,F. (2007). Mol. Biol. Evol. 24:427-435. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  30. Characterization of a Leuconostoc gelidum bacteriophage from pork. Greer,G.G., Dilts,B.D., Ackermann,H.W. (2007). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 114:370-375. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  31. Bacteriophages: an appraisal of their role in the treatment of bacterial infections. Hanlon,G.W. (2007). International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 30:118-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  32. Isolation and characterization of the Serratia entomophila antifeeding prophage. Hurst,M.R.H., Beard,S.S., Jackson,T.A., Jones,S.M. (2007). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 270:42-48. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  33. Identification of structural genes for Clostridium botulinum type C neurotoxin-converting phage particles. Hwang,H.J., Lee,J.C., Yamamoto,Y., Sarker,M.R., Tsuchiya,T., Oguma,K. (2007). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 270:82-89. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  34. Evaluation of a rapid microbial detection method via phage lytic amplification assay coupled with Live/Dead fluorochromic stains. Jassim,S.A.A., Griffiths,M.W. (2007). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 44:673-678. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  35. Molecular characterization of T4-type bacteriophages in a rice field. Jia,Z., Ishihara,R., Nakajima,Y., Asakawa,S., Kimura,M. (2007). Environ. Microbiol. 9:1091-1096. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  36. Enterobacter sakazakii bacteriophages can prevent bacterial growth in reconstituted infant formula. Kim,K.P., Klumpp,J., Loessner,M.J. (2007). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 115:195-203. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  37. Going for baroque at the Escherichia coli K1 cell surface. King,M.R., Steenbergen,S.M., Vimr,E.R. (2007). Trends Microbiol. 15:196-202. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  38. Sunlight-mediated inactivation of MS2 coliphage via exogenous singlet oxygen produced by sensitizers in natural waters. Kohn,T., Nelson,K.L. (2007). Environ. Sci. Technol. 41:192-197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  39. [Diversity and dynamics of bacteriophages in horse feces]. Kulikova,E.E., Isaeva,A.S., Rotkina,A.S., Manykin,A.A., Letarov,A.V. (2007). Mikrobiologiia 76:271-278. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  40. Phage cocktail to control the exponential growth of normal flora in processed sputum specimens grown overnight in liquid medium for rapid TB diagnosis. Kumar,V., Balaji,S., Gomathi,N.S., Venkatesan,P., Sekar,G., Jayasankar,K., Narayanan,P.R. (2007). J. Microbiol. Meth. 68:536-542. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  41. Abortive infection mechanisms and prophage sequences significantly influence the genetic makeup of emerging lytic lactococcal phages. Labrie,S.J., Moineau,S. (2007). J. Bacteriol. 189:1482-1487. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  42. Importance of widespread gene transfer agent genes in a-proteobacteria. Lang,A.S., Beatty,J.T. (2007). Trends Microbiol. 15:54-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  43. Preharvest control of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle. LeJeune,J.T., Wetzel,A.N. (2007). Journal of Animal Science 85:E73-E80 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  44. Antiviral effects on bacteriophages and rotavirus by cranberry juice. Lipson,S.M., Sethi,L., Cohen,P., Gordon,R.E., Tan,I.P., Burdowski,A., Stotzky,G. (2007). Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 14:23-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  45. Effective inhibition of lytic development of bacteriophages lambda, P1 and T4 by starvation of their host, Escherichia coli. Los,M., Golec,P., Los,J.M., Weglewska-Jurkiewicz,A., Czyz,A., Wegrzyn,A., Wegrzyn,G., Neubauer,P. (2007). BMC Biotechnol. 7:13 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  46. Phage passage after extended processing in small-virus-retentive filters. Lute,S., Bailey,M., Combs,J., Sukumar,M., Brorson,K. (2007). Biotechnology and applied biochemistry 47:141-151. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  47. Bacteriophage biopanning in human tumour biopsies to identify cancer-specific targeting ligands. Maruta,F., Akita,N., Nakayama,J., Miyagawa,S., Ismail,T., Rowlands,D.C., Kerr,D.J., Fisher,K.D., Seymour,L.W., Parker,A.L. (2007). Journal of drug targeting 15:311-319. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  48. Microbiology. New bacterial defense against phage invaders identified. Marx,J. (2007). Science (New York, N. Y. ) 315:1650-1651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  49. Crash of a population of the marine heterotrophic flagellate Cafeteria roenbergensis by viral infection. Massana,R., del Campo,J., Dinter,C., Sommaruga,R. (2007). Environ. Microbiol. 9:2660-2669. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  50. Viral proteomics. Maxwell,K.L., Frappier,L. (2007). Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 71:398-411. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  51. Simple colorimetric microplate test of phage lysis in Salmonella enterica. McLaughlin,M.R. (2007). J. Microbiol. Meth. 69:394-398. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  52. Phage therapy of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in a mouse burn wound model. McVay,C.S., Velasquez,M., Fralick,J.A. (2007). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 51:1934-1938. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  53. On kinetics of phage adsorption. Moldovan,R., Chapman-McQuiston,E., Wu,X.L. (2007). Biophys. J. 93:303-315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  54. Highly sensitive phage-based biosensor for the detection of b-galactosidase. Nanduri,V., Balasubramanian,S., Sista,S., Vodyanoy,V.J., Simonian,A.L. (2007). Analytica chimica acta 589:166-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  55. The recombinant phage lysin LysK has a broad spectrum of lytic activity against clinically relevant staphylococci, including methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. O'Flaherty,S., Coffey,A., Meaney,W.J., Fitzgeral,G.F., Ross,R.P. (2007). J. Bacteriol. 197:7161-7164. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  56. Phage diversity in a methanogenic digester. Park,M.O., Ikenaga,H., Watanabe,K. (2007). Microb. Ecol. 53:98-103. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  57. High viral infection rates in Antarctic and Arctic bacterioplankton. Sawstrom,C., Graneli,W., Laybourn-Parry,J., Anesio,A.M. (2007). Environ. Microbiol. 9:250-255. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  58. Isolation and characterization of a bacteriophage with an unusually large genome from the Great Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge, Oklahoma, USA. Seaman,P.F., Day,M.J. (2007). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 60:1-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  59. Evolution and the complexity of bacteriophages. Serwer,P. (2007). Virol. J. 4:30 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  60. Propagating the missing bacteriophages: a large bacteriophage in a new class. Serwer,P., Hayes,S.J., Thomas,J.A., Hardies,S.C. (2007). Virol. J. 4:21 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  61. Grazer and virus-induced mortality of bacterioplankton accelerates development of Flectobacillus populations in a freshwater community. Simek,K., Weinbauer,M.G., Hornak,K., Jezbera,J., Nedoma,J., Dolan,J.R. (2007). Environ. Microbiol. 9:789-800. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  62. Occurrence and persistence of bacterial and viral faecal indicators in wastewater biofilms. Skraber,S., Helmi,K., Willame,R., Ferreol,M., Gantzer,C., Hoffmann,L., Cauchie,H.M. (2007). Water Sci. Technol. 55:377-385. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  63. Microbial source tracking: a forensic technique for microbial source identification? Stapleton,C.M., Wyer,M.D., Kay,D., Crowther,J., McDonald,A.T., Walters,M., Gawler,A., Hindle,T. (2007). Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM 9:427-439. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  64. Inactivation of calcium-dependent lactic acid bacteria phages by phosphates. Suarez,V.B., Capra,M.L., Rivera,M., Reinheimer,J.A. (2007). J. Food Prot. 70:1518-1522. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  65. Removal of particle-associated bacteriophages by dual-media filtration at different filter cycle stages and impacts on subsequent UV disinfection. Templeton,M.R., Andrews,R.C., Hofmann,R. (2007). Water Res. 41:2393-2406. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  66. Low-cost rapid detection of rifampicin resistant tuberculosis using bacteriophage in Kampala, Uganda. Traore,H., Ogwang,S., Mallard,K., Joloba,M.L., Mumbowa,F., Narayan,K., Kayes,S., Jones-Lopez,E.C., Smith,P.G., Ellner,J.J., Mugerwa,R.D., Eisenach,K.D., McNerney,R. (2007). Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials 6:1 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  67. Prevalence and numbers of coliphages and Campylobacter jejuni bacteriophages in New Zealand foods. Tsuei,A.C., Carey-Smith,G.V., Hudson,J.A., Billington,C., Heinemann,J.A. (2007). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 116:121-125. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  68. Phage-resistant mutants of Lactobacillus delbrueckii may have functional properties that differ from those of parent strains. Vinderola,G., Marco,M.B., Guglielmotti,D.M., Perdigon,G., Giraffa,G., Reinheimer,J., Quiberoni,A. (2007). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 116:96-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  69. Efficacy of bacteriophage therapy against gut-derived sepsis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in mice. Watanabe,R., Matsumoto,T., Sano,G., Ishii,Y., Tateda,K., Sumiyama,Y., Uchiyama,J., Sakurai,S., Matsuzaki,S., Imai,S., Yamaguchi,K. (2007). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 51:446-452. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  70. Bacteriophage in the Environment. Weinbauer,M.G., Agis,M., Bonilla-Findji,O., Malits,A., Winter,C. (2007). p. 61-92. In S.McGrath and D.van Sinderen (eds.), (eds) Bacteriophage: Genetics and Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, UK.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  71. Targeted drug-carrying bacteriophages as antibacterial nanomedicines. Yacoby,I., Bar,H., Benhar,I. (2007). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 51:2156-2163. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  72. Specific electrochemical phage sensing for Bacillus cereus and Mycobacterium smegmatis. Yemini,M., Levi,Y., Yagil,E., Rishpon,J. (2007). Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 70:180-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  73. A quantitative comet assay: Imaging and analysis of virus plaques formed with a liquid overlay. Zhu,Y., Yin,J. (2007). J. Virol. Meth. 139:100-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  74. Phage ecology. Abedon,S.T. (2006). p. 37-46. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  75. Classification of Bacteriophages. Ackermann,H.-W. (2006). p. 8-16. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  76. Evaluation of the factors controlling the time-dependent inactivation rate coefficients of bacteriophage MS2 and PRD1. Anders,R., Chrysikopoulos,C.V. (2006). Environ. Sci. Technol. 40:3237-3242. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  77. The marine viromes of four oceanic regions. Angly,F.E., Felts,B., Breitbart,M., Salamon,P., Edwards,R.A., Carlson,C., Chan,A.M., Haynes,M., Kelley,S., Liu,H., Mahaffy,J.M., Mueller,J.E., Nulton,J., Olson,R., Parsons,R., Rayhawk,S., Suttle,C.A., Rohwer,F. (2006). PLoS Biol. 4:e368 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  78. Micromonas pusilla reovirus: a new member of the family Reoviridae assigned to a novel proposed genus (Mimoreovirus). Attoui,H., Jaafar,F.M., Belhouchet,M., de Micco,P., de Lamballerie,X., Brussaard,C.P. (2006). J. Gen. Virol. 87:1375-1383. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  79. Use of the Weibull model for lactococcal bacteriophage inactivation by high hydrostatic pressure. Avsaroglu,M.D., Buzrul,S., Alpas,H., Akcelik,M., Bozoglu,F. (2006). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 108:78-83. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  80. A recombinant bacteriophage-based assay for the discriminative detection of culturable and viable but nonculturable Escherichia coli O157:H7. Awais,R., Fukudomi,H., Miyanaga,K., Unno,H., Tanji,Y. (2006). Biotechnol. Prog. 22:853-859. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  81. Prophages of Staphylococcus aureus Newman and their contribution to virulence. Bae,T., Baba,T., Hiramatsu,K., Schneewind,O. (2006). Mol. Microbiol. 62:1035-1047. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  82. Identification of a diagnostic marker to detect freshwater cyanophages of filamentous cyanobacteria. Baker,A.C., Goddard,V.J., Davy,J., Schroeder,D.C., Adams,D.G., Wilson,W.H. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:5713-5719. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  83. Bacteriophages of freshwater Brevundimonas vesicularis isolates. Beilstein,F., Dreiseikelmann,B. (2006). Res. Microbiol. 157:213-219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  84. Bacteroides spp. as reliable marker of sewage contamination in Hawaii's environmental waters using molecular techniques. Betancourt,W.Q., Fujioka,R.S. (2006). Water Sci. Technol. 54:101-107. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  85. Virus-bacterium interactions in water and sediment of West African inland water system. Bettarel,Y., Bouvy,M., Dumont,C., Sime-Ngando,T. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:5274-5282. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  86. Control of bacteriophage contamination in commercial microbiology and fermentation facilities. Bogosian,G. (2006). p. 667-673. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  87. The tripartite associations between bacteriophage, Wolbachia, and arthropods. Bordenstein,S.R., Marshall,M.L., Fry,A.J., Kim,U., Wernegreen,J.J. (2006). PLoS Pathog. 2:e43 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  88. Prophage Finder: a prophage loci prediction tool for prokaryotic genome sequences. Bose,M., Barber,R.D. (2006). In silico biology 6:223-227. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  89. Transport of coliphage in the presence and absence of manure suspension. Bradford,S.A., Tadassa,Y.F., Jin,Y. (2006). J. Environ. Qual. 35:1692-1701. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  90. Spatial heterogeneity and the stability of host-parasite coexistence. Brockhurst,M.A., Buckling,A., Rainey,P.B. (2006). J. Evol. Biol. 19:374-379. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  91. Are phytoplankton population density maxima predictable through analysis of host and viral genomic DNA content? Brown,C.M., Lawrence,J.E., Campbell,D.A. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:491-498. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  92. Ecology of microbial invasions: amplification allows virus carriers to invade more rapidly when rare. Brown,S.P., Le Chat,L., De Paepe,M., Taddei,F. (2006). Curr. Biol. 16:2048-2052. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  93. Prophage genomics. Brüssow,H. (2006). p. 17-25. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  94. Lactobacillus phages. Brüssow,H., Suárez,J.E. (2006). p. 653-663. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  95. Evolution of tailed phages-insights from comparative phage genomics. Brüssow,H., Desiere,F. (2006). p. 26-36. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  96. Antagonistic coevolution with parasites increases the cost of host deleterious mutations. Buckling,A., Wei,Y., Massey,R.C., Brockhurst,M.A., Hochberg,M.E. (2006). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 273:45-49. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  97. Optimality models of phage life history and parallels in disease evolution. Bull,J.J. (2006). J. Theor. Biol. 241:928-938. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  98. Evolutionary feedback mediated through population density, illustrated with viruses in chemostats. Bull,J.J., Millstein,J., Orcutt,J., Wichman,H.A. (2006). Am. Nat. 167:E39-E51 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  99. Pharmacodynamics of non-replicating viruses, bacteriocins and lysins. Bull,J.J., Regoes,R.R. (2006). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 273:2703-2712. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  100. The Bacteriophages. Calendar,R., Abedon,S.T. (2006). Oxford University Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]

  101. General aspects of lysogeny. Campbell,A.M. (2006). p. 66-73. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  102. Isolation and sequencing of a temperate transducing phage for Pasteurella multocida. Campoy,S., Aranda,J., Alvarez,G., Barbe,J., Llagostera,M. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:3154-3160. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  103. Selection of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteriophage for persistence in the circulatory system of mice infected experimentally. Capparelli,R., Ventimiglia,I., Roperto,S., Fenizia,D., Iannelli,D. (2006). Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 12:248-253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  104. Characterization of a new virulent phage (MLC-A) of Lactobacillus paracasei. Capra,M.L., Del,L.Q., Ackermann,H.W., Moineau,S., Reinheimer,J.A. (2006). J. Dairy Sci. 89:2414-2423. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  105. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages infecting Salmonella spp. Carey-Smith,G.V., Billington,C., Cornelius,A.J., Hudson,J.A., Heinemann,J.A. (2006). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 258:182-186. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  106. Widespread occurrence of phage-encoded exotoxin genes in terrestrial and aquatic environments in Southern California. Casas,V., Miyake,J., Balsley,H., Roark,J., Telles,S., Leeds,S., Zurita,I., Breitbart,M., Bartlett,D., Azam,F., Rohwer,F. (2006). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 261:141-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  107. Fecal contamination of agricultural soils before and after hurricane-associated flooding in North Carolina. Casteel,M.J., Sobsey,M.D., Mueller,J.P. (2006). Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering 41:173-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  108. Isolation of lytic Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophages from worldwide collected water samples. Ceyssens,P.J., Lavigne,R., Hertveldt,K., Volckaert,G. (2006). Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences 71:95-98. [do not have abstract]

  109. Bacteriophage WO-B and Wolbachia in natural mosquito hosts: infection incidence, transmission mode and relative density. Chauvatcharin,N., Ahantarig,A., Baimai,V., Kittayapong,P. (2006). Molecular Ecology 15:2451-2461. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  110. Induction of multiple prophages from a marine bacterium: a genomic approach. Chen,F., Wang,K., Stewart,J., Belas,R. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:4995-5001. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  111. Comparative analysis of tandem T7-like promoter containing regions in enterobacterial genomes reveals a novel group of genetic islands. Chen,Z., Schneider,T.D. (2006). Nucleic Acids Research 34:1133-1147. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

    [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  112. Leaching of phage from Class B biosolids and potential transport through soil. Chetochine,A.S., Brusseau,M.L., Gerba,C.P., Pepper,I.L. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:665-671. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  113. Bacteriophages and biotechnology: vaccines, gene therapy and antibacterials. Clark,J.R., March,J.B. (2006). Trends Biotechnol. 24:212-218. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  114. Mimivirus and the emerging concept of "giant" virus. Claverie,J.-M., Ogata,H., Audic,S., Abergel,C., Suhre,K., Fournier,P.-E. (2006). Virus Res. 17:133-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  115. Virus isolation studies suggest short-term variations in abundance in natural cyanophage populations of the Indian Ocean. Clokie,M., Millard,A.D., Mehta,J.Y., Mann,N.H. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:499-505. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  116. Transcription of a 'photosynthetic' T4-type phage during infection of a marine cyanobacterium. Clokie,M.R.J., Shan,J., Bailey,S., Jia,Y., Krisch,H.M., West,S., Mann,N.H. (2006). Environ. Microbiol. 8:827-835. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  117. Marine cyanophages and light. Clokie,M.R.J., Mann,N.H. (2006). Environ. Microbiol. 8:2074-2082. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  118. Genetic richness of vibriophages isolated in a coastal environment. Comeau,A.M., Chan,A.M., Suttle,C.A. (2006). Environ. Microbiol. 8:1164-1176. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  119. In vivo transduction of an Stx-encoding phage in ruminants. Cornick,N.A., Helgerson,A.F., Mai,V., Ritchie,J.M., Acheson,D.W.K. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:5086-5088. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  120. Phase-variable surface structures are required for infection of Campylobacter jejuni by bacteriophages. Coward,C., Grant,A.J., Swift,C., Philp,J., Towler,R., Heydarian,M., Frost,J.A., Maskell,D.J. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:4638-4647. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  121. Using bacteriophages to reduce formation of catheter-associated biofilms by Staphylococcus epidermidis. Curtin,J.J., Donlan,R.M. (2006). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 50:1268-1275. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  122. Possible association between phages, Hoc protein, and the immune system. Dabrowska,K., Switala-Jelen,K., Opolski,A., Gorski,A. (2006). Arch. Virol. 151:209-215. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  123. In vivo efficacy of phage therapy for Mycobacterium avium infection as delivered by a nonvirulent mycobacterium. Danelishvili,L., Young,L.S., Bermudez,L.E. (2006). Microb. Drug Res. 12:1-6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  124. Soil inactivation of DNA viruses in septic seepage. Davies,C.M., Logan,M.R., Rothwell,V.J., Krogh,M., Ferguson,C.M., Charles,K., Deere,D.A., Ashbolt,N.J. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 100:365-374. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  125. Adsorption of viruses to soil: impact of anaerobic treatment. Davis,J.A., Farrah,S.R., Wilkie,A.C. (2006). Water Sci. Technol. 54:161-167. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  126. Viruses' life history: Towards a mechanistic basis of a trade-off between survival and reproduction among phages. de Paepe,M., Taddei,F. (2006). PLoS Biol. 4:e193 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  127. Evaluation of the natural virucidal activity of teas for use in the phage amplification assay. de Siqueira,R.S., Dodd,C.E.R., Rees,C.E.D. (2006). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 111:259-262. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  128. Viral ecology and the maintenance of novel host use. Dennehy,J.J., Friedenberg,N.A., Holt,R.D., Turner,P.E. (2006). Am. Nat. 167:429-439. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  129. Bacteriophage migration via nematode vectors: host-parasite-consumer interactions in laboratory microcosms. Dennehy,J.J., Friedenberg,N.A., Yang,Y.W., Turner,P.E. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:1974-1979. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  130. Study of the morphological diversity of bacteriophages in Lake Baikal. Drucker,V.V., Dutova,N.V. (2006). Doklady biological sciences : proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological sciences sections / translated from Russian 410:421-423. [do not have abstract]

  131. Shared architecture of bacteriophage SPO1 and herpesvirus capsids. Duda,R.L., Hendrix,R.W., Huang,W.M., Conway,J.F. (2006). Curr. Biol. 16:R11-R13 [do not have abstract]
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  132. Pleiotropic costs of niche expansion in the RNA bacteriophage f6. Duffy,S., Turner,P.E., Burch,C.L. (2006). Genetics 172:751-757. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  133. Characterization of Streptococcus thermophilus host range phage mutants. Duplessis,M., Levesque,C.M., Moineau,S. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:3036-3041. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  134. Bacteriophage T5 structure reveals similarities with HK97 and T4 suggesting evolutionary relationships. Effantin,G., Boulanger,P., Neumann,E., Letellier,L., Conway,J.F. (2006). J. Mol. Biol. 361:993-1002. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  135. [T4-type bacteriophages: ubiquitous components of the "dark matter" of the biosphere]. Filee,J., Comeau,A.M., Suttle,C.A., Krisch,H.M. (2006). Med. Sci. 22:111-112. [do not have abstract]

  136. Infection paradox: high abundance but low impact of freshwater benthic viruses. Filippini,M., Buesing,N., Bettarel,Y., Sime-Ngando,T., Gessner,M.O. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:4893-4898. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  137. Reinventing phage therapy: are the parts greater than the sum? Fischetti,V.A., Nelson,D., Schuch,R. (2006). Nat. Biotech. 24:1508-1511. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  138. Effect of goethite coating and humic acid on the transport of bacteriophage PRD1 in columns of saturated sand. Foppen,J.W.A., Okletey,S., Schijven,J.F. (2006). J. Contam. Hydrol. 85:287-301. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  139. The origin of viruses and their possible roles in major evolutionary transitions. Forterre,P. (2006). Virus Res. 117:5-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  140. Sequencing Bacillus anthracis typing phages gamma and cherry reveals a common ancestry. Fouts,D.E., Rasko,D.A., Cer,R.Z., Jiang,L., Fedorova,N.B., Shvartsbeyn,A., Vamathevan,J.J., Tallon,L., Althoff,R., Arbogast,T.S., Fadrosh,D.W., Read,T.D., Gill,S.R. (2006). J. Bacteriol. 188:3402-3408. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  141. Phage_Finder: automated identification and classification of prophage regions in complete bacterial genome sequences. Fouts,D.E. (2006). Nucleic Acids Research 34:5839-5851. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  142. Ig-like domains on bacteriophages: a tale of promiscuity and deceit. Fraser,J.S., Yu,Z., Maxwell,K.L., Davidson,A.R. (2006). J. Mol. Biol. 359:496-507. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  143. Commensal bacteria influence Escherichia coli O157:H7 persistence and Shiga toxin production in the mouse intestine. Gamage,S.D., Patton,A.K., Strasser,J.E., Chalk,C.L., Weiss,A.A. (2006). Infect. Immun. 74:1977-1983. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  144. Bacteriophage as pollution indicators. Gerba,C. (2006). p. 695-701. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]
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  145. Ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim cause phage induction and virulence modulation in Staphylococcus aureus. Goerke,C., Koller,J., Wolz,C. (2006). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 50:171-177. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  146. Dynamic modelling of viral impact on cyanobacterial populations in shallow lakes: implications of burst size. Gons,H.J., Hoogveld,H.L., Simis,S.G.H., Tijdens,M. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:537-542. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  147. Bacteriophages and transplantation tolerance. Gorski,A., Kniotek,M., Perkowska-Ptasinska,A., Mroz,A., Przerwa,A., Gorczyca,W., Dabrowska,K., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Nowaczyk,M. (2006). Transplant. Proc. 38:331-333. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  148. Response of four types of coliphages to high hydrostatic pressure. Guan,D., Kniel,K., Calci,K.R., Hicks,D.T., Pivarnik,L.F., Hoover,D.G. (2006). Food Microbiol. 23:546-551. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  149. Detection of multiple antibiotic–resistant Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium DT104 by phage replication–competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Guan,J., Chan,M., Allain,B., Mandeville,R., Brooks,B.W. (2006). J. Food Prot. 739-742. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  150. Characterization of spontaneous phage-resistant derivatives of Lactobacillus delbrueckii commercial strains. Guglielmotti,D.M., Reinheimer,J.A., Binetti,A.G., Giraffa,G., Carminati,D., Quiberoni,A. (2006). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 111:126-133. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  151. Augmentation of the antimicrobial efficacy of antibiotics by filamentous phage. Hagens,S., Habel,A., Blasi,U. (2006). Microb. Drug Resist. 12:164-168. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  152. Phages of Lactococcus lactis. Hammer,K., Brønsted,L. (2006). p. 572-592. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]
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  153. Virus retention and transport in chemically heterogeneous porous media under saturated and unsaturated flow conditions. Han,J., Jin,Y., Willson,C.S. (2006). Environ. Sci. Technol. 40:1547-1555. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  154. Seasonal profiles of human noroviruses and indicator bacteria in a wastewater treatment plant in Tokyo, Japan. Haramoto,E., Katayama,H., Oguma,K., Yamashita,H., Tajima,A., Nakajima,H., Ohgaki,S. (2006). Water Sci. Technol. 54:301-308. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  155. Mycobacteriophages. Hatfull,G.F. (2006). p. 602-620. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  156. Exploring the mycobacteriophage metaproteome: phage genomics as an educational platform. Hatfull,G.F., Pedulla,M.L., Jacobs-Sera,D., Cichon,P.M., Foley,A., Ford,M.E., Gonda,R.M., Houtz,J.M., Hryckowian,A.J., Kelchner,V.A., Namburi,S., Pajcini,K.V., Popovich,M.G., Schleicher,D.T., Simanek,B.Z., Smith,A.L., Zdanowicz,G.M., Kumar,V., Peebles,C.L., Jacobs,W.R.J., Lawrence,J.G., Hendrix,R.W. (2006). PLoS Genetics 2:e92 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  157. Bug killers. Hausler,T. (2006). Nat. Med. 12:600-601. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  158. Viruses vs. Superbugs: A Solution to the Antibiotic Crisis. Häusler,T. (2006). Macmillan, [do not have abstract]

  159. Viral and bacterial assemblage covariance in oligotrophic waters of the West Florida Shelf (Gulf of Mexico). Hewson,I., Winget,D.M., Williamson,K.E., Fuhrman,J.A., Wommack,K.E. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:591-603. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  160. Viral impacts upon marine bacterioplankton assemblage structure. Hewson,I., Fuhrman,J.A. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:577-589. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  161. The cyanophage molecular mixing bowl of photosynthesis genes. Hill,E. (2006). PLoS Biol. 4:e264 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  162. Babies and bacteria: phage typing, bacteriologists, and the birth of infection control. Hillier,K. (2006). Bull. Hist. Med. 80:733-761. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  163. Evaluation of the influence of bacteriophage titer on the treatment of colibacillosis in broiler chickens. Huff,W.E., Huff,G.R., Rath,N.C., Donoghue,A.M. (2006). Poult. Sci. 85:1373-1377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  164. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, faecal coliforms and coliphage in animal feeds. Hutchison,M.L., Thomas,D.J.I., Walters,L.D., Avery,S.M. (2006). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 43:205-210. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  165. Evaluation of a microcolony detection method and phage assay for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum samples. Irfan,S., Hasan,R., Kanji,A., Hassan,Q., Azam,I. (2006). S. E. Asian J. Trop. Med. Pub. Health 37:1187-1195. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  166. Evolutionary genomics of nucleo-cytoplasmic large DNA viruses. Iyer,L.M., Balaji,S., Koonin,E.V., Aravind,L. (2006). Virus Res. 117:156-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  167. Investigation of bacteriophage MS2 viral dynamics using model discrimination analysis and the implications for phage therapy. Jain,R., Knorr,A.L., Bernacki,J., Srivastava,R. (2006). Biotechnol. Prog. 22:1650-1658. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  168. Diversity of cyanophages infecting the heterocystous filamentous cyanobacterium Nodularia isolated from the brackish Baltic Sea. Jenkins,C.A., Hayes,P.K. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:529-536. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  169. Modeling the role of bacteriophage in the control of cholera outbreaks. Jensen,M.A., Faruque,S.M., Mekalanos,J.J., Levin,B.R. (2006). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:4652-4657. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  170. Natural and anthropogenic forcing on the dynamics of virioplankton in the Yangtze river estuary. Jiao,N., Zhao,Y., Luo,T., Wang,X. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:543-550. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  171. Major technological advances and trends in cheese. Johnson,M.E., Lucey,J.A. (2006). J. Dairy Sci. 89:1174-1178. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  172. Bacteriophage-mediated competition in Bordetella bacteria. Joo,J., Gunny,M., Cases,M., Hudson,P., Albert,R., Harvill,E. (2006). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 273:1843-1848. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  173. Unstable lysogeny and pseudolysogeny in Vibrio harveyi siphovirus-like phage 1. Khemayan,K., Pasharawipas,T., Puiprom,O., Sriurairatana,S., Suthienkul,O., Flegel,T.W. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:1355-1363. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  174. The genetic basis of thermal reaction norm evolution in lab and natural phage population. Khies,J.L., Izem,R., Supler,K.L., Kingsolver,J.G., Burch,C.L. (2006). PLoS Biol. 4:e207 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  175. Alternative methods to limit extracellular bacterial activity for enumeration of intracellular bacteria. Kim,H.J., Kim,E.Y., Hong,Y., Rhee,J.H., Choy,H.E. (2006). J. Microbiol. Meth. 64:17-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  176. Evolution of complexity in the viral world: The dawn of a new vision. Koonin,E.V., Dolja,V.V. (2006). Virus Res. 117:1-4. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  177. A putative RNA-interference-based immune system in prokaryotes: the epitome of prokaryotic genome diversity. Koonin,E.V., Makarova,K.S., Grishin,N.V., Wolf,Y.I. (2006). p. 39-64. In N.A.Logan, H.M.Lappin-Scott, and P.C.F.Oyston (eds.), (eds) Prokaryotic Diversity: Mechanisms and Significance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.[do not have abstract]

  178. [Substantiation for the model value of somatic coliphage T2 in virological control of water preparation technology risk assessment]. Korchak,G.I., Skorokhod,I.N., Surmasheva,E.V. (2006). Gigiena i Sanitariia 37-39. [do not have abstract]

  179. [Ambivalent bacteriophages of different species active on Escherichia coli K12 and Salmonella sps. strains]. Krylov,V.N., Miller,S., Rachel,R., Biebl,M., Pletneva,E.A., Shuetz,M., Krylov,S.V., Shaburova,O.V. (2006). Genetika 42:159-168. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  180. Emergence of biofilm-forming subpopulations upon exposure of Escherichia coli to environmental bacteriophages. Lacqua,A., Wanner,O., Colangelo,T., Martinotti,M.G., Landini,P. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:956-959. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  181. FDA approves use of bacteriophages to be added to meat and poultry products. Lang,L.H. (2006). Gastroenterology 131:1370 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  182. Induction of temperate cyanophage AS-1 by heavy metal--copper. Lee,L.H., Lui,D., Platner,P.J., Hsu,S.F., Chu,T.C., Gaynor,J.J., Vega,Q.C., Lustigman,B.K. (2006). BMC Microbiol. 6:17 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  183. Plasmids and prophages in Baltic Sea bacterioplankton isolates. Leitet,C., Riemann,L., Hagström,Ä. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:567-575. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  184. [Removal of coliphages by wastewater treatment processes]. Li,M., Hu,H.Y., Zhang,X., Shen,H. (2006). Huan Jing Ke Xue 27:80-84. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  185. Structural constraints and mutational bias in the evolutionary restoration of a severe deletion in RNA phage MS2. Licis,N., van Duin,J. (2006). J. Mol. Evol. 63:314-329. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  186. Two novel bacteriophages of thermophilic bacteria isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal fields. Liu,B., Wu,S., Song,Q., Zhang,X., Xie,L. (2006). Curr. Microbiol. 53:163-166. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  187. Protein repertoire of double-stranded DNA bacteriophages. Liu,J., Glazko,G., Mushegian,A. (2006). Virus Res. 117:68-80. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  188. Occurrence of bacterial indicators and bacteriophages infecting enteric bacteria in groundwater in different geographical areas. Lucena,F., Ribas,F., Duran,A.E., Skraber,S., Gantzer,C., Campos,C., Moron,A., Calderon,E., Jofre,J. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 101:96-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  189. [The presence of bacteriophages in human feces and their potential importance]. Lusiak-Szelachowska,M., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Gorski,A. (2006). Polski merkuriusz lekarski 21:381-383. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  190. Sequence and comparative genomic analysis of lactococcal bacteriophages jj50, 712 and P008: evolutionary insights into the 936 phage species. Mahony,J., Deveau,H., Mc Grath,S., Ventura,M., Canchaya,C., Moineau,S., Fitzgerald,G.F., van Sinderen,D. (2006). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 261:253-261. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  191. The use of bacteriophages for monitoring the microbiological quality of sewage sludge. Mandilara,G., Mavridou,A., Lambiri,M., Vatopoulos,A., Rigas,F. (2006). Environ. Technol. 27:367-375. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  192. Correlation between bacterial indicators and bacteriophages in sewage and sludge. Mandilara,G.D., Smeti,E.M., Mavridou,A.T., Lambiri,M.P., Vatopoulos,A.C., Rigas,F.P. (2006). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 263:119-126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  193. Phages of cyanobacteria. Mann,N.H. (2006). p. 517-533. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]
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  194. Multiplication of therapeutically administered bacteriophages in Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected patients. Marza,J.A.S., Soothill,J.S., Boydell,P., Collyns,T.A. (2006). Burns 32:644-646. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  195. Temperate and lytic cyanophages from the Gulf of Mexico. McDaniel,L.D., delaRosa,M., Paul,J.H. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:517-527. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  196. Enhanced contrast of bacteriophage plaques in Salmonella with ferric ammonium citrate and sodium thiosulfate (FACST) and tetrazolium red (TZR). McLaughlin,M.R., Balaa,M.F. (2006). J. Microbiol. Meth. 65:318-323. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  197. Isolation of Salmonella bacteriophages from swine effluent lagoons. McLaughlin,M.R., Balaa,M.F., Sims,J., King,R. (2006). J. Environ. Qual. 35:522-528. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  198. Factors affecting iron sulfide-enhanced bacteriophage plaque assays in Salmonella. McLaughlin,M.R. (2006). J. Microbiol. Meth. 67:611-615. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]
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  199. Phage therapy. Merril,C.R., Scholl,D., Adhya,S. (2006). p. 725-741. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  200. Viral lysis of bacteria: an important source of dissolved amino acids and cell wall compounds. Middelboe,M., Jørgensen,N.O.G. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:605-612. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  201. A temporal and spatial investigation of cyanophage abundance in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Millard,A.D., Mann,N.H. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:507-515. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  202. Marine phages. Miller,R.V. (2006). p. 534-544. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  203. Resistance development of bacterial biofilms against bacteriophage attack. Moons,P., Werckx,W., Van Houdt,R., Aertsen,A., Michiels,C.W. (2006). Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences 71:297-300. [do not have abstract]

  204. Relative number of generations of hosts and parasites does not influence parasite local adaptation in coevolving populations of bacteria and phages. Morgan,A.D., Buckling,A. (2006). J. Evol. Biol. 19:1956-1963. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  205. Quantifying the significance of phage attack on starter cultures: a mechanistic model for population dynamics of phage and their hosts isolated from fermenting sauerkraut. Mudgal,P., Breidt,F.J., Lubkin,S.R., Sandeep,K.P. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:3908-3915. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  206. Viruses as pathogens of marine organisms—from bacteria to whales. Munn,C.B. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:453-467. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  207. Enteric viruses in inlet and outlet samples from sewage treatment plants. Myrmel,M., Berg,E.M.M., Grinde,B., Rimstad,E. (2006). J. Water Health 4:197-209. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  208. Dinoflagellate-infecting viruses. Nagasaki,K., Tomaru,Y., Shirai,Y., Takao,Y., Mizumoto,H. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:469-474. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  209. Male-specific coliphages as indicators of thermal inactivation of pathogens in biosolids. Nappier,S.P., Aitken,M.D., Sobsey,M.D. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:2471-2475. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  210. UV disinfection of wastewater effluents for unrestricted irrigation. Nasser,A.M., Paulman,H., Sela,O., Ktaitzer,T., Cikurel,H., Zuckerman,I., Meir,A., Aharoni,A., Adin,A. (2006). Water Sci. Technol. 54:83-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  211. Genetic diversity among five T4-like bacteriophages. Nolan,J.M., Petrov,V., Bertrand,C., Krisch,H.M., Karam,J.D. (2006). Virol. J. 3:30 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  212. The newly isolated lytic bacteriophages st104a and st104b are highly virulent against Salmonella enterica. O'Flynn,G., Coffey,A., Fitzgerald,G.F., Ross,R.P. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 101:251-259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  213. Horizontal gene transfer and its role in the emergence of new phenotypes. Osborn,A.M. (2006). p. 275-293. In N.A.Logan, H.M.Lappin-Scott, and P.C.F.Oyston (eds.), (eds) Prokaryotic Diversity: Mechanisms and Significance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.[do not have abstract]

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  215. Microbial inactivation by microwave radiation in the home environment. Park,D.K., Bitton,G., Melker,R. (2006). J. Environ. Health 69:17-24. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  216. Flow cytometric analysis of virus-like particles and heterotrophic bacteria within coral-associated reef water. Patten,N.L., Seymour,J.R., Mitchell,J.G. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:563-566. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  217. Origin and evolution of overlapping genes in the family Microviridae. Pavesi,A. (2006). J. Gen. Virol. 87:1013-1017. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  218. Variable pleiotropic effects from mutations at the same locus hamper prediction of fitness from a fitness component. Pepin,K.M., Samuel,M.A., Wichman,H.A. (2006). Genetics 172:2047-2056. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  219. A peptidoglycan hydrolase motif within the mycobacteriophage TM4 tape measure protein promotes efficient infection of stationary phase cells. Piuri,M., Hatfull,G.F. (2006). Mol. Microbiol. 62:1569-1585. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  220. Functional origins of fitness effect-sizes of compensatory mutations in the DNA bacteriophage fX174. Poon,A.F.Y., Chao,L. (2006). Evolution 60:2032-2043. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  221. Microbiological quality of groundwater sources used by rural communities in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Potgieter,N., Mudau,L.S., Maluleke,F.R.S. (2006). Water Sci. Technol. 54:371-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  222. A naturally occurring novel allele of Escherichia coli outer membrane protein A reduces sensitivity to bacteriophage. Power,M.L., Ferrari,B.C., Littlefield-Wyer,J., Gordon,D.M., Slade,M.B., Veal,D.A. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:7930-7932. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  223. Evolutionary genomics of archaeal viruses: Unique viral genomes in the third domain of life. Prangishvili,D., Garrett,R.A., Koonin,E.V. (2006). Virus Res. 117:52-67. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  224. Evidence of host-virus co-evolution in tetranucleotide usage patterns of bacteriophages and eukaryotic viruses. Pride,D.T., Wassenaar,T.M., Ghose,C., Blaser,M.J. (2006). BMC Genom. 7:8 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  225. Genomewide screens for Escherichia coli genes affecting growth of T7 bacteriophage. Qimron,U., Marintcheva,B., Tabor,S., Richardson,C.C. (2006). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:19039-19044. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  226. Coliphage hsa as a model for antiviral studies/spectrum by some indigenous bacteriocin like inhibitory substances (BLIS). Qureshi,H., Saeed,S., Ahmed,S., Rasool,S.A. (2006). Pakist. J. Pharm. Sci. 19:182-185. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  227. Aquatic viruses: the emerging story. Raven,J.A. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:449-451. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  228. Isolation and characterization of a new T-even bacteriophage, CEV1, and determination of its potential to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7 levels in sheep. Raya,R.R., Varey,P., Oot,R.A., Dyen,M.R., Callaway,T.R., Edrington,T.S., Kutter,E.M., Brabban,A.D. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:6405-6410. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  229. Phage for rapid detection and control of bacterial pathogens in food. Rees,C.E.D., Dodd,C.E.R. (2006). Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 59:159-186. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  230. Linking bacteriophage infection to quorum sensing signalling and bioluminescent bioreporter monitoring for direct detection of bacterial agents. Ripp,S., Jegier,P., Birmele,M., Johnson,C.M., Daumer,K.A., Garland,J.L., Sayler,G.S. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 100:488-499. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  231. Horizontal gene transfer and the evolution of microvirid coliphage genomes. Rokyta,D.R., Burch,C.L., Caudle,S.B., Wichman,H.A. (2006). J. Bacteriol. 188:1134-1142. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  232. Host range of 14 mycobacteriophages in Mycobacterium ulcerans and seven other mycobacteria including Mycobacterium tuberculosis--application for identification and susceptibility testing. Rybniker,J., Kramme,S., Small,P.L. (2006). J. Med. Microbiol. 55:37-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  233. Seasonal variations in virus-host populations in Norwegian coastal waters: focusing on the cyanophage community infecting marine Synechococcus spp. Sandaa,R.A., Larsen,A. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:4610-4618. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  234. WO bacteriophage transcription in Wolbachia-infected Culex pipiens. Sanogo,Y.O., Dobson,S.L. (2006). Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 36:80-85. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  235. Microscale patchiness of virioplankton. Seymour,J.R., Seuront,L., Doubell,M., Waters,R.L., Mitchell,J.G. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:551-561. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  236. Isolation and characterization of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from ready-to-eat foods in Florida. Shen,Y., Liu,Y., Zhang,Y., Cripe,J., Conway,W., Meng,J., Hall,G., Bhagwat,A.A. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:5073-5076. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  237. Application of bacteriophages to control intestinal Escherichia coli O157:H7 levels in ruminants. Sheng,H., Knecht,H.J., Kudva,I.T., Hovde,C.J. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:5359-5366. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  238. Genomic and phylogenetic analysis of a single-stranded RNA virus infecting Rhizosolenia setigera (Stramenopiles: Bacillariophyceae). Shirai,Y., Takao,Y., Mizumoto,H., Tomaru,Y., Honda,D., Nagasaki,K. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:475-483. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  239. Bacteriophage origins of mitochondrial replication and transcription proteins. Shutt,T.E., Gray,M.W. (2006). Trends Genet. 22:90-95. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  240. Inhibition of bacteriophage M13 replication with esterified milk proteins. Sitohy,M., Chobert,J.M., Karwowska,U., Gozdzicka-Jozefiak,A., Haertle,T. (2006). J. Ag. Food Chem. 54:3800-3806. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  241. Phage therapy: facts and fiction. Skurnik,M., Strauch,E. (2006). Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 296:5-14. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  242. High pressure-induced inactivation of Qb coliphage and c2 phage in oysters and in culture media. Smiddy,M., Kelly,A.L., Patterson,M.F., Hill,C. (2006). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 106:105-110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  243. Bacteriophages: how bacterial spores capture and protect phage DNA. Sonenshein,A.L. (2006). Curr. Biol. 16:R14-R16 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  244. Viruses of Archaea. Stedman,K.M., Prangishvilli,D., Zillig,W. (2006). p. 499-516. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  245. Biogeographical diversity of archaeal viruses. Stedman,K.M., Clore,A., Combet-Blanc,Y. (2006). p. 131-143. In N.A.Logan, H.M.Lappin-Scott, and P.C.F.Oyston (eds.), (eds) Prokaryotic Diversity: Mechanisms and Significance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  246. F+ RNA coliphage typing for microbial source tracking in surface waters. Stewart-Pullaro,J., Daugomah,J.W., Chestnut,D.E., Graves,D.A., Sobsey,M.D., Scott,G.I. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 101:1015-1026. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  247. Sequence variation among group III F-specific RNA coliphages from water samples and swine lagoons. Stewart,J.R., Vinje,J., Oudejans,S.J.G., Scott,G.I., Sobsey,M.D. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:1226-1230. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  248. Evolution of bacteriophages infecting encapsulated bacteria: lessons from Escherichia coli K1-specific phages. Stummeyer,K., Schwarzer,D., Claus,H., Vogel,U., Gerardy-Schahn,R., Muhlenhoff,M. (2006). Mol. Microbiol. 60:1123-1135. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  249. Engineered bacteriophage-defence systems in bioprocessing. Sturino,J.M., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2006). Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 4:395-404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  250. Prevalence and evolution of core photosystem II genes in marine cyanobacterial viruses and their hosts. Sullivan,M.B., Lindell,D., Lee,J.A., Thompson,L.R., Bielawski,J.P., Chisholm,S.W. (2006). PLoS Biol. 4:e234 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  251. Development of a rapid strain differentiation method for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated in Japan by detecting phage-derived open-reading frames. Suzuki,M., Tawada,Y., Kato,M., Hori,H., Mamiya,N., Hayashi,Y., Nakano,M., Fukushima,R., Katai,A., Tanaka,T., Hata,M., Matsumoto,M., Takahashi,M., Sakae,K. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 101:938-947. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  252. Complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of a single-stranded RNA virus infecting the marine fungoid protist Schizochytrium sp. Takao,Y., Mise,K., Nagasaki,K., Okuno,T., Honda,D. (2006). J. Gen. Virol. 87:723-733. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  253. Impact of iron particles in groundwater on the UV inactivation of bacteriophages MS2 and T4. Templeton,M.R., Andrews,R.C., Hofmann,R. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 101:732-741. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  254. [Microenvironment of positive pressure powered air purifying medical protective equipment]. Tian,F., Cheng,G.x., Wang,Z., Yang,J.q., Yang,J., Liu,S.j. (2006). Chin. J. Indust. Hyg. Occup. Dis. 24:151-153. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  255. Bacteriophages and pathogenicity: more than just providing a toxin? Tinsley,C.R., Bille,E., Nassif,X. (2006). Microbes Infect. 8:1365-1371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  256. Identification of adsorption inhibition, restriction/modification and abortive infection type phage resistance systems in Lactococcus lactis strains. Tukel,C., Sanlibaba,P., Ozden,B., Akcelik,M. (2006). Acta Biol. Hung. 57:377-385. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  257. Hybridisation of F+ RNA coliphages detected in shellfish samples with oligonucleotide probes to assess the origin of microbiological pollution of shellfish. Vantarakis,A., Venieri,D., Komninou,G., Papapetropoulou,M. (2006). Water Sci. Technol. 54:219-223. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  258. Transport of coliphage PRD1 in a surface flow constructed wetland. Vidales-Contreras,J.A., Gerba,C.P., Karpiscak,M.M., Acuna-Askar,K., Chaidez-Quiroz,C. (2006). Water Environ. Res. 78:2253-2260. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  259. Bacteriophage gene products and pathogenesis. Wagner,PL., Waldor,M.K. (2006). p. 710-724. In R.Calendar and S.T.Abedon (eds.), (eds) The Bacteriophages. Oxford University Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  260. Recovery of temperate Desulfovibrio vulgaris bacteriophage using a novel host strain. Walker,C.B., Stolyar,S.S., Pinel,N., Yen,H.C., He,Z., Zhou,J., Wall,J.D., Stahl,D.A. (2006). Environ. Microbiol. 8:1950-1959. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  261. Lysis timing and bacteriophage fitness. Wang,I.-N. (2006). Genetics 172:17-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  262. Use of bacteriophage in the treatment of experimental animal bacteremia from imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Wang,J., Hu,B., Xu,M., Yan,Q., Liu,S., Zhu,X., Sun,Z., Reed,E., Ding,L., Gong,J., Li,Q.Q., Hu,J. (2006). International journal of molecular medicine 17:309-317. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  263. Therapeutic effectiveness of bacteriophages in the rescue of mice with extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli bacteremia. Wang,J., Hu,B., Xu,M., Yan,Q., Liu,S., Zhu,X., Sun,Z., Tao,D., Ding,L., Reed,E., Gong,J., Li,Q.Q., Hu,J. (2006). International journal of molecular medicine 17:347-355. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  264. Phage in the time of cholera. Weitz,J.S., Hartman,H. (2006). The Lancet infectious diseases 6:257-258. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  265. Marine and freshwater cyanophages in a Laurentian Great Lake: evidence from infectivity assays and molecular analyses of g20 genes. Wilhelm,S.W., Carberry,M.J., Eldridge,M.L., Poorvin,L., Saxton,M.A., Doblin,M.A. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:4957-4963. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  266. Environmental factors that influence the transition from lysogenic to lytic existence in the fHSIC/Listonella pelagia marine phage-host system. Williamson,S.J., Paul,J.H. (2006). Microb. Ecol. 52:217-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  267. Phylogenetic analysis of PgV-102P, a new virus from the English Channel that infects Phaeocystis globosa. Wilson,W.H., Schroeder,D.C., Ho,J., Canty,M. (2006). J. Mar. Bio. Assoc. UK 86:485-490. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  268. Targeting antibacterial agents by using drug-carrying filamentous bacteriophages. Yacoby,I., Shamis,M., Bar,H., Shabat,D., Benhar,I. (2006). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 50:2087-2097. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  269. Male-specific RNA coliphages detected by plaque assay and RT-PCR in tropical river waters and animal fecal matter. Yee,S.Y.F., Fong,N.Y., Fong,G.T., Tak,O.J., Hui,G.T., Su Ming,Y. (2006). International Journal of Environmental Health Research 16:59-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  270. Isolation and characterization of a cyanophage infecting the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Yoshida,T., Takashima,Y., Tomaru,Y., Shirai,Y., Takao,Y., Hiroishi,S., Nagasaki,K. (2006). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:1239-1247. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  271. Evolutionary design on a budget: robustness and optimality of bacteriophage T7. You,L., Yin,J. (2006). Systems Biol. 153:46-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  272. Isolation and characterization of Thermus bacteriophages. Yu,M.X., Slater,M.R., Ackermann,H.W. (2006). Arch. Virol. 151:663-679. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  273. Isolation and characterization of a Lactobacillus fermentum temperate bacteriophage from Chinese yogurt. Zhang,X., Kong,J., Qu,Y. (2006). J. Appl. Microbiol. 101:857-863. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  274. Why bacteriophage encode exotoxins and other virulence factors. Abedon,S.T., LeJeune,J.T. (2005). Evol. Bioinf. Online 1:97-110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  275. 2004 ASM Conference on the New Phage Biology: the 'Phage Summit'. Adhya,S., Black,L., Friedman,D., Hatfull,G., Kreuzer,K., Merril,C., Oppenheim,A., Rohwer,F., Young,R. (2005). Mol. Microbiol. 55:1300-1314. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  276. Induction of Shiga toxin-converting prophage in Escherichia coli by high hydrostatic pressure. Aertsen,A., Faster,D., Michiels,C.W. (2005). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:1155-1162. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  277. Genotoxicity of the Yamuna River water at Okhla (Delhi), India. Aleem,A., Malik,A. (2005). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 61:404-412. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  278. Comparison of bacteriophage and enteric virus removal in pilot scale activated sludge plants. Arraj,A., Bohatier,J., Laveran,H., Traore,O. (2005). J. Appl. Microbiol. 98:516-524. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  279. Correlation of Campylobacter bacteriophage with reduced presence of hosts in broiler chicken ceca. Atterbury,R.J., Dillon,E., Swift,C., Connerton,P.L., Frost,J.A., Dodd,C.E.R., Rees,C.E.D., Connerton,I.F. (2005). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:4885-4887. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  280. Fate of Escherichia coli O157 and detection of stx phage during fermentation of maize, an animal feedstuff. Avery,S.M., Walters,L.D., Hutchison,M.L. (2005). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 40:99-105. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  281. Mosaic prophages with horizontally acquired genes account for the emergence and diversification of the globally disseminated M1T1 clone of Streptococcus pyogenes. Aziz,R.K., Edwards,R.A., Taylor,W.W., Low,D.E., McGeer,A., Kotb,M. (2005). J. Bacteriol. 187:3311-3318. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  282. Common ancestry of herpesviruses and tailed DNA bacteriophages. Baker,M.L., Jiang,W., Rixon,F.J., Chiu,W. (2005). J. Virol. 79:14967-14970. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  283. Diversity of phage integrases in Enterobacteriaceae: development of markers for environmental analysis of temperate phages. Balding,C., Bromley,S.A., Pickup,R.W., Saunders,J.R. (2005). Environ. Microbiol. 7:1558-1567. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  284. Occurrence and correlations between coliphages and anthropogenic viruses in the Massachusetts Bay using enrichment and ICC-nPCR. Ballester,N.A., Fontaine,J.H., Margolin,A.B. (2005). J. Water Health 3:59-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  285. Rituximab inhibits the in vivo primary and secondary antibody response to a neoantigen, bacteriophage phiX174. Bearden,C.M., Agarwal,A., Book,B.K., Vieira,C.A., Sidner,R.A., Ochs,H.D., Young,M., Pescovitz,M.D. (2005). Am. J. Transpl. 5:50-57. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  286. Microbiological assessment of ambient waters and proposed water sources for restoration of a Florida wetland. Betancourt,W.Q., Rose,J.B. (2005). J. Water Health 3:89-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  287. Isolation and characterization of a small nuclear inclusion virus infecting the diatom Chaetoceros c.f. gracilis. Bettarel,Y., Kan,J., Wang,K., Cooney,S., Williamson,K., Chen,F., Wommack,E., Coats,W. (2005). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 40:103-114. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  288. Low consumption of virus-sized particles by heterotrophic nanoflagellates in two lakes of the French Massif central. Bettarel,Y., Sime-Ngando,T., Amblard,C., Bouvy,M. (2005). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 39:205-209. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  289. A broad-host-range, generalized transducing phage (SN-T) acquires 16S rRNA genes from different genera of bacteria. Beumer,A., Robinson,J.B. (2005). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:8301-8304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  290. A chromosomally integrated bacteriophage in invasive meningococci. Bille,E., Zahar,J.R., Perrin,A., Morelle,S., Kriz,P., Jolley,K.A., Maiden,M.C.J., Dervin,C., Nassif,X., Tinsley,C.R. (2005). J. Exp. Med. 201:1905-1913. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  291. Influence of water chemistry and travel distance on bacteriophage PRD-1 transport in a sandy aquifer. Blanford,W.J., Brusseau,M.L., Jim Yeh,T.C., Gerba,C.P., Harvey,R. (2005). Water Res. 39:2345-2357. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  292. Viral production, decay rates, and life strategies along a trophic gradient in the North Adriatic Sea. Bongiorni,L., Magagnini,M., Armeni,M., Noble,R., Danovaro,R. (2005). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:6644-6650. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  293. Mobile DNA in obligate intracellular bacteria. Bordenstein,S.R., Reznikoff,W.S. (2005). Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 3:688-699. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  294. [The potential use of bacteriophages in view of the current antibiotic therapy crisis]. Borysowski,J., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Gorski,A. (2005). Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej 113:73-78. [do not have abstract]

  295. Evolution of foodborne pathogens via temperate bacteriophage-mediated gene transfer. Brabban,A.D., Hite,E., Callaway,T.R. (2005). Foodborne Pathog. Dis. 2:287-303. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  296. Bacteriophage WO in Wolbachia infecting terrestrial isopods. Braquart-Varnier,C., Greve,P., Felix,C., Martin,G. (2005). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 337:580-585. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  297. Here a virus, there a virus, everywhere the same virus? Breitbart,M., Rohwer,F. (2005). Trends Microbiol. 13:278-284. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  298. Phage ecology and bacterial pathogenesis. Breitbart,M., Rohwer,F., Abedon,S.T. (2005). p. 66-91. In M.K.Waldor, D.I.Friedman, and S.L.Adhya (eds.), (eds) Phages: Their Role in Bacterial Pathogenesis and Biotechnology. ASM Press, Washington DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  299. Results with phages. Bricelj,M. (2005). <None Specified> [do not have abstract]

  300. Thermostability of landscape phage probes. Brigati,J.R., Petrenko,V.A. (2005). Analyt. Bioanalyt. Chem. 382:1346-1350. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  301. Artificial neural network prediction of viruses in shellfish. Brion,G., Viswanathan,C., Neelakantan,T.R., Lingireddy,S., Girones,R., Lees,D., Allard,A., Vantarakis,A. (2005). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:5244-5253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  302. The use of bacteriophages in eliminating polyresistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae. Brnakova,Z., Farkasovska,J., Godany,A. (2005). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 50:187-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  303. The effect of a bacteriophage on diversification of the opportunistic bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Brockhurst,M.A., Buckling,A., Rainey,P.B. (2005). Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 272:1385-1391. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  304. Relative value of surrogate indicators for detecting pathogens in lakes and reservoirs. Brookes,J.D., Hipsey,M.R., Burch,M.D., Regel,R.H., Linden,L.G., Ferguson,C.M., Antenucci,J.P. (2005). Environ. Sci. Technol. 39:8614-8621. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  305. Human volunteers receiving Escherichia coli phage T4 orally: a safety test of phage therapy. Bruttin,A., Brüssow,H. (2005). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 49:2874-2878. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  306. Genomics and the evolution of tailed phages. Brüssow,H., Kutter,E. (2005). p. 91-128. In E.Kutter and A.Sulakvelidze (eds.), (eds) Bacteriophages: Biology and Application. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  307. Phage therapy: the Escherichia coli experience. Brüssow,H. (2005). Microbiology (Reading) 151:2133-2140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  308. Phage ecology. Brüssow,H., Kutter,E. (2005). p. 129-164. In E.Kutter and A.Sulakvelidze (eds.), (eds) Bacteriophages: Biology and Application. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  309. Phage biology. Calendar,R., Inman,R. (2005). p. 18-36. In M.K.Waldor, D.I.Friedman, and S.L.Adhya (eds.), (eds) Phages: Their Role in Bacterial Pathogenesis and Biotechnology. ASM Press, Washington DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  310. Bacteriophage P100 for control of Listeria monocytogenes in foods: genome sequence, bioinformatic analyses, oral toxicity study, and application. Carlton,R.M., Noordman,W.H., Biswas,B., de Meester,E.D., Loessner,M.J. (2005). Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP 43:301-312. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  311. Comparative genomics and evolution of the tailed-bacteriophages. Casjens,S.R. (2005). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 8:451-458. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  312. Microbial partitioning to settleable particles in stormwater. Characklis,G.W., Dilts,M.J., Simmons,O.D., Likirdopulos,C.A., Krometis,L.A., Sobsey,M.D. (2005). Water Res. 39:1773-1782. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  313. Phage associated bacteriocins reveal a novel mechanism for bacteriocin diversification in Klebsiella. Chavan,M., Rafi,H., Wertz,J., Goldstone,C., Riley,M.A. (2005). J. Mol. Evol. 60:546-556. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  314. Population fitness and the regulation of Escherichia coli genes by bacterial viruses. Chen,Y., Golding,I., Sawai,S., Guo,L., Cox,E.C. (2005). PLoS Biol. 3:e229 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  315. Information theory based T7-like promoter models: classification of bacteriophages and differential evolution of promoters and their polymerases. Chen,Z., Schneider,T.D. (2005). Nucleic Acids Research 33:6172-6187. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  316. Different inactivation behaviors of MS-2 phage and Escherichia coli in TiO2 photocatalytic disinfection. Cho,M., Chung,H., Choi,W., Yoon,J. (2005). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:270-275. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  317. Phage abortive infection in lactococci: variations on a theme. Chopin,M.C., Chopin,A., Bidnenko,E. (2005). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 8:473-479. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  535. Detection of bacteriophage infection and prophage induction in bacterial cultures by means of electric DNA chips. Gabig-Ciminska,M., Los,M., Holmgren,A., Albers,J., Czyz,A., Hintsche,R., Wegrzyn,G., Enfors,S.O. (2004). Analytical biochemistry 324:84-91. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  537. Diversity and host range of Shiga toxin-encoding phage. Gamage,S.D., Patton,A.K., Hanson,J.F., Weiss,A.A. (2004). Infect. Immun. 72:7131-7139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  538. Rapid response of marginal zone B cells to viral particles. Gatto,D., Ruedl,C., Odermatt,B., Bachmann,M.F. (2004). J. Immunol. 173:4308-4316. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  539. Diversity, distribution and specificity of WO phage infection in Wolbachia of four insect species. Gavotte,L., Vavre,F., Henri,H., Ravallec,M., Stouthamer,R., Bouletreau,M. (2004). Insect Mol. Biol. 13:147-153. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  540. Drastically lowering the titer of waterborne bacteriophage PRD1 by exposure to immobilized hydrophobic polycations. Gelman,F., Lewis,K., Klibanov,A.M. (2004). Biotechnology Letters 26:1695-1700. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  541. Virus and bacteria dynamics of a coastal sediment: Implication for benthic carbon cycling. Glud,R.N., Middelboe,M. (2004). Limnol. Oceanogr. 49:2073-2081. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  542. Bacteriophage biocontrol of plant pathogens: fact or fiction? Goodridge,L.D. (2004). Trends Biotechnol. 22:384-385. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  543. Childhood tuberculosis and its early diagnosis. Gray,J.W. (2004). Clinical Biochemistryy 37:450-455. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  544. Variation in the Shiga toxin region of 20th-century epidemic and endemic Shigella dysenteriae 1 strains. Greco,K.M., McDonough,M.A., Butterton,J.R. (2004). J. Infect. Dis. 190:330-334. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  546. Therapy of experimental pseudomonas infections with a nonreplicating genetically modified phage. Hagens,S., Habel,A., von Ahsen,U., von Gabain,A., Bläsi,U. (2004). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 48:3817-3822. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  550. Evidence of Trichodesmium viral lysis and potential significance for biogeochemical cycling in the oligotrophic ocean. Hewson,I., Govil,S.R., Capone,D.G., Carpenter,E.J., Fuhrman,J.A. (2004). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 36:1-8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  551. Elimination of viruses, bacteria and protozoan oocysts by slow sand filtration. Hijnen,W.A.M., Schijven,J.F., Bonne,P., Visser,A., Medema,G.J. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:147-154. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  552. Isolation of bacteriophages from the oral cavity. Hitch,G., Pratten,J., Taylor,P.W. (2004). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 39:215-219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  553. The use of microbial tracers to monitor seasonal variations in effluent retention in a constructed wetland. Hodgson,C.J., Perkins,J., Labadz,J.C. (2004). Water Res. 38:3833-3844. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  554. Evaluation of the purification capacity of nine portable, small-scale water purification devices. Horman,A., Rimhanen-Finne,R., Maunula,L., von Bonsdorff,C.H., Rapala,J., Lahti,K., Hanninen,M.L. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:179-183. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  555. Therapeutic efficacy of bacteriophage and Baytril (enrofloxacin) individually and in combination to treat colibacillosis in broilers. Huff,W.E., Huff,G.R., Rath,N.C., Balog,J.M., Donoghue,A.M. (2004). Poult. Sci. 83:1944-1947. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  556. Cloning Serratia entomophila antifeeding genes--a putative defective prophage active against the grass grub Costelytra zealandica. Hurst,M.R.H., Glare,T.R., Jackson,T.A. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:5116-5128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  557. Isolation of phages infecting Actinoplanes SN223 and characterization of two of these viruses. Jarling,M., Bartkowiak,K., Robenek,H., Pape,H., Meinhardt,F. (2004). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 64:250-254. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  558. Bacteriophage lambda is a highly stable DNA vaccine delivery vehicle. Jepson,C.D., March,J.B. (2004). Vaccine 22:2413-2419. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  559. Big questions, small worlds: microbial model systems in ecology. Jessep,C.M., Kassen,R., Forde,S.E., Kerr,B., Buckling,A., Rainey,P.B., Bohannan,B.J.M. (2004). Trends Ecol. Evol. 19:189-197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  560. Abundance, distribution, and diversity of viruses in alkaline, hypersaline Mono Lake, California. Jiang,S., Steward,G., Jellison,R., Chu,W., Choi,S. (2004). Microb. Ecol. 47:9-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  561. PCR detection of pathogenic viruses in southern California urban rivers. Jiang,S.C., Chu,W. (2004). J. Appl. Microbiol. 97:17-28. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  563. The persistence and removal of enteric pathogens in constructed wetlands. Karim,M.R., Manshadi,F.D., Karpiscak,M.M., Gerba,C.P. (2004). Water Res. 38:1831-1837. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  564. [To the expediency of determination of coliphages in water]. Kashkarova,G.P., Blagova,O.E., Boitsov,A.G., Lastovka,O.N., Evel'son,E.A., Akhapkina,E.N., Kontorovich,V.B., Dorodnikov,A.I. (2004). Gigiena i Sanitariia 75-77. [do not have abstract]

  565. Pathogen removal efficiency from UASB + BF effluent using conventional and UV post-treatment systems. Keller,R., Passamani-Franca,R.F., Passamani,F., Vaz,L., Cassini,S.T., Sherrer,N., Rubim,K., Sant'Ana,T.D., Goncalves,R.F. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:1-6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  567. Bacteriophages that infect the cellulolytic ruminal bacterium Ruminococcus albus AR67. Klieve,A.V., Bain,P.A., Yokoyama,M.T., Ouwerkerk,D., Forster,R.J., Turner,A.F. (2004). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 38:333-338. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  568. Treatment and prevention of enterococcal infections--alternative and experimental approaches. Koch,S., Hufnagel,M., Huebner,J. (2004). Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy 4:1519-1531. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  569. Group I intron homing in Bacillus phages SPO1 and SP82: a gene conversion event initiated by a nicking homing endonuclease. Landthaler,M., Lau,N.C., Shub,D.A. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:4307-4314. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  570. Spring phytoplankton bloom in Norwegian coastal waters: Microbial community dynamics, succession and diversity. Larsen,A., Fonnes,G.A., Sandaa,R.A., Castberg,T., Thyrhaug,R., Erga,S.E., Jacquet,S., Bratbak,G. (2004). Limnol. Oceanogr. 49:180-190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  571. Bxz1, a new generalized transducing phage for mycobacteria. Lee,S., Kriakov,J., Vilcheze,C., Dai,Z., Hatfull,G.F., Jacobs,W.R.J. (2004). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 241:271-276. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  572. Optimizing concentration and timing of a phage spray application to reduce Listeria monocytogenes on honeydew melon tissue. Leverentz,B., Conway,W.S., Janisiewicz,W., Camp,M.J. (2004). J. Food Prot. 67:1682-1686. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  573. Population and evolutionary dynamics of phage therapy. Levin,B.R., Bull,J.J. (2004). Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 2:166-173. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  574. Involvement of colicin in the limited protection of the colicin producing cells against bacteriophage. Lin,Y.H., Liao,C.C., Liang,P.H., Yuan,H.S., Chak,K.F. (2004). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 318:81-87. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  575. Transfer of photosynthesis genes to and from Prochlorococcus viruses. Lindell,D., Sullivan,M.B., Johnson,Z.I., Tolonen,A.C., Rohwer,F., Chisholm,S.W. (2004). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:11013-11018. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  576. Occurrence of microbial indicators and Clostridium perfringens in wastewater, water column samples, sediments, drinking water, and Weddell seal feces collected at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Lisle,J.T., Smith,J.J., Edwards,D.D., McFeters,G.A. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:7269-7276. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  577. The occurrence of lysogenic bacteria and microbial aggregates in the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Lisle,J.T., Priscu,J.C. (2004). Microb. Ecol. 47:427-439. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  578. Genomic and genetic analysis of Bordetella bacteriophages encoding reverse transcriptase-mediated tropism-switching cassettes. Liu,M., Gingery,M., Doulatov,S.R., Liu,Y., Hodes,A., Baker,S., Davis,P., Simmonds,M., Churcher,C., Mungall,K., Quail,M.A., Preston,A., Harvill,E.T., Maskell,D.J., Eiserling,F.A., Parkhill,J., Miller,J.F. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:1503-1517. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  579. Characterizing spontaneous induction of Stx encoding phages using a selectable reporter system. Livny,J., Friedman,D.I. (2004). Mol. Microbiol. 51:1691-1704. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  580. A comparison of the survival of F+RNA and F+DNA coliphages in lake water microcosms. Long,S.C., Sobsey,M.D. (2004). Water Hlth. 2:15-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  581. Streptococcus pneumoniae and its bacteriophages: one long argument. Lopez,R. (2004). Int. Microbiol. 7:163-171. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  582. Bacteriophage contamination: is there a simple method to reduce its deleterious effects in laboratory cultures and biotechnological factories? Los,M., Czyz,A., Sell,E., Wegrzyn,A., Neubauer,P., Wegrzyn,G. (2004). Journal of Applied Genetics 45:111-120. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  583. [Inactivation of T4 phage in water environment using proteinase]. Lu,W.z., Yang,Q.x., Zhang,Y., Yang,M., Zhu,C.f. (2004). Huan Jing Ke Xue 25:93-96. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  584. Reduction of bacterial indicators and bacteriophages infecting faecal bacteria in primary and secondary wastewater treatments. Lucena,F., Duran,A.E., Moron,A., Calderon,E., Campos,C., Gantzer,C., Skraber,S., Jofre,J. (2004). J. Appl. Microbiol. 97:1069-1076. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  585. Usefulness of monitoring tropical streams for male-specific RNA coliphages. Luther,K., Fujioka,R. (2004). Water Hlth. 2:171-181. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  586. Milk contamination and resistance to processing conditions determine the fate of Lactococcus lactis bacteriophages in dairies. Madera,C., Monjardin,C., Suarez,J.E. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:7365-7371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  587. Evolutionary potential of an RNA virus. Makeyev,E.V., Bamford,D.H. (2004). J. Virol. 78:2114-2120. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  588. [Bacteriophage of Bacillus polymyxa BC153-29]. Matseliukh,D.I., Burova,L.M. (2004). ??? 66:22-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  589. Use of bacteriophages as surrogates for mammalian viruses. McAlister,M., Aranha,H., Larson,R. (2004). Developments in biologicals 118:89-98. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  590. The impact of bacteriophage genomics. McGrath,S., Fitzgerald,G.F., van Sinderen,D. (2004). Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 15:94-99. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  591. Development of a bacteriophage phage replication assay for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. McNerney,R., Kambashi,B.S., Kinkese,J., Tembwe,R., Godfrey-Faussett,P. (2004). J. Clin. Microbiol. 42:2115-2120. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  592. Assessment of drinking water quality using indicator bacteria and bacteriophages. Mendez,J., Audicana,A., Cancer,M., Isern,A., Llaneza,J., Moreno,B., Navarro,M., Tarancon,M.L., Valero,F., Ribas,F., Jofre,J., Lucena,F. (2004). Journal of Water Health 2:201-214. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  593. Standardised evaluation of the performance of a simple membrane filtration-elution method to concentrate bacteriophages from drinking water. Mendez,J., Audicana,A., Isern,A., Llaneza,J., Moreno,B., Tarancon,M.L., Jofre,J., Lucena,F. (2004). J. Virol. Meth. 117:19-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  594. Removal of biological and non-biological viral surrogates by spiral-wound reverse osmosis membrane elements with intact and compromised integrity. Mi,B., Eaton,C., Kim,J.H., Colvin,C.K., Lozier,J.C., Marinas,B.J. (2004). Water Res. 38:3821-3832. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  595. Genetic organization of the psbAD region in phages infecting marine Synechococcus strains. Millard,A., Clokie,M., Shub,D.A., Mann,N.H. (2004). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:11007-11012. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  596. Bacteriophage-mediated transduction: an engine for change and evolution. Miller,R.V. (2004). p. 144-157. In R.V.Miller and M.J.Day (eds.), (eds) Microbial Evolution: Gene Establishment, Survival, and Exchange. ASM Press, Washington DC.[do not have abstract]

  597. Nodulation competitiveness between contrasting phage phenotypes of pigeonpea rhizobial strains. Mishra,A., Dhar,B., Singh,R.M. (2004). Indian J. Exp. Biol. 42:611-615. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  598. Parasites mediate the relationship between host diversity and disturbance frequency. Morgan,A.D., Buckling,A. (2004). Ecol. Lett. 7:1029-1034. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  599. Assessment of the microbial integrity, sensu G.S. Wilson, of piped and bottled drinking water in the condition as ingested. Mossel,D.A.A., Struijk,C.B. (2004). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 92:375-390. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  600. Free Shiga toxin bacteriophages isolated from sewage showed diversity although the stx genes appeared conserved. Muniesa,M., Serra-Moreno,R., Jofre,J. (2004). Environ. Microbiol. 6:716-725. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  601. Factors influencing the replication of somatic coliphages in the water environment. Muniesa,M., Jofre,J. (2004). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 86:65-76. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  602. Bacteriophages and diffusion of b-lactamase genes. Muniesa,M., Garcia,A., Miro,E., Mirelis,B., Prats,G., Jofre,J., Navarro,F. (2004). Emerg. Infect. Dis. 10:1134-1137. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  603. Diversity of stx2 converting bacteriophages induced from Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from cattle. Muniesa,M., Blanco,J.E., de Simón,M., Serra-Moreno,R., Blanch,A.R., Jofre,J. (2004). Microbiology 150:2959-2971. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  604. Abundance in sewage of bacteriophages infecting Escherichia coli O157:H7. Muniesa,M., Jofre,J. (2004). Methods in Molecular Biology 268:79-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  605. Detection of enteric viruses in shellfish from the Norwegian coast. Myrmel,M., Berg,E.M.M., Rimstad,E., Grinde,B. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:2678-2684. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  606. Phage taxonomy: we agree to disagree. Nelson,D. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:7029-7031. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  607. Presence of bacterial phage-like DNA sequences in commercial Taq DNA polymerase reagents. Newsome,T., Li,B.J., Zou,N., Lo,S.C. (2004). J. Clin. Microbiol. 42:2264-2267. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  608. Removal of F-specific RNA bacteriophages in artificial recharge of groundwater--a field study. Niemi,R.M., Kytovaara,A., Paakkonen,J., Lahti,K. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:155-158. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  609. Site-specific recombination links the evolution of P2-like coliphages and pathogenic enterobacteria. Nilsson,A.S., Karlsson,J.L., Haggard-Ljungquist,E. (2004). Mol. Biol. Evol. 21:1-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  610. Inactivation of indicator micro-organisms from various sources of faecal contamination in seawater and freshwater. Noble,R.T., Lee,I.M., Schiff,K.C. (2004). J. Appl. Microbiol. 96:464-472. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  611. Testing for viral penetration of non-latex surgical and examination gloves: a comparison of three methods. O'Connell,K.P., El Masri,M., Broyles,J.B., Korniewicz,D.M. (2004). Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 10:322-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  612. Genome of staphylococcal phage K: a new lineage of myoviridae infecting Gram-positive bacteria with a low G-C content. O'Flaherty,S., Coffey,A., Edwards,R., Meaney,W., Fitzgerald,G.F., Ross,R.P. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:2862-2871. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  613. Evaluation of a cocktail of three bacteriophages for biocontrol of Escherichia coli O157:H7. O'Flynn,G., Ross,R.P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Coffey,A. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:3417-3424. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  614. Management of tomato bacterial spot in the field by foliar applications of bacteriophages and SAR inducers. Obradovic,A., Jones,J.B., Momol,M.T., Balogh,B., Olson,S.M. (2004). Plant Dis. 88:736-740. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  615. Rapid detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by using green fluorescent protein-labeled PP01 bacteriophage. Oda,M., Morita,M., Unno,H., Tanji,Y. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:527-534. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  616. Effects of freezing and storage temperature on MS2 viability. Olson,M.R., Axler,R.P., Hicks,R.E. (2004). J. Virol. Meth. 122:147-152. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  617. Approximate solution to the speed of spreading viruses. Ortega-Cejas,V., Fort,J., Méndez,V., Campos,D. (2004). Phys. Rev. E 69:031909-1-031909-4. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  618. Estimation of septic tank setback distances based on transport of E. coli and F-RNA phages. Pang,L., Close,M., Goltz,M., Sinton,L., Davies,H., Hall,C., Stanton,G. (2004). Environment International 29:907-921. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  619. Identification of bacteriophage types and their carriage in Staphylococcus aureus. Pantucek,R., Doskar,J., Ruzicková,V., Kaspárek,P., Orácová,E., Kvardová,V., Rosypal,S. (2004). Archives in Virology 149:1689-1703. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  620. The ability of two different Vibrio spp. bacteriophages to infect Vibrio harveyi, Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio mimicus. Payne,M., Oakey,J., Owens,L. (2004). J. Appl. Microbiol. 97:663-672. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  621. Bacteria and viruses in the water column of tropical freshwater reservoirs. Peduzzi,P., Schiemer,F. (2004). Environ. Microbiol. 6:707-715. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  622. Sewage impact on shellfish microbial contamination. Pommepuy,M., Dumas,F., Caprais,M.P., Camus,P., Le Mennec,C., Parnaudeau,S., Haugarreau,L., Sarrette,B., Vilagines,P., Pothier,P., Kholi,E., Le Guyader,F. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:117-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  623. Drift increases the advantage of sex in RNA bacteriophage F6. Poon,A., Chao,L. (2004). Genetics 166:19-24. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  624. The Pasteurella multocida toxin is encoded within a lysogenic bacteriophage. Pullinger,G.D., Bevir,T., Lax,A.J. (2004). Mol. Microbiol. 51:255-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  625. Characterization of three Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus phages and the physicochemical analysis of phage adsorption. Quiberoni,A., Guglielmotti,D., Binetti,A., Reinheimer,J. (2004). J. Appl. Microbiol. 96:340-351. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  626. [Combined use of active chlorine and coagulants for drinking water purification and disinfection]. Rakhmanin,I.A., Zholdakova,Z.I., Poliakova,E.E., Kir'ianova,L.F., Miasnikov,I.N., Tul'skaia,E.A., Artemova,T.Z., Ivanova,L.V., Dmitrieva,R.A., Doskina,T.V. (2004). Gigiena i Sanitariia 6-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  627. The structure of a thermophilic archaeal virus shows a double-stranded DNA viral capsid type that spans all domains of life. Rice,G., Tang,L., Stedman,K., Roberto,F., Spuhler,J., Gillitzer,E., Johnson,J.E., Douglas,T., Young,M. (2004). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:7716-7720. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  628. The genome and proteome of coliphage T1. Roberts,M.D., Martin,N.L., Kropinski,A.M. (2004). Virology 318:245-266. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  629. Conjugative and mobilizable transposons. Salyers,A.A., Whittle,G., Shoemaker,N.B. (2004). p. 125-143. In R.V.Miller and M.J.Day (eds.), (eds) Mirobial Evolution: Gene Establishment, Survival, and Exchange. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  630. Distribution, sequence homology, and homing of group I introns among T-even-like bacteriophages: evidence for recent transfer of old introns. Sandegren,L., Sjoberg,B.M. (2004). The Journal of Biological Chemistry 279:22218-22227. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  631. Movement of viruses between biomes. Sano,E., Carlson,S., Wegley,L., Rohwer,F. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:5842-5846. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  632. Newly isolated Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 phages. Sarkar,B.L., Ghosh,A.N., Sen,A., Rodrigues,D.P. (2004). Emerg. Infect. Dis. 10:754-756. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  633. Characterization of nutrient-induced dispersion in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilm. Sauer,K., Cullen,M.C., Rickard,A.H., Zeef,L.A.H., Davies,D.G., Gilbert,P. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:7312-7326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  634. Phage offer a real alternative. Schoolnik,G.K., Summers,W.C., Watson,J.D. (2004). Nat. Biotech. 22:505-506. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  635. Viral effects on bacterial community composition in marine plankton microcosms. Schwalbach,M.S., Hewson,I., Fuhrman,J.A. (2004). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 34:117-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  636. Improved isolation of undersampled bacteriophages: finding of distant terminase genes. Serwer,P., Hayes,S.J., Zaman,S., Lieman,K., Rolando,M., Hardies,S.C. (2004). Virology 329:412-424. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  637. [Bacteriophages as antibacterial agents]. Shasha,S.M., Sharon,N., Inbar,M. (2004). Harefuah 143:121-5, 166. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  638. Pseudomonas fluorescens infection by bacteriophage PhiS1: the influence of temperature, host growth phase and media. Sillankorva,S., Oliveira,R., Vieira,M.J., Sutherland,I., Azeredo,J. (2004). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 241:13-20. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  639. Bacteriophage F S1 infection of Pseudomonas fluorescens planktonic cells versus biofilms. Sillankorva,S., Oliveira,R., Vieira,M.J., Sutherland,I.W., Azeredo,J. (2004). Biofouling 20:133-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  640. Comparison of coliforms and coliphages as tools for assessment of viral contamination in river water. Skraber,S., Gassilloud,B., Gantzer,C. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:3644-3649. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  641. Ten new temperate bacteriophages of Citrobacter youngae. Smarda,J., Slovackova,H. (2004). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 49:671-678. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  642. Effects of culturing on the population structure of a hyperthermophilic virus. Snyder,J.C., Spuhler,J., Wiedenheft,B., Roberto,F.F., Douglas,T., Young,M.J. (2004). Microb. Ecol. 48:561-566. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  643. Development and evaluation of methods to detect coliphages in large volumes of water. Sobsey,M.D., Yates,M.V., Hsu,F.C., Lovelace,G., Battigelli,D., Margolin,A., Pillai,S.D., Nwachuku,N. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:211-217. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  644. Bdellovibrio as therapeutic agents: a predatory renaissance? Sockett,R.E., Lambert,C. (2004). Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 2:669-675. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  645. Microbicidal efficacy of an advanced oxidation process using ozone/hydrogen peroxide in water treatment. Sommer,R., Pribil,W., Pfleger,S., Haider,T., Werderitsch,M., Gehringer,P. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:159-164. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  646. Therapeutic use of bacteriophages. Soothill,J., Hawkins,C., Anggard,E., Harper,D. (2004). The Lancet infectious diseases 4:544-545. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  647. Immunological factors that affect the in vivo fate of T7 phage in the mouse. Srivastava,A.S., Kaido,T., Carrier,E. (2004). J. Virol. Meth. 115:99-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  648. In utero detection of T7 phage after systemic administration to pregnant mice. Srivastava,A.S., Chauhan,D.P., Carrier,E. (2004). BioTechniques 37:81-83. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  649. Viral abundance and a high proportion of lysogens suggest that viruses are important members of the microbial community in the Gulf of Trieste. Stopar,D., Cerne,A., Zigman,M., Poljsak-Prijatelj,M., Turk,V. (2004). Microb. Ecol. 47:1-8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  650. First-time isolation and characterization of a bacteriophage encoding the Shiga toxin 2c variant, which Is globally spread in strains of Escherichia coli O157 . Strauch,E., Schaudinn,C., Beutin,L. (2004). Infect. Immun. 72:7030-7039. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  651. Bacteriophage defense systems and strategies for lactic acid bacteria. Sturino,J.M., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2004). Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 56:331-378. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  652. Burkholderia cenocepacia phage BcepMu and a family of Mu-like phages encoding potential pathogenesis factors. Summer,E.J., Gonzalez,C.F., Carlisle,T., Mebane,L.M., Cass,A.M., Savva,C.G., LiPuma,J.J., Young,R. (2004). J. Mol. Biol. 340:49-65. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  653. The interaction of phage and biofilms. Sutherland,I.W., Hughes,K.A., Skillman,L.C., Tait,K. (2004). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 232:1-6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  654. Toward rational control of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by a phage cocktail. Tanji,Y., Shimada,T., Yoichi,M., Miyanaga,K., Hori,K., Unno,H. (2004). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 64:270-274. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  655. Evaluation of electrochemically generated ozone for the disinfection of water and wastewater. Tanner,B.D., Kuwahara,S., Gerba,C.P., Reynolds,K.A. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:19-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  656. Old dogma, new tricks--21st Century phage therapy. Thiel,K. (2004). Nat. Biotech. 22:31-36. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  657. Bead-based electrochemical immunoassay for bacteriophage MS2. Thomas,J.H., Kim,S.K., Hesketh,P.J., Halsall,H.B., Heineman,W.R. (2004). Analyt. Chem. 76:2700-2707. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  658. The role of prophage-like elements in the diversity of Salmonella enterica serovars. Thomson,N., Baker,S., Pickard,D., Fookes,M., Anjum,M., Hamlin,N., Wain,J., House,D., Bhutta,Z., Chan,K., Falkow,S., Parkhill,J., Woodward,M., Ivens,A., Dougan,G. (2004). J. Mol. Biol. 339:279-300. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  659. Automatic identification of bacterial types using statistical imaging methods. Trattner,S., Greenspan,H., Tepper,G., Abboud,S. (2004). IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 23:807-820. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  660. ST64B is a defective bacteriophage in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT64 that encodes a functional immunity region capable of mediating phage-type conversion. Tucker,C.P., Heuzenroeder,M.W. (2004). Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 294:59-63. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  661. Evaluating microbial purification during soil treatment of wastewater with multicomponent tracer and surrogate tests. Van Cuyk,S., Siegrist,R.L., Lowe,K., Harvey,R.W. (2004). J. Environ. Qual. 33:316-329. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  662. Inactivation of enteric microbes in water by electro-chemical oxidant from brine (NaCl) and free chlorine. Venczel,L.V., Likirdopulos,C.A., Robinson,C.E., Sobsey,M.D. (2004). Water Sci. Technol. 50:141-146. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  663. Molecular detection and genotyping of male-specific coliphages by reverse transcription-PCR and reverse line blot hybridization. Vinje,J., Oudejans,S.J.G., Stewart,J.R., Sobsey,M.D., Long,S.C. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:5996-6004. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  664. Development and evaluation of a reflective solar disinfection pouch for treatment of drinking water. Walker,D.C., Len,S.V., Sheehan,B. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:2545-2550. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  665. DNA bacteriophage as controls for clinical viral testing. Walkerpeach,C.R., Pasloske,B.L. (2004). Clinical chemistry 50:1970-1971. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  666. Genetic diversity and population dynamics of cyanophage communities in the Chesapeake Bay. Wang,K., Chen,F. (2004). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 34:105-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  667. Complete sequence and evolutionary genomic analysis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa transposable bacteriophage D3112. Wang,P.W., Chu,L., Guttman,D.S. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:400-410. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  668. Bacteriophage and phenotypic variation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm development. Webb,J.S., Lau,M., Kjelleberg,S. (2004). J. Bacteriol. 186:8066-8073. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  669. Are viruses driving microbial diversification and diversity? Weinbauer,M.G., Rassoulzadegan,F. (2004). Environ. Microbiol. 6:1-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  670. Ecology of prokaryotic viruses. Weinbauer,M.G. (2004). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 28:127-181. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  671. Models of phage growth and their applicability to phage therapy. Weld,R.J., Butts,C., Heinemann,J.A. (2004). J. Theor. Biol. 227:1-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  672. Impact of virioplankton on archaeal and bacterial community richness as assessed in seawater batch cultures. Winter,C., Smit,A., Herndl,G.J., Weinbauer,M.G. (2004). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:804-813. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  673. Conserved translational frameshift in dsDNA bacteriophage tail assembly genes. Xu,J., Hendrix,R.W., Duda,R.L. (2004). Molecular cell 16:11-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  674. Genome function--a virus-world view. Yin,J. (2004). Advances in experimental medicine and biology 547:31-46. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  675. Luciferase reporter phage enables rapid susceptibility screening. Anonymous (2003). Medical Devices & Surgical Technology Week April 20, 81. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  676. Glow in the dark assay illuminates TB diagnosis. Anonymous (2003). AIDS Weekly May 10, 6-7? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  677. Phage-enabled amperometric assay valuable for pathogen analysis. Anonymous (2003). TB & Outbreaks Week April 6, 55. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  678. Phage therapy could remove E. coli O157:H7 from livestock. Anonymous (2003). TB & Outbreaks Week June 10, 15. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  679. Genetically engineered phage delivers antimicrobial agents to bacteria. Anonymous (2003). Vaccine Weekly May 28, 5. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  680. EFRH-phage immunization reduces beta-amyloid plaques in transgenic mouse brain. Anonymous (2003). Vaccine Weekly April 4, 4. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  681. Genomics: Phage genes make bad bug worse. Anonymous (2003). Applied Genetics News 23, 0. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  682. Experimental examination of bacteriophage latent-period evolution as a response to bacterial availability. Abedon,S.T., Hyman,P., Thomas,C. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:7499-7506. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  683. Bacteriophage observations and evolution. Ackermann,H.-W. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:245-251. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  684. Genotoxicity of water extracts from the River Yamuna at Mathura, India. Aleem,A., Malik,A. (2003). Environmental Toxicology 18:69-77. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  685. Immunity profiles of wild-type and recombinant Shiga-Like toxin-encoding bacteriophages and characterization of novel double lysogens. Allison,H.E., Sergeant,M.J., James,C.E., Saunders,J.R., Smith,D.L., Sharp,R.J., Marks,T.S., McCarthy,A.J. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:3409-3418. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  686. Survival of F-specific RNA coliphage, feline calicivirus, and Escherichia coli in water: a comparative study. Allwood,P.B., Malik,Y.S., Hedberg,C.W., Goyal,S.M. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:5707-5710. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  687. Dynamic of isolation of the Phytopathogenic bacteria's phages from A LEAF and a root of sugar beet. Andriychuk,O.M., Semchuk,L.I., Romashov,S.A., Ignatenko,T.A., Yatskovska,L.I., Boyko,A.L. (2003). Bulletin of the University of Kiev, series Biology [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  688. Therapy uses viruses as natural antibiotics. Anonymous (2003). The Seattle Times January 21(January 21). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  689. Elevated abundance of bacteriophage infecting bacteria in soil. Ashelford,K.E., Day,M.J., Fry,J.C. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:285-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  690. Application of host-specific bacteriophages to the surface of chicken skin leads to a reduction in recovery of Campylobacter jejuni. Atterbury,R.J., Connerton,P.L., Dodd,C.E.R., Rees,C.E.D., Connerton,I.F. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:6302-6306. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  691. Isolation and characterization of Campylobacter bacteriophages from retail poultry. Atterbury,R.J., Connerton,P.L., Dodd,C.E.R., Rees,C.E.D., Connerton,I.F. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:4511-4518. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  692. Association of a bacteriophage with virulence in Vibrio harveyi. Austin,B., Pride,A.C., Rhodie,G.A. (2003). Journal of Fish Diseases 26:55-58. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  693. Evolution of phage with chemically ambiguous proteomes. Bacher,J.M., Bull,J.J., Ellington,A.D. (2003). BMC Evol. Biol. 3:24 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  694. Bacteriophage isolation from human saliva. Bachrach,G., Leizerovici-Zigmond,M., Zlotkin,A., Naor,R., Steinberg,D. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 36:50-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  695. Improved efficacy of newly formulated bacteriophages for management of bacterial spot on tomato. Balogh,B., Jones,J.B., Momol,M.T., Olson,S.M., Obradovic,A., Jackson,L.E. (2003). Plant Dis. 87:949-954. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  696. Do viruses form lineages across different domains of life? Bamford,D.H. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:231-236. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  697. Prophage induction and expression of prophage-encoded virulence factors in group A Streptococcus serotype M3 strain MGAS315. Banks,D.J., Lei,B., Musser,J.M. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:7079-7086. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  698. Detection and drug-susceptibility testing of M. tuberculosis from sputum samples using luciferase reporter phage: comparison with the Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) system. Bardarov,S., Jr., Dou,H., Eisenach,K., Banaiee,N., Ya,S.u., Chan,J., Jacobs,W.R., Jr., Riska,P.F. (2003). Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 45:53-61. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  699. Identification methods for Legionella from environmental samples. Bartie,C., Venter,S.N., Nel,L.H. (2003). Water Res. 37:1362-1370. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  700. Virioplankton and microbial communities in aquatic systems: a seasonal study in two lakes of differing trophy. Bettarel,Y., Sime-Ngando,T., Amblard,C., Carrias,J.F., Portelli,C. (2003). Freshw. Biol. 48:810-822. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  701. Viral lysis, flagellate grazing potential and bacterial production in Lake Pavin. Bettarel,Y., Amblard,C., Sime-Ngando,T., Carrias,J.F., Sargos,D., Garabetian,F., Lavandier,P. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 45:119-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  702. AFV1, a novel virus infecting hyperthermophilic archaea of the genus Acidianus. Bettstetter,M., Peng,X., Garrett,R.A., Prangishvili,D. (2003). Virology 315:68-79. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  703. Incidence of enteric viruses in groundwater from household wells in Wisconsin. Borchardt,M.A., Bertz,P.D., Spencer,S.K., Battigelli,D.A. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1172-1180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  704. Isolation and characterization of marine psychrophilic phage-host systems from Arctic sea ice. Borriss,M., Helmke,E., Hanschke,R., Schweder,T. (2003). Extremophiles 7:377-384. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  705. Prophage contribution to bacterial population dynamics. Bossi,L., Fuentes,J.A., Mora,G., Figuero-Bossi,N. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:6467-6471. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  706. Detection of phages of phytopathogenic bacterias Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas, Erwinia and Bacillus in agrocenosises. Boyko,A.L., Semchuk,L.I., Romashev,S.A., Andriychuk,O.M., Yatskovska,L.I. (2003). Agroecological magazine (3), 24-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  707. Detection of the phytopathogenic bacteria' phages in Antarctica. Boyko,A.L., Semchuk,L.I., Voytsitsky,V.M., Andriychuk,O.M., Romashev,S.A., Ignatenko,T.O., Yatskovska,L.I., Vaschenko,V.M., Delimat,A. (2003). Agroeclogical magazine (4), 12-15. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  708. Metagenomic analyses of an uncultured viral community from human feces. Breitbart,M., Hewson,I., Felts,B., Mahaffy,J.M., Nulton,J., Salamon,P., Rohwer,F. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:6220-6223. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  709. Microbial tracers in groundwater research. Bricelj,M. (2003). RMZ-mater. Geoenviron. 50:67-70. [do not have abstract]

  710. Population mixing accelerates coevolution. Brockhurst,M.A., Morgan,A.D., Rainey,P.B., Buckling,A. (2003). Ecol. Lett. 6:975-979. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  711. In vivo lysogenic conversion of Tox(-) Streptococcus pyogenes to Tox(+) with Lysogenic Streptococci or free phage. Broudy,T.B., Fischetti,V.A. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:3782-3786. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  712. Assessing UV reactor performance for treatment of finished water. Bukhari,Z., LeChevallier,M. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:179-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  713. Experimental evolution yields hundreds of mutations in a functional viral genome. Bull,J.J., Badgett,M.R., Rokyta,D., Molineux,I.J. (2003). J. Mol. Evol. 57:241-248. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  714. The future of bacteriophage biology. Campbell,A. (2003). Nature Rev. Genet. 4:471-477. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  715. Phage as agents of lateral gene transfer. Canchaya,C., Fournous,G., Chibani-Chennoufi,S., Dillmann,M.L., Brüssow,H. (2003). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 6:417-424. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  716. Prophages and bacterial genomics: what have we learned so far? Casjens,S. (2003). Mol. Microbiol. 49:277-300. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  717. Microbiological aspects of an urban river used for unrestricted irrigation in the semi-arid region of north-east Brazil. Ceballos,B.S.O., Soares,N.E., Moraes,M.R., Catao,R.M.R., Konig,A. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:51-57. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  718. Effect of soil properties on saturated and unsaturated virus transport through columns. Chu,Y., Jin,Y., Baumann,T., Yates,M.V. (2003). J. Environ. Qual. 32:2017-2025. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  719. Viruses and marine pollution. Danovaro,R., Armeni,M., Corinaldesi,C., Mei,M.L. (2003). Marine Pollution Bulletin 46:301-304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  720. Sunscreen products increase virus production through prophage induction in marine bacterioplankton. Danovaro,R., Corinaldesi,C. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 45:109-118. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  721. The source of laterally transferred genes in bacterial genomes. Daubin,V., Lerat,E., Perriere,G. (2003). Genome Biol. 4:R57 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  722. Occurrence of coliphages in urban stormwater and their fate in stormwater management systems. Davies,C.M., Yousefi,Z., Bavor,H.J. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 37:299-303. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  723. Filamentous phages linked to virulence of Vibrio cholerae. Davis,B.M., Waldor,M.K. (2003). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 6:35-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  724. Identification of new phages to type Staphylococcus aureus strains and comparison with a genotypic method. de Gialluly,C., Loulergue,J., Bruant,G., Mereghetti,L., Massuard,S., van der Mee,N., Audurier,A., Quentin,R. (2003). J. Hosp. Infect. 55:61-67. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  725. A detection method for Legionella spp in (cooling) water: fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) on whole bacteria. Declerck,P., Verelst,L., Duvivier,L., Van Damme,A., Ollevier,F. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:143-146. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  726. PCR as a test for the presence or absence of Legionella in (cooling) water. Declerck,P., Verelst,L., Duvivier,L., Van Damme,A., Ollevier,F. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:103-107. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  727. The diversity and evolution of the T4-type bacteriophages. Desplats,C., Krisch,H.M. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:259-267. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  728. Early lysis of Lactobacillus helveticus CNRZ 303 in Swiss cheese is not prophage-related. Deutsch,S.M., Neveu,A., Guezenec,S., Ritzenthaler,P., Lortal,S. (2003). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 81:147-157. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  729. On the insertion of foreign DNA into mammalian genomes: mechanism and consequences. Doerfler,W., Grtraud,O., Rainer,S., Katja,F., Hilde,H., Petra,W., Jörg,S. (2003). Gene 157:241-245. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  730. Levels of male-specific RNA bacteriophage and Escherichia coli in molluscan bivalve shellfish from commercial harvesting areas. Dore,W.J., Mackie,M., Lees,D.N. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 36:92-96. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  731. Comparative electrochemical inactivation of bacteria and bacteriophage. Drees,K.P., Abbaszadegan,M., Maier,R.M. (2003). Water Res. 37:2291-2300. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  732. Usefulness of different groups of bacteriophages as model micro-organisms for evaluating chlorination. Duran,A.E., Muniesa,M., Moce-Llivina,L., Campos,C., Jofre,J., Lucena,F. (2003). J. Appl. Microbiol. 95:29-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  733. Haloarchaeal viruses: how diverse are they? Dyall-Smith,M., Tang,S.-L., Bath,C. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:309-313. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  734. Real-time PCR provides improved detection and titer determination of bacteriophage. Edelman,D.C., Barletta,J. (2003). BioTechniques 35:368-375. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  735. Male-specific coliphages as an additional fecal contamination indicator for screening fresh carrots. Endley,S., Lu,L., Vega,E., Hume,M.E., Pillai,S.D. (2003). J. Food Prot. 66:88-93. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  736. Phage conversion of exfoliative toxin A in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from cows with mastitis. Endo,Y., Yamada,T., Matsunaga,K., Hayakawa,Y., Kaidoh,T., Takeuchi,S. (2003). Vet Microbiol 96:81-90. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  737. Direct estimates of the contribution of viral lysis and microzooplankton grazing to the decline of a Micromonas spp. population. Evans,C., Archer,S.D., Jacquet,S., Wilson,W.H. (2003). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 30:207-219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  738. Host range of chlamydiaphages fCPAR39 and Chp3. Everson,J.S., Garner,S.A., Lambden,P.R., Fane,B.A., Clarke,I.N. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:6490-6492. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  739. CTXphi-independent production of the RS1 satellite phage by Vibrio cholerae. Faruque,S.M., Kamruzzaman,M., Sack,D.A., Mekalanos,J.J., Nair,G.B. (2003). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:1280-1285. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  740. Pathogenicity islands and phages in Vibrio cholerae evolution. Faruque,S.M., Mekalanos,J.J. (2003). Trends Microbiol. 11:505-510. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  741. Application of a novel immunomagnetic separation-bacteriophage assay for the detection of Salmonella enteritidis and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in food. Favrin,S.J., Jassim,S.A., Griffiths,M.W. (2003). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 85:63-71. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  742. Effects of pH and temperature on the survival of coliphages MS2 and Qb. Feng,Y.Y., Ong,S.L., Hu,J.Y., Tan,X.L., Ng,W.J. (2003). J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 30:549-552. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  743. The role played by viruses in the evolution of their hosts: a view based on informational protein phylogenies. Filée,J., Forterre,P., Laurent,J. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:237-243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  744. Evaluation of potential indicators of viral contamination in shellfish and their applicability to diverse geographical areas. Formiga-Cruz,M., Allard,A.K., Conden-Hansson,A.C., Henshilwood,K., Hernroth,B.E., Jofre,J., Lees,D.N., Lucena,F., Papapetropoulou,M., Rangdale,R.E., Tsibouxi,A., Vantarakis,A., Girones,R. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1556-1563. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  745. The great virus comeback—from an evolutionary perspective. Forterre,P. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:223-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  746. The physical environment affects cyanophage communities in British Columbia inlets. Frederickson,C.M., Short,S.M., Suttle,C.A. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 46:348-357. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  747. Reduction of ß-amyloid plaques in brain of transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by EFRH-phage immunization. Frenkel,D., Dewachter,I., Van Leuven,F., Solomon,B. (2003). Vaccine 21:1060-1065. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  748. Viral influence on aquatic bacterial communities. Fuhrman,J.A., Schwalbach,M. (2003). Biol. Bull. 204:192-195. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  749. Improvement of phage defence in Lactococcus lactis by introduction of the plasmid encoded restriction and modification system LlaAI. Gabs,S., Josephsen,J. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 36:332-336. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  750. Nonpathogenic Escherichia coli can contribute to the production of Shiga toxin. Gamage,S., Strasser,J.E., Chalk,C.L., Weiss,A.A. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:3107-3115. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  751. Bacteriophages as viral indicators for radiation processing of water: a chemical approach. Gehringer,P., Eschweiler,H., Leth,H., Pribil,W., Pfleger,S., Cabaj,A., Haider,T., Sommer,R. (2003). Applied Radiation and Isotopes 58:651-656. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  752. Removal of Encephalitozoon intestinalis, calicivirus, and coliphages by conventional drinking water treatment. Gerba,C.P., Riley,K.R., Nwachuku,N., Ryu,H., Abbaszadegan,M. (2003). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A Tox. /Haz. Subst. Environ. Engin. 38:1259-1268. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  753. Observation of virus-like particles in high temperature enrichment cultures from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Geslin,C., Le Romancer,M., Gaillard,M., Erauso,G., Prieur,D. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:303-307. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  754. Bacteriophage ecology and plants. Gill,J.J., Abedon,S.T. (2003). APSnet Feature http://www.apsnet.org/online/feature/phages/ [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  755. Bacteriophages of Erwinia amylovora. Gill,J.J., Svircev,A.M., Smith,R., Castle,A.J. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:2133-2138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  756. Reduction of experimental Salmonella and Campylobacter contamination of chicken skin by application of lytic bacteriophages. Goode,D., Allen,V.M., Barrow,P.A. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:5032-5036. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  757. Bacteriophage biocontrol and bioprocessing: application of phage therapy to industry. Goodridge,L., Abedon,S.T. (2003). SIM News 53:254-262. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  758. Morphological, host range, and genetic characterization of two coliphages. Goodridge,L., Gallaccio,A., Griffiths,M.W. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:5364-5371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  759. New insights into the possible role of bacteriophages in host defense and disease. Gorski,A., Dabrowska,K., Switala-Jele,K., Nowaczyk,M., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Boratynski,J., Wietrzyk,J., Opolski,A. (2003). Medical Immunology 2:2 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  760. New insights into the possible role of bacteriophages in transplantation. Gorski,A., Nowaczyk,M., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Kniotek,M., Boratynski,J., Ahmed,A., Dabrowska,K., Wierzbicki,P., Switala-Jelen,K., Opolski,A. (2003). Transplant. Proc. 35:2372-2373. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  761. Evaluation of microbial source tracking methods using mixed fecal sources in aqueous test samples. Griffith,J.F., Weisberg,S.B., McGee,C.D. (2003). Water Hlth. 1:141-151. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  762. Study on interaction between T4 phage and Escherichia coli B by microcalorimetric method. Guosheng,L., Yi,L., Xiangdong,C., Peng,L., Ping,S., Songsheng,Q. (2003). J. Virol. Meth. 112:137-143. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  763. Genetically modified filamentous phage as bactericidal agents: a pilot study. Hagens,S., Bläsi,U. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 37:318-323. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  764. The complete sequence of marine bacteriophage VpV262 infecting Vibrio parahaemolyticus indicates that an ancestral component of a T7 viral supergroup is widespread in the marine environment. Hardies,S.C., Comeau,A.M., Serwer,P., Suttle,C.A. (2003). Virology 310:359-371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  765. Identification of an inducible bacteriophage in a virulent strain of Streptococcus suis serotype 2. Harel,J., Martinez,G., Nassar,A., Dezfulian,H., Labrie,S.J., Brousseau,R., Moineau,S., Gottschalk,M. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:6104-6108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  766. Can an arbitrary sequence evolve towards acquiring a biological function? Hayashi,Y., Sakata,H., Makino,Y., Urabe,I., Yomo,T. (2003). J. Mol. Evol. 56:162-168. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  767. Validation of phage T7 biological dosimeter by quantitative polymerase chain reaction using short and long segments of phage T7 DNA. Hegedus,M., Modos,K., Ronto,G., Fekete,A. (2003). Photochem Photobiol 78:213-219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  768. Fate of physical, chemical, and microbial contaminants in domestic wastewater following treatment by small constructed wetlands. Hench,K.R., Bissonnette,G.K., Sexstone,A.J., Coleman,J.G., Garbutt,K., Skousen,J.G. (2003). Water Res. 37:921-927. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  769. Bacteriophages with tails: chasing their origins and evolution. Hendrix,R.W., Hatfull,G.F., Smith,M.C.M. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:253-257. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  770. Bacteriophage genomics. Hendrix,R.W. (2003). Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 6:506-511. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  771. Bacterial diversity in shallow oligotrophic marine benthos and overlying waters: Effects of virus infection, containment, and nutrient enrichment. Hewson,I., Vargo,G.A., Fuhrman,J.A. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 46:322-336. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  772. Viriobenthos production and virioplankton sorptive scavenging. Hewson,I., Fuhrman,J.A. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 46:337-347. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  773. Evaluation of biotracers to monitor effluent retention time in constructed wetlands. Hodgson,C.J., Perkins,J., Labadz,J.C. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 36:362-371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  774. Evaluation of Bacillus subtilis and coliphage MS2 as indicators of advanced water treatment efficiency. Huertas,A., Barbeau,B., Desjardins,C., Galarza,A., Figueroa,M.A., Toranzos,G.A. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:255-259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  775. Bacteriophage treatment of a severe Escherichia coli respiratory infection in broiler chickens. Huff,W.E., Huff,G.R., Rath,N.C., Balog,J.M., Donoghue,A.M. (2003). Avian Diseases 47:1399-1405. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  776. Evaluation of aerosol spray and intramuscular injection of bacteriophage to treat an Escherichia coli respiratory infection. Huff,W.E., Huff,G.R., Rath,N.C., Balog,J.M., Donoghue,A.M. (2003). Poult. Sci. 82:1108-1112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  777. [Bacteriophage therapy]. Huovinen,P. (2003). Duodecim; laaketieteellinen aikakauskirja 119:581-583. [do not have abstract]

  778. Bacteriophage assay. Hyman,L.J., Toth,I.K. (2003). 674537(6,555,331). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  779. Effects of lysogeny of Shiga toxin 2-encoding bacteriophages on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis fragment pattern of Escherichia coli K-12. Iguchi,A., Osawa,R., KAWANO,J., Shimizu,A., Terajima,J., Watanabe,H. (2003). Curr. Microbiol. 46:224-227. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  780. Efficient release of overproduced gene products from Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) by lytic infection with newly isolated bacteriophages. Iida,Y., Matsudo,Y., Saito,R., Nakasato,M., Nonomura,T., Kakutani,K., Tosa,Y., Mayama,S., Toyoda,H. (2003). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 67:198-202. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  781. Phage therapy: a reappraisal of bacteriophages as antibiotics. Inal,J.M. (2003). Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. 51:237-244. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  782. A fluoroquinolone induces a novel mitogen-encoding bacteriophage in Streptococcus canis. Ingrey,K.T., Ren,J., Prescott,J.F. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:3028-3033. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  783. Maintenance of species identity and controlling speciation of bacteria: a new function for restriction/modification systems? Jeltsch,A. (2003). Gene 317:13-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  784. The vertical distribution and diversity of marine bacteriophage at a station off Southern California. Jiang,S., Fu,W., Chu,W., Fuhrman,J.A. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 45:399-410. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  785. Alternatives to antibiotics: bacteriocins, antimicrobial peptides and bacteriophages. Joerger,R.D. (2003). Poult. Sci. 82:647640 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  786. Microbiological indicators of water quality in the Xochimilco canals, Mexico City. Juarez-Figueroa,L.A., Silva-Sanchez,J., Uribe-Salas,F.J., Cifuentes-Garcia,E. (2003). Salud publica de Mexico 45:389-395. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  787. ??? Kamiunten,H., Wakimoto,S. (2003). Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 46:315-321. [do not have abstract]

  788. [Bacteriophage therapy: Stalin's forgotten medicine]. Kaulen,H. (2003). Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift 128:307 [do not have abstract]

  789. Lack of correlation between O-serotype, bacteriophage susceptibility and genomovar status in the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Kenna,D.T., Barcus,V.A., Langley,R.J., Vandamme,P., Govan,J.R.W. (2003). FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 35:87-92. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  790. Evidence for horizontal transfer of the EcoT38I restriction-modification gene to chromosomal DNA by the P2 phage and diversity of defective P2 prophages in Escherichia coli TH38 strains. Kita,K., Kawakami,H., Tanaka,H. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:2296-2305. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  791. The view from Les Treilles on the origins, evolution and diversity of viruses. Krisch,H.M. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:227-229. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  792. Myoviridae bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a long and complex evolutionary pathway. Krylov,V., Pleteneva,E., Bourkaltseva,M., Shaburova,O., Volckaert,G., Sykilinda,N., Kurochkina,L., Mesyanzhinov,V. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:269-275. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  793. The role of horizontal gene transfer by bacteriophages in the origin of pathogenic bacteria. Krylov,V. (2003). Rus. J. Genet. 39:483-504. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  794. [Role of horizontal gene transfer by bacteriophages in the origin of pathogenic bacteria]. Krylov,V.N. (2003). Genetika 39:595-620. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  795. Lysogeny and bacteriophage host range within the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Langley,R., Kenna,D.T., Vandamme,P., Ure,R., Govan,J.R.W. (2003). J. Med. Microbiol. 52:483-490. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  796. The genome of bacteriophage fKMV, a T7-like virus infecting Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Lavigne,R., Burkal'tseva,M.V., Robben,J., Sykilinda,N.N., Kurochkina,L.P., Grymonprez,B., Jonckx,B., Krylov,V.N., Mesyanzhinov,V.V., Volckaert,G. (2003). Virology 312:49-59. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  797. [Bacteriophages for treatment and prophylaxis of infectious diseases]. Lazareva,E.B. (2003). Antibiot. Khimoter. 48:36-40. [do not have abstract]

  798. Environmental factors influencing the microbiological contamination of commercially harvested shellfish. Lee,R.J., Morgan,O.C. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:65-70. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  799. Biocontrol of Listeria monocytogenes on fresh-cut produce by treatment with lytic bacteriophages and a bacteriocin. Leverentz,B., Conway,W.S., Camp,M.J., Janisiewicz,W.J., Abuladze,T., Yang,M., Saftner,R., Sulakvelidze,A. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:4519-4526. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  800. Comparative genomic analyses of the vibrio pathogenicity island and cholera toxin prophage regions in nonepidemic serogroup strains of Vibrio cholerae. Li,M., Kotetishvili,M., Chen,Y., Sozhamannan,S. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1728-1738. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  801. Population dynamics and gene transfer in genetically modified bacteria in a model microcosm. Lilley,A.K., Bailey,M.J., Barr,M., Kilshaw,K., Timms-Wilson,T.M., Day,M.J., Norris,S.J., Jones,T.H., Godfray,H.C.J. (2003). Molecular Ecology 12:3097-3107. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  802. A role for bacteriophage T4 rI gene function in the control of phage development during pseudolysogeny and in slowly growing host cells. Los,M., Wegrzyn,G., Neubauer,P. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:547-552. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  803. Isolation and characterization of a Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage, phiJL-1, from a cucumber fermentation. Lu,Z., Breidt,F.J., Fleming,H.P., Altermann,E., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2003). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 84:225-235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  804. Bacteriophage ecology in commercial sauerkraut fermentations. Lu,Z., Breidt,F., Plengvidhya,V., Fleming,H.P. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:3192-3202. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  805. Reduction of poliovirus 1, bacteriophages, Salmonella montevideo, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on strawberries by physical and disinfectant washes. Lukasik,J., Bradley,M.L., Scott,T.M., Dea,M., Koo,A., Hsu,W.Y., Bartz,J.A., Farrah,S.R. (2003). J. Food Prot. 66:188-193. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  806. Use of real-time quantitative PCR for the analysis of phiLC3 prophage stability in lactococci. Lunde,M., Blatny,J.M., Lillehaug,D., Aastveit,A.H., Nes,I.F. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:41-48. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  807. Characterisation of technologically proficient wild Lactococcus lactis strains resistant to phage infection. Madera,C., Garcia,P., Janzen,T., Rodriguez,A., Suarez,J.E. (2003). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 86:213-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  808. Detection of Escherichia coli using immunomagnetic separation and bacteriophage amplification coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Madonna,A.J., Van Cuyk,S., Voorhees,K.J. (2003). Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 17:257-263. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  809. Diagnostic and therapeutic applications of lytic phages. Mandeville,R., Griffiths,M., Goodridge,L., McIntyre,L., Ilenchuk,T.T. (2003). Analytical Letters 36:3241-3259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  810. Bacterial photosynthesis genes in a virus. Mann,N.H., Cook,A., Millard,A., Bailey,S., Clokie,M. (2003). Nature 424:741 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  811. Phages of the marine cyanobacterial picophytoplankton. Mann,N.H. (2003). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 27:17-34. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  812. Genetic diversity and temporal variation in the cyanophage community infecting marine Synechococcus species in Rhode Island's coastal waters. Marston,M.F., Sallee,J.L. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:4639-4647. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  813. Bacteriophage therapy: an alternative to conventional antibiotics. Mathur,M.D., Vidhani,S., Mehndiratta,P.L. (2003). The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 51:593-596. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  814. Experimental protection of mice against lethal Staphylococcus aureus infection by novel bacteriophage fMR11. Matsuzaki,S., Yasuda,M., Nishikawa,H., Kuroda,M., Ujihara,T., Shuin,T., Shen,Y., Jin,Z., Fujimoto,S., Nasimuzzaman,M.D., Wakiguchi,H., Sugihara,S., Sugiura,T., Koda,S., Muraoka,A., Imai,S. (2003). J. Infect. Dis. 187:613-624. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  815. [Coliphages as indicators of fecal contamination in sea water]. Meloni,P., Isola,D., Loi,N., Schintu,M., Contu,A. (2003). Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita 15:111-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  816. [Development of cyanobacterial phages at the Institute of Microbiology and Virology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (History and perspectives)]. Mendzhul,M.I., Lysenko,T.G., Syrchin,S.A. (2003). Mikrobiol. Zh. 65:133-140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  817. The prospect for bacteriophage therapy in Western Medicine. Merril,C.R., Scholl,D., Adhya,S.L. (2003). Nat. Rev. 2:489-497. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  818. Antibacterial therapy with bacteriophage genotypically modified to delay inactivation by the host defense system. Merril,C.R., Carlton,R.M., Adhya,S.L. (2003). Exponential Biotherapies, Inc. and The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health. 464412(5,660,812). New York, NY; Washington, DC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  819. Comparative reduction of Norwalk virus, poliovirus type 1, F+ RNA coliphage MS2 and Escherichia coli in miniature soil columns. Meschke,J.S., Sobsey,M.D. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:85-90. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  820. Distribution of viruses and bacteria in relation to diagenetic activity in an estuarine sediment. Middelboe,M., Glud,R.N., Finster,K. (2003). Limnol. Oceanogr. 48:1447-1456. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  821. Virus-induced transfer of organic carbon between marine bacteria in a model community. Middelboe,M., Riemann,L., Steward,G.L., Hansen,V., Nybroe,O. (2003). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 33:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  822. Role for bacteriophages? Viruses that fight bacteria. Miller,F. (2003). WATT Poultry USA April(April), 8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  823. Bacteriophage and the evolution of epidemic cholera. Miller,J.F. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:2981-2982. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  824. Coevolution of bacteriophage PP01 and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in continuous culture. Mizoguchi,K., Morita,M., Fischer,C.R., Yoichi,M., Tanji,Y., Unno,H. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:170-176. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  825. Bacteriophage ST64B, a genetic mosaic of genes from diverse sources isolated from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT 64. Mmolawa,P.T., Schmieger,H., Heuzenroeder,M.W. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:6481-6485. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  826. Survival of bacterial indicator species and bacteriophages after thermal treatment of sludge and sewage. Moce-Llivina,L., Muniesa,M., Pimenta-Vale,H., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1452-1456. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  827. Isolated DNA encoding enzyme for phage resistance. Moineau,S., Walker,S., Vedamuthu,E.R., Vandenbergh,P.A. (2003). Quest International Flavors & Food Ingredients Company. 820980(5,925,388). Bridgewater, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  828. Use of fluorescently labeled phage in the detection and identification of bacterial species. Mosier-Boss,P.A., Lieberman,S.H., Andrews,J.M., Rohwer,F.L., Wegley,L.E., Breitbart,M. (2003). Applied spectroscopy 57:1138-1144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  829. Bacterial host strains that support replication of somatic coliphages. Muniesa,M., Moce-Llivina,L., Katayama,H., Jofre,J. (2003). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 83:305-315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  830. Shiga toxin 2-converting bacteriophages associated with clonal variability in Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains of human origin isolated from a single outbreak. Muniesa,M., de Simon,M., Prats,G., Ferrer,D., Panella,H., Jofre,J. (2003). Infect. Immun. 71:4554-4562. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  831. Experimental bacteriophage-mediated virulence in strains of Vibrio harveyi. Munro,J., Oakey,J., Bromage,E., Owens,L. (2003). Dis. Aquat. Org. 54:187-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  832. Inhibitory action of telithromycin against Shiga toxin and endotoxin. Nakagawa,S., Kojio,S., Taneike,I., Iwakura,N., Tamura,Y., Kushiya,K., Gondaira,F., Yamamoto,T. (2003). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 310:1194-1199. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  833. Method for detecting bacteria with bacteriaphage [sic]. Nakayama,H. (2003). Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. 510072(6,555,312). Osaka, JP. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  834. Genomic sequence of C1, the first streptococcal phage. Nelson,D., Schuch,R., Zhu,S., Tscherne,D.M., Fischetti,V.A. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:3325-3332. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  835. Concentrations and inactivation of Ascaris eggs and pathogen indicator organisms in wastewater stabilization pond sludge. Nelson,K.L. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 48:89-95. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  836. [Bacteriophage therapy and colleague Martin Arrowsmith]. Nevasaari,K. (2003). Duodecim; laaketieteellinen aikakauskirja 119:1367 [do not have abstract]

  837. Biology of the temperate Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage TP-J34 and physical characterization of the phage genome. Neve,H., Freudenberg,W., Diestel-Feddersen,F., Ehlert,R., Heller,K.J. (2003). Virology 315:184-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  838. [Evaluation of relations between plasmids and phage host range among clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae]. Nieradko,J., Kurlenda,J. (2003). Med Dosw Mikrobiol 55:343-349. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  839. Use of viral pathogens and indicators to differentiate between human and non-human fecal contamination in a microbial source tracking comparison study. Noble,R.T., Allen,S.M., Blackwood,A.D., Chu,W., Jiang,S.C., Lovelace,G.L., Sobsey,M.D., Stewart,J.R., Wait,D.A. (2003). Water Hlth. 1:195-207. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  840. Microbial water quality improvement by small scale on-site subsurface wetland treatment. Nokes,R.L., Gerba,C.P., Karpiscak,M.M. (2003). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A Tox. /Haz. Subst. Environ. Engin. 38:1849-1855. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  841. Scope of potential bacterial agents of diarrhoea and microbial assessment of quality of river water sources in rural Venda communities in South Africa. Obi,C.L., Potgieter,N., Bessong,P.O., Matsaung,G. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:59-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  842. Genome organization and molecular analysis of the temperate bacteriophage MM1 of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Obregon,V., Garcia,J.L., Garcia,E., Lopez,R., Garcia,P. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:2362-2368. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  843. [How do bacteria acquire the resistance to antibiotics]. Ohno,A. (2003). Nippon Rinsho - Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine 61 Suppl 3:158-163. [do not have abstract]

  844. Suppression of leaf feeding and oviposition of phytophagous ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) by chitinase gene-transformed phylloplane bacteria and their specific bacteriophages entrapped in alginate gel beads. Otsu,Y., Mori,H., Komuta,K., Shimizu,H., Nogawa,S., Matsuda,Y., Nonomura,T., Sakuratani,Y., Tosa,Y., Mayama,S., Toyoda,H. (2003). J. Econ. Entom. 96:555-563. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  845. Faecal contamination of greywater and associated microbial risks. Ottoson,J., Stenstrom,T.A. (2003). Water Res. 37:645-655. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  846. Growth and reduction of microorganisms in sediments collected from a greywater treatment system. Ottosson,J., Stenstrom,T.A. (2003). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 36:168-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  847. Response of bacterial and viral communities to nutrient manipulations in seawater mesocosms. Øvreås,L., Bourne,D., Sandaa,R.-A., Casamayer,E.O., Bnlloch,S., Goddard,V., Smerdon,G., Heldal,M., Thingstad,T.F. (2003). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 31:109-121. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  848. Yersiniophages. Special reference to phi YeO3-12. Pajunen,M.I., Molineux,I.J., Skurnik,M. (2003). Advances in experimental medicine and biology 529:233-240. [do not have abstract]

  849. Phage evolution: new worlds of genomic diversity. Papke,R.T., Doolittle,W.F. (2003). Curr. Biol. 13:R606-R607 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  850. Use of a phage-based assay for phenotypic detection of mycobacteria directly from sputum. Park,D.J., Drobniewski,F.A., Meyer,A., Wilson,S.M. (2003). J. Clin. Microbiol. 41:680-688. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  851. Bacteriophage control of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida infection in ayu Plecoglossus altivelis. Park,S.C., Nakai,T. (2003). Dis. Aquat. Org. 53:33-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  852. Pharmacokinetic principles of bacteriophage therapy. Payne,R.J.H., Jansen,V.A.A. (2003). Clinical Pharmacokinetics 42:315-325. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  853. Origins of highly mosaic mycobacteriophage genomes. Pedulla,M.L., Ford,M.E., Houtz,J.M., Karthikeyan,T., Wadsworth,C., Lewis,J.A., Jacobs-Sera,D., Falbo,J., Gross,J., Pannunzio,N.R., Brucker,W., Kumar,V., Kandasamy,J., Keenan,L., Bardarov,S., Jr., Kriakov,J., Lawrence,J.G., Jacobs,W.R., Jr., Hendrix,R.W., Hatfull,G.F. (2003). Cell 113:171-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  854. Development of a novel method of lytic phage delivery by use of a bacteriophage P22 site-specific recombination system. Platt,R., Reynolds,D.L., Phillips,G.J. (2003). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 223:259-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  855. Microbial contamination of two urban sandstone aquifers in the UK. Powell,K.L., Taylor,R.G., Cronin,A.A., Barrett,M.H., Pedley,S., Sellwood,J., Trowsdale,S.A., Lerner,D.N. (2003). Water Res. 37:339-352. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  856. Evolutionary insights from studies on viruses from hot habitats. Prangishvili,D. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:289-294. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  857. Virus removal during simulated soil-aquifer treatment. Quanrud,D.M., Carroll,S.M., Gerba,C.P., Arnold,R.G. (2003). Water Res. 37:753-762. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  858. Homogeneity of the morphological groups of bacteriophages infecting Bacteroides fragilis strain HSP40 and strain RYC2056. Queralt,N., Jofre,J., Araujo,R., Muniesa,M. (2003). Curr. Microbiol. 46:163-168. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  859. Inactivation of Lactobacillus delbrueckii bacteriophages by heat and biocides. Quiberoni,A., Guglielmotti,D.M., Reinheimer,J.A. (2003). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 84:51-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  860. The VirB4 family of proposed traffic nucleoside triphosphatases: common motifs in plasmid RP4 TrbE are essential for conjugation and phage adsorption. Rabel,C., Grahn,A.M., Lurz,R., Lanka,E. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:1045-1058. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  861. Bacterial debris—an ecological mechanism for coexistence of bacteria and their viruses. Rabinovitch,A., Aviram,I., Zaritsky,A. (2003). J. Theor. Biol. 224:377-383. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  862. Removal of microbes from municipal wastewater effluent by rapid sand filtration and subsequent UV irradiation. Rajala,R.L., Pulkkanen,M., Pessi,M., Heinonen-Tanski,H. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:157-162. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  863. Virus cleans up food poisoning bug. Randerson,J. (2003). NewScientist. com April 23:[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  864. Quantitative detection of specific nucleic acid sequences using lambdoid bacteriophages linked by oligonucleotides to solid support. Ray,B.L., Lin,E.C.C. (2003). Hybridon, Inc. 368870(5,679,510). Cambridge, MA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  865. Comparison of shiga toxin production by hemolytic-uremic syndrome-associated and bovine-associated shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates. Ritchie,J.M., Wagner,P.L., Acheson,D.W.K., Waldor,M.K. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1059-1066. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  866. Global phage diversity. Rohwer,F. (2003). Cell 113:141 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  867. Los bacteriófagos como herramienta para combatir infecciones en acuicultura [abstract is in English, manuscript is in Spanish]. Ronda,C., Vázquez,M., López,R. (2003). Revista AquaTIC 18:3-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  868. Virioplankton community structure along a salinity gradient in a solar saltern. Sandaa,R.-A., Skjoldal,E., Bratbak,G. (2003). Extremophiles 7:347-351. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  869. Genome analysis of a novel Shiga toxin 1 (Stx1)-converting phage which Is closely related to Stx2-converting phages but not to other Stx1-converting phages. Sato,T., Shimizu,T., Watarai,M., Kobayashi,M., Kano,S., Hamabata,T., Takeda,Y., Yamasaki,S. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:3966-3971. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  870. Bioluminescent biosensor device. Sayler,G.S., Ripp,S.A., Applegate,B. (2003). University of Tennessee and Purdue Research Foundation. 910360(6,544,729). Knoxville, TN; West Lafayette, IN. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  871. Bacteriophages and Clostridium spores as indicator organisms for removal of pathogens by passage through saturated dune sand. Schijven,J.F., de Bruin,H.A.M., Hassanizadeh,S.M., Roda Husman,A.M. (2003). Water Res. 37:2186-2194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  872. Virus succession observed during an Emiliania huxleyi bloom. Schroeder,D., Oke,J., Malin,G., Wilson,W.H. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:2484-2490. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  873. Genome sequence of two closely related Vibrio parahaemolyticus phages, VP16T and VP16C. Seguritan,V., Feng,I.-W., Rohwer,F., Swift,M., Segall,A.M. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:6434-6447. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  874. Wastewater reuse in on-site wastewater treatment: bacteria and virus movement in unsaturated flow through sand filter. Selas,B., Lakel,A., Andres,Y., Le Cloirec,P. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 47:59-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  875. Ecological aspects of circulation of the phytopathogevic bacteria' phages in biocenoses. Semchuk,L.I., Andriychuk,O.M., Romashev,S.A., Ignatenko,T.O., Yatskovska,L.I. (2003). Ecological Bulletin Special release:498-501. [do not have abstract]

  876. Detection of the phytopathogenic bacteria phages in the gills of the Black Sea fishes. Semchuk,L.I., Stepanova,O.A., Boyko,A.L., Romashev,S.A., Andriychuk,O.M., Ignatenko,T.O., Yatskovska,L.I. (2003). Bulletin of the University of Kiev. , series Biology [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  877. Escherichia coli O157:H7 Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages: integrations, excisions, truncations, and evolutionary implications. Shaikh,N., Tarr,P.I. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:3596-3605. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  878. Temporal dynamics of natural communities of marine algal viruses and eukaryotes. Short,S.M., Suttle,C.A. (2003). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 32:107-119. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  879. The imprint of wild viruses on freshwater microbial ecology. Sime-Ngando,T., Bettarel,Y., Chartogne,C., Sean,K. (2003). Recent Research Development in Microbiology 7:481-497. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  880. Survival of indicator organisms during enrichment on tetrachloroethene. Skramstad,J.D., Hurst,C.J., Novak,P.J. (2003). Water Environ Res 75:368-376. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  881. Development of a microplate assay for the detection of single plaque-forming units of bacteriophage FX174 in crude lysates. Slattery,S.D., Valentine,C.R. (2003). Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 41:121-125. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  882. Viruses of hyperthermophilic Archaea. Snyder,J.C., Stedman,K., Rice,G., Wiedenheft,B., Spuhler,J., Young,M.J. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:474-482. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  883. Identification of catabolite repression as a physiological regulator of biofilm formation by Bacillus subtilis by use of DNA microarrays. Stanley,N.R., Britton,R.A., Grossman,A.D., Lazazzera,B.A. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:1951-1957. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  884. Relationships between fuselloviruses infecting the extremely thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus: SSV1 and SSV2. Stedman,K.M., She,Q., Phan,H., Arnold,H.P., Hoz,I., Garrett,R.A., Zillig,W. (2003). Res. Microbiol. 154:295-302. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  885. Enteric virions and microbial biofilms--a secondary source of public health concern? Storey,M.V., Ashbolt,N.J. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 48:97-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  886. Cyanophages infecting the oceanic cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Sullivan,M.B., Waterbury,J.B., Chisholm,S.W. (2003). Nature 424:1047-1051. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  887. Characterization of a Vibrio cholerae phage isolated from the coastal water of Peru. Talledo,M., Rivera,I.N.G., Lipp,E.K., Neale,A., Karaolis,D., Huq,A., Colwell,R.R. (2003). Environ. Microbiol. 5:350-354. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  888. [Transduction of plasmid antibiotic resistance determinants with pseudo-T-even bacteriophages]. Taniashin,V.I., Zimin,A.A., Shliapnikov,M.G., Boronin,A.M. (2003). Genetika 39:914-926. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  889. Seasonal change and fate of coliphages infected to Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a wastewater treatment plant. Tanji,Y., Mizoguchi,K., Yoichi,M., Morita,M., Kijima,N., Kator,H., Unno,H. (2003). Water Res. 37:1136-1142. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  890. Set a microbe to kill a microbe: drug resistance renews interest in phage therapy. Thacker,P.D. (2003). J. Am. Med. Assoc. 290:3183-3185. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  891. Stable coexistence in marine algal host-virus systems. Thyrhaug,R., Larsen,A., Thingstad,T.F., Bratbak,G. (2003). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 254:27-35. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  892. Survival of indicators of bacterial and viral contamination in wastewater subjected to low temperatures and freezing: application to cold climate waste stabilisation ponds. Torrella,F., Lopez,J.P., Banks,C.J. (2003). Water Sci. Technol. 48:105-112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  893. Transduction of porcine enteropathogenic Escherichia coli with a derivative of a shiga toxin 2-encoding bacteriophage in a porcine ligated ileal loop system. Tóth,I., Schmidt,H., Dow,M., Malik,A., Oswald,E., Nagy,B. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:7242-7247. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  894. A virus booster for game theory. Turner,P.E. (2003). ASM News 69:289-295. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  895. Searching for the advantages of virus sex. Turner,P.E. (2003). Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 33:95-108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  896. Escape from Prisoner's Dilemma in RNA phage phi6. Turner,P.E., Chao,L. (2003). Am. Nat. 161:497-505. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  897. Calcium hypochlorite as a disinfecting additive for dental stone. Twomey,J.O., Abdelaziz,K.M., Combe,E.C., Anderson,D.L. (2003). The Journal of prosthetic dentistry 90:282-288. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  898. Comparative analyses of the complete genome sequences of Pierce's disease and citrus variegated chlorosis strains of Xylella fastidiosa. Van Sluys,M.A., de Oliveira,M.C., Monteiro-Vitorello,C.B., Miyaki,C.Y., Furlan,L.R., Camargo,L.E.A., da Silva,A.C.R., Moon,D.H., Takita,M.A., Lemos,E.G.M., Machado,M.A., Ferro,M.I.T., da Silva,F.R., Goldman,M.H.S., Goldman,G.H., Lemos,M.V.F., El Dorry,H., Tsai,S.M., Carrer,H., Carraro,D.M., de Oliveira,R.C., Nunes,L.R., Siqueira,W.J., Coutinho,L.L., Kimura,E.T., Ferro,E.S., Harakava,R., Kuramae,E.E., Marino,C.L., Giglioti,E., Abreu,I.L., Alves,L.M.C., do Amaral,A.M., Baia,G.S., Blanco,S.R., Brito,M.S., Cannavan,F.S., Celestino,A.V., da Cunha,A.F., Fenille,R.C., Ferro,J.A., Formighieri,E.F., Kishi,L.T., Leoni,S.G., Oliveira,A.R., Rosa,V.E.J., Sassaki,F.T., Sena,J.A.D., de Souza,A.A., Truffi,D., Tsukumo,F., Yanai,G.M., Zaros,L.G., Civerolo,E.L., Simpson,A.J.G., Almeida,N.F.J., Setubal,J.C., Kitajima,J.P. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:1018-1026. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  899. Transport and survival of bacterial and viral tracers through submerged-flow constructed wetland and sand-filter system. Vega,E., Lesikar,B., Pillai,S.D. (2003). Bioresource Technology 89:49-56. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  900. The prophage sequences of Lactobacillus plantarum strain WCFS1. Ventura,M., Canchaya,C., Kleerebezem,M., de Vos,W.M., Siezen,R.J., Brüssow,H. (2003). Virology 316:245-255. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  901. Integration and distribution of Lactobacillus johnsonii prophages. Ventura,M., Canchaya,C., Pridmore,D., Berger,B., Brüssow,H. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:4603-4608. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  902. pGIL01, a linear tectiviral plasmid prophage originating from Bacillus thuringiensis serovar israelensis. Verheust,C., Jensen,G., Mahillon,J. (2003). Microbiology (Reading England) 149:2083-2092. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  903. Selection of bacteriophage-resistant mutants of Streptococcus thermophilus. Viscardi,M., Capparelli,R., Di Matteo,R., Carminati,D., Giraffa,G., Iannelli,D. (2003). J. Microbiol. Meth. 55:109-119. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  904. Rapid selection of phage-resistant mutants in Streptococcus thermophilus by immunoselection and cell sorting. Viscardi,M., Capparelli,R., Iannelli,D. (2003). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 89:223-231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  905. Viral and bacterioplankton dynamics in two lakes with different humic contents. Vrede,K., Stensdotter,U., Lindstrom,E.S. (2003). Microb. Ecol. 46:406-415. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  906. Risk management in biological evolution. Wagner,A. (2003). J. Theor. Biol. 225:45-57. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  907. Three Bacillus anthracis bacteriophages from topsoil. Walter,M.H., Baker,D.D. (2003). Curr. Microbiol. 47:55-58. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  908. Efficacy and durability of Bacillus anthracis bacteriophages used against spores. Walter,M.H. (2003). J. Environ. Health 66:9-15, 24. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  909. Cell death in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm development. Webb,J.S., Thompson,L.S., James,S., Charlton,T., Tolker-Nielsen,T., Koch,B., Givskov,M., Kjelleberg,S. (2003). J. Bacteriol. 185:4585-4592. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  910. Bacteriophages as an efficient therapy for antibiotic-resistant septicemia in man. Weber-Dabrowska,B., Mulczyk,M., Gorski,A. (2003). Transplant. Proc. 35:1385-1386. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  911. Lysogeny and virus-induced mortality of bacterioplankton in surface, deep, and anoxic waters. Weinbauer,M., Brettar,I., Höfle,M. (2003). Limnol. Oceanogr. 48:1457-1465. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  912. Comparing the effects of resource enrichment and grazing on viral production in a meso-eutrophic reservoir. Weinbauer,M.G., Christaki,U., Nedoma,J., Simek,K. (2003). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 31:137-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  913. Use of genetically engineered phage to deliver antimicrobial agents to bacteria: an alternative therapy for treatment of bacterial infections. Westwater,C., Kasman,L.M., Schofield,D.A., Werner,P.A., Dolan,J.W., Schmidt,M.G., Norris,J.S. (2003). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 47:1301-1307. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  914. Suppression of Salmonella growth by wild-type and large-plaque variants of bacteriophage Felix O1 in liquid culture and on chicken frankfurters. Whichard,J.M., Sriranganathan,N., Pierson,F.W. (2003). J. Food Prot. 66:220-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  915. Sampling natural viral communities from soil for culture-independent analyses. Williamson,K.E., Wommack,K.E., Radosevich,M. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:6628-6633. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  916. Wide geographic distribution of bacteriophages that lyse the same indigenous freshwater isolate (Sphingomonas sp. strain B18). Wolf,A., Wiese,J., Jost,G., Witzel,K.P. (2003). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:2395-2398. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  917. Sorption of MS2 bacteriophage to layered double hydroxides: effects of reaction time, pH, and competing anions. You,Y., Vance,G.F., Sparks,D.L., Zhuang,J., Jin,Y. (2003). J. Environ. Qual. 32:2046-2053. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  918. Genome of Xanthomonas oryzae bacteriophage Xp10: an odd T-odd phage. Yuzenkova,J., Nechaev,S., Berlin,J., Rogulja,D., Kuznedelov,K., Inman,R., Mushegian,A., Severinov,K. (2003). J. Mol. Biol. 330:735-748. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  919. Virus retention and transport as influenced by different forms of soil organic matter. Zhuang,J., Jin,Y. (2003). J. Environ. Qual. 32:816-823. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  920. [Bacteriophages in the milk industry (they are no small enemy)] Los bacteriofagos en la industria láctea (no hay enemigo pequeño) [Spanish]. Anonymous (2002). Industrias Lácteas Españolas 32-35. [do not have abstract]

  921. Marschall Italian & Specialty Cheese Seminars. Anonymous (2002). [do not have abstract]

  922. A new phage may help control pathogens on fresh-cut produce. Anonymous (2002). Journal of Environmental Health 64(9), 59. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  923. Bacteria and bacteriophage detection using immobilized enzyme substrates. Adams,C.A., Krejcarek,G.E., Wicks,J.H. (2002). 3M Innovative Properties Company. 548157(6,436,661). St. Paul, MN. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  924. Bacteriophage, a process for the isolation thereof, and a universal growth medium useful in the process thereof. Agrawal,P., Soni,V. (2002). Council of Scientic and Industrial Research. 295851(6,482,632). New Delhi, IN. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  925. Treatment of post-burns bacterial infections by bacteriophages, specifically ubiquitous Pseudomonas spp. notoriously resistant to antibiotics. Ahmad,S.I. (2002). Med Hypotheses 58:327-331. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  926. Complete genomic sequence of SfV, a serotype-converting temperate bacteriophage of Shigella flexneri. Allison,G.E., Angeles,D., Tran-Dinh,N., Verma,N.K. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:1974-1987. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  927. Steps toward mapping the human vasculature by phage display. Arap,W., Kolonin,M.G., Trepel,M., Lahdenranta,J., Cardo-Vila,M., Giordano,R.J., Mintz,P.J., Ardelt,P.U., Yao,V.J., Vidal,C.I., Chen,L., Flamm,A., Valtanen,H., Weavind,L.M., Hicks,M.E., Pollock,R.E., Botz,G.H., Bucana,C.D., Koivunen,E., Cahill,D., Troncoso,P., Baggerly,K.A., Pentz,R.D., Do,K.A., Logothetis,C.J., Pasqualini,R. (2002). Nat. Med. 8:121-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  928. Characterization of Serratia isolates from soil, ecological implications and transfer of Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983 to Serratia quinivorans corrig., sp. nov. Ashelford,K.E., Fry,J.C., Bailey,M.J., Day,M.J. (2002). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:2281-2289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  929. Particle transport in a karst aquifer: natural and artificial tracer experiments with bacteria, bacteriophages and microspheres. Auckenthaler,A., Raso,G., Huggenberger,P. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:131-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  930. Epigenetics as a first exit problem. Aurell,E., Sneppen,K. (2002). Phys. Rev. Lett. 88:048101 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  931. Bacteriophage composition useful in treating food products to prevent bacterial contamination. Averback,P., Gemmell,J. (2002). Nymox Pharmaceutical Corporation. 718093(6,461,608). St. Laurent, CA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  932. The hyaluronan lyase of Streptococcus pyogenes bacteriophage H4489A. Baker,J.R., Dong,S., Pritchard,D.G. (2002). Biochem. J. 365:317-322. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  933. Fundamental changes in light scattering associated with infection of marine bacteria by bacteriophage. Balch,W.M., Vaughn,J.M., Novotny,J.F., Drapeau,D.T., Goes,J.I., Booth,E., Lapierre,J.M., Vining,C.L., Ashe,A., Vaughn,J.M., Jr. (2002). Limnol. Oceanogr. 47:1554-1561. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  934. Strategies for improving the efficacy of bacteriophages for controlling bacterial spot of tomato. Balogh,B. (2002). University of Florida. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  935. The fundamental contribution of phages to GAS evolution, genome diversification and strain emergence. Banks,D.J., Beres,S.B., Musser,J.M. (2002). Trends Microbiol. 10:515-521. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  936. Characterization of six Leuconostoc fallax bacteriophages isolated from an industrial sauerkraut fermentation. Barrangou,R., Yoon,S.S., Breidt,F.J., Fleming,P., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:5452-5458. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  937. Genome sequence of a serotype M3 strain of group A Streptococcus: phage-encoded toxins, the high-virulence phenotype, and clone emergence. Beres,S.B., Sylva,G.L., Barbian,K.D., Lei,B., Hoff,J.S., Mammarella,N.D., Liu,M.Y., Smoot,J.C., Porcella,S.F., Parkins,L.D., Campbell,D.S., Smith,T.M., McCormick,J.K., Leung,D.Y.M., Schlievert,P.M., Musser,J.M. (2002). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:10078-10083. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  938. The functional importance of bacteriophages in the microbial loop of an oligomesotrophic lake over a diel cycle. Bettarel,Y., Sime-Ngando,T., Amblard,C., Carrias,J.F., Sargos,D., Garabetian,F., Lavandier,P. (2002). Annales de Limnology - International Journal of Limnology 38:263-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  939. Bacteriophage therapy rescues mice bacteremic from a clinical isolate of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. Biswas,B., Adhya,S., Washart,P., Paul,B., Trostel,A.N., Powell,B., Carlton,R., Merril,C.R. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:204-210. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  940. Trade-offs and coexistence in microbial microcosms. Bohannan,B.J.M., Kerr,B., Jessup,C.M., Hughes,J.B., Sandvik,G. (2002). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 81:107-115. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  941. Fate of bacterial indicators, viruses and protozoan parasites in a wastewater multi-component treatment system. Bonadonna,L., Briancesco,R., Cataldo,C., Divizia,M., Donia,D., Pana,A. (2002). New. Microbiol. 25:413-420. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  942. Characterization of the two-component abortive phage infection mechanism AbiT from Lactococcus lactis. Bouchard,J.D., Dion,E., Bissonnette,F., Moineau,S. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:6325-6332. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  943. Common themes among bacteriophage-encoded virulence factors and diversity among the bacteriophages involved. Boyd,E.F., Brüssow,H. (2002). Trends Microbiol. 10:521-529. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  944. Genomic analysis of uncultured marine viral communities. Breitbart,M., Salamon,P., Andresen,B., Mahaffy,J.M., Segall,A.M., Mead,D., Azam,F., Rohwer,F. (2002). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:14250-14255. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  945. Microviridae, a family divided: isolation, characterization, and genome sequence of fMH2K, a bacteriophage of the obligate intracellular parasitic bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Brentlinger,K.L., Hafenstein,S., Novak,C.R., Fane,B.A., Borgon,R., McKenna,R., Agbandje-McKenna,M. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:1089-1094. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  946. F-specific RNA coliphages: occurrence, types, and survival in natural waters. Brion,G.M., Meschke,J.S., Sobsey,M.D. (2002). Water Res. 36:2419-2425. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  947. The in vitro interaction of Streptococcus pyogenes with human pharyngeal cells induces a phage-encoded extracellular DNase. Broudy,T.B., Pancholi,V., Fischetti,V.A. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:2805-2811. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  948. Performance of a novel Viresolve NFR virus filter. Brough,H., Antoniou,C., Carter,J., Jakubik,J., Xu,Y., Lutz,H. (2002). Biotechnol. Prog. 18:782-795. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  949. RNA bacteriophage capsid-mediated drug delivery and epitope presentation. Brown,W.L., Mastico,R.A., Wu,M., Heal,K.G., Adams,C.J., Murray,J.B., Simpson,J.C., Lord,J.M., Taylor-Robinson,A.W., Stockley,P.G. (2002). Intervirology 45:371-380. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  950. Killing of Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium tuberculosis by a mycobacteriophage delivered by a nonvirulent mycobacterium: A model for phage therapy of intracellular bacterial pathogens. Broxmeyer,L., Sosnowskai,D., Miltner,E., Chacón,O., Wagner,D., McGarvey,J., Barletta,R.G., Bermudez,L.E. (2002). J. Infect. Dis. 186:1155-1160. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  951. Phage genomics: Small is beautiful. Brüssow,H., Hendrix,R.W. (2002). Cell 108:13-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  952. Antagonistic coevolution between a bacterium and a bacteriophage. Buckling,A., Rainey,P.B. (2002). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 269:931-936. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  953. The role of parasites in sympatric and allopatric host diversification. Buckling,A., Rainey,P.B. (2002). Nature 420:496-499. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  954. Dynamics of success and failure in phage and antibiotic therapy in experimental infections. Bull,J.J., Levin,B.R., DeRouin,T., Walker,N., Bloch,C.A. (2002). BMC Microbiol. 2:35 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  955. [Phenogenetic characterization of a group of giant Phi KZ-like bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa]. Burkal'tseva,M.V., Krylov,V.N., Pleteneva,E.A., Shaburova,O.V., Krylov,S.V., Volkart,G., Sykilinda,N.N., Kurochkina,L.P., Mesianzhinov,V.V. (2002). Genetika 38:1470-1479. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  956. Phenogenetic characterization of a group of giant fKZ-like bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Burkal'tseva,M.V., Krylov,V.N., Pleteneva,E.A., Shaburova,O.V., Krylov,S.V., Volkart,G., Sykilinda,N.N., Kurochkina,L.P., Mesyanzhinov,V.V. (2002). Rus. J. Genet. 38:1242-1250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  957. Integrity of powdered and powder-free latex examination gloves. Calhoun,A.J., Rodrick,G.E., Brown,F.H. (2002). J. Public Health Dent. 62:170-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  958. Genome plasticity in Lactococcus lactis. Campo,N., Dias,M.J., Daveran-Mingot,M.L., Ritzenthaler,P., Le Bourgeois,P. (2002). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 82:123-132. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  959. Removal of bacterial and viral faecal indicator organisms in a waste stabilization pond system in Choconta, Cundinamarca (Colombia). Campos,C., Guerrero,A., Cardenas,M. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 45:61-66. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  960. Genome analysis of an inducible prophage and prophage remnants integrated in the Streptococcus pyogenes strain SF370. Canchaya,C., Desiere,F., McShan,W.M., Ferretti,J.J., Parkhill,J., Brüssow,H. (2002). Virology 302:245-258. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  961. Evaluation of the international phage typing set and some experimental phages for typing of Listeria monocytogenes from poultry in Spain. Capita,R., Alonso-Calleja,C., Mereghetti,L., Moreno,B., del Camino,G. (2002). J. Appl. Microbiol. 92:90-96. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  962. On the stability properties of a stochastic model for phage-bacteria interaction in open marine environment. Carletti,M. (2002). Math. Biosci. 175:117-131. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  963. Memory in bacteria and phage. Casadesus,J., D'Ari,R. (2002). Bioessays 24:512-518. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  964. Isolation and characterization of virus infecting Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyceae). Castberg,T., Thyrhaug,R., Larsen,A., Sandaa,R.-A., Heldal,M., Bratbak,G. (2002). Phycology 38:767-774. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  965. Phage therapy of local and systemic disease caused by Vibrio vulnificus in iron-dextran-treated mice. Cerveny,K.E., Depaola,A., Duckworth,D.H., Gulig,P.A. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:6251-6262. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  966. Isolation and genetic characterization of a novel filamentous bacteriophage, a deleted form of phage f237, from a pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O4:K68 strain. Chan,B., Miyamoto,H., Taniguchi,H., Yoshida,S.I. (2002). Microbiology and Immunology 46:565-569. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  967. Rapid identification of microorganisms. Chang,T.C., Chen,S., Ding,H.C. (2002). Food Industry Research and Development Institute. 655132(6,428,976). TW. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  968. A conductance method for the identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 using bacteriophage AR1. Chang,T.C., Ding,H.C., Chen,S. (2002). J. Food Prot. 65:12-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  969. Distribution of spontaneous mutants and inferences about the replication mode of the RNA bacteriophage f6. Chao,L., Rang,C.U., Wong,L.E. (2002). J. Virol. 76:3276-3281. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  970. Effect of surfactants on the survival and sorption of viruses. Chattopadhyay,D., Chattopadhyay,S., Lyon,W.G., Wilson,J.T. (2002). Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:4017-4024. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  971. Genomic sequence and evolution of marine cyanophage P60: a new insight on lytic and lysogenic phages. Chen,F., Lu,J. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:2589-2594. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  972. Method of detecting a pathogen using a virus. Cherwonogrodzky,J.W., Lotfali,K. (2002). Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of. 376288(6,436,652). Ottawa, CA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  973. Method of detecting a pathogen using a virus. Cherwonogrodzky,J.W., Lotfali,K. (2002). Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of. 514096(6,355,445). Ottawa, CA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  974. [The antiviral activity of chitosan (review)]. Chirkov,S.N. (2002). Prikladnaia Biokhimiia I Mikrobiologiia 38:5-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  975. Filamentous phage active on the gram-positive bacterium Propionibacterium freudenreichii. Chopin,M.C., Rouault,A., Ehrlich,S.D., Gautier,M. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:2030-2033. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  976. The antibody response to bacteriophage is linked to the lymphopenia gene in congenic BioBreeding rats. Clark,L., Greenbaum,C., Jiang,J., Lernmark,A., Ochs,H. (2002). FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 32:205-209. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  977. Bacteriophage-resistance systems in dairy starter strains: molecular analysis to application. Coffey,A., Ross,R.P. (2002). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 82:303-321. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  978. Est-ce que les bactériophages pourraient être une thérapie antimicrobienne efficace pour résoudre le problème de la résistance bactérienne aux antibiotiques ? Colbert,M., Guilmette,M. (2002). [do not have abstract]

  979. Occurrence and levels of indicator bacteriophages in bathing waters throughout Europe. Contreras-Coll,N., Lucena,F., Mooijman,K., Havelaar,A., Pierz,V., Boque,M., Gawler,A., Holler,C., Lambiri,M., Mirolo,G., Moreno,B., Niemi,M., Sommer,R., Valentin,B., Wiedenmann,A., Young,V., Jofre,J. (2002). Water Res. 36:4963-4974. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  980. Sequence analysis of the lactococcal bacteriophage bIL170: insights into structural proteins and HNH endonucleases in dairy phages. Crutz-Le Coq,A.-M., Cesselin,B., Commissaire,J., Anba,J. (2002). Microbiology 148:985-1001. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  981. Autolysis and autoaggregation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa colony morphology mutants. D'Argenio,D.A., Calfee,M.W., Rainey,P.B., Pesci,E.C. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:6481-6489. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  982. Higher abundance of bacteria than of viruses in deep mediterranean sediments. Danovaro,R., Manini,E., Dell'Anno,A. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:1468-1472. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  983. A satellite phage-encoded antirepressor induces repressor aggregation and cholera toxin gene transfer. Davis,B.M., Kimsey,H.H., Kane,A.V., Waldor,M.K. (2002). EMBO J. 21:4240-4249. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  984. Transformation in aquatic environments. Day,M. (2002). p. 63-80. In M.Syvanen and C.I.Kado (eds.), (eds) Horizontal Gene Transfer. Academic Press, San Diego.[do not have abstract]

  985. Comparative genomics of phages and prophages in lactic acid bacteria. Desiere,F., Lucchini,S., Canchaya,C., Ventura,M., Brüssow,H. (2002). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 82:73-91. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  986. Snapshot of the genome of the pseudo-T-even bacteriophage RB49. Desplats,C., Dez,C., Tetart,F., Eleaume,H., Krisch,H.M. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:2789-2804. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  987. Bacteriophages: potential treatment for bacterial infections. Duckworth,D.H., Gulig,P.A. (2002). BioDrugs 16:57-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  988. Removal and inactivation of indicator bacteriophages in fresh waters. Duran,A.E., Muniesa,M., Mendez,X., Valero,F., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (2002). J. Appl. Microbiol. 92:338-347. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  989. Combined antimicrobial effect of nisin and a listeriophage against Listeria monocytogenes in broth but not in buffer or on raw beef. Dykes,G.A., Moorhead,S.M. (2002). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 73:71-81. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  990. Isolation and characterization of two types of actinophages infecting Streptomyces scabies MR13. el Sayed,A.e., el Didamony,G., Mansour,K. (2002). Acta Microbiol. Immunol. Hungarica 49:469-482. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  991. Biological properties and cell tropism of Chp2, a bacteriophage of the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydophila abortus. Everson,J.S., Garner,S.A., Fane,B., Liu,B.L., Lambden,P.R., Clarke,I.N. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:2748-2754. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  992. Giardia and Cryptosporidium removal from waste-water by a duckweed (Lemna gibba L.) covered pond. Falabi,J.A., Gerba,C.P., Karpiscak,M.M. (2002). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 34:384-387. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  993. RS1 element of Vibrio cholerae can propagate horizontally as a filamentous phage exploiting the morphogenesis genes of CTXF. Faruque,S.M., Kamruzzaman,M., Nandi,R.K., Ghosh,A.N., Nair,G.B., Mekalanos,J.J., Sack,D.A. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:163-170. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  994. Legionella and Legionnaires' disease: 25 years of investigation. Fields,B.S., Benson,R.F., Besser,R.E. (2002). Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 15:506-526. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  995. High control of bacterial production by viruses in a eutrophic oxbow lake. Fischer,U.R., Velimirov,B. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:1-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  996. Time-delayed spread of viruses in growing plaques. Fort,J., Méndez,V. (2002). Phys. Rev. Lett. 89:178101 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  997. Prokaryotic and viral diversity patterns in marine plankton. Fuhrman,J.A., Griffith,J., Schwalbach,M. (2002). Ecol. Res. 17:183-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  998. Sunlight inactivation of human enteric viruses and fecal bacteria. Fujioka,R.S., Yoneyama,B.S. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:291-295. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  999. The cell surface protein Ag43 facilitates phage infection of Escherichia coli in the presence of bile salts and carbohydrates. Gabig,M., Herman-Antosiewicz,A., Kwiatkowska,M., Los,M., Thomas,M.S., Wegrzyn,G. (2002). Microbiology (Reading) 2002 May, 148:1533-1542. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1000. Bacteriophage replication and reactivation in stationary phase hosts. Gallimore,W.H., Burgess,J.M., Kokjohn,T.A. (2002). Research Signpost 6:467-476. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1001. Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia coli bacteriophages in human faeces. Gantzer,C., Henny,J., Schwartzbrod,L. (2002). International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 205:325-328. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1002. [The bacteriophages and their gene products as antimicrobial agents]. Garcia,E., Lopez,R. (2002). Rev. Espan. Quimioter. 15:306-312. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1003. Phages and other mobile virulence elements in gram-positive pathogens. Gentry-Weeks,C., Coburn,P.S., Gilmore,M.S. (2002). Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 264:79-94. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1004. Fluorescent dye labeled bacteriophages--a new tracer for the investigation of viral transport in porous media: 2. Studies of deep-bed filtration. Gitis,V., Adin,A., Nasser,A., Gun,J., Lev,O. (2002). Water Res. 36:4235-4242. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1005. Fluorescent dye labeled bacteriophages--a new tracer for the investigation of viral transport in porous media: 1. Introduction and characterization. Gitis,V., Adin,A., Nasser,A., Gun,J., Lev,O. (2002). Water Res. 36:4227-4234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1006. Observations on cyanobacterial population collapse in eutrophic lake water. Gons,H.J., Ebert,J., Hoogveld,H.L., van den Hove,L., Pel,R., Takkenberg,W., Woldringh,C.J. (2002). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 81:319-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1007. Conserved filamentous prophage in Escherichia coli O18:K1:H7 and Yersinia pestis biovar orientalis. Gonzalez,M.D., Lichtensteiger,C.A., Caughlan,R., Vimr,E.R. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:6050-6055. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1008. Reporter bacteriophage assays as a means to detect foodborne pathogenic bacteria. Goodridge,L., Griffiths,M. (2002). Food Res. Int. 35:863-870. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1009. [Action of Spirulina platensis on bacterial viruses]. Gorobets,O.B., Blinkova,L.P., Baturo,A.P. (2002). Zh. Mikrobiol. Epidemiol. Immunobiol. 18-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1010. Characterization of phi12, a bacteriophage related to phi6: nucleotide sequence of the large double-stranded RNA. Gottlieb,P., Potgieter,C., Wei,H., Toporovsky,I. (2002). Virology 295:266-271. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1011. Characterization of phi 12, a bacteriophage related to phi 6: nucleotide sequence of the small and middle double-stranded RNA. Gottlieb,P., Wei,H., Potgieter,C., Toporovsky,I. (2002). Virology 293:118-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1012. Control of Brochothrix thermosphacta spoilage of pork adipose tissue using bacteriophages. Greer,G.G., Dilts,B.D. (2002). J. Food Prot. 65:861-863. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1013. Novel phage-based treatment effective against mycobacterial infections. Greer,M. (2002). TB & Outbreaks Week October 22, 8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1014. Viral distribution and activity in Antarctic waters. Guixa-Boixereu,N., Vaque,D., Gasol,J.M., Sanchez-Camara,J., Pedros-Alio,C. (2002). Deep-Sea Research II 49:827-845. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1015. Distinguishing between selection and population expansion in an experimental lineage of bacteriophage T7. Hahn,M.W., Rausher,M.D., Cunningham,C.W. (2002). Genetics 161:11-20. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1016. Use of signal-mediated amplification of RNA technology (SMART) to detect marine cyanophage DNA. Hall,M.J., Wharam,S.D., Weston,A., Cardy,D.L.N., Wilson,W.H. (2002). BioTechniques 32:604-611. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1017. Microbiology. A tail of two specifi-cities. Hatfull,G.F. (2002). Science 295:2031-2032. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1018. Effects of temperatures, pH-values, ultra-violet light, ethanol and chloroform on the growth of isolated thermophilic Bacillus phages. Hazem,A. (2002). New. Microbiol. 25:469-476. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1019. Bacteriophages: evolution of the majority. Hendrix,R.W. (2002). Theor. Pop. Biol. 61:471-480. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1020. Evolutionary relationships among diverse bacteriophages and prophages: All the world's a phage. Hendrix,R.W., Smith,M.C.M., Burns,R.N., Ford,M.E., Hatfull,G.F. (2002). p. 133-140. In M.Syvanen and C.I.Kado (eds.), (eds) Horizontal Gene Transfer. Academic Press, San Diego.[do not have abstract]

  1021. Bacteriophage RM 378 of a thermophilic host organism. Hjorleifsdottir,S., Hreggvidsson,G.O., Fridjonsson,O.H., Aevarsson,A., Kristjansson,J.K. (2002). 585858(6,492,161). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1022. Enteric bacteriophages as potential fecal indicators in ground beef and poultry meat. Hsu,F.-C., Shieh,Y.S.C., Sobsey,M.D. (2002). J. Food Prot. 65:93-99. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1023. Uneven growth and different susceptibility to viruses among bacteria increase estimates of virus production in the East Sea based on TEM observation. Huang,C.Y., Cho,B.C. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:211-218. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1024. Prevention of Escherichia coli infection in broiler chickens with a bacteriophage aerosol spray. Huff,W.E., Huff,G.R., Rath,N.C., Balog,J.M., Donoghue,A.M. (2002). Poult. Sci. 81:1486-1491. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1025. Prevention of Escherichia coli respiratory infection in broiler chickens with bacteriophage (SPR02). Huff,W.E., Huff,G.R., Rath,N.C., Balog,J.M., Xie,H., Moore,P.A.J., Donoghue,A.M. (2002). Poult. Sci. 81:437-441. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1026. Comparative analysis of the genomes of the temperate bacteriophages phi 11, phi 12 and phi 13 of Staphylococcus aureus 8325. Iandolo,J.J., Worrell,V., Groicher,K.H., Qian,Y., Tian,R., Kenton,S., Dorman,A., Ji,H., Lin,S., Loh,P., Qi,S., Zhu,H., Roe,B.A. (2002). Gene 289:109-118. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1027. Dissemination of the phage-associated novel superantigen gene speL in recent invasive and noninvasive Streptococcus pyogenes M3/T3 isolates in Japan. Ikebe,T., Wada,A., Inagaki,Y., Sugama,K., Suzuki,R., Tanaka,D., Tamaru,A., Fujinaga,Y., Abe,Y., Shimizu,Y., Watanabe,H. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:3227-3233. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1028. Food additive petition for: Control of pathogens on meat by use of a mixture of bacteriophages. Intralytix Inc. (2002). Fed. Reg. 67:47823 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1029. Characterization of serracin P, a phage-tail-like bacteriocin, and its activity against Erwinia amylovora, the fire blight pathogen. Jabrane,A., Sabri,A., Compere,P., Jacques,P., Vandenberghe,I., Van Beeumen,J., Thonart,P. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:5704-5710. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1030. Flow cytometric analysis of an Emiliania huxleyi bloom terminated by viral infection. Jacquet,S., Heldal,M., Iglesias-Rodriguez,D., Larsen,A., Wilson,W.H. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:111-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1031. Bacteriophages as indicators. Jofre,J. (2002). p. 354-363. In G.Bitton (ed.), (eds) Enciclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. John Willey and Sons Inc., New York.[do not have abstract]

  1032. Viral Trojan horse for combating tuberculosis. Johnston,N. (2002). Drug Discov. Today 7:333-335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1033. The effect of storage and lag time on MS2 bacteriophage susceptibility to ultraviolet radiation. Jolis,D. (2002). Water Environ Res 74:516-520. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1034. Bacteriophages isolated from activated sludge process and their polyvalency. Kahn,M.A., Satoh,H., Katayama,H., Kurisu,F., Mino,T. (2002). Water Res. 36:3364-3370. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1035. Vibrio cholerae phage K139: complete genome sequence and comparative genomics of related phages. Kapfhammer,D., Blass,J., Evers,S., Reidl,J. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:6592-6601. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1036. [Effect of bacteriophage on the lipid peroxidation process and antioxidant protective enzymes in experimental uveitis]. Karimova,M.K., Bakhritdinova,F.A. (2002). Vestn. Oftalmol. 118:38-40. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1037. Overcoming the phage replication threshold: a mathematical model with implications for phage therapy. Kasman,L.M., Kasman,A., Westwater,C., Dolan,J., Schmidt,M.G., Norris,J.S. (2002). J. Virol. 76:5557-5564. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1038. Deleterious impact of a virulent bacteriophage on survival and biocontrol activity of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHAO in natural soil. Keel,C., Ucurum,Z., Michaux,P., Adrian,M., Haas,D. (2002). Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 15:567-576. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1039. Degree of ultraviolet radiation damage and repair capabilities are related to G+C content in marine vibriophages. Kellogg,C.A., Paul,J.H. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:13-20. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1040. Bacteriophages isolated from activated sludge processes and their polyvalency. Khan,M.A., Satoh,H., Katayama,H., Kurisu,F., Mino,T. (2002). Water Res. 36:3364-3370. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1041. Bacteriophage-host interaction in the enhanced biological phosphate removing activated sludge system. Khan,M.A., Satoh,H., Mino,T., Katayama,H., Kurisu,F., Matsuo,T. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:39-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1042. Nucleotide sequence of a ssRNA phage from Acinetobacter: kinship to coliphages. Klovins,J., Overbeek,G.P., van,d.W., Ackermann,H.-W., van,D. (2002). J. Gen. Virol. 83:1523-1533. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1043. Engineering a reduced Escherichia coli genome. Kolisnychenko,V., Plunkett,G., Herring,C.D., Feher,T., Posfai,J., Blattner,F.R., Posfai,G. (2002). Genome Res. 12:640-647. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1044. [The resistance conferred by the R/M system LlaBIII against bacteriophages]. Kong,J., Josephsen,J., Ma,G.R. (2002). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 42:246-250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1045. The ability of the plasmid-encoded restriction and modification system LlaBIII to protect Lactococcus lactis against bacteriophages. Kong,J., Josephsen,J. (2002). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 34:249-253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1046. The activity of chosen bacteriophages on Yersinia enterocolitica strains. Kot,B., Bukowski,K., Jakubczak,A., Kaczorek,I. (2002). Pol. J. Vet. Sci. 5:47-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1047. Phagotherapy: myths and realities. Krylov,V. (2002). Rus. Acad. Sci. Pres. 4:40-46. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1048. Detection of bacteria using foreign DNA: the development of a bacteriophage reagent for Salmonella. Kuhn,J., Suissa,M., Wyse,J., Cohen,I., Weiser,I., Reznick,S., Lubinsky-Mink,S., Stewart,G., Ulitzur,S. (2002). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 74:229-238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1049. A bacteriophage reagent for Salmonella: molecular studies on Felix 01. Kuhn,J., Suissa,M., Chiswell,D., Azriel,A., Berman,B., Shahar,D., Reznick,S., Sharf,R., Wyse,J., Bar-On,T., Cohen,I., Giles,R., Weiser,I., Lubinsky-Mink,S., Ulitzur,S. (2002). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 74:217-227. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1050. Complete genomic sequence of bacteriophage ul36: demonstration of phage heterogeneity within the P335 quasi-species of lactococcal phages. Labrie,S., Moineau,S. (2002). Virology 296:308-320. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1051. Viruses causing lysis of the toxic bloom-forming alga, Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae), are widespread in coastal sediments of British Columbia, Canada. Lawrence,J.E., Chan,A.M., Suttle,C.A. (2002). Limnol. Oceanogr. 47:545-550. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1052. Imbroglios of viral taxonomy: genetic exchange and failings of phenetic approaches. Lawrence,J.G., Hatfull,G.F., Hendrix,R.W. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:4891-4905. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1053. Preventing phage lysis of Lactococcus lactis in cheese production using a neutralizing heavy-chain antibody fragment from llama. Ledeboer,A.M., Bezemer,S., de Hiaard,J.J.W., Schaffers,I.M., Verrips,C.T., van Vliet,C., Dusterhoft,E.M., Zoon,P., Moineau,S., Frenken,L.G.J. (2002). J. Dairy Sci. 85:1376-1382. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1054. Evolution of bacteriophage in continuous culture: a model system to test antiviral gene therapies for the emergence of phage escape mutants. Lindemann,B.F., Klug,C., Schwienhorst,A. (2002). J. Virol. 76:5784-5792. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1055. Reverse transcriptase-mediated tropism switching in Bordetella bacteriophage. Liu,M., Deora,R., Doulatov,S.R., Gingery,M., Eiserling,F.A., Preston,A., Maskell,D.J., Simons,R.W., Cotter,P.A., Parkhill,J., Miller,J.F. (2002). Science 295:2091-2094. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1056. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 prophage-like sequences among German Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium phage types and their use in detection of phage type DT104 by the polymerase chain reaction. Malorny,B., Schroeter,A., Bunge,C., Helmuth,R. (2002). Vet Microbiol 87:253-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1057. Recombinant phages. Mardh,S. (2002). 603153(6,497,874). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1058. Predatory prokaryotes: an emerging research opportunity. Martin,M.O. (2002). J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 4:467-477. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1059. ??? Matsumoto,T., Okabe,N. (2002). J. Soc. Trop. Agri 9:205-213. [do not have abstract]

  1060. Plankton blooms: Lysogeny in marine Synechococcus. McDaniel,L., Houchin,L.A., Williamson,S.J., Paul,J.H. (2002). Nature 415:496 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1061. Identification and characterization of phage-resistance genes in temperate lactococcal bacteriophages. McGrath,S., Fitzgerald,G.F., van Sinderen,D. (2002). Mol. Microbiol. 43:509-520. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1062. Influence of flow rate on transport of bacteriophage in shale saprolite. McKay,L.D., Harton,A.D., Wilson,G.V. (2002). J. Environ. Qual. 31:1095-1105. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1063. Application of actinomycetes to soil to ameliorate water repellency. McKenna,F., El Tarabily,K.A., Petrie,S., Chen,C., Dell,B. (2002). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 35:107-112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1064. Phage tests for diagnosis and drug susceptibility testing. McNerney,R. (2002). Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. 6:1129-1130. [do not have abstract]

  1065. Conservation of phage reference materials and water samples containing bacteriophages of enteric bacteria. Mendez,J., Jofre,J., Lucena,F., Contreras,N., Mooijman,K., Araujo,R. (2002). J. Virol. Meth. 106:215-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1066. The genome of bacteriophage phiKZ of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Mesyanzhinov,V.V., Robben,J., Grymonprez,B., Kostyuchenko,V.A., Bourkaltseva,M.V., Sykilinda,N.N., Krylov,V.N., Volckaert,G. (2002). J. Mol. Biol. 317:1-19. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1067. Viral and bacterial production in the North Water polynya: In situ measurements, batch culture experiments, and characterization and distribution of a virus-host system. Middelboe,M., Nielson,T.G., Bjørnsen,P.K. (2002). Deep-Sea Research II 49:5063-5079. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1068. Regeneration of dissolved organic matter by viral lysis in marine microbial communities. Middelboe,M., Lyck,P.G. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:187-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1069. Evaluation of bacteriophages during the treatment of sludge. Mignotte-Cadiergues,B., Gantzer,C., Schwartzbrod,L. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:189-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1070. Pseudolysogeny: A bacteriophage strategy for increasing longevity in situ. Miller,R.V., Ripp,S.A. (2002). p. 81-91. In M.Syvanen and C.I.Kado (eds.), (eds) Horizontal Gene Transfer. Academic Press, San Diego.[do not have abstract]

  1071. Use of lacticin 481 to facilitate delivery of the bacteriophage resistance plasmid, pCBG104 to cheese starters. Mills,S., Coffey,A., O'Sullivan,L., Stokes,D., Hill,C., Fitzgerald,G.F., Ross,R.P. (2002). J. Appl. Microbiol. 92:238-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1072. Microbial genome evolution: sources of variability. Mira,A., Klasson,L., Andersson,S.G.E. (2002). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 5:506-512. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1073. Temperate phages in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium: implications for epidemiology. Mmolawa,P.T., Willmore,R., Thomas,C.J., Heuzenroeder,M.W. (2002). Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 291:633-644. [do not have abstract]

  1074. Phages of lactic acid bacteria: From genomics to industrial applications. Moineau,S., Tremblay,D., Labrie,S. (2002). ASM News 68:388-393. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1075. Uptake and processing of modified bacteriophage M13 in mice: implications for phage display. Molenaar,T.J.M., Michon,I., de Haas,S.A.M., van Berkel,T.J.C., Kuiper,J., Biessen,E.A.L. (2002). Virology 293:182-191. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1076. Regrowth and survival of indicator microorganisms on the surfaces of household containers used for the storage of drinking water in rural communities of South Africa. Momba,M.N.B., Kaleni,P. (2002). Water Res. 36:3023-3028. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1077. Virus-like particle analysis in a seston-rich coastal pond using transmission electron microscopy. Montanie,H., Hartmann,H.J., Crottereau,C., Trichet,C. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 28:105-115. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1078. Optimisation of ISO 10705-1 on enumeration of F-specific bacteriophages. Mooijman,K.A., Bahar,M., Muniesa,M., Havelaar,A.H. (2002). J. Virol. Meth. 103:129-136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1079. Microbial quality of wastewater: detection of hepatitis A virus by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Morace,G., Aulicino,F.A., Angelozzi,C., Costanzo,L., Donadio,F., Rapicetta,M. (2002). J. Appl. Microbiol. 92:828-836. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1080. Bacteriophage Mu genome sequence: analysis and comparison with Mu-like prophages in Haemophilus, Neisseria and Deinococcus. Morgan,G.J., Hatfull,G.F., Casjens,S., Hendrix,R.W. (2002). J. Mol. Biol. 317:337-359. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1081. Characterization of a virulent bacteriophage specific for Escherichia coli O157:H7 and analysis of its cellular receptor and two tail fiber genes. Morita,M., Tanji,Y., Mizoguchi,K., Akitsu,T., Kijima,N., Unno,H. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 211:77-83. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1082. Horizontal gene transfer in bacteriophages. Mosig,G., Calendar,R. (2002). p. 141-146. In M.Syvanen and C.I.Kado (eds.), (eds) Horizontal Gene Transfer. Academic Press, San Diego.[do not have abstract]

  1083. Effect of denture cleaner using ozone against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli T1 phage. Murakami,H., Mizuguchi,M., Hattori,M., Ito,Y., Kawai,T., Hasegawa,J. (2002). Dental Mat. J. 21:53-60. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1084. Bacteriophage therapy of infectious disease in aquaculture. Nakai,T., Park,S.C. (2002). Res. Microbiol. 153:13-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1085. The effect of an agglutogen on virus infection: biotinylated filamentous phages and avidin as a model. Nakamura,M., Tsumoto,K., Ishimura,K., Kumagai,I. (2002). FEBS Lett. 520:77-80. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1086. Contribution of microbial activity to virus reduction in saturated soil. Nasser,A.M., Glozman,R., Nitzan,Y. (2002). Water Res. 36:2589-2595. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1087. Combined phage typing and amperometric detection of released enzymatic activity for the specific identification and quantification of bacteria . Neufeld,T., Schwartz-Mittelmann,A., Biran,D., Ron,E.Z., Rishpon,J. (2002). Analyt. Chem. 75:580-585. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1088. Evolution and spread of antibiotic resistance. Normark,B.H., Normark,S. (2002). J. Internal Med. 252:91-106. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1089. Mobilization of the Vibrio pathogenicity island between Vibrio cholerae isolates mediated by CP-T1 generalized transduction. O'Shea,Y.A., Boyd,E.F. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 214:153-157. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1090. Effects of Azithromycin on Shiga Toxin Production by Escherichia coli and Subsequent Host Inflammatory Response . Ohara,T., Kojio,S., Taneike,I., Nakagawa,S., Gondaira,F., Tamura,Y., Gejyo,F., Zhang,H.-M., Yamamoto,T. (2002). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 46:3478-3483. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1091. Lysogeny and lytic viral production during a bloom of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus spp. Ortmann,A.C., Lawrence,J.E., Suttle,C.A. (2002). Microb. Ecol. 43:225-231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1092. When phage, plasmids, and transposons collide: genomic islands, and conjugative- and mobilizable-transposons as a mosaic continuum. Osborn,A.M., Boltner,D. (2002). Plasmid 48:202-212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1093. Complete nucleotide sequence and likely recombinatorial origin of bacteriophage T3. Pajunen,M.I., Elizondo,M.R., Skurnik,M., Kieleczawa,J., Molineux,I.J. (2002). J. Mol. Biol. 319:1115-1132. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1094. A filterable lytic agent obtained from a red tide bloom that caused lysis of Karenia brevis (Gymnodinum breve) cultures. Paul,J.H., Houchin,L., Griffin,D., Slifko,T., Guo,M., Richardson,B., Steidinger,K. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:21-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1095. Marine phage genomics. Paul,J.H., Sullivan,M.B., Segall,A.M., Rohwer,F. (2002). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 133:463-476. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1096. The Brucella suis genome reveals fundamental similarities between animal and plant pathogens and symbionts. Paulsen,I.T., Seshadri,R., Nelson,K.E., Eisen,J.A., Heidelberg,J.F., Read,T.D., Dodson,R.J., Umayam,L., Brinkac,L.M., Beanan,M.J., Daugherty,S.C., Deboy,R.T., Durkin,A.S., Kolonay,J.F., Madupu,R., Nelson,W.C., Ayodeji,B., Kraul,M., Shetty,J., Malek,J., Van Aken,S.E., Riedmuller,S., Tettelin,H., Gill,S.R., White,O., Salzberg,S.L., Hoover,D.L., Lindler,L.E., Halling,S.M., Boyle,S.M., Fraser,C.M. (2002). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:13148-13153. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1097. Evidence for a phage proliferation threshold? Payne,R.J.H., Jansen,V.A.A. (2002). J. Virol. 76:13123 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1098. From Russia with gloves Ex-Soviet Union viruses could fill antibiotic gap. Pearson,H. (2002). Nature . [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1099. Bacteriophage resistance of a deltathyA mutant of Lactococcus lactis blocked in DNA replication. Pedersen,M.B., Jensen,P.R., Janzen,T., Nilsson,D. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:3010-3023. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1100. The dilemma of phage taxonomy illustrated by comparative genomics of Sfi21-like Siphoviridae in lactic acid bacteria. Proux,C., van Sinderen,D., Suarez,J., Garcia,P., Ladero,V., Fitzgerald,G.F., Desiere,F., Brüssow,H. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:6026-6036. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1101. Bacteriophage T4 development in Escherichia coli is growth rate-dependent. Rabinovitch,A., Fishov,I., Hadas,H., Einav,M., Zaritsky,A. (2002). J. Theor. Biol. 216:1-4. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1102. The dual role of wild phages for horizontal gene transfer among Salmonella strains. Rabsch,W., Mirold,S., Hardt,W.D., Tschape,H. (2002). Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 115:355-359. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1103. Remarkable morphological diversity of viruses and virus-like particles in hot terrestrial environments. Rachel,R., Bettstetter,M., Hedlund,B.P., Haring,M., Kessler,A., Stetter,K.O., Prangishvili,D. (2002). Arch. Virol. 147:2419-2429. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1104. The nucleotide sequence of shiga toxin (Stx) 2e-encoding phage fP27 is not related to other Stx phage genomes, but the modular genetic structure is conserved. Recktenwald,J., Schmidt,H. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:1896-1908. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1105. Les bactériophages, nouvelle perspective dans le traitement des maladies infectieuses? Resch,G., Meyer,J. (2002). Rev. Mens. Suisse Odontostomatol. 112:643-645. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1106. Spatial stability of bacterial and viral community compositions in Danish coastal waters as depicted by DNA fingerprinting techniques. Riemann,L., Middelboe,M. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:219-232. [do not have abstract]

  1107. Viral lysis of marine bacterioplankton: Potential implications for organic matter cycling and bacterial clonal composition. Riemann,L., Middelboe,M. (2002). Ophelia 56:57-68. [do not have abstract]

  1108. The Phage Proteomic Tree: a genome-based taxonomy for phage. Rohwer,F., Edwards,R. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:4529-4535. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1109. Experimental genomic evolution: extensive compensation for loss of DNA ligase activity in a virus. Rokyta,D., Badgett,M.R., Molineux,I.J., Bull,J.J. (2002). Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:230-238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1110. Field and laboratory investigations of inactivation of viruses (PRD1 and MS2) attached to iron oxide-coated quartz sand. Ryan,J.N., Harvey,R.W., Metge,D., Elimelech,M., Navigato,T., Pieper,A.P. (2002). Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:2403-2413. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1111. Distribution of genotypes of F-specific RNA bacteriophages in human and non-human sources of faecal pollution in South Africa and Spain. Schaper,M., Jofre,J., Uys,M., Grabow,W.O.K. (2002). J. Appl. Microbiol. 92:657-667. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1112. Comparative resistance of phage isolates of four genotypes of f-specific RNA bacteriophages to various inactivation processes. Schaper,M., Duran,A.E., Jofre,J. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:3702-3707. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1113. Column experiments to study nonlinear removal of bacteriophages by passage through saturated dune sand. Schijven,J.F., Hassanizadeh,S.M., de Bruin,H.A.M. (2002). J. Contam. Hydrol. 58:243-259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1114. Two-site kinetic modeling of bacteriophages transport through columns of saturated dune sand. Schijven,J.F., Hassanizadeh,S.M., de Bruin,R.H.A.M. (2002). J. Contam. Hydrol. 57:259-279. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1115. Bacteriophage SP6 is closely related to phages K1-5, K5, and K1E but encodes a tail protein very similar to that of the distantly related P22. Scholl,D., Adhya,S., Merril,C.R. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:2833-2836. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1116. Coccolithovirus (Phycodnaviridae): characterisation of a new large dsDNA algal virus that infects Emiliania huxleyi. Schroeder,D., Oke,J., Malin,G., Wilson,W.H. (2002). Arch. Virol. 147:1685-1698. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1117. Improved method for recovery of bacteriophage from large volumes of water using negatively charged microporous filters. Scott,T.M., Lukasik,J., Farrah,S.R. (2002). Can. J. Microbiol. 48:305-310. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1118. Microbial source tracking: current methodology and future directions. Scott,T.M., Rose,J.B., Jenkins,T.M., Farrah,S.R., Lukasik,J. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:5796-5803. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1119. The adaptation and survival of phages in nature. Semchuk,L.I., Ignatenko,T., Romashev,S.A., Andriychuk,O., Yatskovska,L. (2002). Bulletin of the University of Kiev, series Biology 38:54-56. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1120. Site-specific integrative elements of rhizobiophage 16-3 can integrate into proline tRNA (CGG) genes in different bacterial genera. Semsey,S., Blaha,B., Koles,K., Orosz,L., Papp,P.P. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:177-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1121. E.coli cell-cycle regulation by bacteriophage lambda. Sergueev,K., Court,D., Reaves,L., Austin,S. (2002). J. Mol. Biol. 324:297-307. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1122. Use of bacteriophage Ba1 to identify properties associated with Bordetella avium virulence. Shelton,C.B., Temple,L.M., Orndorff,P.E. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:1219-1224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1123. Sequence analysis of marine virus communities reveals groups of related algal viruses are widely distributed in nature. Short,S.M., Suttle,C.A. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:1290-1296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1124. Sunlight inactivation of fecal indicator bacteria and bacteriophages from waste stabilization pond effluent in fresh and saline waters. Sinton,L.W., Hall,C.H., Lynch,P.A., Davies-Colley,R.J. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:1122-1131. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1125. Fates of bacteriophages and bacterial indicators in the Moselle river (France). Skraber,S., Gantzer,C., Maul,A., Schwartzbrod,L. (2002). Water Res. 36:3629-3637. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1126. Rex-centric mutualism. Slavcev,R.A., Hayes,S. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:857-858. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1127. The prevalence and diversity of mobile genetic elements in bacterial communities of different environmental habitats: Insights gained from different methodological approaches. Smalla,K., Sobecky,P.A. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 42:165-175. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1128. Three recently acknowledged Escherichia species strikingly differ in the incidence of bacteriocinogenic and lysogenic strains. Smarda,J., Smajs,D., Lhotova,H. (2002). J. Basic Microbiol. 42:429-433. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1129. Otlichiia v sostave genov virulentnosti v shtammakh Vibrio cholerae eltor, vydelennykh iz raznykh istochnikov na territorii Turkmenistana [Differences in virulence genes in Vibrio cholerae eltor strains isolated from different sources in Turkmenistan territory]. Smirnova,N.I., Kostromitina,E.A., Cheldyshova,N.B., Kutyrev,V.V. (2002). Molekuliarnaia genetika 2002,12-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1130. Legionella pneumophila: an aquatic microbe goes astray. Steinert,M., Hentschel,U., Hacker,J. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 26:149-162. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1131. Bacteriophage therapy. Stalin's forgotten cure. Stone,R. (2002). Science 298:728-731. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1132. Bacteriophage therapy. Food and agriculture: testing grounds for phage therapy. Stone,R. (2002). Science 298:730 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1133. Expression of antisense RNA targeted against Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages. Sturino,J.M., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:588-596. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1134. Thermophilic lactic acid bacteria phages isolated from Argentinian dairy industries. Suarez,V.B., Quiberoni,A., Binetti,A.G., Reinheimer,J.A. (2002). J. Food Prot. 65:1597-1604. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1135. Effectiveness of thermal treatments and biocides in the inactivation of Argentinian Lactococcus lactis phages. Suarez,V.B., Reinheimer,J.A. (2002). J. Food Prot. 65:1756-1759. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1136. Genetics of the phage growth limitation (Pgl) system of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). Sumby,P., Smith,M.C.M. (2002). Mol. Microbiol. 44:489-500. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1137. Community Structure: Viruses. Suttle,C.A. (2002). p. 364-370. In C.J.Hurst, G.R.Knudson, M.J.McInerney, L.D.Stezenbach, and M.V.Walter (eds.), (eds) Manual of Environmental Microbiology (2nd Edition). ASM Press, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  1138. Mutations in bacteriophage T4 genome. Switala-Jelen,K., Dabrowska,K., Gorski,A., Sliwa,L. (2002). Acta virologica. English ed 46:57-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1139. The efficacy of bacteriophage as a method of biofilm eradication. Tait,K., Skilmman,L.C., Sutherland,I.W. (2002). Biofouling 18:305-311. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1140. Rapid detection of phylloplane bacterium Enterobacter cloacae based on chitinase gene transformation and lytic infection by specific bacteriophages. Takikawa,Y., Mori,H., Otsu,Y., Matsuda,Y., Nonomura,T., Kakutani,K., Tosa,Y., Mayama,S., Toyoda,H. (2002). J. Appl. Microbiol. 93:1042-1050. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1141. 50 million years of genomic stasis in endosymbiotic bacteria. Tamas,I., Klasson,L., Canback,B., Naslund,A.K., Eriksson,A.S., Wernegreen,J.J., Sandstrom,J.P., Moran,N.A., Andersson,S.G.E. (2002). Science 296:2376-2379. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1142. Metal ion-induced lateral aggregation of filamentous viruses fd and M13. Tang,J.X., Janmey,P.A., Lyubartsev,A., Nordenskiold,L. (2002). Biophys. J. 83:566-581. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1143. Effectiveness of the lactococcal abortive infection systems AbiA, AbiE, AbiF and AbiG against P335 type phages. Tangney,M., Fitzgerald,G.F. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 210:67-72. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1144. Fate of coliphage in waste water treatment process and detection of phages carrying the Shiga toxin type 2 gene. Tanji,Y., Mizoguchi,K., Akitsu,T., Morita,M., Hori,K., Unno,H. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:285-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1145. Emerging foodborne pathogens. Tauxe,R.V. (2002). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 78:31-41. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1146. New ways to treat bacterial infections. Taylor,P.W., Stapleton,P.D., Paul L.J. (2002). Drug Discov. Today 7:1086-1091. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1147. One of two copies of the gene for the activatable shiga toxin type 2d in Escherichia coli O91:H21 strain B2F1 is associated with an inducible bacteriophage. Teel,L.D., Melton-Celsa,A.R., Schmitt,C.K., O'Brien,A.D. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:4282-4291. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1148. Fighting Foam with Phages? Thomas,J.A., Soddell,J.A., Kurtboke,D.I. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:511-553. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1149. Mobile elements as a combination of functional modules. Toussaint,A., Merlin,C. (2002). Plasmid 47:26-35. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1150. [Study of Erwinia carotovora phage resistance with the use of temperate bacteriophage ZF40]. Tovkach,F.I. (2002). Mikrobiologiia 71:82-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1151. [Comparative study of properties of temperate erwiniophages 49 and 59]. Tovkach,F.I., Shevchenko,T.V., Gorb,T.E., Mukvich,N.S., Romaniuk,L.V. (2002). Mikrobiol. Zh. 64:65-81. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1152. [Temperate bacteriophage ZF40 of Erwinia carotovora: phage particle structure and DNA restriction analysis]. Tovkach,F.I. (2002). Mikrobiologiia 71:75-81. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1153. Defektnaia lizogenia Erwinia carotovora [Defective lysogeny in Erwinia carotovora]. Tovkach,F.I. (2002). Mikrobiologiia 71:359-367. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1154. Viruses stop antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Travis,J. (2002). Science News 161(2), ??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1155. ??? Tsujita,M., Matsui,C. (2002). Proc. Jpn. Acad. 31:180-185. [do not have abstract]

  1156. Role of bacteriophage MAV1 as a mycoplasmal virulence factor for the development of arthritis in mice and rats. Tu,A.H., Lindsey,J.R., Schoeb,T.R., Elgavish,A., Yu,H., Dybvig,K. (2002). J. Infect. Dis. 186:432-435. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1157. Ecological and molecular maintenance strategies of mobile genetic elements. Turner,S.L., Bailey,M.J., Lilley,A.K., Thomas,C.M. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 42:177-185. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1158. Removal of indigenous coliphages and fecal coliforms by a novel sewage treatment system consisting of UASB and DHS units. Uemura,S., Takahashi,K., Takaishi,A., Machdar,I., Ohashi,A., Harada,H. (2002). Water Sci. Technol. 46:303-309. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1159. In vivo generation of hybrids between different species of RNA phages. van Meerten,D., Groeneveld,H., Miller,D.M.J., Marechal,G.B., Tsareva,N.V., Olsthoorn,R.C.L., de la Pena,M., van Duin,J. (2002). J. Gen. Virol. 83:1223-1235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1160. Use of bacteriophages for control of Escherichia coli O157. Waddell,T.E., Mazzocco,A., Pacan,J., Ahmed,R., Johnson,R., Poppe,C., Khakhria,R. (2002). 873949(6,485,902). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1161. Bacteriophage control of bacterial virulence. Wagner,P.L., Waldor,M.K. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:3985-3993. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1162. Bacteriophage control of Shiga toxin 1 production and release by Escherichia coli. Wagner,P.L., Livny,J., Neely,M.N., Acheson,D.W.K., Friedman,D.I., Waldor,M.K. (2002). Mol. Microbiol. 44:957-970. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1163. ??? Wakimoto,S. (2002). Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Japan 25:205-208. [do not have abstract]

  1164. Effect of phage therapy on the turnover and function of peripheral neutrophils. Weber-Dabrowska,B., Zimecki,M., Mulczyk,M., Gorski,A. (2002). FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 34:135-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1165. Modulation of the susceptibility of intestinal bacteria to bacteriophages in response to Ag43 phase variation -- a hypothesis. Wegrzyn,G., Thomas,M.S. (2002). Medical Science Monitor 8:HY15-HY18 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1166. Reconsidering transmission electron microscopy based estimates of viral infection of bacterio-plankton using conversion factors derived from natural communities. Weinbauer,M.G., Winter,C., Hofle,M.G. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:103-110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1167. Pseudoalteromonas spp. phages, a significant group of marine bacteriophages in the North Sea. Wichels,A., Gerdts,G., Schuett,C. (2002). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27:233-239. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1168. Estimation of biologically damaging UV levels in marine surface waters with DNA and viral dosimeters. Wilhelm,S.W., Jeffrey,W.H., Suttle,C.A., Mitchell,D.L. (2002). Photochem Photobiol 76:268-273. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1169. Direct measurements of viral production in stratified and tidally mixed waters in the Strait of Georgia. Wilhelm,S.W., Brigden,S.M., Suttle,C.A. (2002). Microb. Ecol. 43:168-173. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1170. Bacteriophage HP2 of Haemophilus influenzae. Williams,B.J., Golomb,M., Phillips,T., Brownlee,J., Olson,M.V., Smith,A.L. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:6893-6905. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1171. Method to detect bacteria. Wilson,S.M. (2002). Biotec Laboratories Limited. 594918(6,461,833). Ipswich, GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1172. Virus dynamics in a coccolithophore-dominated bloom in the North Sea. Wilson,W.H., Tarran,G., Zubkoy,M.V. (2002). Deep Sea Research Part II: Tropical Studies in Oceanography 49:2951-2963. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1173. Isolation of viruses responsible for the demise of an Emiliania huxleyi bloom in the English Channel. Wilson,W.H., Tarran,G.A., Schroeder,D., Cox,M., Oke,J., Malin,G. (2002). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 82:369-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1174. Burkholderia thailandensis E125 harbors a temperate bacteriophage specific for Burkholderia mallei. Woods,D.E., Jeddeloh,J.A., Fritz,D.L., DeShazer,D. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:4003-4017. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1175. Evolution of lambdoid replication modules. Wrobel,B., Wegrzyn,G. (2002). Virus Genes 24:163-171. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1176. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages from fermenting sauerkraut. Yoon,S.S., Barrangou-Poueys,R., Breidt,F., Jr., Klaenhammer,T.R., Fleming,H.P. (2002). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:973-976. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1177. Effects of Escherichia coli physiology on growth of phage T7 in vivo and in silico. You,L., Suthers,P.F., Yin,J. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:1888-1894. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1178. Phage mediated horizontal transfer of the sopE1 gene increases enteropathogenicity of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium for calves. Zhang,S., Santos,R.L., Tsolis,R.M., Mirold,S., Hardt,W.D., Adams,L.G., Baumler,A.J. (2002). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 217:243-247. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1179. Genomic analysis of Clostridium perfringens bacteriophage phi3626, which integrates into guaA and possibly affects sporulation. Zimmer,M., Scherer,S., Loessner,M.J. (2002). J. Bacteriol. 184:4359-4368. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1180. Mutant bacteriophage with non-catalytic endosialidase binds to both bacterial and eukaryotic polysialic acid and can be used as probe for its detection. Aalto,J., Pelkonen,S., Kalimo,H., Finne,J. (2001). Glycoconj. J. 18:751-758. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1181. Bacteriophage latent-period evolution as a response to resource availability. Abedon,S.T., Herschler,T.D., Stopar,D. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:4233-4241. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1182. Le matin des bactériophages. Ackermann,H.-W. (2001). Virologie 5:35-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1183. Frequency of morphological phage descriptions in the year 2000. Brief Review. Ackermann,H.-W. (2001). Arch. Virol. 146:843-857. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1184. Vibrio cholerae VPIPHI/CTXPHI/TCP: Interactions of phage-phage-bacterium. Ai,Y.-C., Meng,F. (2001). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 41:510-512. [do not have abstract]

  1185. Distribution of virus-like particles in an oligotrophic marine environment (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean). Alonso,M.C., Jimenez-Gomez,F., Rodriguez,J., Borrego,J.J. (2001). Microb. Ecol. 42:407-415. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1186. The bacteriophages of ruminal prevotellas. Ambrozic,J., Ferme,D., Grabnar,M., Ravnikar,M., Avgustin,G. (2001). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 46:37-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1187. Optimisation and standardisation of a method for detecting and enumerating bacteriophages infecting Bacteroides fragilis. Araujo,R., Muniesa,M., Mendez,J., Puig,A., Queralt,N., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (2001). J. Virol. Meth. 93:127-136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1188. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophage-resistant mutants of Vibrio cholerae O139. Attridge,S.R., Fazeli,A., Manning,P.A., Stroeher,U.H. (2001). Microb. Pathog. 30:237-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1189. Methods for isolation and titration of bacteriophages from Lactobacillus. Auad,L., Raya,R.R. (2001). p. 203-208? In J.F.T.Spencer and A.L.Ragout de Spencer (eds.), (eds) Food Microbiology Protocols. Humana Press, Totowa, New Jersey.[do not have abstract]

  1190. Bacteriological and virological quality of seawater bathing areas along the Tyrrhenian coast. Aulicino,F.A., Orsini,P., Carere,M., Mastrantonio,A. (2001). International Journal of Environmental Health Research 11:5-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1191. Persistence of viral pathogens and bacteriophages during sewage treatment: Lack of correlation with indicator bacteria. Baggi,F., Demarta,A., Peduzzi,R. (2001). Res. Microbiol. 152:743-751. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1192. Luciferase reporter mycobacteriophages for detection, identification, and antibiotic susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Mexico. Banaiee,N., Bobadilla-del-Valle,M., Bardarov,S., Jr., Riska,P.F., Small,P.M., Ponce-de-Leon,A., Jacobs,W.R., Jr., Hatfull,G.F., Sifuentes-Osornio,J. (2001). J. Clin. Microbiol. 39:3883-3888. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1193. Microbial indicator removal in onsite constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in the southeastern U.S. Barrett,E.C., Sobsey,M.D., House,C.H., White,K.D. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 44:177-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1194. The use of bacteriophages for treatment and prevention of bacterial disease in animals and animal models of human infection. Barrow,P.A. (2001). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76:677-682. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1195. Proteins PblA and PblB of Streptococcus mitis, which promote binding to human platelets, are encoded within a lysogenic bacteriophage. Bensing,B.A., Siboo,I.R., Sullam,P.M. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:6186-6192. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1196. Phage treatment: can we utilise it for certain infective diseases in India? Bhatia,R.S. (2001). Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 49:590 [do not have abstract]

  1197. Bacteriophages transducing antibiotic resistance from a cluster of lysogenic strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from patients. Blahová,J., Kralikova,K., Krcmery,V., Sr., Schafer,V. (2001). J. Chemother. 13:331-333. [do not have abstract]

  1198. The genome of the archael virus SIRV1 has features in common with genomes of eukaryal viruses. Blum,H., Zillig,W., Mallock,S., Domdey,H., Prangishvili,D. (2001). Virology 281:6-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1199. Phylogeny, genome evolution, and host specificity of single-stranded RNA bacteriophage (family Leviviridae). Bollback,J.P., Huelsenbeck,J.P. (2001). J. Mol. Evol. 52:117-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1200. Phages of Lactococcus lactis: an ecological and economical equilibrium. Boucher,I., Moineau,S. (2001). Rec. Res. Dev. Virol. 3:243-256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1201. Faecal bacteria and bacteriophage inactivation in a full-scale UV disinfection system used for wastewater reclamation. Bourrouet,A., Garcia,J., Mujeriego,R., Penuelas,G. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 43:187-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1202. Bacteriophage-bacteriophage interactions in the evolution of pathogenic bacteria. Boyd,E.F., Davis,B.M., Hochhut,B. (2001). Trends Microbiol. 9:137-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1203. Detection of populations of phages of phytopathogenic bacterias and their biological properties. Boyko,A.L., Semchuk,L.I., Romashev,S.A., Andriychuk,L.N. (2001). Bulletin of the Agroscience (8), 51-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1204. An error-prone T7 RNA polymerase mutant generated by directed evolution. Brakmann,S., Grzeszik,S. (2001). Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology 2:212-219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1205. Phage-related DNA polymorphism in dairy and probiotic Lactobacillus. Brandt,K., Tilsala-Timisjarvi,A., Alatossava,T. (2001). Micron 32:59-65. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1206. First evidence for a restriction-modification system in Leptospira sp. Brenot,A., Werts,C., Ottone,C., Sertour,N., Charon,N.W., Postic,D., Baranton,G., Saint Girons,I. (2001). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 201:139-143. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1207. Transport of biologically active substances through gravel strata. Bricelj,M., Sedmak,B. (2001). p. 25-29. In K.-P.Seiler and S.Wohnlich (eds.), (eds) New approaches characterizing grounfwater flow : proceedings of the XXXI International Association of hydrogeologists Congress, Munich, Germany, 10-14 September 2001. Balkema, Lisse.[do not have abstract]

  1208. Selecting a sensitive bacteriophage assay for evaluation of a prototype water recycling system. Brion,G.M., Silverstein,J. (2001). Life Support Biosph. Sci. 8:9-14. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1209. Analysis of the complete DNA sequence of the temperate bacteriophage TP901-1: Evolution, structure, and genome organization of lactococcal bacteriophages. Brondsted,L., Ostergaard,S., Pedersen,M., Hammer,K., Vogensen,F.K. (2001). Virology 283:93-109. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1210. Induction of lysogenic bacteriophage and phage-associated toxin from group A streptococci during coculture with human pharyngeal cells. Broudy,T.B., Pancholi,V., Fischetti,V.A. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:1440-1443. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1211. Collective action in an RNA virus. Brown,S.P. (2001). J. Evol. Biol. 14:821-828. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1212. Phages of dairy bacteria. Brüssow,H. (2001). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 55:283-303. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1213. Comparative phage genomics and the evolution of Siphoviridae: Insights from dairy phages. Brüssow,H., Desiere,F. (2001). Mol. Microbiol. 39:213-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1214. A general mechanism for viral resistance to suicide gene expression. Bull,J.J., Badgett,M.R., Molineux,I.J. (2001). J. Mol. Evol. 53:47-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1215. Generalized transduction in Streptomyces coelicolor. Burke,J., Schneider,D., Westpheling,J. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:6289-6294. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1216. The origins and evolution of viruses. Campbell,A. (2001). Trends Microbiol. 9:61 [do not have abstract]

  1217. Chemical and microbial characterization of household graywater. Casanova,L.M., Gerba,C.P., Karpiscak,M. (2001). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A Tox. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng. 36:395-401. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1218. Microbial population dynamics and diversity during a bloom of the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Castberg,T., Larsen,A., Sandaa,R.-A., Brussaard,C.P.D., Egge,J.K., Heldal,M., Thyrhaug,R., van Hannen,E.J., Bratbak,G. (2001). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 221:39-46. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1219. Water quality improvement of treated wastewater by intermittent soil percolation. Castillo,G., Mena,M.P., Dibarrart,F., Honeyman,G. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 43:187-190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1220. Rapid Identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Chang,T.C., Chen,S., Ding,H.C. (2001). Food Industry Research and Development Institute. 907696(6,210,911). Hsinchu, TW. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1221. Phages and their application against drug-resistant bacteria. Chanishvili,N., Chanishvili,T., Tediashvili,M., Barrow,P.A. (2001). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76:689-699. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1222. Application of digital image analysis and flow cytometry to enumerate marine viruses stained with SYBR gold. Chen,F., Lu,J.R., Binder,B.J., Liu,Y.C., Hodson,R.E. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:539-545. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1223. Analysis of six prophages in Lactococcus lactis IL1403: Different genetic structure of temperate and virulent phage populations. Chopin,A., Bolotin,A., Sorokin,A., Ehrlich,S.D., Chopin,M.C. (2001). Nucleic Acids Research 29:644-651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1224. Nucleotide sequence of coliphage HK620 and the evolution of lambdoid phages. Clark,A.J., Inwood,W., Cloutier,T., Dhillon,T.S. (2001). J. Mol. Biol. 311:657-679. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1225. Traditional and molecular approaches to improving bacteriophage resistance of Cheddar and Mozzarella starters. Coffey,A., Stokes,D., Fitzgerald,G.F., Ross,R.P. (2001). Irish Journal of Agriculture and Food Research 40:239-271. [do not have abstract]

  1226. Bacteriophage T4 multiplication in a glucose-limited Escherichia coli biofilm. Corbin,B.D., McLean,R.J.C., Aron,G.M. (2001). Can. J. Microbiol. 47:680-684. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1227. Inhibition of spontaneous induction of lambdoid prophages in Escherichia coli cultures: simple procedures with possible biotechnological applications. Czyz,A., Los,M., Wrobel,B., Wegrzyn,G. (2001). BMC Biotechnol. 1:1 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1228. [Current clinical application of bacteriophages and perspectives for their genetic modifications]. Dabrowska,K., Bus,R., Mazur,A., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Mulczyk,M., Gorski,A. (2001). Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej 105:85-90. [do not have abstract]

  1229. Clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae serogroup O141 carry the CTX phage and the genes encoding the toxin-coregulated pili. Dalsgaard,A., Serichantalergs,O., Forslund,A., Lin,W., Mekalanos,J., Mintz,E., Shimada,T., Wells,J.G. (2001). J. Clin. Microbiol. 39:4086-4092. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1230. A link between virulence and ecological abundance in natural populations of Staphylococcus aureus. Day,N.P., Moore,C.E., Enright,M.C., et al. (2001). Science 292:59-60. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1231. Estimation of the average burst size of Phix174 am3, cs70 for use in mutation assays with transgenic mice. Delongchamp,R.R., Valentine,C.R., Malling,H.V. (2001). Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 37:356-360. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1232. Use of bacteriophage for elimination of Vibrio vulnificus from oysters. Depaola,A., Gulig,P.A., Smith,J.G., et al. (2001). 570 [p67]. Orlando, FL, American Society for Microbology 101st General Meeting. 5-24-0001.[do not have abstract]

  1233. Comparative genomics of lactococcal phages: insight from the complete genome sequence of Lactococcus lactis phage BK5-T. Desiere,F., Mahanivong,C., Hillier,A.J., Chandry,P.S., Davidson,B.E., Brüssow,H. (2001). Virology 283:240-252. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1234. Comparative genomics reveals close genetic relationships between phages from dairy bacteria and pathogenic streptococci: evolutionary implications for prophage-host interactions. Desiere,F., McShan,W.M., van,S., Ferretti,J.J., Brüssow,H. (2001). Virology 288:325-341. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1235. Progeny of the phage school. Dixon,B. (2001). ASM News 69:432-433. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1236. Direct and quantitative detection of bacteriophage by "hearing" surface detachment using a quartz crystal microbalance. Dultsev,F.N., Speight,R.E., Fiorini,M.T., Blackburn,J.M., Abell,C., Ostanin,V.P., Klenerman,D. (2001). Analyt. Chem. 73:3935-3939. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1237. Identification of a genetic determinant responsible for host specificity in Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages. Duplessis,M., Moineau,S. (2001). Mol. Microbiol. 41:325-336. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1238. Transduction by phiBB-1, a bacteriophage of Borrelia burgdorferi. Eggers,C.H., Kimmel,B.J., Bono,J.L., Elias,A.F., Rosa,P., Samuels,D.S. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:4771-4778. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1239. Bacteriophages of Borrelia burgdorferi and other spirochetes. Eggers,C.H., Casjens,S., Samuels,D.S. (2001). p. 35-44. In M.H.Saier, Jr. and J.García-Lara (eds.), (eds) The Spirochetes Molecular and Cellular Biology. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1240. Isolation and characterization of two types of actinophage infecting Streptomyces scabies. el Sayed,S.A., el Didamony,G., Mansour,K. (2001). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 46:519-526. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1241. Rapid methods for detection, identification, and enumeration. Entis,P., Fung,D.Y.C., Griffiths,M.W., McIntyre,L., Russell,S., Sharpe,A.N., Tortello,M.L. (2001). p. 89-126. In F.P.Downes and K.Ito (eds.), (eds) Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1242. Diminished diarrheal response to Vibrio cholerae strains carrying the replicative form of the CTXf genome instead of CTXf lysogens in adult rabbits. Faruque,S.M., Rahman,M.M., Hasan,A.K., Nair,G.B., Mekalanos,J.J., Sack,D.A. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:6084-6090. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1243. Development and optimization of a novel immunomagnetic separation- bacteriophage assay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in broth. Favrin,S.J., Jassim,S.A., Griffiths,M.W. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:217-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1244. Variable assortment of prophages provides a transferable repertoire of pathogenic determinants in Salmonella. Figueroa-Bossi,N., Uzzau,S., Maloriol,D., Bossi,L. (2001). Mol. Microbiol. 39:260-271. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1245. H-mutant bacteriophages as a potential biocontrol of bacterial blight of geranium. Flaherty,J.E., Harbaugh,B.K., Jones,J.B., Somodi,G.C., Jackson,L.E. (2001). Hortscience 36:98-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1246. Comparative study of nine Lactobacillus fermentum bacteriophages. Foschino,R., Picozzi,C., Galli,A. (2001). J. Appl. Microbiol. 91:394-403. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1247. Bacteriophage lambda: Alive and well and still doing its thing. Friedman,D.I., Court,D.L. (2001). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 4:201-207. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1248. Adsorption and survival of faecal coliforms, somatic coliphages and F-specific RNA phages in soil irrigated with wastewater. Gantzer,C., Gillerman,L., Kuznetsov,M., Oron,G. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 43:117-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1249. Bacteriophages: Update on application as models for viruses in water. Grabow,W.O.K. (2001). Water SA (Pretoria) 27:251-268. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1250. Holins kill without warning. Gründling,A., Manson,M.D., Young,R. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:9348-9352. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1251. Reviewing efficacy of alternative water treatment techniques. Hambidge,A. (2001). Health Estate 55:23-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1252. A conserved genetic module that encodes the major virion components in both the coliphage T4 and the marine cyanophage S-PM2. Hambly,E., Tétart,F., Desplats,C., Wilson,W.H., Krisch,H.M., Mann,N.H. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:11411-11416. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1253. Reduction in exopolysaccharide viscosity as an aid to bacteriophage penetration through Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Hanlon,G.W., Denyer,S.P., Olliff,C.J., Ibrahim,L.J. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:2746-2753. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1254. Isolation and characterization of a temperature-sensitive generalized transducing bacteriophage for Vibrio cholerae. Hava,D.L., Camilli,A. (2001). J. Microbiol. Meth. 46:217-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1255. First evidence of lysogeny in Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii. Herve,C., Coste,A., Rouault,A., Fraslin,J.M., Gautier,M. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:231-238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1256. Effects of concentrated viral communities on photosynthesis and community composition of co-occurring benthic microalgae and phytoplankton. Hewson,I., O'Neil,J.M., Heil,C.A., Bratbak,G., Dennison,W.C. (2001). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 25:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1257. Virus-like particle distribution and abundance in sediments and overlying waters along eutrophication gradients in two subtropical estuaries. Hewson,I., O'Neil,J.M., Fuhrman,J.A., Dennison,W.C. (2001). Limnol. Oceanogr. 46:1734-1746. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1258. Cheese making with bacteriophage resistant bacteria. Hicks,C.L. (2001). University of Kentucky Research Foundation. 440734(6,297,042 ). Lexington, KY. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1259. Removal of Salmonella and microbial indicators in constructed wetlands treating swine wastewater. Hill,V.R., Sobsey,M.D. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 44:215-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1260. Bacteriophage therapy for bacterial infections: Rekindling a memory from the pre-antibiotics era. Ho,K. (2001). Perspect. Biol. Med. 44:1-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1261. Seasonal dynamics of viruses in an alpine lake: Importance of filamentous forms. Hofer,J.S., Sommaruga,R. (2001). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 26:1-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1262. Profiles of adaptation in two similar viruses. Holder,K.K., Bull,J.J. (2001). Genetics 159:1393-1404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1263. [Application of rapid detection for Mycobacterium tuberculosis with phage splitting assay]. Hu,Z., Pang,M., Jin,A. (2001). Zhonghua Jiehe He Huxi Zazhi 24:611-613. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1264. Strategies for analysis of the evolution of bacteriophages. Huang,S., Hayes,S.J., Lieman,K., Griess,G.A., Serwer,P. (2001). Recent Res. Dev. Virol. 3:1-12. [do not have abstract]

  1265. Filamentous phage associated with recent pandemic strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Iida,T., Hattori,A., Tagomori,K., Nasu,H., Naim,R., Honda,T. (2001). Emerg. Infect. Dis. 7:477-478. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1266. Lytic and lysogenic infection of diverse Escherichia coli and Shigella strains with a verocytotoxigenic bacteriophage. James,C.E., Stanley,K.N., Allison,H.E., Flint,H.J., Stewart,C.S., Sharp,R.J., Saunders,J.R., McCarthy,A.J. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:4335-4337. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1267. Practical evaluation of molecular subtyping and phage typing in outbreaks of infection due to Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium. Jeoffreys,N.J., James,G.S., Chiew,R., Gilbert,G.L. (2001). Pathology 33:66-72. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1268. Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage. Jia,P.X. (2001). Science Press, Beijing.[do not have abstract]

  1269. Human adenoviruses and coliphages in urban runoff-impacted coastal waters of Southern California. Jiang,S., Noble,R., Chu,W. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:179-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1270. Mosaic structure of shiga-toxin-2-encoding phages isolated from Escherichia coli O157:H7 indicates frequent gene exchange between lambdoid phage genomes. Johansen,B.K., Wasteson,Y., Granum,P.E., Brynestad,S. (2001). Microbiology 147:1929-1936. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1271. Effects of disinfectants on Shiga-like toxin converting phage from enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 : H7. Kajiura,T., Tanaka,M., Wada,H., Ito,K., Koyama,Y., Kato,F. (2001). J. Health Sci. 47:203-207. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1272. Phage conversion of staphylococcal bi-component toxin. Kaneko,J. (2001). Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 75:939-947. [do not have abstract]

  1273. Removal of bacterial indicators and pathogens from dairy wastewater by a multi-component treatment system. Karpiscak,M.M., Sanchez,L.R., Freitas,R.J., Gerba,C.P. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 44:183-190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1274. Mechanism of the photocatalytic inactivation of Lactobacillus casei phage PL-1 by titania thin film. Kashige,N., Kakita,Y., Nakashima,Y., Miake,F., Watanabe,K. (2001). Curr. Microbiol. 42:184-189. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1275. Elimination of fecal coliforms and F-specific RNA coliphage from oysters (Crassostrea virginica) relaid in floating containers. Kator,H., Rhodes,M. (2001). J. Food Prot. 64:796-801. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1276. A unique group of self-splicing introns in bacteriophage T4. Khan,A.U., Ajamaluddin,M., Ahmad,M. (2001). Indian journal of biochemistry & biophysics 38:289-293. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1277. Comparative study of vaginal Lactobacillus phages isolated from women in the United States and Turkey: prevalence, morphology, host range, and DNA homology. Kilic,A.O., Pavlova,S.I., Alpay,S., Kilic,S.S., Tao,L. (2001). Clin. Diag. Lab. Immunol. 8:31-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1278. Octamer-based genome scanning distinguishes a unique subpopulation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains in cattle. Kim,J., Nietfeldt,J., Benson,A.K. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:13288-13293. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1279. Behavior of restriction-modification systems as selfish mobile elements and their impact on genome evolution. Kobayashi,I. (2001). Nucleic Acids Research 29:3742-3756. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1280. Isolation of a lysogenic bacteriophage carrying the stx(1(OX3)) gene, which is closely associated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains from sheep and humans. Koch,C., Hertwig,S., Lurz,R., Appel,B., Beutin,L. (2001). J. Clin. Microbiol. 39:3992-3998. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1281. Phage facts. Konforti,B. (2001). Nature Struct. Biol. 8:19-20. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1282. Antacid increases survival of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio vulnificus phage in a gastrointestinal model. Koo,J., Marshall,D.L., Depaola,A. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:2895-2902. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1283. Cloning of genomic DNA of Lactococcus lactis that restores phage sensitivity to an unusual bacteriophage sk1-resistant mutant. Kraus,J., Geller,B.L. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:791-798. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1284. Phage therapy in terms of bacteriophage genetics: Hopes, prospects, safety, limitations. Krylov,V.N. (2001). Rus. J. Genet. 37:715-730. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1285. [Phagotherapy in terms of bacteriophage genetics: hopes, perspectives, safety, limitations]. Krylov,V.N. (2001). Genetika 37:869-887. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1286. The bacteriophage lambda attachment site in wild strains of Escherichia coli. Kuhn,J., Campbell,A. (2001). J. Mol. Evol. 53:607-614. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1287. Use of bacteriophage therapy in surgical practice. Lakhno,V.M., Bordunovskii,V.N. (2001). Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 160:122-125. [do not have abstract]

  1288. Population dynamics and diversity of phytoplankton, bacteria and viruses in a seawater enclosure. Larsen,A., Castberg,T., Sandaa,R.-A., Brussaard,C.P.D., Egge,J.K., Heldal,M., Paulino,A., Thyrhaug,R., van Hannen,E.J., Bratbak,G. (2001). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 221:47-57. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1289. A novel virus (HaNIV) causes lysis of the toxic bloom-forming alga Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Lawrence,J.E., Chan,A.M., Suttle,C.A. (2001). J. Phycol. 37:216-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1290. Where are the pseudogenes in bacterial genomes? Lawrence,J.G., Hendrix,R.W., Casjens,S. (2001). Trends Microbiol. 9:535-540. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1291. Viruses in the plankton of freshwater and saline Antarctic lakes. Laybourn-Parry,J., Hofer,J.S., Sommaruga,R. (2001). Freshw. Biol. 46:1279-1287. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1292. Efficacy of bacteriophage use in complex treatment of the patients with burn wounds. Lazareva,E.B., Smirnov,S.V., Khvatov,V.B., Spiridonova,T.G., Bitkova,E.E., Darbeeva,O.S., Mayskaya,L.M., Parphenyuk,R.L., Menshikov,D.D. (2001). Antibiot. Khimoter. 46:10-14. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1293. The effect of bacteriophage treatment to reduce the rapid dissemination of Salmonella typhimurium in pigs. Lee,N., Harris,D.L. (2001). Proceedings of the American Association of Swine Veterinarians 32:555-557. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1294. Examination of bacteriophage as a biocontrol method for Salmonella on fresh-cut fruit: a model study. Leverentz,B., Conway,W.S., Alavidze,Z., Janisiewicz,W.J., Fuchs,Y., Camp,M.J., Chighladze,E., Sulakvelidze,A. (2001). J. Food Prot. 64:1116-1121. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1295. Colloidal interactions in suspensions of rods. Lin,K., Crocker,J.C., Zeri,A.C., Yodh,A.G. (2001). Phys. Rev. Lett. 87:088301 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1296. Mechanism of host cell death induced by infection of Escherichia coli with the c2 clear-plaque mutant of phage f1. Lin,S.H., Chen,W.P., Kuo,T.T. (2001). Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica (Taipei) 42:45-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1297. Vibrio detection by 6 species of bacteriophages of Vibrionaceae. Lin,Y., Chen,K., Ou,J. (2001). Zhonghua Weishengwuxue He Mianyixue Zazhi 21:108-110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1298. Depolymerization of the capsular polysaccharide from Vibrio cholerae O139 by a lyase associated with the bacteriophage JA1. Linnerborg,M., Weintraub,A., Albert,M.J., Widmalm,G. (2001). Carbohydrate Research 333:263-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1299. The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary. Lipp,E.K., Kurz,R., Vincent,R., Rodriguez-Palacios,C., Farrah,S.R., Rose,J.B. (2001). Estuaries 24:266-276. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1300. Physiological function of exopolysaccharides produced by Lactococcus lactis. Looijesteijn,P.J., Trapet,L., de Vries,E., Abee,T., Hugenholtz,J. (2001). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 64:71-80. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1301. Distribution, isolation, host specificity, and diversity of cyanophages infecting marine Synechococcus spp. in river estuaries. Lu,J., Chen,F., Hodson,R.E. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:3285-3290. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1302. Elution, detection, and quantification of polio I, bacteriophages, Salmonella montevideo, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 from seeded strawberries and tomatoes. Lukasik,J., Bradley,M.L., Scott,T.M., Hsu,W.Y., Farrah,S.R., Tamplin,M.L. (2001). J. Food Prot. 64:292-297. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1303. The genome of archaeal prophage PsiM100 encodes the lytic enzyme responsible for autolysis of Methanothermobacter wolfeii. Luo,Y., Pfister,P., Leisinger,T., Wasserfallen,A. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:5788-5792. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1304. Presence of bacteriophages in animal feed as indicators of fecal contamination. Maciorowski,K.G., Pillai,S.D., Ricke,S.C. (2001). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part B Pestic. 36:699-708. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1305. Analysis of the genetic switch and replication region of a P335-type bacteriophage with an obligate lytic lifestyle on Lactococcus lactis. Madsen,S.M., Mills,D., Djordjevic,G., Israelsen,H., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1128-1139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1306. Sequence analysis and molecular characterization of the Lactococcus lactis temperate bacteriophage BK5-T. Mahanivong,C., Boyce,J.D., Davidson,B.E., Hillier,A.J. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:3564-3576. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1307. Growth and survival of clinical vs. environmental species of Aeromonas in tap water. Mary,P., Buchet,G., Defives,C., Hornez,J.P. (2001). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 69:191-198. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1308. Mu-like prophage in serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis coding for surface-exposed antigens. Masignani,V., Giuliani,M.M., Tettelin,H., Comanducci,M., Rappuoli,R., Scarlato,V. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:2580-2588. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1309. Bacteriophage WO and virus-like particles in Wolbachia, an endosymbiont of arthropods. Masui,S., Kuroiwa,H., Sasaki,T., Inui,M., Kuroiwa,T., Ishikawa,H. (2001). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 283:1099-1104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1310. Turning the phage on produce pathogens. McBride,J. (2001). Agricultural Research 2001(July), 12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1311. Improvement and optimization of two engineered phage resistance mechanisms in Lactococcus lactis. McGrath,S., Fitzgerald,G.F., van Sinderen,D. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:608-616. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1312. Novel in vivo use of a polyvalent Streptomyces phage to disinfest Streptomyces scabies-infected seed potatoes. McKenna,F., El-Tarabily,K.A., Hardy,G.E.S.T., Dell,B. (2001). Plant Pathol. 50:666-675. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1313. Viral and chemical tracer movement through contrasting soils. McLeod,M., Aislabie,J., Smith,J., Fraser,R., Roberts,A., Taylor,M. (2001). J. Environ. Qual. 30:2134-2140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1314. Phi29 family of phages. Meijer,W.J., Horcajadas,J.A., Salas,M. (2001). Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 65:261-287. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1315. Characterization of two novel Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteriophages from a field release site of genetically-modified rhizobia. Mendum,T.A., Clark,I.M., Hirsch,P.R. (2001). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 79:189-197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1316. Evidence for bacteriophages within gram-negative cocci: Obligate endoparasitic bacteria of Naegleria sp. Michel,R., Schmid,E.N., Gmeiner,G., Mueller,K.D., Hauroeder,B. (2001). Acta Protozoologica 40:229-232. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1317. Effects of bacteriophages on the population dynamics of four strains of pelagic marine bacteria. Middelboe,M., Hagstrom,A., Blackburn,N., Sinn,B., Fischer,U., Borch,N.H., Pinhassi,J., Simu,K., Lorenz,M.G. (2001). Microb. Ecol. 42:395-406. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1318. Environmental bacteriophage-host interactions: Factors contribution to natural transduction. Miller,R.V. (2001). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 79:141-147. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1319. Use of Lacticin 481 to facilitate delivery of the bacteriophage resistance plasmid, pCBG104 to cheese starters. Mills,S., Ross,R.P., O'Sullivan,L., Stokes,D., Hill,C., Fitzgeral,G.F., Coffey,A. (2001). J. Appl. Microbiol. 92:238-246. [do not have abstract]

  1320. Validity of Escherichia coli, enterovirus, and F-specific RNA bacteriophages as indicators of viral shellfish contamination. Miossec,L., Le Guyader,F., Pelletier,D., Haugarreau,L., Caprais,M.P., Pommepuy,M. (2001). J. Shelfish Res. 20:1223-1227. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1321. Multiple infection dynamics has pronounced effects on the fitness of RNA viruses. Miralles,R., Ferrer,R., Sole,R.V., Moya,A., Elena,S.F. (2001). J. Evol. Biol. 14:654-662. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1322. Transfer of the Salmonella type III effector sopE between unrelated phage families. Mirold,S., Rabsch,W., Tschaepe,H., Hardt,W.-D. (2001). J. Mol. Biol. 312:7-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1323. Effect of phage on survival of Salmonella enteritidis during manufacture and storage of cheddar cheese made from raw and pasteurized milk. Modi,R., Hirvi,Y., Hill,A., Griffiths,M.W. (2001). J. Food Prot. 64:927-933. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1324. Bacteriophage biology and Kenneth Schaffner's rendition of developmentalism. Morgan,G.J. (2001). Biology & Philosophy 16:85-92. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1325. Characterization of VPI pathogenicity island and CTXphi prophage in environmental strains of Vibrio cholerae. Mukhopadhyay,A.K., Chakraborty,S., Takeda,Y., Nair,G.B., Berg,D.E. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:4737-4746. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1326. Role of biofilms in the survival of Legionella pneumophila in a model potable-water system. Murga,R., Forster,T.S., Brown,E., Pruckler,J.M., Fields,B.S., Donlan,R.M. (2001). Microbiology (Reading) 147:3121-3126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1327. A visualization method of filamentous phage infection and phage-derived proteins in Escherichia coli using biotinylated phages. Nakamura,M., Tsumoto,K., Ishimura,K., Kumagai,I. (2001). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 289:252-256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1328. Phage conversion of Panton-Valentine leukocidin in Staphylococcus aureus: molecular analysis of a PVL-converting phage, phiSLT. Narita,S., Kaneko,J., Chiba,J., Piemont,Y., Jarraud,S., Etienne,J., Kamio,Y. (2001). Gene 268:195-206. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1329. The UL6 gene product forms the portal for entry of DNA into the herpes simplex virus capsid. Newcomb,W.W., Juhas,R.M., Thomsen,D.R., Homa,F.L., Burch,A.D., Weller,S.K., Brown,J.C. (2001). J. Virol. 75:10923-10932. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1330. Three-component-mediated serotype conversion in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by bacteriophage D3. Newton,G.J., Daniels,C., Burrows,L.L., Kropinski,A.M., Clarke,A.J., Lam,J.S. (2001). Mol. Microbiol. 39:1237-1247. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1331. DNA inversion in the tail fiber gene alters the host range specificity of carotovoricin Er, a phage-tail-like bacteriocin of phytopathogenic Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora Er. Nguyen,H.A., Tomita,T., Hirota,M., Kaneko,J., Hayashi,T., Kamio,Y. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:6274-6281. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1332. A field study of virus removal in septic tank drainfields. Nicosia,L.A., Rose,J.B., Stark,L., Stewart,M.T. (2001). J. Environ. Qual. 30:1933-1939. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1333. Detection of homologous recombination among bacteriophage P2 relatives. Nilsson,A.S., Haggard-Ljungquist,E. (2001). Mol. Phyl. Evol. 21:259-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1334. Estimating viral proliferation in aquatic samples. Noble,R., Steward,G. (2001). Meth. Microbiol. 30:67-84. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1335. Enumeration of viruses. Noble,R.T. (2001). Meth. Microbiol. 30:43-51. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1336. Increased mutation rate of E. coli K12 lambda cultures maintained in continuous logarithmic growth. Northrop,J.H. (2001). J. Gen. Physiol. 50:369-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1337. Pathogenicity and resistance islands of staphylococci. Novick,R.P., Schlievert,P., Ruzin,A. (2001). Microbes Infect. 3:585-594. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1338. Naturally occurring lactococcal plasmid pAH90 links bacteriophage resistance and mobility functions to a food-grade selectable marker. O'Sullivan,D., Ross,R.P., Twomey,D.P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Hill,C., Coffey,A. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:929-937. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1339. Diversification of Escherichia coli genomes: are bacteriophages the major contributors? Ohnishi,M., Kurokawa,K., Hayashi,T. (2001). Trends Microbiol. 9:481-485. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1340. Filamentous bacteriophage stability in non-aqueous media. Olofsson,L., Ankarloo,J., Andersson,P.O., Nicholls,I.A. (2001). Chemistry and Biology 8:661-671. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1341. [Bacteria-killing viruses, Stalinists and "superbugs"]. Olsen,I., Handal,T., Lokken,P. (2001). Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 121:3197-3200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1342. Bacteriophage P4282, a parasite of Ralstonia solanacearum, encodes a bacteriolytic protein important for lytic infection of its host. Ozawa,H., Tanaka,H., Ichinose,Y., Shiraishi,T., Yamada,T. (2001). Mol. Gen. Genom. 265:95-101. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1343. Biotech firm tries a novel tactic in fighting bacteria. Ozretich,J. (2001). Puget Sound Business Journal 21(51), 6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1344. Complete genomic sequence of the lytic bacteriophage fYeO3-12 of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3. Pajunen,M.I., Kiljunen,S.J., Soderholm,M.E.L., Skurnik,M. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:1928-1937. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1345. [Stability of Lactococcus lactis phages treated with sodium hypochlorite and during storage]. Parada,J.L., de Fabrizio,S.V. (2001). Revista Argentina de Microbiologia 33:89-95. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1346. Estabilidad de fagos de Lactococcus lactis frente al hipoclorito de sodio y durante el almacenamiento [Stability of Lactococcus lactis phages treated with sodium hypochlorite and during storage]. Parada,J.L., de Fabrizio,S.V. (2001). Revista Argentina de Microbiologia 33:89-95. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1347. Lysogeny and transduction. Paul,J.H., Jiang,S.C. (2001). Meth. Microbiol. 30:105-125. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1348. Understanding bacteriophage therapy as a density-dependent kinetic process. Payne,R.J.H., Jansen,V.A.A. (2001). J. Theor. Biol. 208:37-48. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1349. Sequences and replication of genomes of the archaeal rudiviruses SIRV1 and SIRV2: Relationships to the archaeal lipothrixvirus SIFV and some eukaryal viruses. Peng,X., Blum,H., She,Q., Mallok,S., Brügger,K., Garrett,R.A., Prangishvili,D. (2001). Virology 291:226-234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1350. Modeling virus inactivation on salad crops using microbial count data. Petterson,S.R., Teunis,P.F., Ashbolt,N.J. (2001). Risk Anal 21:1097-1108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1351. Viruses of the extremely therophilic archaeon Sulfolobus. Prangishvili,D., Stedman,K., Zillig,W. (2001). Trends Microbiol. 9:39-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1352. Identification of cell wall proteins of Bacteroides fragilis to which bacteriophages B40-8 binds specifically. Puig,A., Arujo,R., Jofre,J., Frias-Lopez,J. (2001). Microbiology (Reading) 147:281-288. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1353. Contingent neutrality in competing viral populations. Quer,J., Hershey,C.L., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J., Novella,I.S. (2001). J. Virol. 75:7315-7320. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1354. Removal of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms by a constructed wetland receiving untreated domestic wastewater. Quinonez-Diaz,M.d., Karpiscak,M.M., Ellman,E.D., Gerba,C.P. (2001). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A A36:1311-1320. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1355. Phage spread dynamics in clonal bacterial populations is depending on features of the founder cell. Ramirez,E., Carbonell,X., Villaverde,A. (2001). Microbiological Research 156:35-40. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1356. Gene transfer in bacterial biofilms. Roberts,AP., Mullany,P., Wilson,M., Doyle,R.J. (2001). Meth. Enzymol. 336:60-65. [do not have abstract]

  1357. Evolutionary role of restriction/modification systems as revealed by comparative genome analysis. Rocha,E.P.C., Danchin,A., Viari,A. (2001). Genome Res. 11:946-958. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1358. Reduction of enteric microorganisms at the Upper Occoquan Sewage Authority Water Reclamation Plant. Rose,J.B., Huffman,D.E., Riley,K., Farrah,S.R., Lukasik,J.O., Hamann,C.L. (2001). Water Environ. Res. 73:711-720. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1359. Low-molecular-weight plasmid of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis codes for retron reverse transcriptase and influences phage resistance. Rychlik,I., Sebkova,A., Gregorova,D., Karpiskova,R. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:2852-2858. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1360. Seasonal variations in the microbial population density present in biological sludge. Saleem,M., Al-Malack,M.H., Bukhari,A.A. (2001). Environ. Technol. 22:255-259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1361. Isolation and characterization of two viruses with large genome size infecting Chrysochromulina ericina (Prymnesiophyceae) and Pyramimonas orientalis (Prasinophyceae). Sandaa,R.-A., Heldal,M., Castberg,T., Thyrhaug,R., Bratbak,G. (2001). Virology 290:272-280. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1362. Method for host-independent detection of generalized transducing bacteriophages in natural habitats. Sander,M., Schmieger,H. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1490-1493. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1363. Phage-mediated transfer of virulence genes. Saunders,J.R., Allison,H., James,C.E., McCarthy,A.J., Sharp,R.J. (2001). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76:662-666. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1364. Shiga-toxin-converting bacteriophages. Schmidt,H. (2001). Res. Microbiol. 152:687-695. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1365. Isolation and characterization of five Erwinia amylovora bacteriophages and assessment of phage resistance in strains of Erwinia amylovora. Schnabel,E.L., Jones,A.L. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:59-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1366. Bacteriophage K1-5 encodes two different tail fiber proteins, allowing it to infect and replicate on both K1 and K5 strains of Escherichia coli. Scholl,D., Rogers,S., Adhya,S., Merril,C.R. (2001). J. Virol. 75:2509-2515. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1367. Ecological and biological aspects of research phages phytopathogenic bacteria. Semchuk,L.I., Andriychuk,E.M., Romashev,S.A., JatskÏvska,L.I. (2001). Bulletin of the University of Kiev, series Biology N35:11-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1368. Bacteriophages: A rich store of new antibiotics? Senior,K. (2001). Drug Discov Today 6:865-866. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1369. [Autoplaque formation in a Pseudomonas fluorescens strain: phage-like particles and transactivation of the defective phage]. Shaburova,O.V., Kurochkina,L.P., Krylov,V.N. (2001). Genetika 37:893-899. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1370. Bacteriophages: biology and history. Sharp,R.J. (2001). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76:667-672. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1371. A coming of 'phage: bacteriophages in biotechnology. Sharp,R.J., Hambleton,P. (2001). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76:661 [do not have abstract]

  1372. Antibody responses to bacteriophage variant fX-174 in human subjects exposed to the Antarctic winter-over model of spaceflight. Shearer,W.T., Lugg,D.J., Rosenblatt,H.M., Nickolls,P.M., Sharp,R.M., Reuben,J.M., Ochs,H.D. (2001). J. Allerg. Clin. Immunol. 107:160-164. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1373. Changes in bacterial community composition and dynamics and viral mortality rates associated with enhanced flagellate grazing in a mesoeutrophic reservoir. Simek,K., Weinbauer,M.G., Hornak,K., Dolan,J.R., Nedoma,J., Masin,M., Amann,R. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:2723-2733. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1374. The place of viruses in the "tree of life". Sinkovics,J.G. (2001). Acta Microbiol. Immunol. Hungarica 48:115-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1375. Designing better phages. Skiena,S.S. (2001). Bioinformatics 17 Suppl 1:S253-S261 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1376. Attempts to utilize bacteriophage to combat Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis infection in chickens. Sklar,I.B., Joerger,R.D. (2001). Journal of Food Safety 21:15-29. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1377. Isolation of clones sensitive to bacteriophage lambda from the phage resistant Escherichia coli strain. Slavchenko,I.Y. (2001). Biopolimery i Kletka 17:160-165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1378. [Characterization of Vibrio cholerae eltor isolates according to their epidemic potential using new diagnostic cholera bacteriophages eltor ctx+ and ctx- and by the polymerase chain reaction]. Smirnova,N.I., Cheldyshova,N.B., Kostromitina,E.A., Kulichenko,A.N., Kutyrev,V.V. (2001). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 11-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1379. The social evolution of bacterial pathogenesis. Smith,J. (2001). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 268:61-69. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1380. The ability of acceptance of bacteriophages carried genes for verotoxin production by bacili of Enterobacteriaceae family. Sobieszczanska,B., Gryko,R. (2001). Med Dosw Mikrobiol 53:269-276. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1381. Molecular properties of Streptococcus thermophilus plasmid pER35 encoding a restriction modification system. Solow,B.T., Somkuti,G.A. (2001). Curr. Microbiol. 42:122-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1382. Inactivation of bacteriophages in water by means of non-ionizing (UV-253.7 nm) and ionizing (gamma) radiation: a comparative approach. Sommer,R., Pribil,W., Appelt,S., Gehringer,P., Eschweiler,H., Leth,H., Cabaj,A., Haider,T. (2001). Water Res. 35:3109-3116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1383. Quorum sensing is a global regulatory mechanism in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Sperandio,V., Torres,A.G., Giron,J.A., Kaper,J.B. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:5187-5197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1384. Rapid coliphage detection assay. Stanek,J.E., Falkinham,J.O., III (2001). J. Virol. Meth. 91:93-98. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1385. Occurrence and die-off of indicator organisms in the sediment in two constructed wetlands. Stenstrom,T.A., Carlander,A. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 44:223-230. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1386. Male-killing, nematode infections, bacteriophage infection, and virulence of cytoplasmic bacteria in the genus Wolbachia. Stevens,L., Giordano,R., Fialho,R.F. (2001). Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32:519-545. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1387. Fingerprinting viral assemblages by pulsed field gel electrophoresis. Steward,G.F. (2001). p. 85-102. In J.H.Paul (ed.), (eds) Marine Microbiology. Academic Press, London.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1388. Application of Streptococcus thermophilus DPC1842 as an adjunct to counteract bacteriophage disruption in a predominantly lactococcal Cheddar cheese starter: use in bulk starter culture systems. Stokes,D., Ross,R.P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Coffey,A. (2001). Lait 81:327-334. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1389. Persistence of two model enteric viruses (B40-8 and MS-2 bacteriophages) in water distribution pipe biofilms. Storey,M.V., Ashbolt,N.J. (2001). Water Sci. Technol. 43:133-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1390. Characterization of a shiga toxin-encoding temperate bacteriophage of Shigella sonnei. Strauch,E., Lurz,R., Beutin,L. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:7588-7595. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1391. Bacteriophages as therapeutic agents. Sulakvelidze,A., Morris,J.G., Jr. (2001). Ann. Med. 33:507-509. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1392. Bacteriophage therapy. Sulakvelidze,A., Alavidze,Z., Morris,J.G., Jr. (2001). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45:649-659. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1393. Bacteriophage therapy. Summers,W.C. (2001). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 55:437-451. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1394. Use of bioluminescent Salmonella for assessing the efficiency of constructed phage-based biosorbent. Sun,W., Brovko,L., Griffiths,M. (2001). J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 27:126-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1395. Bacteriophages, method for screening same and bactericidal compositions using same, and detection kits using same. Takahashi,S. (2001). 242901(6,322,783). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1396. Evidence for holin function of tcdE gene in the pathogenicity of Clostridium difficile. Tan,K.S., Wee,B.Y., Song,K.P. (2001). J. Med. Microbiol. 50:613-619. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1397. Phylogeny of the major head and tail genes of the wide-ranging T4-type bacteriophages. Tétart,F., Desplats,C., Kutateladze,M., Monod,C., Ackermann,H.-W., Krisch,H.M. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:358-366. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1398. Fate of indicator microorganisms, Giardia and Cryptosporidium in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Thurston,J.A., Gerba,C.P., Foster,K.E., Karpiscak,M.M. (2001). Water Res. 35:1547-1551. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1399. Evolution: Towards a genetical theory of adaptation. Travisano,M. (2001). Curr. Biol. 11:R440-R442 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1400. The use of cadmium resistance on the phage-resistance plasmid pNP40 facilitates selection for its horizontal transfer to industrial dairy starter lactococci. Trotter,M., Mills,S., Ross,R.P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Coffey,A. (2001). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 33:409-414. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1401. Complete nucleotide sequence of the mycoplasma virus P1 genome. Tu,A.H., Voelker,L.L., Shen,X., Dybvig,K. (2001). Plasmid 45:122-126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1402. The clc element of Pseudomonas sp. strain B13 and other mobile degradative elements employing phage-like integrases. van der Meer,J.R., Ravatn,R., Sentchilo,V. (2001). Archives of Microbiology 175:79-85. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1403. Human neutrophils and their products induce Shiga toxin production by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. Wagner,P.L., Acheson,D.W., Waldor,M.K. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:1934-1937. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1404. Induction of hepatitis B virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes response in vivo by filamentous phage display vaccine. Wan,Y., Wu,Y., Bian,J., Wang,X.Z., Zhou,W., Jia,Z.C., Tan,Y., Zhou,L. (2001). Vaccine 19:2918-2923. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1405. Studies on the anti-mitogenic, anti-phage and hypotensive effects of several ribosome inactivating proteins. Wang,H.X., Ng,T.B. (2001). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 128:359-366. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1406. Zoonotic Escherichia coli. Wasteson,Y. (2001). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica Supplement 95:79-84. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1407. Bacteriophage therapy for infections in cancer patients. Weber-Dabrowska,B., Mulczyk,M., Górski,A. (2001). Clin. Appl. Immunol. Rev. 1:131-134. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1408. Filamentous phage biology. Occurrence of coliphages in fish and aquaculture farms. Webster,R., Barbas,C.F., III, Burton,D.R., Scott,J.K., Silverman,G.J., Rao,B.M., Surendran,P.K. (2001). Fishery Technology 37:146-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1409. Transducing phages of Actinomycetales. Westpheling,J., Burke,J.A. (2001). The University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc. 318050(6,245,504). Athens, GA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1410. Quantification of algal viruses in marine samples. Wilhelm,S.W., Poorvin,L. (2001). Meth. Microbiol. 30:53-65. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1411. Predation in the presence of decoys: An inhibitory factor on pathogen control by bacteriophages or bdellovibrios in dense and diverse ecosystems. Wilkinson,M.H.F. (2001). J. Theor. Biol. 208:27-36. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1412. Interaction of the FHSIC virus with its host: lysogeny or pseudolysogeny? Williamson,S.J., McLaughlin,M.R., Paul,J.H. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1682-1688. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1413. Temperature induction of viruses in symbiotic dinoflagellates. Wilson,W.H., Francis,I., Ryan,K., Davy,S.K. (2001). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 25:99-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1414. Bacteriophage lambda and plasmid pUR288 transgenic fish models for detecting in vivo mutations. Winn,R.N., Norris,M., Muller,S., Torres,C., Brayer,K. (2001). Marine Biotechnology 3:185-195. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1415. Efficient and predictable recovery of viruses from water by small scale ultrafiltration systems. Winona,L.J., Ommani,A.W., Olszewski,J., Nuzzo,J.B., Oshima,K.H. (2001). Can. J. Microbiol. 47:1033-1041. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1416. Regulatory issues for phage-based clinical products. Withington,R. (2001). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76:673-676. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1417. Viral transport in a sand and gravel aquifer under field pumping conditions. Woessner,W.W., Ball,P.N., DeBorde,D.C., Troy,T.L. (2001). Ground Water 39:886-894. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1418. Susceptibility of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm in CSF shunts to bacteriophage attack. Wood,H.L., Holden,S.R., Bayston,R. (2001). Eur. J. Ped. Surgery 11:S56-S57 [do not have abstract]

  1419. Influence of phage population on the phage-mediated bioluminescent adenylate kinase (AK) assay for detection of bacteria. Wu,Y., Brovko,L., Griffiths,M.W. (2001). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 33:311-315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1420. Dynamic bacterial and viral response to an algal bloom at subzero temperatures. Yager,P.L., Connelly,T.L., Mortazavi,B., Wommack,K.E., Bano,N., Bauer,J.E., Opsahl,S., Hollibaugh,J.T. (2001). Limnol. Oceanogr. 46:790-801. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1421. Quantifying viral propagation in vitro: toward a method for characterization of complex phenotypes. Yin,J., Duca,K., Lam,V., Keren,I., Endler,E.E., Letchworth,G.J., Novella,I.S. (2001). Biotechnol. Prog. 17:1156-1165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1422. Characterization of a lytic Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage and molecular cloning of a lysin gene in Escherichia coli. Yoon,S.S., Kim,J.W., Breidt,F., Fleming,H.P. (2001). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 65:63-74. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1423. Simulating the growth of viruses. You,L., Yin,J. (2001). Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing 532-543. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1424. Purification of Piscirickettsia salmonis and associated phage particles. Yuksel,S.A., Thompson,K.D., Ellis,A.E., Adams,A. (2001). Dis. Aquat. Org. 44:231-235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1425. Symposium on Harmful Marine Algae in the U.S. Anonymous (2000). [do not have abstract]

  1426. Patent Announced Covering Use of Filamentous Phage as Gene Therapy Vectors. Anonymous (2000). Gene Therapy Weekly July 6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1427. Scientists in japan identify unique phage on outbreak Vibrio species. Anonymous (2000). TB & Outbreaks Week August 1. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1428. The murky origin of Snow White and her T-even dwarfs. Abedon,S.T. (2000). Genetics 155:481-486. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1429. The evolution of pathogen-host interactions mediated by bacteriophages. Ai,Y.-C., Meng,F., Zeng,Y. (2000). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 40:657-661. [do not have abstract]

  1430. Phage resistance in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis strains isolated from traditional fermented milk products in Turkey. Akcelik,M., Sanlibaba,P., Tükel,C. (2000). International Journal of Food Science & Technology 35:473-481. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1431. Serotype-converting bacteriophages and O-antigen modification in Shigella flexneri. Allison,G.E., Verma,N.K. (2000). Trends Microbiol. 8:17-23. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1432. Role of ciliates, flagellates and bacteriophages on the mortality of marine bacteria and on dissolved-DNA concentration in laboratory experimental systems. Alonso,M.C., Rodriguez,V., Rodriguez,J., Borrego,J.J. (2000). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 244:239-252. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1433. Inactivation of MS-2 phage and poliovirus in groundwater. Alvarez,M.E., Aguilar,M., Fountain,A., Gonzalez,N., Rascon,O., Saenz,D. (2000). Can. J. Microbiol. 46:159-165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1434. Going through phages. Anonymous (2000). Science 290:227 [do not have abstract]

  1435. Phage therapy: an alternative to antibiotics. Appeaning,M.A. (2000). Southern University. [do not have abstract]

  1436. SNDV, a novel virus of the extremely thermophilic and acidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus. Arnold,H.P., Ziese,U., Zillig,W. (2000). Virology 272:409-416. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1437. Seasonal population dynamics and interactions of competing bacteriophages and their host in the rhizosphere. Ashelford,K.E., Norris,S.J., Fry,J.C., Bailey,M.J., Day,M.J. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:4193-4199. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1438. Molecular techniques for monitoring bacterial and bacteriophage populations in the rumen. Attwood,G.T., Klieve,A.V. (2000). p. 447-457. In C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[do not have abstract]

  1439. Experimental design optimization of filamentous phage transfection into mammalian cells by cationic lipids. Aujame,L., Seguin,D., Droy,C., Hessler,C. (2000). BioTechniques 28:1202-1213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1440. Microbiological quality of the Catania coastal sea water. Aulicino,F.A., Mauro,L., Marranzano,M., Biondi,M., Ursino,A., Carere,M. (2000). Annali di Igiene 12:533-541. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1441. The presence of viruses and bacteria along the Adriatic Coast. Aulicino,F.A., Ammazzalorso,P., Ercolessi,M., Banini,L., Silverii,G., Orsini,P., Mastrantonio,A., Bellucci,C., Carere,M. (2000). Ig. Mod. 113:99-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1442. Application of wild starter cultures for flavour development in pilot plant cheese making. Ayad,E.H.E., Verheul,A., Wouters,J.T.M., Smit,G. (2000). Int. Dairy J. 10:169-179. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1443. A proposal for the reclassification of Bdellovibrio stolpii and Bdellovibrio starrii into a new genus, Bacteriovorax gen. nov. as Bacteriovorax stolpii comb. nov. and Bacteriovorax starrii comb. nov., respectively. Baer,M.L., Ravel,J., Chun,J., Hill,R.T., Williams,H.N. (2000). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50 Pt 1:219-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1444. Light scattering by viral suspensions. Balch,W.M., Vaughn,J., Novotny,J., Drapeau,D.T., Vaillancourt,R., Lapierre,J., Ashe,A. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:492-498. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1445. Evolution of life's fringes. Balter,M. (2000). Science 289:1866-1867. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1446. A bacteriophage-like particle from Bartonella bacilliformis. Barbian,K.D., Minnick,M.F. (2000). Microbiology 146:599-609. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1447. Diversity in the arrangement of the CTX prophages in classical strains of Vibrio cholerae O1. Basu,A., Mukhopadhyay,A.K., Garg,P., Chakraborty,S., Ramamurthy,T., Yamasaki,S., Takeda,Y., Nair,G.B. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 182:35-40. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1448. Investigation of the prevalence of Legionella species in domestic hot water systems. Bates,M.N., Maas,E., Martin,T., Harte,D., Grubner,M., Margolin,T. (2000). N Z Med J 113:218-220. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1449. 'Deja vu all over again': the similar structures of bacteriophage PRD1 and adenovirus. Belnap,D.M., Steven,A.C. (2000). Trends Microbiol. 8:91-93. [do not have abstract]

  1450. Viruses in Trichomonas. Benchimol,M., Alderete,J.F. (2000). Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 95:62-63. [do not have abstract]

  1451. The complete cDNA sequence of a type II Trichomonas vaginalis virus. Bessarab,I.N., Liu,H.W., Ip,C.F., Tai,J.H. (2000). Virology 267:350-359. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1452. A comparison of methods for counting viruses in aquatic systems. Bettarel,Y., Sime-Ngando,T., Amblard,C., Laveran,H. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2283-2289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1453. Thermal and chemical inactivation of indigenous Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages isolated from Argentinian dairy plants. Binetti,A.G., Reinheimer,J.A. (2000). J. Food Prot. 63:509-515. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1454. Characterization of mesophilic mixed starter cultures used for the manufacture of aged cheddar cheese. Bissonnette,F., Labrie,S., Deveau,H., Lamoureux,M., Moineau,S. (2000). J. Dairy Sci. 83:620-627. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1455. Low-frequency transduction of imipenem resistance and high-frequency transduction of ceftazidime and aztreonam resistance by the bacteriophage AP-151 isolated from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain. Blahová,J., Kralikova,K., Krcmery,V., Sr., Jezek,P. (2000). J. Chemother. 12:482-486. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1456. Effect of resource supply rate on host-pathogen dynamics. Bohannan,B.J.M. (2000). C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1457. Linking genetic change to community evolution: insights from studies of bacteria and bacteriophage. Bohannan,B.J.M., Lenski,R.E. (2000). Ecol. Lett. 3:362-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1458. The relative importance of competition and predation varies with productivity in a model community. Bohannan,B.J.M., Lenski,R.E. (2000). Am. Nat. 156:329-340. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1459. Integrated management of bacterial leaf spot of mungbean with bacteriophages of Xav and chemicals. Borah,P.K., Jindal,J.K., Verma,J.P. (2000). J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 30:19-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1460. Infectious CTXF and the vibrio pathogenicity island prophage in Vibrio mimicus: evidence for recent horizontal transfer between V. mimicus and V. cholerae. Boyd,E.F., Moyer,K.E., Shi,L., Waldor,M.K. (2000). Infect. Immun. 68:1507-1513. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1461. Pressure cycling technology: a novel approach to virus inactivation in plasma. Bradley,D.W., Hess,R.A., Tao,F., Sciaba-Lentz,L., Remaley,A.T., Laugharn,J.J., Manak,M. (2000). Transfusion 40:193-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1462. Significance of algal viruses and ecology of Phaeocystis hostvirus interactions. Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (2000). C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1463. Viruses of fungi and protozoans: Is everyone sick? Bruenn,J.A. (2000). p. 297-317. In C.J.Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1464. Genome plasticity in Enterobacteriaceae. Brunder,W., Karch,H. (2000). Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 290:153-165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1465. Flow cytometric detection of viruses. Brussaard,C.P.D., Marie,D., Bratbak,G. (2000). J. Virol. Meth. 85:175-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1466. Phage isolation and investigation. Budzik,J.M. (2000). Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science III:37-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1467. Big-benefit mutations in a bacteriophage inhibited with heat. Bull,J.J., Badgett,M.R., Wichman,H.A. (2000). Mol. Biol. Evol. 17:942-950. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1468. Evolvability of an RNA virus is determined by its mutational neighbourhood. Burch,C.L., Chao,L. (2000). Nature 406:625-628. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1469. Inactivation of indicator microorganisms in estuarine waters. Burkhardt III,W., Calci,K.R., Watkins,W.D., Rippey,S.R., Chirtel,S.J. (2000). Water Res. 34:2207-2214. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1470. Selective accumulation may account for shellfish-associated viral illness. Burkhardt III,W., Calci,K.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1375-1378. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1471. Mathematical analysis of growth and interaction dynamics of streptomycetes and a bacteriophage in soil. Burroughs,N.J., Marsh,P., Wellington,E.M.H. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:3868-3877. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1472. Sequence of the genome of Salmonella bacteriophage P22. Byl,C.V., Kropinski,A.M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6472-6481. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1473. Large-plaque mutants of Sindbis virus show reduced binding to heparan sulfate, heightened viremia, and slower clearance from the circulation. Byrnes,A.P., Griess,G.A. (2000). J. Virol. 74:644-651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1474. Effect of five dietary antimutagens on the genotoxicity of six mutagens in the microscreen prophage-induction assay. Cabrera,G. (2000). Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 36:206-220. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1475. Lateral gene transfer in prokaryotes. Campbell,A.M. (2000). Theor. Pop. Biol. 57:71-77. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1476. Helicobacter pylori-antigen-binding fragments expressed on the filamentous M13 phage prevent bacterial growth. Cao,J., Sun,Y., Berglindh,T., Mellgard,B., Li,Z., Mardh,B., Mardh,S. (2000). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1474:107-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1477. Transport and retention of bacteriophages in two types of willow-cropped lysimeters. Carlander,A., Aronsson,P., Allestam,G., Stenstrom,T.A., Perttu,K. (2000). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A A35:1477-1492. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1478. Development and evaluation of a phage typing scheme for Vibrio cholerae O139. Chakrabarti,A.K., Ghosh,A.N., Nair,G.B., Niyogi,S.K., Bhattacharya,S.K., Sarkar,B.L. (2000). J. Clin. Microbiol. 38:44-49. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1479. Genome organization and the evolution of the virulence gene locus in Listeria species. Chakraborty,T., Hain,T., Domann,E. (2000). Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 290:167-174. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1480. Emmental cheese: A complex microbial ecosystem. Consequences on selection and use of starters. Chamba,J.F. (2000). Sciences des Aliments 20:37-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1481. Kin selection and parasite evolution: Higher and lower virulence with hard and soft selection. Chao,L., Hanley,K.A., Burch,C.L., Dahlberg,C., Turner,P.E. (2000). Q. Rev. Biol. 75:261-275. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1482. A high yielding mutant of mycobacteriophage L1 and its application as a diagnostic tool. Chatterjee,S., Mitra,M., das Gupta,S.K. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 188:47-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1483. Forces dictating colloidal interactions between viruses and soil. Chattopadhyay,D., Puls,R.W. (2000). Chemosphere 41:1279-1286. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1484. Isolation of a virulent bacteriophage from a Propionibacterium species in the sheep rumen. Cheong,J.P.E., Brooker,J.D. (2000). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 51:119-123. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1485. Virus-like particles in microbial population control and horizontal gene transfer in the aquatic environment. Chiura,H.X., Velimirov,B., Kogure,K. (2000). p. 145-151. In C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[do not have abstract]

  1486. Gene transfer mediated by virus of novel thermophilic bacteria in hot spring sulfur-turf microbial mats. Chiura,H.X., Kato,K., Hiraishi,A., Maki,Y. (2000). p. 124??C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[do not have abstract]

  1487. The temperate nature of aquatic and soil bacteriophage. Cook,H.A., Gallucci,C.M., Hale,A.B. (2000). Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 73:153 [do not have abstract]

  1488. Evolutionary reversals during viral adaptation to alternating hosts. Crill,W.D., Wichman,H.A., Bull,J.J. (2000). Genetics 154:27-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1489. Determination of enteroviruses, hepatitis A virus, bacteriophages and Escherichia coli in Adriatic Sea mussels. Croci,L., de Medici,D., Scalfaro,C., Fiore,A., Divizia,M., Donia,D., Cosentino,A.M., Moretti,P., Costantini,G. (2000). J. Appl. Microbiol. 88:293-298. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1490. Development of a genetically modified bacteriophage for use in tracing sources of pollution. Daniell,T.J., Davy,M.L., Smith,R.J. (2000). J. Appl. Microbiol. 88:860-869. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1491. Viral density and virus-to-bacterium ratio in deep-sea sediments of the Eastern Mediterranean. Danovaro,R., Serresi,M. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1857-1861. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1492. Convergence of the secretory pathways for cholera toxin and the filamentous phage, CTXphi. Davis,B.M., Lawson,E.H., Sandkvist,M., Ali,A., Sozhamannan,S., Waldor,M.K. (2000). Science 288:333-335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1493. CTX prophages in classical biotype Vibrio cholerae: functional phage genes but dysfunctional phage genomes. Davis,B.M., Moyer,K.E., Boyd,E.F., Waldor,M.K. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6992-6998. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1494. Horizontal gene transfer and the origin of species: lessons from bacteria. de la Cruz,F., Davies,J. (2000). Trends Microbiol. 8:128-133. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1495. Effect of deleterious mutation-accumulation on the fitness of RNA bacteriophage MS2. de la Pena,M., Elena,S.F., Moya,A. (2000). Evolution 54:686-691. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1496. An introduction to the evolutionary ecology of viruses. DeFilippis,V.R., Villarreal,L.P. (2000). p. 125-208. In C.J.Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1497. Comparative genomics of the late gene cluster from Lactobacillus phages. Desiere,F., Pridmore,R.D., Brossow,H. (2000). Virology 275:294-305. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1498. Present and potential applications of genetic engineering in agronomy and agro-food. Desmazeaud,M. (2000). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France 86:97-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1499. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis of virus assemblages present in a hypersaline environment. Diez,B., Anton,J., Guixa-Boixereu,N., Pedros-Alio,C., Rodriguez-Valera,F. (2000). Int. Microbiol. 3:159-164. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1500. Pathogenicity islands and phage conversion: evolutionary aspects of bacterial pathogenesis. Dobrindt,U., Reidl,J. (2000). Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 290:519-527. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1501. [Water quality control of 2 swimming pools in Rome. Evaluation of the bacteriophage parameter]. Donia,D., Divizia,M., della,S.M., Pana,A. (2000). Annali di Igiene 12:35-39. [do not have abstract]

  1502. Evaluation of F-specific RNA bacteriophage as a candidate human enteric virus indicator for bivalve molluscan shellfish. Dore,W.J., Henshilwood,K., Lees,D.N. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1280-1285. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1503. Genomic relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus phages of the International Typing Set and detection of serogroup A, B, and F prophages in lysogenic strains. Doskar,J., Pallova,P., Pantucek, Rosypal,S., Ruzicková,V., Pantuckova, Kailerova,J., Kleparnik,K., Mala,Z., Bocek,P. (2000). Can. J. Microbiol. 46:1066-1076. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1504. Genetic analysis of chromosomal regions of Lactococcus lactis acquired by recombinant lytic phages. Durmaz,E., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:895-903. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1505. Bacteriophages of spirochetes. Eggers,C.H., Casjens,S., Hayes,S.F., Garon,C.F., Damman,C.J., Oliver,D.B., Samuels,D.S. (2000). J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2:365-373. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1506. Characterization of a Phage Resistance Plasmid, pLKS, of Silage-Making Lactobacillus plantarum NGRI0101. Eguchi,T., Doi,K., Nishiyama,K., Ohmomo,S., Ogata,S. (2000). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 64:751-756. [do not have abstract]

  1507. Biological control of Sclerotinia minor using chitinolytic bacterium and actinomycetes. El-Tarabily,K.A., Soliman,M.H., Nassar,A.H., Al-Hassani,H.A., Sivasithamparam,K., McKenna,F., Hardy,G.E.S. (2000). Plant Pathol. 49:573-583. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1508. The two faces of mutation: Extinction and adaptation in RNA viruses. Elena,S.F., Miralles,R., Cuevas,J.M., Turner,P.E., Moya,A. (2000). IUBMB Life 49:5-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1509. Toward antiviral strategies that resist viral escape. Endy,D., Yin,J. (2000). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 44:1097-1099. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1510. Computation, prediction, and experimental tests of fitness for bacteriophage T7 mutants with permuted genomes. Endy,D., You,L., Yin,J., Molineux,I.J. (2000). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:5375-5380. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1511. Sunlight-induced propagation of the lysogenic phage encoding cholera toxin. Faruque,S.M., Asadulghani, Rahman,A.M.M., Waldor,M.K., Sack,D.A. (2000). Infect. Immun. 68:4795-4801. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1512. Abbreviations for bacterial and fungal virus species names. Fauquet,C.M., Pringle,C.R. (2000). Arch. Virol. 145:197-203. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1513. Control of bacterial spot on tomato in the greenhouse and field with h-mutant bacteriophages. Flaherty,J.E., Jones,J.B., Harbaugh,B.K., Somodi,G.C., Jackson,L.E. (2000). Hortscience 35:882-884. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1514. Elimination of enteroviruses, other enteric viruses, F-specific coliphages, somatic coliphages and E. coli in four sewage treatment plants of southern Germany. Fleischer,J., Schlafmann,K., Otchwemah,R., Botzenhart,K. (2000). J. Wat. Sup. Res. Technol. 49:127-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1515. Evaluation of CD4+ T cell function In vivo in HIV-infected patients as measured by bacteriophage phiX174 immunization. Fogelman,I., Davey,V., Ochs,H.D., Elashoff,M., Feinberg,M.B., Mican,J., Siegel,J.P., Sneller,M., Lane (2000). J. Infect. Dis. 182:435-441. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1516. Widespread distribution of a group I intron and its three deletion derivatives in the lysin gene of Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages. Foley,S., Bruttin,A., Brüssow,H. (2000). J. Virol. 74:611-618. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1517. Occurrence and distribution of microbiological indicators in groundwater and stream water. Francy,D.S., Helsel,D.R., Nally,R.A. (2000). Water Environ. Res. 72:152-161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1518. Titration of infective and noninfective Ff filamentous bacteriophages using a monoclonal antibody against g3p. Frisch,C., Knappik,A., Choidas,M., Tesar,M. (2000). BioTechniques 29:26-8, 30. [do not have abstract]

  1519. Effect of host bacteria genotype on spontaneous reversions of Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage PHI29 sus17 nonsense codon. Fucik,V., Beran,J., Krasny,L., Jonak,J. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 183:143-146. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1520. Causative agents of bacterial mortality and the consequences to marine food webs. Fuhrman,J.A., Noble,R.T. (2000). p. ???C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[do not have abstract]

  1521. Impact of viruses on bacterial processes. Fuhrman,J.A. (2000). p. 327-350. In D.L.Kirchman (ed.), (eds) Microbial Ecology of the Oceans. Wiley & Sons, New York.[do not have abstract]

  1522. Horizontal gene transfer in bacterial and archaeal complete genomes. Garcia-Vallve,S., Romeu,A., Palau,J. (2000). Genome Res. 10:1719-1725. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1523. Viral products. Gasson,M.J. (2000). Agricultural & Food Research Council. 870736(6,083,684). Norwich, GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1524. Compositions containing bacteriophages and methods of using bacteriophages to treat infections. Ghanbari,H.A., Averback,P. (2000). 842653(6,121,036). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1525. Sensitivity of microorganisms to different wavelengths of UV light: Implications on modeling of medium pressure UV systems. Giese,N., Darby,J. (2000). Water Res. 34:4007-4013. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1526. MM1, a temperate bacteriophage of the type 23F Spanish/USA multi-drug resistant epidemic clone of Streptococcus pneumoniae: structural analysis of the site-specific integration system. Gindreau,E., Lopez,R., Garcia,P. (2000). J. Virol. 74:7803-7813. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1527. Phage-displayed peptides as biosensor reagents. Goldman,E.R., Pazirandeh,M.P., Mauro,J.M., King,K.D., Frey,J.C., Anderson,G.P. (2000). Journal of Molecular Recognition 13:382-387. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1528. [General and molecular ecology of Legionella]. Golovlev,E.L. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:5-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1529. Bacterial indicator occurrence and the use of an F+ specific RNA coliphage assay to identify fecal sources in Homosassa Springs, Florida. Griffin,D.W., Stokes,R., Rose,J.B., Paul,J.H., III (2000). Microb. Ecol. 39:56-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1530. Characterization of natural isolates of Lactobacillus strains to be used as starter cultures in dairy fermentation. Hebert,E.M., Raya,R.R., Tailliez,P., de Giori,G.S. (2000). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 59:19-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1531. The origins and ongoing evolution of viruses. Hendrix,R.W., Lawrence,J.G., Hatfull,G.F., Casjens,S. (2000). Trends Microbiol. 8:504-508. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1532. Intramuscular immunization with genetically inactivated (ghosts) Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 9 protects pigs against homologous aerosol challenge and prevents carrier state. Hensel,A., Huter,V., Katinger,A., Raza,P., Strnistschie,C., Roesler,U., Brand,E., Lubitz,W. (2000). Vaccine 18:2945-2955. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1533. Characterization of PHI8, a bacteriophage containing three double-stranded RNA genomic segments and distantly related to PHI6. Hoogstraten,D., Qiao,X., Sun,Y., Hu,A., Onodera,S., Mindich,L. (2000). Virology 272:218-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1534. Phage infection of the obligate intracellular bacterium, Chlamydia psittaci strain Guinea Pig Inclusion Conjunctivitis. Hsia,R.C., Ohayon,H., Gounon,P., Dautry-Varsat,A., Bavoil,P.M. (2000). Microbes Infect. 2:761-772. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1535. Microvirus of Chlamydia psittaci strain Guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis: Isolation and molecular characterization. Hsia,R.C., Ting,L.M., Bavoil,P.M. (2000). Microbiology (Reading) 146:1651-1660. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1536. Control of the eel (Anguilla japonica) pathogens, Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda, by bacteriophages. Hsu,C.H., Lo,C.Y., Liu,J.K., Lin,C.S. (2000). J. Fisheries Soc. Taiwan 27:21-31. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1537. Characterization of Streptococcus thermophilus strains that undergo lysis under unfavourable environmental conditions. Husson-Kao,C., Mengaud,J., Gripon,J.C., Benbadis,L., Chapot-Chartier,M.P. (2000). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 55:209-213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1538. The Streptococcus thermophilus autolytic phenotype results from a leaky prophage. Husson-Kao,C., Mengaud,J., Cesselin,B., van,S.D., Benbadis,L., Chapot-Chartier,M.P. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:558-565. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1539. Protocol for the manufacture of miniature washed-curd cheeses under controlled microbiological conditions. Hynes,E., Ogier,J.C., Delacroix-Buchet,A. (2000). Int. Dairy J. 10:733-737. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1540. Inducible stx2 phages are lysogenized in the enteroaggregative and other phenotypic Escherichia coli O86:HNM isolated from patients. Iyoda,S., Tamura,K., Itoh,K., Izumiya,H., Ueno,N., Nagata,K., Togo,M., Terajima,J., Watanabe,H. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 191:7-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1541. Ultraviolet radiation effects on bacterioplankton and viruses in marine ecosystems. Jeffrey,W.H., Kase,J.P., Wilhelm,S.W. (2000). p. 206-236. In S.J.de Mora and et al. (eds.), (eds) Effects Of UV Radiation On Marine Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.[do not have abstract]

  1542. Virus removal and transport in saturated and unsaturated sand columns. Jin,Y., Chu,Y., Li,Y. (2000). J. Contam. Hydrol. 43:111-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1543. The microbial genetics of antibiotic cycling. John,J.F.J., Rice,L.B. (2000). Infection control and hospital epidemiology 21:S22-S31 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1544. Structures of virus and virus-like particles. Johnson,J.E., Chiu,W. (2000). Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 10:229-235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1545. Bacteriophage infections in the industrial acetone butanol (AB) fermentation process. Jones,D.T., Shirley,M., Wu,X., Keis,S. (2000). J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2:21-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1546. Isolation of coliphages specific to enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Jothikumar,N., Reddy,C.G., Sundari,R.B., Saigopal,D.V. (2000). Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2:372-374. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1547. Genomic sequences of bacteriophages HK97 and HK022: Pervasive genetic mosaicism in the lambdoid bacteriophages. Juhala,R.J., Ford,M.E., Duda,R.L., Youlton,A., Hatfull,G.F., Hendrix,R.W. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 299:27-51. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1548. Influence of infected cell growth state on bacteriophage reactivation levels. Kadavy,D.R., Shaffer,J.J., Lott,S.E., Wolf,T.A., Bolton,C.E., Gallimore,W.H., Martin,E.L., Nickerson,K.W., Kokjohn,T.A. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:5206-5212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1549. Photocatalytic inactivation of Lactobacillus PL-1 phages by a thin film of titania. Kakita,Y., Obuchi,E., Nakano,K., Murata,K., Kuroiwa,A., Miake,F., Watanabe,K. (2000). Biocontrol Science 5:73-79. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1550. Mating in Bacillus thuringiensis can induce plasmid integrative prophage J7W-1. Kanda,K., Takada,Y., Kawasaki,F., Kato,F., Murata,A. (2000). Acta Virol. 44:189-193. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1551. Temperature influences induction of a J7W-1-related phage in Bacillus thuringiensis serovar indiana. Kanda,K., Kayashima,T., Kato,F., Murata,A. (2000). Acta Virol. 44:183-187. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1552. [A method for detection of coliphages in the drinking water]. Kashkarova,G.P., Dorodnikov,A.I. (2000). Gigiena i Sanitariia 66-68. [do not have abstract]

  1553. Toxin gene expression by shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: the role of antibiotics and the bacterial SOS response. Kimmitt,P.T., Harwood,C.R., Barer,M.R. (2000). Emerg. Infect. Dis. 6:458-465. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1554. Rapid titration of multiple samples of filamentous bacteriophage (M13) on nitrocellulose filters. Koch,J., Breitling,F., Duebel,S. (2000). BioTechniques 29:1196-1202. [do not have abstract]

  1555. [Effect of chitosan derivatives on the development of phage infection in cultured Bacillus thuringiensis]. Kochkina,Z.M., Chirkov,S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:266-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1556. [Coliphages inactivation using chitosan derivatives]. Kochkina,Z.M., Surgucheva,N.A., Chirkov,S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:261-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1557. [Effect of chitosan derivatives on the reproduction of Coliphages T2 and T7]. Kochkina,Z.M., Chirkov,S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:257-260. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1558. Inactivation of coliphages by chitosan derivatives. Kochkina,Z.M., Surgucheva,N.A., Chirkov,S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:261-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1559. Antibacterials that are used as growth promoters in animal husbandry can affect the release of Shiga-toxin-2-converting bacteriophages and Shiga toxin 2 from Escherichia coli strains. Kohler,B., Karch,H., Schmidt,H. (2000). Microbiology 146:1085-1090. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1560. Lactic acid bacteria: the bugs of the new millennium. Konings,W.N., Kok,J., Kuipers,O.P., Poolman,B. (2000). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 3:276-282. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1561. Effect of simulated gastric fluid and bile on survival of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio vulnificus phage. Koo,J., Depaola,A., Marshall,D.L. (2000). J. Food Prot. 63:1665-1669. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1562. Impact of acid on survival of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio vulnificus phage. Koo,J., Depaola,A., Marshall,D.L. (2000). J. Food Prot. 63:1049-1052. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1563. Sequence of the genome of the temperate, serotype-converting, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage D3. Kropinski,A.M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6066-6074. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1564. Morphology of bacteriophages of E. Hammarström's set for typing Shigella sonnei. Krzywy,T., Kucharewicz-Krukowska,A., Slopek,S. (2000). Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. 20:73-83. [do not have abstract]

  1565. Vibrio cholerae O139 bacteriophages. Kudryakova,T.A., Makedonova,L.D., Kachkia,G.V., Sayamov,S.R. (2000). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 28-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1566. Target genes for virulence assessment of Escherichia coli isolates from water, food and the environment. Kuhnert,P., Boerlin,P., Frey,J. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 24:107-117. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1567. High-frequency interconversion of turbid and clear plaque strains of bacteriophage f1 and associated host cell death. Kuo,M.Y., Yang,M.K., Chen,W.P., Kuo,T.T. (2000). Can. J. Microbiol. 46:841-847. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1568. Multiplex PCR for detection and identification of lactococcal bacteriophages. Labrie,S., Moineau,S. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:987-994. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1569. Genetic analysis of a bacterial genetic exchange element: the gene transfer agent of Rhodobacter capsulatus. Lang,A.S., Beatty,J.T. (2000). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:859-864. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1570. [Variants of Yersinia pestis resistant to a diagnostic bacteriophage and the problems related to them]. Lebedeva,S.A. (2000). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 99-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1571. Bacteriophages as indicators of enteric viruses and public health risk in groundwaters. Leclerc,H., Edberg,S., Pierzo,V., Delattre,J.M. (2000). J. Appl. Microbiol. 88:5-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1572. Forced retroevolution of an RNA bacteriophage. Licis,N., Balklava,Z., Van,D.J. (2000). Virology 271:298-306. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1573. Molecular characterization of a bacteriophage (Chp2) from Chlamydia psittaci. Liu,B.L., Everson,J.S., Fane,B., Giannikopoulou,P., Vretou,E., Lambden,P.R., Clarke,I.N. (2000). J. Virol. 74:3464-3469. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1574. Development and qualification of a novel virus removal filter for cell culture applications. Liu,S., Carroll,M., Iverson,R., Valera,C., Vennari,J., Turco,K., Piper,R., Kiss,R., utz,H. (2000). Biotechnol. Prog. 16:425-434. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1575. Complete nucleotide sequence, molecular analysis and genome structure of Listeria monocytogenes bacteriophage A118: implications for phage evolution. Loessner,M.J., Inman,R.B., Lauer,P., Calendar,R. (2000). Mol. Microbiol. 35:324-340? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1576. Rapid in vivo evolution of a beta-lactamase using phagemids. Long-McGie,J., Liu,A.D., Schellenberger,V. (2000). Biotech. Bioeng. 68:121-125. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1577. Broad-range bacteriophage resistance in Streptococcus thermophilus by insertional mutagenesis. Lucchini,S., Sidoti,J., Brüssow,H. (2000). Virology 275:267-277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1578. Influence of salts on virus adsorption to microporous filters. Lukasik,J., Scott,T.M., Andryshak,D., Farrah,S.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2914-2920. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1579. The life cycles of the temperate lactococcal bacteriophage phiLC3 monitored by a quantitative PCR method. Lunde,M., Blatny,J.M., Kaper,F., Nes,I.F., Lillehaug,D. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 192:119-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1580. Biological significance of lysogenic conversion. Masuda,S. (2000). Jikeikai Med. J. 47:129-130. [do not have abstract]

  1581. Distribution and evolution of bacteriophage WO in Wolbachia, the endosymbiont causing sexual alterations in arthropods. Masui,S., Kamoda,S., Sasaki,T., Ishikawa,H. (2000). J. Mol. Evol. 51:491-497. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1582. Characterization of a novel Vibrio parahaemolyticus phage, KVP241, and its relatives frequently isolated from seawater. Matsuzaki,S., Inoue,T., Tanaka,S., Koga,T., Kuroda,M., Kimura,S., Imai,S. (2000). Microbiology and Immunology 44:953-956. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1583. Evaluation of the Bacteroides fragilis phage assay as an alternative indicator of sewage pollution. McLaughlin,M.R. (2000). University of South Florida. [do not have abstract]

  1584. The bacteriophages of group A streptococci. McShan,W.M. (2000). p. 105-116. In V.A.Fischetti, R.P.Novick, J.J.Ferreti, D.A.Portnoy, and J.I.Rood (eds.), (eds) Gram Positive Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1585. Developments in aquatic microbiology. Meyers,S.P. (2000). Int. Microbiol. 3:203-211. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1586. Bacterial growth rate and marine virus–host dynamics. Middelboe,M. (2000). Microb. Ecol. 40:114-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1587. Diminishing returns of population size in the rate of RNA virus adaptation. Miralles,R., Moya,A., Elena,S.F. (2000). J. Virol. 74:3566-3571. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1588. Properties of natural interspecific hybrids of transposable phages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: specific characteristics of phage PL24 transposition. Mit'kina,L.N., Krylov,V.N. (2000). Genetika 36:1330-1339. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1589. Conversion of Vibrio eltor MAK757 to classical biotype: role of phage PS166. Mitra,S.N., Mukhopadhyay,R., Ghosh,A.N., Ghosh,R.K. (2000). Virology 273:36-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1590. Multiple independent horizontal transfers of informational genes from bacteria to plasmids and phages: implications for the origin of bacterial replication machinery. Moreira,D. (2000). Mol. Microbiol. 35:1-5. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1591. Evolution of microbial pathogens. Morschhaeuser,J., Koehler,G., Ziebuhr,W., Blum-Oehler,G., Dobrindt,U., Hacker,J. (2000). Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 355:695-704. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1592. The presence of bacteriophages active against Helicobacter pylori in UK sewage: Natures eradicator? Morton,D., Bardhan,K.D. (2000). Gut 46:A69 [do not have abstract]

  1593. Bacteriophages active against Helicobacter pylori in UK sewage: Natural born killers? Morton,D., Bardhan,K.D. (2000). Gastroenterology 118:AGA [do not have abstract]

  1594. Characterization of the DNA replication module of bacteriophage A2 and use of its origin of replication as a defense against infection during milk fermentation by Lactobacillus casei. Moscoso,M., Suarez,J.E. (2000). Virology 273:101-111. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1595. The evolution of RNA viruses: A population genetics view. Moya,A., Elena,S.F., Bracho,A., Miralles,R., Barrio,E. (2000). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:6967-6973. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1596. Viral contamination of shellfish: Evaluation of methods and analysis of bacteriophages and human viruses. Muniain-Mujika,I., Girones,R., Lucena,F. (2000). J. Virol. Meth. 89:109-118. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1597. Occurrence of phages infecting Escherichia coli O157:H7 carrying the Stx 2 gene in sewage from different countries. Muniesa,M., Jofre,J. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 183:197-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1598. Characterization of a shiga toxin 2e-converting bacteriophage from an Escherichia coli strain of human origin. Muniesa,M., Recktenwald,J., Bielaszewska,M., Karch,H., Schmidt,H. (2000). Infect. Immun. 68:4850-4855. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1599. Molecular characterization and allelic distribution of the phage-mediated hyaluronidase genes hylP and hylP2 among Group A streptococci from western Norway. Mylvaganam,H., Bjorvatn,B., Hofstad,T., Osland,A. (2000). Microb. Pathog. 29:145-153. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1600. The R-type pyocin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is related to P2 phage, and the F-type is related to lambda phage. Nakayama,K., Takashima,K., Ishihara,H., Shinomiya,T., Kageyama,M., Kanaya,S., Ohnishi,M., Murata,T., Mori,H., Hayashi,T. (2000). Mol. Microbiol. 38:213-231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1601. Microbiological survey of shellfish. Nanni,H., Bronzetti,L., Fabio,G., Pupillo,M., Quaglio,P. (2000). Ig. Mod. 114:113-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1602. A filamentous phage associated with recent pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 strains. Nasu,H., Iida,T., Sugahara,T., Yamaichi,Y., Park,K.-S., Yokoyama,K., Makino,K., Shinagawa,H., Honda,T. (2000). J. Clin. Microbiol. 38:2156-2161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1603. Phytoremediation of domestic wastewater for reducing populations of Escherichia coli and MS-2 coliphage. Neralla,S., Weaver,R.W. (2000). Environ. Technol. 21:691-698. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1604. Virus Dynamics: Mathematical Principles of Immunology and Virology. Nowak,M.A., May,R.M. (2000). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1605. Sensitivity of Burkholderia cepacia complex and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to transducing bacteriophages. Nzula,S., Vandamme,P., Govan,J.R.W. (2000). FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 28:307-312. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1606. Investigation of the relationship between lysogeny and lysis of Lactococcus lactis in cheese using prophage-targeted PCR. O'Sullivan,D., Ross,R.P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Coffey,A. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2192-2198. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1607. A new bacteriophage, VHML, isolated from a toxin-producing strain of Vibrio harveyi in tropical Australia. Oakey,H.J., Owens,L. (2000). J. Appl. Microbiol. 89:702-709. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1608. Independent contrasts succeed where ancestor reconstruction fails in a known bacteriophage phylogeny. Oakley,T.H., Cunningham,C.W. (2000). Evolution 54:397-405. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1609. Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Ochman,H., Lawrence,J.G., Groisman,E.A. (2000). Nature 405:299-304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1610. Protection against bacteriophage contamination in industrial fermentation processes: Investigation and applications of phage resistance mechanisms in bacteria. Ogata,S., Eguchi,T., Doi,K. (2000). Virus (Nagoya) 50:17-26. [do not have abstract]

  1611. Identification of virus-specific vesicles in Giardiavirus-infected Giardia lamblia. Ong,S.J., Tai,J.H. (2000). Chung-Hua Min Kuo Wei Sheng Wu Chi Mien I Hsueh Tsa Chih Chinese 33:9-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1612. Genotypic variations of Shiga toxin-converting phages from enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157: H7 isolates. Osawa,R., Wada,A., Iyoda,S., Nakayama,S.I., Yamai,S., Watanabe,H. (2000). J. Med. Microbiol. 49:565-574. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1613. A Stalinist Antibiotic Alternative. Osborne,L. (2000). New York Times Magazine (Sunday, February 6), ??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1614. Detection of bacterial pathogens by phage antibody display. Pai,N., Topping,K.P., Greenman,J., Paget,T.A. (2000). Disease Markers 16:99-100. [do not have abstract]

  1615. Bacteriophage phiYeO3-12, specific for Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3, is related to coliphages T3 and T7. Pajunen,M., Kiljunen,S., Skurnik,M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:5114-5120. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1616. Isolation of bacteriophages specific to a fish pathogen, Pseudomonas plecoglossicida, as a candidate for disease control. Park,S.C., Shimamura,I., Fukunaga,M., Mori,K.I., Nakai,T. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1416-1422. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1617. Analysis of two-stage continuous operation of Escherichia coli containing bacteriophage lambda vector. Park,S.H., Park,T.H. (2000). Bioprocess Engineering 23:557-563. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1618. The genome sequence of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni reveals hypervariable sequences. Parkhill,J., Wren,B.W., Mungall,K., Ketley,J.M., Churcher,C., Basham,D., Chillingworth,T., Davies,R.M., Feltwell,T., Holroyd,S., Jagels,K., Karlyshev,A.V., Moule,S., Pallen,M.J., Penn,C.W., Quail,M.A., Rajandream,M.A., Rutherford,K.M., van Vliet,A.H., Whitehead,S., Barrell,B.G. (2000). Nature 403:665-668. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1619. Rapid movement of wastewater from on-site disposal systems into surface waters in the Lower Florida Keys. Paul,J.H., McLaughlin,M.R., Griffin,D.W., Lipp,E.K., Stokes,R., Rose,J.B. (2000). Estuaries 23:662-668. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1620. Ecology of bacteriophages in nature. Paul,J.H., Kellogg,C.A. (2000). p. 211-246. In C.J.Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1621. Lysogeny and transduction in the marine environment. Paul,J.H., Cochran,P.K., Jiang,S.C. (2000). p. ???C.R.Bell, M.Brylinski, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[do not have abstract]

  1622. Induction of vaginal Lactobacillus phages by the cigarette smoke chemical benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide. Pavlova,S.I., Tao,L. (2000). Mut. Res. 466:57-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1623. Phage therapy: The peculiar kinetics of self-replicating pharmaceuticals. Payne,R.J.H., Phil,D., Jansen,V.A.A. (2000). Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 68:225-230. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1624. Bacterial plasmids: Parasitic organisms? Permaul,K., Pillay,B., Pillay,D. (2000). South African Journal of Science 96:555-556. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1625. Efficacy of four conjugal lactococcal phage resistance plasmids against phage in commercial Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris cheese starter strains. Pillidge,C.J., Collins,L.J., Ward,L.J.H., Cantillon,B.M., Shaw,B.D., Timmins,M.J., Heap,H.A., Polzin,K.M. (2000). Int. Dairy J. 10:617-625. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1626. Phage therapy—advantages over antibiotics? Pirisi,A. (2000). Lancet 356:1418 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1627. Comparative study of temperate bacteriophages isolated from Yersinia. Popp,A., Hertwig,S., Lurz,R., Appel,B. (2000). Systematic and Applied Microbiology 23:469-478. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1628. Selection of tumor-specific internalizing human antibodies from phage libraries. Poul,M.A., Becerril,B., Nielsen,U.B., Morisson,P., Marks,J.D. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 301:1149-1161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1629. Epidemiologic Subtyping of Escherichia coli Serogroup O157 Strains Isolated in Ontario by Phage Typing and Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis. Preston,M.A., Johnson,W., Khakhria,R., Borczyk,A. (2000). J. Clin. Microbiol. 38:2366-2368. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1630. Description of a DNA amplification procedure for the detection of bacteriophages of Bacteroides fragilis HSP40 in environmental samples. Puig,M., Pina,S., Lucena,F., Jofre,J., Girones,R. (2000). J. Virol. Meth. 89:159-166. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1631. Detection of phages infecting Bacteroides fragilis HSP40 using a specific DNA probe. Puig,M., Jofre,J., Girones,R. (2000). J. Virol. Meth. 88:163-173. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1632. Occurrence of coliphages in fish and aquaculture farms. Rao,B.M., Surendran,P.K. (2000). Fishery Technology 37:146-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1633. Genomic sequence and analysis of the atypical temperate bacteriophage N15. Ravin,V., Ravin,N., Casjens,S., Ford,M.E., Hatfull,G.F., Hendrix,R.W. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 299:53-73. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1634. Comparative analysis of Chlamydia bacteriophages reveals variation localized to a putative receptor binding domain. Read,T.D., Fraser,C.M., Hsia,R.C., Bavoil,P.M. (2000). Microb. Comp. Genom. 5:223-231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1635. Transmission of viruses via contact in a household setting: Experiments using bacteriophage fX174 as a model virus. Rheinbaben,F.V., Schünemann,S., Groß,T., Wolff,M.H. (2000). J. Hosp. Infect. 46:61-66. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1636. The passage and propagation of fecal indicator phages in birds. Ricca,D.M., Cooney,J.J. (2000). J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 24:127-131. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1637. Screening environmental samples for source-specific bacteriophage hosts using a method for the simultaneous pouring of 12 petri plates. Ricca,D.M., Cooney,J.J. (2000). J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 24:124-126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1638. Bacterial monopolists: the bundling and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes in gram-positive bacteria. Rice,L.B. (2000). Clin. Infect. Dis. 31:762-769. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1639. Dynamics of bacterial community composition and activity during mesocosm diatom blooms. Riemann,L., Steward,G.F., Azam,F. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:578-587. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1640. Bacterial viruses and hosts: Influence of culturable state. Robb,F.T., Hill,R.T. (2000). p. 199-208. In R.R.Colwell and D.J.Grimes (eds.), (eds) Nonculturable Microorganisms in the Environment. ASM Press, Washington,D.C.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1641. Temporal variability of viruses, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton in the western English Channel off Plymouth. Rodriguez,F., Frenandez,E., Head,R.N., Harbour,D.S., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M., Harris,R.P. (2000). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 80:575-586. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1642. The complete genomic sequence of the marine phage Roseophage SIO1 shares homology with nonmarine phages. Rohwer,F., Segall,A., Steward,G., Seguritan,V., Breitbart,M., Wolven,F., Azam,F. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:408-418. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1643. Monitoring of environmental UV radiation by biological dosimeters. Rontó,G., Berces,A., Grof,P., Fekete,A., Kerekgyarto,T., Gáspár,S., Stick,C. (2000). Adv. Space Res. Water Environ Res 26:2021-2028. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1644. Progressive specific immune attrition after primary, secondary and tertiary immunizations with bacteriophage fX174 in asymptomatic HIV-1 infected patients. Rubinstein,A., Mizrachi,Y., Bernstein,L., Shliozberg,J., Golodner,M., Liu,G.Q., Ochs,H.D. (2000). AIDS (Hagerstown). 14:F55-F62 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1645. Removal efficiencies of indicator micro-organisms in the Al-Khobar wastewater treatment plant. Saleem,M., Bukhari,A.A., Al-Malack,M.H. (2000). Environmental Engineering Science 17:227-232. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1646. Phage sensitivities of lactococci isolated from raw milk and whey [article is in Turkish]. Sanlibaba,P., Akcelik,M. (2000). Turkish Journal of Biology 24:425-435. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1647. Comparison of methods for detecting genotypes of F-specific RNA bacteriophages and fingerprinting the origin of faecal pollution in water samples. Schaper,M., Jofre,J. (2000). J. Virol. Meth. 89:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1648. Removal of microorganisms by deep well injection. Schijven,J.F., Medema,G., Vogelaar,A.J., Hassanizadeh,S.M. (2000). J. Contam. Hydrol. 44:301-327. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1649. Food and water contamination by human pathogenic viruses. Scipioni,A., Daube,G., Thiry,E. (2000). Annales de Medecine Veterinaire 144:207-221. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1650. Twenty-three years of Klebsiella phage typing: a review of phage typing of 12 clusters of nosocomial infections, and a comparison of phage typing with K serotyping. Sechter,I., Mestre,F., Hansen,D.S. (2000). Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 6:233-238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1651. [Isolation and comparative study of a group of temperate bacteriophages of rhizospheric pseudomonads Pseudomonas putida]. Shaburova,O.V., Burkal'tseva,M.V., Pleteneva,E.A., Krylov,V.N. (2000). Genetika 36:915-919. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1652. Discovery, purification, and characterization of a temperate transducing bacteriophage for Bordetella avium. Shelton,C.B., Crosslin,D.R., Casey,J.L., Ng,S., Temple,L.M., Orndorff,P.E. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6130-6136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1653. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis resolves virus sequences amplified with degenerate primers. Short,S.M., Suttle,C.A. (2000). BioTechniques 28:20 [do not have abstract]

  1654. The genome sequence of the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa. Simpson,A.J.G., Reinach,F.C., Arruda,P., Abreu,F.A., Acencio,M., Alvarenga,R., Alves,L.M.C., Araya,J.E., Baia,G.S., Baptista,C.S., Barros,M.H., Bonaccorsi,E.D., Bordin,S., Bove,J.M., Briones,M.R.S., Bueno,M.R.P., Camargo,A.A., Camargo,L.E.A., Carraro,D.M., Carrer,H., Colauto,N.B., Colombo,C., Costa,F.F., Costa,M.C.R., Costa-Neto,C.M., Coutinho,L.L., Cristofani,M., Dias-Neto,E., Docena,C., El-Dorry,H., Facincani,A.P., Ferreira,A.J.S., Ferreira,V.C.A., Ferro,J.A., Fraga,J.S., Franca,S.C., Franco,M.C., Frohme,M., Furlan,L.R., Garnier,M., Goldman,G.H., Goldman,M.H.S., Gomes,S.L., Gruber,A., Ho,P.L., Hoheisel,J.D., Junqueira,M.L., Kemper,E.L., Kitajima,J.P., Krieger,J.E., Kuramae,E.E., Laigret,F., Lambais,M.R., Leite,L.C.C., Lemos,E.G.M., Lemos,M.V.F., Lopes,S.A., Lopes,C.R., Machado,J.A., Machado,M.A., Madeira,A.M.B.N., Madeira,H.M.F., Marino,C.L., Marques,M.V., Martins,E.A.L., Martins,E.M.F., Matsukuma,A.Y., Menck,C.F.M., Miracca,E.C., Miyaki,C.Y., Monteiro-Vitorello,C.B., Moon,D.H., Nagai,M.A., Nascimento,A.L.T.O., Netto,L.E.S., Nhani,A., Jr., Nobrega,F.G., Nunes,L.R., Oliveira,M.A., de Oliveira,M.C., de Oliveira,R.C., Palmieri,D.A., Paris,A., Peixoto,B.R., Pereira,G.A.G., Pereira,H.A., Jr., Pesquero,J.B., Quaggio,R.B., Roberto,P.G., Rodrigues,V., de,M.R., de Rosa,V.E., Jr., de Sa,R.G., Santelli,R.V., Sawasaki,H.E., da Silva,A.C.R., da Silva,A.M., da Silva,F.R., Silva,W.A., Jr., da Silveira,J.F. (2000). Nature 406:151-157. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1655. Transport and attenuation of bacteria and bacteriophages in an alluvial gravel aquifer. Sinton,L.W., Noonan,M.J., Finlay,R.K., Pang,L., Close,M.E. (2000). N. Z. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 34:175-186. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1656. The interactions of peptides with the innate immune system studied with use of T7 phage peptide display [see comments]. Sokoloff,A.V., Bock,I., Zhang,G., Sebestyen,M.G., Wolff,J.A. (2000). Mol Ther 2:131-139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1657. Identification of four loci isolated from two Streptococcus thermophilus phage genomes responsible for mediating bacteriophage resistance. Stanley,E., Walsh,L., van,d.Z., Fitzgerald,G.F., van,S.D. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 182:271-277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1658. Tissue-specific gene expression identifies a gene in the lysogenic phage Gifsy-1 that affects Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium survival in Peyer's patches. Stanley,T.L., Ellermeier,C.D., Slauch,J.M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:4406-4413. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1659. Analysis of marine viral assemblages. Steward,G.F., Azam,F. (2000). p. 159-165. In C.R.Bell, M.Brylinski, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1660. Genome size distributions indicate variability and similarities among marine viral assemblages from diverse environments. Steward,G.F., Montiel,J.L., Azam,F. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:1697-1706. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1661. RNA bacteriophage-based delivery system. Stockley,P.G., Mastico,R.A. (2000). BTG International Limited. 360694(6,159,728). London, GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1663. Cyanophages and their role in the ecology of cyanobacteria. Suttle,C.A. (2000). p. 563-589. In B.A.Whitton and M.Potts (eds.), (eds) The Ecology of Cyanobacteria: Their Diversity in Time and Space. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1664. The ecology, evolutionary and geochemical consequences of viral infection of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae. Suttle,C.A. (2000). p. 248-286. In C.J.Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, New York.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1665. Legionella pneumophila pathogesesis: a fateful journey from amoebae to macrophages. Swanson,M.S., Hammer,B.K. (2000). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 54:567-613. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1666. Studies on phage control of pustule disease in abalone Haliotis discus hannai. Tai-wu,L., Xiang,J., Liu,R. (2000). J. Shelfish Res. 19:535 [do not have abstract]

  1667. Elements of a theory for the mechanisms controlling abundance, diversity, and biogeochemical role of lytic bacterial viruses in aquatic systems. Thingstad,T.F. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:1320-1328. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1668. Use of the bacteriophage F44 for the search of the Erwinia horticola external suppressors [manuscript is in Russian]. Tovkach,F.I., Gorb,T.E. (2000). Biopolimery i Kletka 16:64-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1669. Viruses that slay bacteria draw new interest. Travis,J. (2000). Science News 157(June 3), 358-??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1671. A new Mesorhizobium loti HAMBI 1129 phage isolated from Polish soil. Turska-Szewczuk,A., Russa,R. (2000). Curr. Microbiol. 40:341-343. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1672. Characterization of AbiR, a novel multicomponent abortive infection mechanism encoded by plasmid pKR223 of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis KR2. Twomey,D.P., de Urraza,P.J., McKay,L.L., O'Sullivan,D.J. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2647-2651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1673. Fate of indigenous bacteriophage in a membrane bioreactor. Ueda,T., Horan,N.J. (2000). Water Res. 34:2151-2159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1674. Construction of lux bacteriophages and the determination of specific bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivities. Ulitzur,S., Kuhn,J. (2000). Meth. Enzymol. 305:543-557. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1675. Targeting of phage display vectors to mammalian cells. Uppala,A., Koivunen,E. (2000). Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening 3:373-392. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1676. Killing of flies in electrocuting insect traps releases bacteria and viruses. Urban,J.E., Broce,A. (2000). Curr. Microbiol. 41:267-270. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1677. Genus Chlorovirus (Phycodnaviridae). van Etten,J.L. (2000). p. ???Anonymous (eds) The Springer Index of Viruses. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.[do not have abstract]

  1678. Clay minerals protect bacteriophage PBS1 of Bacillus subtilis against inactivation and loss of transducing ability by UV radiation. Vettori,C., Gallori,E., Stotzy,G. (2000). Can. J. Microbiol. 46:770-773. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1679. A hypothesis for DNA viruses as the origin of eukaryotic replication proteins. Villarreal,L.P., DeFillips,V.R. (2000). J. Virol. 74:7079-7084. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1681. Construction of mini-Tn10luxABcam/Ptac-ATS and its use for developing a bacteriophage that transduces bioluminescence to Escherichia coli O157:H7. Waddell,T.E., Poppe,C. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 182:285-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1683. The return of the phage. Wakefield,J. (2000). Smithsonian 31(7), 43-??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1684. An explosive antisense RNA strategy for inhibition of a lactococcal bacteriophage. Walker,S.A., Klaenhammer,T.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:310-319. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1685. Morphology and general characteristics of phages specific for Astragalus cicer rhizobia. Wdowiak,S., Malek,W., Gradka,M. (2000). Curr. Microbiol. 40:110-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1686. Effective phage therapy is associated with normalization of cytokine production by blood cell cultures. Weber-Dabrowska,B., Zimecki,M., Mulczyk,M. (2000). Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. 48:31-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1687. Bacteriophage therapy of bacterial infections: An update of our institute's experience. Weber-Dabrowska,B., Mulczyk,M., Gorski,A. (2000). Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. 48:547-551. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1689. Experimental evolution recapitulates natural evolution. Wichman,H.A., Scott,L.A., Yarber,C.D., Bull,J.J. (2000). Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 355:1677-1684. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1690. Method and device for detecting bacteriophage using contrast-coloring and precipitable dyes. Wicks,J.H., Krejcarek,G.E., Williams,M.G. (2000). 3M Innovative Properties Company. 350978(6,090,541). St. Paul, MN. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1691. Bacterial carbon production in Lake Erie is influenced by viruses and solar radiation. Wilhelm,S.W., Smith,R.E.H. (2000). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57:317-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1692. Analysis of cyanophage diversity in the marine environment using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Wilson,W.H., Fuller,N.J., Jount,I.R., Mann,N.H. (2000). p. 565-570. In C.R.Bell, M.Brylinsky, and P.Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada.[do not have abstract]

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  1695. Phage conversion of exfoliative toxin A production in Staphylococcus aureus. Yamaguchi,T., Hayashi,T., Takami,H., Nakasone,K., Ohnishi,M., Nakayama,K., Yamada,S., Komatsuzawa,H., Sugai,M. (2000). Mol. Microbiol. 38:694-705. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1696. Effect of alcohols on Escherichia coli phages. Yamashita,M., Murahashi,H., Tomita,T., Hirata,A. (2000). Biocontrol Science 5:9-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1697. An exfoliative toxin A-converting phage isolated from Staphylococcus aureus strain ZM. Yoshizawa,Y., Sakurada,J., Sakurai,S., Machida,K., Kondo,I., Masuda,S. (2000). Microbiology and Immunology 44:189-191. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1698. Phages will out: strategies of host cell lysis. Young,R., Wang,I.-N., Roof,W.D. (2000). Trends Microbiol. 8:120-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1699. Characterization of the distal tail fiber locus and determination of the receptor for phage AR1, which specifically infects Escherichia coli O157:H7. Yu,S.L., Ko,K.L., Chen,C.S., Chang,Y.C., Syu,W.J. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:5962-5968. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1700. Interspecies lysogenization in staphylococci: Transfer of enterotoxin a converting bacteriophage from clinical strain of Staphylococcus aureus to Staphylococcus intermedius. Zabicka,D., Mlynarczyk,G., Luczak,M. (2000). Med Dosw Mikrobiol 52:317-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1702. Quinolone antibiotics induce Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages, toxin production, and death in mice. Zhang,X., McDaniel,A.D., Wolf,L.E., Keusch,G.T., Waldor,M.K., Acheson,D.W. (2000). J. Infect. Dis. 181:664-670. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1703. Prophage, phiPV83-pro, carrying panton-valentine leukocidin genes, on the Staphylococcus aureus P83 chromosome: comparative analysis of the genome structures of phiPV83-pro, phiPVL, phi11, and other phages. Zou,D., Kaneko,J., Narita,S., Kamio,Y. (2000). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 64:2631-2643. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1704. Viruses help fight bacteria that resist antibiotics. ??? (1999). The Patriot Ledger Quincy, MA 13(183?), 183? (News Section)-same? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1706. Tailed bacteriophages: the order Caudovirales. Ackermann,H.-W. (1999). Adv. Virus Res. 51:135-201. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1707. Longitudinal study on the susceptibility to bacteriophages of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from dairy farms in Trinidad. Adesiyun,A.A., Romain,H.T. (1999). Zentralblatt Fur Veterinarmedizin - Reihe B 46:567-581. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1708. Iron modulates phenotypic variation and phosphorylation of P270 in double-stranded RNA virus-infected Trichomonas vaginalis. Alderete,J.F. (1999). Infect. Immun. 67:4298-4302. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1709. Primary structure and features of the genome of the Lactobacillus gasseri temperate bacteriophage phiadh. Altermann,E., Klein,J.R., Henrich,B. (1999). Gene (Amsterdam) 236:333-346. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1710. Stable expression of the Lactobacillus casei bacteriophage A2 repressor blocks phage propagation during milk fermentation. Alverez,M.A., Rodriguez,A., Suarez,J.E. (1999). J. Appl. Microbiol. 86:812-816. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1711. Test tube evolution catches time in a bottle. Appenzeller,T. (1999). Science 284:2108-2110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1712. Application of bacteriophages as surrogates for mammalian viruses: a case for use in filter validation based on precedents and current practices in medical and environmental virology. Aranha-Creado,H., Brandwein,H. (1999). PDA Journal of Pharamaceutical Science and Technology 53:75-82. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1713. The genetic element pSSVx of the extremely thermophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus is a hybrid between a plasmid and a virus. Arnold,H.P., She,Q., Phan,H., Stedman,K., Prangishvili,D., Holz,I., Kristjansson,J.K., Garrett,R., Zillig,W. (1999). Mol. Microbiol. 34:217-226. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1714. Characterization of six bacteriophages of Serratia liquefaciens CP6 isolated from the sugar beet phytosphere. Ashelford,K.E., Fry,J.C., Bailey,M.J., Jeffries,A.R., Day,M.J. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1959-1965. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1715. In situ population dynamics of bacterial viruses in a terrestrial environment. Ashelford,K.E., Day,M.J., Bailey,M.J., Lilley,A.K., Fry,J.C. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:169-174. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1718. Viral evolution revealed by bacteriophage PRD1 and human adenovirus coat protein structures. Benson,S.D., Bamford,J.K., Bamford,D.H., Burnett,R.M. (1999). Cell 98:825-833. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1719. Biological UV dosimeters in the assessment of the biological hazard from environmental radiation. Berces,A., Fekete,A., Gáspár,S., Grof,P., Rettberg,P., Horneck,G., Rontó,G. (1999). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 53:36-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1720. Isolation of Shigella sonnei lysogenic for a bacteriophage encoding gene for production of Shiga toxin. Beutin,L., Strauch,E., Fischer,I. (1999). Lancet 353:1498 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1721. Reconsidering the relationship between virally induced bacterial mortality and frequency of infected cells. Binder,B. (1999). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 18:207-215. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1722. Vaginal bacterial phaginosis? Blackwell,A.L. (1999). Sexually Transmitted Infections 75:352-353. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1723. High-frequency transduction (HFT) of resistance to ceftazidime and other antibiotics by a wild-type Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage. Blahová,J., Králiková,K., Krcméry,V., Sr., Bartoníková,N., Mikovicova,A. (1999). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 289:179-183. [do not have abstract]

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  1727. Effect of prey heterogeneity on the response of a food chain to resource enrichment. Bohannan,B.J.M., Lenski,R.E. (1999). Am. Nat. 153:73-82. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1728. Epistatic interactions can lower the cost of resistance to multiple consumers. Bohannan,B.J.M., Travisano,M., Lenski,R.E. (1999). Evolution 53:292-295. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1729. Reduction of microorganisms in sewage effluent using hypochlorite and peracetic acid as disinfectants. Bonadonna,L., Della,L.S., Veschetti,E., Cutilli,D., Ottaviani,M., Divizia,M., Donia,D., Gabrieli,R., Pana,A., Martini,C., Anastasi,P. (1999). Central European Journal of Public Health 7:130-132. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1730. Antimicrobial properties and morphological characteristics of two Photorhabdus luminescens strains. Bondi,M., Messi,P., Sabia,C., Baccarani-Contri,M., Manicardi,G. (1999). New. Microbiol. 22:117-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1731. Alternative mechanism of cholera toxin acquisition by Vibrio cholerae: Generalized transduction of CTXPHI by bacteriophage CP-T1. Boyd,E.F., Waldor,M.K. (1999). Infect. Immun. 67:5898-5905. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1732. Distribution of the human faecal bacterium Bacteroides fragilis, its bacteriophages and their relationship to current sewage pollution indicators in bathing water. Bradley,G., Carter,J., Gaudie,D., King,C. (1999). Society for Applied Microbiology Symposium Series 90S-100S. [do not have abstract]

  1733. Use of plaque assay to detect enteric viruses in a rural watershed. Brenner,F.J., Brenner,E.K., Schwartz,T.E. (1999). J. Environ. Qual. 28:845-849. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1734. Iodine disinfection of a model bacteriophage, MS2, demonstrating apparent rebound. Brion,G.M., Silverstein,J. (1999). Water Res. 33:169-179. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1735. Flow cytometric analyses of virus infection in two marine phytoplankton species, Micromonas pusilla (Prasinophyceae) and Phaeocystis pouchetii (Prymnesiophyceae). Brussaard,C.P.D., Thyrhaug,R., Marie,D., Bratbak,G. (1999). J. Phycol. 35:941-948. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1736. Evolution by small steps and rugged landscapes in the RNA virus f6. Burch,C.L., Chao,L. (1999). Genetics 151:921-927. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1737. Induction and characterization of Pediococcus acidilactici temperate bacteriophage. Caldwell,S.L., McMahon,D.J., Oberg,C.J., Broadbent,J.R. (1999). Systematic and Applied Microbiology 22:514-519. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1738. Phage therapy: past history and future prospects. Carlton,R.M. (1999). Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. 47:267-274. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1739. Adsorption of bacteriophages on clay minerals. Chattopadhyay,S., Puls,R.W. (1999). Environ. Sci. Technol. 33:3609-3614. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1740. Fate of Cryptosporidium oocysts, Giardia cysts, and microbial indicators during wastewater treatment and anaerobic sludge digestion. Chauret,C., Springthorpe,S., Sattar,S. (1999). Can. J. Microbiol. 45:257-262. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1741. The primary immunity determinant in modulating the lysogenic immunity of the filamentous bacteriophage cf [published erratum appears in J Mol Biol 1999 Nov 5;293(4):987]. Cheng,C.M., Wang,H.J., Bau,H.J., Kuo,T.T. (1999). J. Mol. Biol. 287:867-876. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1742. Procaryotic infections in the mussel Mytilus galloprovinciallis and in its parasite the turbellarian Urastoma cyprinae. Comps,M., Tige,G. (1999). Dis. Aquat. Org. 38:211-217. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1743. Device and method for phage-based antibiotic susceptibility testing. Cottingham,H.V. (1999). Becton, Dickinson and Company. 883722(5,858,693). Franklin Lakes, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1744. Inactivation of faecal indicator microorganisms in waste stabilisation ponds: Interactions of environmental factors with sunlight. Davies-Colley,R.J., Donnison,A.M., Speed,D.J., Ross,C.M., Nagels,J.W. (1999). Water Res. 33:1220-1230. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1745. The Vibrio cholerae O139 Calcutta bacteriophage CTXphi is infectious and encodes a novel repressor. Davis,B.M., Kimsey,H.H., Chang,W., Waldor,M.K. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:6779-6787. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1746. Rapid transport of viruses in a floodplain aquifer. DeBorde,D.C., Woessner,W.W., Kiley,Q.T., Ball,P. (1999). Water Res. 33:2229-2238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1747. An estimator of the mutant frequency in assays using transgenic animals. Delongchamp,R.R., Malling,H.V., Chen,J.B., Heflich,R.H. (1999). Mut. Res. 440:101-108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1748. Genetic organization and functional analysis of a novel phage abortive infection system, AbiL, from Lactococcus lactis. Deng,Y.M., Liu,C.Q., Dunn,N.W. (1999). J. Biotechnol. 67:135-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1749. Comparative sequence analysis of the DNA packaging, head, and tail morphogenesis modules in the temperate cos-site Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage Sfi21. Desiere,F., Lucchini,S., Brüssow,H. (1999). Virology 260:244-253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1750. [An accelerated method for detecting coliphages in the drinking water]. Dmitrieva,R.A., Doskina,T.V., Nedachin,A.E., Sidorenko,S.G. (1999). Gigiena i Sanitariia 71-72. [do not have abstract]

  1751. Presence of bacteriophages in different stages of wastewater treatment. Donia,D., Divizia,M., Pana,A., Gabrieli,R., Gasbarro,M., Capuani,L., Morelli,A.L. (1999). Ig. Mod. 111:239-251. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1752. Horizontal gene transfer among bacteria in terrestrial and aquatic habitats as assessed by microcosm and field studies. Droege,M., Puehler,A., Selbitschka,W. (1999). Biol. Fertil. Soils 29:221-245. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1753. Survival, physiology, and lysis of Lactococcus lactis in the digestive tract. Drouault,S. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:4881-4886. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1754. Integrity of powder-free examination gloves to bacteriophage penetration. Edlich,R.F. (1999). J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 48:755-758. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1755. Molecular evidence for a new bacteriophage of Borrelia burgdorferi. Eggers,C.H., Samuels,D.S. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:7308-7313. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1756. Bacteriophage-like particles associated with the gene transfer agent of Methanococcus voltae PS. Eiserling,F., Pushkin,A., Gingery,M., Bertani,G. (1999). J. Gen. Virol. 80:3305-3308. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1757. Development of reduced acridines as antiprophage agents. El-Bermawy,M.A., Kadry,A., El-Didamony,G., Amin,M. (1999). Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal (Taipei) 51:191-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1758. Little evidence for synergism among deleterious mutations in a nonsegmented RNA virus. Elena,S.F. (1999). J. Mol. Evol. 49:703-707. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1759. Rate of deleterious mutation and the distribution of its effects on fitness in vesicular stomatitis virus. Elena,S.F., Moya,A. (1999). J. Evol. Biol. 12:1078-1088. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1760. Evaluation of a bacteriophage-based assay (Phage amplified biologically assay) as a rapid screen for resistance to isoniazid, ethambutol, streptomycin, pyrazinamide, and ciprofloxacin among clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Eltringham,I.J. (1999). J. Clin. Microbiol. 37:3528-3532. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1761. Addiction modules and programmed cell death and antideath in bacterial cultures. Engelberg-Kulka,H., Glaser,G. (1999). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 53:43-70. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1762. Lysogenic conversion of environmental Vibrio mimicus strains by CTXF. Faruque,S.M., Rahman,M.M., Asadulghani,K.M., Islam,N., Mekalanos,J.J. (1999). Infect. Immun. 67:5723-5729. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1763. Inducible prophages contribute to Salmonella virulence in mice. Figueroa-Bossi,N., Bossi,L. (1999). Mol. Microbiol. 33:167-176. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1764. Identification of four phage resistance plasmids from Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris HO2. Forde,A., Daly,C., Fitzgerald,G.F. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1540-1547. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1765. Bacteriophage defence systems in lactic acid bacteria. Forde,A. (1999). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 76:89-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1766. Phage typing of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli and its use as an adjunct to serotyping. Frost,J.A., Kramer,J.M., Gillanders,S.A. (1999). Epidem. Inf. 123:47-55. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1767. Influence of RecA on in vivo virulence and Shiga toxin 2 production in Escherichia coli pathogens. Fuchs,S., Muhldorfer,I., Donohue-Rolfe,A., Kerenyi,M., Emody,L., Alexiev,R., Nenkov,P., Hacker,J. (1999). Microb. Pathog. 27:13-23. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1768. Marine viruses and their biogeochemical and ecological effects. Fuhrman,J.A. (1999). Nature 399:541-548. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1769. The microbial quality of a Wetland Reclamation Facility used to produce an effluent for unrestricted non-potable reuse. Fujioka,R.S., Bonilla,A.J., Rijal,G.K. (1999). Water Sci. Technol. 40:369-374. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1770. Horizontal gene transfer in glycosyl hydrolases inferred from codon usage in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Garcia-Vallve,S., Palau,J., Romeu,A. (1999). Mol. Biol. Evol. 16:1125-1134. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1771. Bacteriophages of dairy propionibacteria. Gautier,M., Rouault,A., Herve,C., Sommer,P., eret,V., Jan,G., Fraslin,J.M., Prevot,F., Coste,A. (1999). Lait 79:93-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1772. Optimization of artificial wetland design for removal of indicator microorganisms and pathogenic protozoa. Gerba,C.P., Thurston,J.A., Falabi,J.A., Watt,P.M., Karpiscak,M.M. (1999). Water Sci. Technol. 40:363-368. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1773. Roles of Pseudomonas aeruginosa las and rhl quorum-sensing systems in control of twitching motility. Glessner,A., Smith,R.S., Iglewski,B.H., Robinson,J.B. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:1623-1629. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1774. Development and characterization of a fluorescent-bacteriophage assay for detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Goodridge,L., Chen,J., Griffiths,M. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1397-1404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1775. The use of a fluorescent bacteriophage assay for detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in inoculated ground beef and raw milk. Goodridge,L., Chen,J., Griffiths,M. (1999). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 47:43-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1776. Bacteriophage lambda: The untold story. Gottesman,M. (1999). J. Mol. Biol. 293:177-180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1777. Removal of MS-2 and PRD-1 bacteriophages from an ultrapure water system. Governal,R.A., Gerba,C.P. (1999). J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 23:166-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1778. Elimination of viruses, phages, bacteria and Cryptosporidium by a new generation Aquaguard point-of-use water treatment unit. Grabow,W.O.K., Clay,C.G., Dhaliwal,W., Vrey,M.A., Muller,E.E. (1999). Zentralblatt fur Hygiene und Unweltmedizin 202:399-410. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1779. Virus removal by filtration. Graf,E.G., Jander,E., West,A., Pora,H., Aranha-Creado,H. (1999). Dev. Biol. Standard. 99:89-94. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1780. Viral lysis and bacterivory during a phytoplankton bloom in a coastal water microcosm. Guixa-Boixareu,N., Lysnes,K., Pedros-Alio,C. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1949-1958. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1781. Symbiotic properties of transformed Rhizobium phaseoli and its susceptibility to phages of the donour and recipient strains. Hammad,A.M.M. (1999). Egyptian Journal of Microbiology 34:331-346. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1782. Mycobacteriophages. Hatfull,G.F. (1999). p. 38-58. In C.Ratledge and J.Dale (eds.), (eds) Mycobacteria: Molecular Biology and Virulence. Chapman and Hall, London.[do not have abstract]

  1783. Expression and immunogenicity of a liver stage malaria epitope presented as a foreign peptide on the surface of RNA-free MS2 bacteriophage capsids. Heal,K.G., Hill,H.R., Stockley,P.G., Hollingdale,M.R., Taylor-Robinson,A.W. (1999). Vaccine 18:251-258. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1784. Evolution: the long evolutionary reach of viruses. Hendrix,R.W. (1999). Curr. Biol. 9:R914-R917 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1785. Evolutionary relationships among diverse bacteriophages and prophages: All the world's a phage. Hendrix,R.W., Smith,M.C.M., Burns,R.N., Ford,M.E., Hatfull,G.F. (1999). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:2192-2197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1786. Removal of viruses by microfiltration membranes at different solution environments. Herath,G., Yamamoto,K., Urase,T. (1999). Water Sci. Technol. 40:331-338. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1787. Generalized transduction of small Yersinia enterocolitica plasmids. Hertwig,S., Popp,A., Freytag,B., Lurz,R., Appel,B. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:3862-3866. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1788. Preparation of phage-insensitive strains of Tetragenococcus halophila and its application for soy sauce fermentation. Higuchi,T., Uchida,K., Abe,K. (1999). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 63:415-417. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1789. The catalytic group-I introns of the psbA gene of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii : core structures, ORFs and evolutionary implications. Holloway,S.P., Deshpande,N.N., Herrin,D.L. (1999). Curr. Gen. 36:69-78. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1790. Diffusion of bacteriophage through alginate gels. Ibrahim,L.J., Denyer,S.P., Hanlon,G.W. (1999). J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 51:38 [do not have abstract]

  1791. Uptake and intracellular fate of phage display vectors in mammalian cells. Ivanenkov,V.V., Felici,F., Menon,A.G. (1999). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1448:450-462. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1792. Changing consumer water-use patterns and their effect on microbiological water quality as a result of an engineering intervention. Jagals,P., Bokako,T.C., Grabow,W.O.K. (1999). Water S A (Pretoria) 25:297-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1793. Development of lytic Lactococcus lactis bacteriophages in a Cheddar cheese plant. Josephsen,J., Petersen,A., Neve,H., Nielsen,E.W. (1999). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 50:163-171. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1794. [Cryostabilization of biological properties of plague phages]. Kadetov,V.V., Kudriakova,T.A., Terent'ev,A.N., Kachkina,G.V., Borodina,T.N., Saiamov,S.R. (1999). Vopr. Virusol. 44:136-139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1795. Bacteriocin-like inhibitory activities among various species of Listeria. Kalmokoff,M.L., Daley,E., Austin,J.W., Farber,J.M. (1999). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 50:191-201. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1796. Characterization of wild lambdoid bacteriophages: detection of a wide distribution of phage immunity groups and identification of a nus-dependent, nonlambdoid phage group. Kameyama,L., Fernandez,L., Calderon,J., Ortiz-Rojas,A., Patterson,T.A. (1999). Virology 263:100-111. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1797. An extrachromosomal prophage naturally associated with Bacillus thuringiensis serovar israelensis. Kanda,K., Ohderaotoshi,T., Shimojyo,A., Kato,F., Murata,A. (1999). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 28:305-308. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1798. A bacteriophage encoding a pathogenicity island, a type-IV pilus and a phage receptor in cholera bacteria [see comments]. Karaolis,D.K., Somara,S., Maneval,D.R.Jr., Johnson,J.A., Kaper,J.B. (1999). Nature 399:375-379. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1799. Shiga toxins even when different are encoded at identical positions in the genomes of related temperate bacteriophages. Karch,H., Schmidt,H., Janetzki-Mittmann,C., Scheef,J., Kroger,M. (1999). Mol. Gen. Genet. 262:600-607. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1800. Genetic selection of phage engineered for receptor-mediated gene transfer to mammalian cells. Kassner,P.D., Burg,M.A., Baird,A., Larocca,D. (1999). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 264:921-928. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1801. Anticodon nuclease: a bacterial RNA restriction enzyme. Kaufmann,G. (1999). TIBS ???:??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1802. Biological projectiles (phage, yeast, bacteria) for genetic transformation of plants. Kikkert,J.R., Humiston,G.A., Roy,M.K., Sanford,J.C. (1999). In Vitro Cell. Devel. Biol. Plant 35:43-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1803. Alternative origins for nannobacteria-like objects in calcite. Kirkland,B.L., Folk,R.L., Lynch,F.L., McLean,R.J.C., Molineux,I.J., Rahnis,M.A. (1999). Geology (Boulder) 27:347-350. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1804. Genetic homogeneity and phage susceptibility of ruminal strains of Streptococcus bovis isolated in Australia. Klieve,A.V., Heck,G.L., Prance,M.A., Shu,Q. (1999). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 29:108-112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1805. Phage RNA structures regulating translation and replication: an evolutionary approach. Klovins,J. (1999). Lieden. [do not have abstract]

  1806. Biocontrol of Escherichia coli O157 with O157-specific bacteriophages. Kudva,I.T., Jelacic,S., Tarr,P.I., Youderian,P., Hovde,C.J. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:3767-3773. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1807. Unexpected abundance of self-splicing introns in the genome of bacteriophage Twort: Introns in multiple genes, a single gene with three introns, and exon skipping by group I ribozymes. Landthaler,M., Shub,D.A. (1999). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:7005-7010. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1808. Gene transfer to mammalian cells using genetically targeted filamentous bacteriophage. Larocca,D., Kassner,P.D., Witte,A., Ladner,R.C., Pierce,G.F., Baird,A. (1999). FASEB J. 13:727-734. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1809. Occurrence and levels of phages proposed as surrogate indicators of enteric viruses in different types of sludges. Lasobras,J., Dellunde,J., Jofre,J., Lucena,F. (1999). J. Appl. Microbiol. 86:723-729. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1810. The R-type pyocin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa C is a bacteriophage tail-like particle that contains single-stranded DNA. Lee,F.K.N., Dudas,K.C., Hanson,J.A., Nelson,M.B., Loverde,P.T., Apicella,M.A. (1999). Infect. Immun. 67:717-725. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1811. Rekonstruktsiia vozmozhnykh putei proiskhozhdeniia i morfologicheskoi evoliutsii bakteriofagov [Reconstruction of possible paths of the origin and morphological evolution of bacteriophages]. Letarov,A.V. (1999). Genetika 34:1461-1469. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1812. Istoriia otkrytiia i izucheniia brutselloznykh bakteriofagov [The history of the discovery and study of Brucella bacteriophages]. Liapustina,L.V., Liamkin,L.I., Taran,I.F. (1999). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 123-124. [do not have abstract]

  1813. Identification of a Vibrio cholerae RTX toxin gene cluster that is tightly linked to the cholera toxin prophage. Lin,W., Fullner,K.J., Clayton,R., Sexton,J.A., Rogers,M.B., Calia,K.E., Calderwood,S.B., Fraser,C., Mekalanos,J.J. (1999). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:1071-1076. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1814. Bacteriophages: An altertnative to antibiotics? Lorch,A. (1999). Biotechnology and Development Monitor 39:14-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1815. Defektnye fagi kak faktor antagonizma u blizkorodstvennykh batsill [Defective phages as an antagonistic factor in closely-related bacilli]. Lotareva,O.V., Prozorov,A.A. (1999). Mikrobiologica 67:788-791. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1816. Similarly organized lysogeny modules in temperate Siphoviridae from low GC content gram-positive bacteria. Lucchini,S., Desiere,F., Brüssow,H. (1999). Virology 263:427-435. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1817. The genetic relationship between virulent and temperate Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages: Whole genome comparison of cos-site phages Sfi19 and Sfi21. Lucchini,S., Desiere,F., Brüssow,H. (1999). Virology 260:232-243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1818. Comparative genomics of Streptococcus thermophilus phage species supports a modular evolution theory. Lucchini,S., Desiere,F., Brüssow,H. (1999). J. Virol. 73:8647-8656. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1819. Removal of microorganisms from water by columns containing sand coated with ferric and aluminum hydroxides. Lukasik,J., Cheng,Y.F., Lu,F., Tamplin,M., Farrah,S.R. (1999). Water Res. 33:769-777. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1820. Establishment of bacteriophages in an immobilized cells system used for continuous inoculation of lactococci. Macedo,M.G., Champagne,C.P., Vuillemard,J.C., Lacroix,C. (1999). Int. Dairy J. 9:437-445. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1821. Enteroviruses in the recreational waters of Lake Orta. Maiello,A., Guidetti,A., Poncetta,D., Ossola,O., Guidetti,L., Buttinelli,G., Fiore,L., Ruggenini,A.M. (1999). Lakes Reservoirs Research and Management 4:93-99. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1822. Complete nucleotide sequence of the prophage VT2-Sakai carrying the verotoxin 2 genes of the enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 derived from the Sakai outbreak. Makino,K., Yokoama,K., Kubota,Y., Yutsudo,C.H., Kimura,S., Kurokawa,K., Ishii,K., Hattori,M., Tatsuno,I., Abe,H., Lida,T., Yamamoto,K., Onishi,M., Hayashi,T., Yasunaga,T., Honda,T., Sasakawa,C., Shinagawa,H. (1999). Genes and Genetic Systems 74:227-239. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1823. Prophages inserted in archaebacterial genomes. Makino,S.I., Amano,N., Koike,H., Suzuki,M. (1999). Proceedings of the Japan Academy Series B Physical and Biological Sciences 75:166-171. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1824. Seasonal changes in densities of cyanophage infectious to Microcystis aeruginosa in a hypereutrophic pond. Manage,P., Kawabata,Z., Nakano,S. (1999). Hydrobiologia. 411:211-216. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1825. Enumeration of marine viruses in culture and natural samples by flow cytometry. Marie,D., Brussaard,C.P.D., Thyrhaug,G., Bratbak,G., Vaulot,D. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:45-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1826. Cyanophages. Martin,E.L., Kokjohn,T.A. (1999). p. 324-332. In A.Granoff and R.G.Webster (eds.), (eds) Encyclopedia of Virology second edition. Academic Press, San Diego.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1827. Induction of prophages of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 with norfloxacin. Matsushiro,A., Sato,K., Miyamoto,H., Yamamura,T., Honda,T. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:2257-2260. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1828. Major capsid proteins of certain Vibrio and Aeromonas phages are homologous to the equivalent protein, gp23(*), of coliphage T4. Matsuzaki,S., Kuroda,K., Kimura,S., Tanaka,S. (1999). Arch. Virol. 144:1647-1651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1829. Vibriophage KVP40 and coliphage T4 genomes share a homologous 7-kbp region immediately upstream of the gene encoding the major capsid protein. Matsuzaki,S., Kuroda,M., Kimura,S., Tanaka,S. (1999). Arch. Virol. 144:2007-2012. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1830. Bacterial and viral indicators of fecal pollution in Mexico City's southern aquifer. Mazari-Hiriart,M., Torres-Beristain,B., Velazquez,E., Calva,J.J., Pillai,S.D. (1999). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A 34:1715-1735. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1831. TB: the return of the phage. A review of fifty years of mycobacteriophage research. McNerney,R. (1999). Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. 3:179-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1832. Virulence evolution in a virus obeys a trade-off. Messenger,S.L., Molineux,I.J., Bull,J.J. (1999). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 266:397-404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1833. Bacteriophages in the evolution of pathogen-host interactions. Miao,E.A., Miller,S.I. (1999). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:9452-9454. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1834. Comparative study of techniques used to recover viruses from residual urban sludge. Mignotte,B., Maul,A., Schwartzbrod,L. (1999). J. Virol. Meth. 78:71-80. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1835. Isolation of additional bacteriophages with genomes of segmented double-stranded RNA. Mindich,L., Qiao,X., Qiao,J., Onodera,S., Romantschuk,M., Hoogstraten,D. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:4505-4508. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1836. Clonal interference and the evolution of RNA viruses. Miralles,R., Gerrish,P.J., Moya,A., Elena,S.F. (1999). Science 285:1745-1747. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1837. Effect of population patchiness and migration rates on the adaptation and divergence of vesicular stomatitis virus quasispecies populations. Miralles,R., Moya,A., Elena,S.F. (1999). J. Gen. Virol. 80:2051-2059. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1838. Isolation of a temperate bacteriophage encoding the type III effector protein SopE from an epidemic Salmonella typhimurium strain. Mirold,S., Rabsch,W., Rohde,M., Stender,S., Tschaepe,H., Ruessmann,H., Igwe,E., Hardt,W.D. (1999). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:9845-9850. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1839. [Natural interspecific hybrids of transposable phages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa]. Mit'kina,L.N., Krylov,V.N. (1999). Genetika 35:1182-1190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1840. Escherichia coli O157 strains which caused Japanese outbreaks have residues of bacteriophage sequences. Miyahara,M., Konuma,H. (1999). Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 22:1372-1375. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1841. The so-called chromosomal verotoxin genes are actually carried by defective prophages. Mizutani,S., Nakazono,N., Sugino,Y. (1999). DNA Research 6:141-143. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1842. Transmission of the methicillin resistance from Staphylococcus epidermidis to Staphylococcus aureus in mixed cultures. Mlynarczyk,A., Mlynarczyk,G., Jeljaszewicz,J. (1999). Med Dosw Mikrobiol 51:199-205. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1843. The role of the spectral sensitivity curve in the selection of relevant biological dosimeters for solar UV monitoring. Modos,K., Gáspár,S., Kerekgyarto,T., Vink,A.A., Roza,L., Fekete,A. (1999). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 53:20-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1844. DNA encoding phage abortive infection protein from Lactococcus lactis and method of use thereof. Moineau,S., Holler,B.J., Vandenbergh,P.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Kondo,J.K. (1999). Quest International Flavors & Food Ingredients Company. 910551(5,910,571). Bridgewater, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1845. Applications of phage resistance in lactic acid bacteria. Moineau,S. (1999). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 76:377-382. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1846. DNA encoding phage resistance protein. Moineau,S., Emond,E., Walker,S., Vedamuthu,E.R., Kondo,J.K. (1999). Quest International B.V. 980329(5,994,118). Naarden, NL. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1847. DNA encoding phage abortive infection protein from Lactococcus lactis and method of use thereof. Moineau,S., Holler,B.J., Emond,E., Vandenbergh,P.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Kondo,J.K. (1999). Quest International Flavors & Food Ingredients Company. 909425(5,928,688). Bridgewater, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1848. Enzyme for phage resistance. Moineau,S., Walker,S.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Vandenbergh,P.A. (1999). Quest International Flavors & Food Ingredients Company. 826439(5,972,673). Bridgewater, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1849. Codon usage and lateral gene transfer in Bacillus subtilis. Moszer,I., Rocha,E.P., Danchin,A. (1999). Curr. Opin. Mirobiol. 2:524-528. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1850. Comparative survival of free shiga toxin 2-encoding phages and Escherichia coli strains outside the gut. Muniesa,M., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:5615-5618. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1851. Occurrence and numbers of bacteriophages and bacterial indicators in faeces of yellow-legged seagull (Larus cachinnans). Muniesa,M., Jofre,J., Lucena,F. (1999). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 29:421-423. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1852. Study of the potential relationship between the morphology of infectious somatic coliphages and their persistence in the environment. Muniesa,M., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (1999). J. Appl. Microbiol. 87:402-409. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1853. Phage-inactivating effect of riboflavin phosphate and flavin-adenine dinucleotide. Murata,A., Oda,K., Sakai,S. (1999). Agric. Biol. Chem. 49:1881-1883. [do not have abstract]

  1854. Model systems to study the parameters determining the success of phage antibody selections on complex antigens. Mutuberria,R., Hoogenboom,H.R., van,d.L., de Bruine,A.P., Roovers,R.C. (1999). J. Immunol. Meth. 231:65-81. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1855. Growth characteristics of Heterosigma akashiwo virus and its possible use as a microbiological agent for red tide control. Nagasaki,K., Tarutani,K., Yamaguchi,M. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:898-902. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1856. Protective effects of bacteriophage on experimental Lactococcus garvieae infection in yellowtail. Nakai,T., Sugimoto,R., Park,K.-H., Matsuoka,S., Mori,K., Nishioka,T., Maruyama,K. (1999). Dis. Aquat. Org. 37:33-41. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1857. A filamentous phage of Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 isolated in Laos. Nakasone,N., Ikema,M., Higa,N., Yamashiro,T., Iwanaga,M. (1999). Microbiology and Immunology 43:385-388. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1858. The complete nucleotide sequence of phi CTX, a cytotoxin-converting phage of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: implications for phage evolution and horizontal gene transfer via bacteriophages. Nakayama,K., Kanaya,S., Ohnishi,M., Terawaki,Y., Hayashi,T. (1999). Mol. Microbiol. 31:399-419. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1859. Quantitative assessment of the inactivation of pathogenic and indicator viruses in natural water sources. Nasser,A.M., Oman,S.D. (1999). Water Res. 33:1748-1752. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1860. A whole-glove method for the evaluation of surgical gloves as barriers to viruses. Nelson,J.R., Roming,T.A., Bennet,J.K. (1999). American Journal of Contact Dermatitis 10:183-189. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1861. Bacterial and chemical quality of water supply in the Dertig village settlement. Nevondo,T.S., Cloete,T.E. (1999). Water S A (Pretoria) 25:215-220. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1862. Genetic variation of chlorella viruses: Variable regions localized on the CVK2 genomic DNA. Nishida,K., Kimura,Y., Kawasaki,T., Fujie,M., Yamada,T. (1999). Virology 255:376-384. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1864. The effects of viral enrichment on the mortality and growth of heterotrophic bacterioplankton. Noble,R.T., Middelboe,M., Fuhrman,J.A. (1999). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 18:1-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1865. The fates of viruses in the marine environment. Noble,R.T. (1999). University of Southern California. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1866. Exponential fitness gains of RNA virus populations are limited by bottleneck effects. Novella,I.S., Quer,J., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1999). J. Virol. 73:1668-1671. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1869. Identification of two types of actionophage parasitic to potato common scab pathogens in Hokkaido, Japan. Ogiso,H., Akino,S., Ogoshi,A. (1999). Soil Microorganisms 53:37-43. [do not have abstract]

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  1872. Microbiological studies in the Dead Sea: Future challenges toward the understanding of life at the limit of salt concentrations. Oren,A. (1999). Hydrobiologia 1-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1876. Poor efficacy of residual chlorine disinfectant in drinking water to inactivate waterborne pathogens in distribution systems. Payment,P. (1999). Can. J. Microbiol. 45:709-715. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1877. Effect of biocides commonly used in the hospital environment on the transfer of antibiotic-resistance genes in Staphylococcus aureus. Pearce,H., Messager,S., Maillard,J.Y. (1999). J. Hosp. Infect. 43:101-107. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1880. Comparative frequencies of Imi-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutants arising after infection with various transposable bacteriophages. Pletenova,E.N., Mitkina,L.N., Burkal'tseva,M.V., Krylov,V.N. (1999). Genetika 35:886-890. [do not have abstract]

  1881. Sequence of Shiga toxin 2 phage 933W from Escherichia coli O157:H7: Shiga toxin as a phage late-gene product. Plunkett,G., III, Rose,D.J., Durfee,T.J., Blattner,F.R. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:1767-1778. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1882. An evaluation of the efficacy of a wastewater treatment plant. Poncetta,D., Maiello,A., Guidetti,L., Moiraghi,R.A. (1999). Ig. Mod. 112:1-15. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1883. Targeted gene delivery to mammalian cells by filamentous bacteriophage. Poul,M.A., Marks,J.D. (1999). J. Mol. Biol. 288:203-211. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1884. A novel virus family, the Rudiviridae: Structure, virus-host interactions and genome variability of the sulfolobus viruses SIRV1 and SIRV2. Prangishvili,D., Arnold,H.P., Gotz,D., Ziese,U., Holz,I., Kristjansson,J.K., Zillig,W. (1999). Genetics 152:1387-1396. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1885. Nucleic acid sequences and plasmids comprising at least one phage resistance mechanism, bacteria containing them and their use. Prevots,F., Tolou,S., Daloyau,M. (1999). Systems Bio-Industries. 702153(5,955,332). Boulogne, FR. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1886. Diversity of Bacteroides fragilis strains in their capacity to recover phages from human and animal wastes and from fecally polluted wastewater. Puig,A., Queralt,N., Jofre,J., Araujo,R. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1772-1776. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1887. Genomic structure of phage B40-8 of Bacteroides fragilis. Puig,M., Girones,R. (1999). Microbiology (Reading) 1999 Jul, 145:1661-1670. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1888. Inactivation of Lactobacillus helveticus bacteriophages by thermal and chemical treatments. Quiberoni,A. (1999). J. Food Prot. 62:894-898. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1889. Model for bacteriophage T4 development in Escherichia coli. Rabinovitch,A., Hadas,H., Einav,M., Melamed,Z., Zaritsky,A. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:1677-1683. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1890. Bacterial lysis by phage--a theoretical model. Rabinovitch,A., Zaritsky,A., Fishov,I., Einav,M., Hadas,H. (1999). J. Theor. Biol. 201:209-213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1891. Prevention of Clostridium difficile-induced ileocecitis with bacteriophage. Ramesh,V., Fralick,J.A., Rolfe,R.D. (1999). Anaerobe 5:69-78. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1892. RecA-dependent viral burst in bacterial colonies during the entry into stationary phase. Ramirez,E., Schmidt,M., Rinas,U., Villaverde,A. (1999). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 170:313-317. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1893. A high incidence of prophage carriage among natural isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Ramirez,M., Severina,E., Tomasz,A. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:3618-3625. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1894. Bacteriophage therapy of Clostridium difficile-associated intestinal disease in a hamster model. Rdamesh,V., Fralick,J.A., Rolfe,R.D. (1999). Miroecol. Anarobes[sic?] 5:69-??? [do not have abstract]

  1895. Physicochemical mechanisms responsible for the filtration and mobilization of a filamentous bacteriophage in quartz sand. Redman,J.A., Grant,S.B., Olson,T.M., Adkins,J.M., Jackson,J.L., Castillo,M.S., Yanko,W.A. (1999). Water Res. 33:43-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1896. Coliphages and indicator bacteria in Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. Ricca,D.M., Cooney,J.J. (1999). Environmental Toxicology 14:404-408. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1897. Phages for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: An international trial. Richardson,J.F., Rosdahl,V.T., Van Leeuwen,W.J., Vickery,A.M., Vindel,A., Witte,W. (1999). Epidem. Inf. 122:227-233. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1898. Rapid film-based determination of antibiotic susceptibilities of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains by using a luciferase reporter phage and the Bronx Box. Riska,P.F., Su,Y., Bardarov,S., Jr., Freundlich,L., Sarkis,G., Hatfull,G.F., Carriere,C., Kumar,V., Chan,J., Jacobs,W.R., Jr. (1999). J. Clin. Microbiol. 37:1144-1149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1899. First report of a putative cyanophage, MC-1 of Microcoleus sp. Rosowski,J.R., Shaffer,J.J., Martin,E.L. (1999). Microsc. Microanalysis 5:1142-1143. [do not have abstract]

  1900. Development of phage resistant starter strains. Ross,R.P. (1999). 5. DPRC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1901. Analysis of bacteriophage inactivation and its attenuation by adsorption onto colloidal particles by batch agitation techniques. Rossi,P., Aragno,M. (1999). Can. J. Microbiol. 45:9-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1902. A fast method for assessing rapid inactivation and adsorption kinetics of bacteriophages using batch agitation experiments and colloidal clay particles. Rossi,P., Aragno,M. (1999). Can. J. Microbiol. 45:9-17. [do not have abstract]

  1903. Lethal toxicity of Vibrio harveyi to cultivated Penaeus monodon induced by a bacteriophage. Ruangpan,L., Danayadol,Y., Direkbusarakom,S., Siurairatana,S., Flegel,T.W. (1999). Dis. Aquat. Org. 35:195-201. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1904. Flagellar determinants of bacterial sensitivity to c-phage. Samuel,A.D., Pitta,T.P., Ryu,W.S., Danese,P.N., Leung,E.C., Berg,H.C. (1999). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:9863-9866. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1905. Method for identifying target bacteria. Sanders,M.F. (1999). The Secretary of State for The Minister of Agriculture Fisheries and. 679320(5,888,725). GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1906. Method and test kits for detection of bacteriophage. Sanders,M.F. (1999). The Minister of Agriculture Fisheries & Food in Her Brittanic Majesty's. 592435(5,914,240 ). London, GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1907. Hospital Horror. Sardar,Z. (1999). New Statesman , ??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1909. Transduction of enteric Escherichia coli isolates with a derivative of Shiga toxin 2-encoding bacteriophage f3538 isolated from Escherichia coli O157:H7. Schmidt,H., Bielaszewska,M., Karch,H. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:3855-3861. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1910. Transduction of multiple drug resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium DT104. Schmieger,H., Schicklmaier,P. (1999). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 170:251-256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1911. Molecular survey of the Salmonella phage typing system of Anderson. Schmieger,H. (1999). J. Bacteriol. 181:1630-1635. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1912. Bacteriophage of Erwinia amylovora and their potential for biocontrol. Schnabel,E.L., Fernando,W.G.D., Meyer,M.P., Jones,A.I. (1999). p. 649-653. In M.T.Mornol and H.Saygili (eds.), (eds) Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Fire Blight. ISHS, Leuven, Belgium.[do not have abstract]

  1913. Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage lysate as an immunobiological agent. 1. Selection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical strains for phage lysate preparation. Sekaninova,G., Kolarova,M., Pillich,J., Semenka,J., Slavikova,H., Kubickova,D., Zajicova,V. (1999). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 44:93-97. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1914. Advances in the separation of bacteriophages and related particles. Serwer,P., Griess,G.A. (1999). Journal of Chromotography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications 722:179-190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1915. Prophage carriage as a molecular epidemiological marker in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Severina,E., Ramirez,M., Tomasz,A. (1999). J. Clin. Microbiol. 37:3308-3315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1916. Bacteriological evaluation of composting systems in sludge treatment. Shaban,A.M. (1999). Water Sci. Technol. 40:165-170. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1917. Characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage UNL-1, a bacterial virus with a novel UV-A-inducible DNA damage reactivation phenotype. Shaffer,J.J., Jacobsen,L.M., Schrader,J.O., Lee,K.W., Martin,E.L., Kokjohn,T.A. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:2606-2613. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1918. Use of the polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to study diversity in natural virus communities. Short,S.M., Suttle,C.A. (1999). Hydrobiologia 401:19-32. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1919. Sunlight inactivation of fecal bacteriophages and bacteria in sewage-polluted seawater. Sinton,L.W., Finlay,R.K., Lynch,P.A. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:3605-3613. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1920. Phenoptosis: programmed death of an organism. Skulachev,V.P. (1999). Biochemistry 64:1418-1426. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1921. Vibrio cholerae 0139 temperate phage: Characterization and role in modifying the expression of virulence chromosome genes. Smirnova,N.I., Yeroshenko,G.A., Schelkanova,Y., Livanova,L.F., Konnov,N.P. (1999). Molekulyarnaya Genetika Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya 3-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1922. Genetic control of Vibrio cholerae pathogenicity: Temperate filamentous CTX bacteriophage coding for cholera toxin and the "pathogenicity island". Smirnova,N.I. (1999). Molekulyarnaya Genetika Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya 3-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1923. [Vibrio cholerae temperate phage O139: characteristics and role in changing expression of chromosomal virulence genes]. Smirnova,N.I., Eroshenko,G.A., Shchelkanova,E., Livanova,L.F., Konnov,N.P. (1999). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii ???:3-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1924. The complete genome sequence of the Streptomyces temperate phage fC31: evolutionary relationships to other viruses. Smith,M., Burns,R., Wilson,S., Gregory,M. (1999). Nucleic Acids Res. 27:2145-2155. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1925. An in situ enclosure experiment to test the solar UVB impact on plankton in a high altitude mountain lake: II) effects on the microbial food web. Sommaruga,R., Sattller,B., Oberleiter,A., Wille,A., Sommaruga-Wögrath,S., Psenner,R., Felip,M., Camarero,L., Pina,S., Gironés,R., Catalán,J. (1999). J. Plankton. Res. 21:859-879. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1926. PPL1c, a virulent mutant bacteriophage useful for identification of Paenibacillus larvae subspecies larvae. Stahly,D.P., Alippi,A.M., Bakhiet,N., Campana,C.F., Novak,C.C., Cox,R. (1999). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 74:295-296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1927. (Methodic approaches to studing marine bacteria and viruses interaction) Metodicheskie podkhody k izucheniyu protsessa vzaimodejstviya morskikh bakterij i virusov. Stepanova,O.A., Shaida,V.G. (1999). Ehkologiya morya. Kiev [Ehkol. Morya] 48:96-99. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1928. Skuteczne zastosowanie bakteriofagoterapii w ropnym zapaleniu opon mozgowo-rdzeniowych u noworodka. [Successful treatment with bacteriophage in purulent cerebrospinal meningitis in a newborn]. Stroj,L., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Partyka,K., Mulczyk,M., Wojcik,M. (1999). Neurologia I Neurochirurgia Polska 33:693-698. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1929. Felix d'Herelle and the Origins of Molecular Biology. Summers,W.C. (1999). Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.[do not have abstract]

  1930. Revenge of the bug zappers. Electrocuted flies spew viruses for feet — and into your food. Susman,E. (1999). MSNBC Chicago (June 3). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1931. Do viruses control the oceans? Suttle,C.A. (1999). Nat. His. 108:48-51. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1932. Images in Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Vaginal Lactobacillus phage plaques and electron micrograph. Tao,L., Pavlova,S.I. (1999). Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology 6:236 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1933. The future of bacterial vaginosis-related research. Taylor-Robinson,D. (1999). International Journal of Gynaecology and Ostetrics 67 Suppl 1:S35-S38 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1934. Virus on virus infects bacterium. Taylor,R.K. (1999). Nature 399:312-313. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1935. Bacteriophage inactivation at the air-water-solid interface in dynamic batch systems. Thompson,S.S., Yates,M.V. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1186-1190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1936. Phage abortive infection of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9800; identification of the abiBL11 gene and localisation and sequencing of its promoter region. Tran,L.S.P., Szabo,L., Ponyi,T., Orosz,L., Sik,T., Holczinger,A. (1999). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 52:845-852. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1937. Prisoner's dilemma in an RNA virus. Turner,P.E., Chao,L. (1999). Nature 398:441-443. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1938. Hybrid frequencies confirm limit to coinfection in the RNA bacteriophage phi-6. Turner,P.E., Burch,C.L., Hanley,K., Chao,L. (1999). J. Virol. 73:2420-2424. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1939. Evaluation of virus removal in membrane separation processes using coliphage Q-beta. Urase,T., Yamamoto,K., Ohgaki,S. (1999). Water Sci. Technol. 28:9-15. [do not have abstract]

  1940. The clinically isolated FIZ15 bacteriophage causes lysogenic conversion in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Vaca-Pacheco,S., Paniagua-Contreras,G.L., Garcia-Gonzalez,O., de la Garza,M. (1999). Curr. Microbiol. 38:239-243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1941. Isolation and characterization of APSE-1, a bacteriophage infecting the secondary endosymbiont of Acyrthosiphon pisum. van der Wilk,F., Dullemans,A.M., Verbeek,M., van den Heuvel,J.F. (1999). Virology 262:104-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1942. Giant viruses infecting algae. van Etten,J., Meints,R.H. (1999). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 53:447-494. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1943. Algal viruses (Phycodnaviridae). van Etten,J. (1999). p. 44-50. In R.G.Webster and A.Granoff (eds.), (eds) Encyclopedia of Virology. Academic Press, London.[do not have abstract]

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  1945. Changes in bacterial and eukaryotic community structure after mass lysis of filamentous cyanobacteria associated with viruses. van Hannen,E.J., Zwart,G., van Agterveld,M.P., Gons,H.J., Ebert,J., Laanbroek,H.J. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:795-801. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1946. Surface layer variations affecting phage adsorption on seven Lactobacillus helveticus strains. Ventura,M., Callegari,M.L., Morelli,L. (1999). Annali di Microbiologia ed Enzimologia 49:45-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  1948. Isogenic lysogens of diverse shiga toxin 2-encoding bacteriophages produce markedly different amounts of shiga toxin. Wagner,P.L., Acheson,D.W., Waldor,M.K. (1999). Infect. Immun. 67:6710-6714. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1949. Increased synthesis of an Escherichia coli membrane protein suppresses F exclusion of bacteriophage T7. Wang,W.F., Margolin,W., Molineux,I.J. (1999). J. Mol. Biol. 292:501-512. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1950. Effect of bacteriophages on TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN production by human peripheral blood cells (PBC). Weber-Dabrowska,B., Czarny,A., Mulczyk,M. (1999). Cytokine 11:922 [do not have abstract]

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  1952. Lysogeny and prophage induction in coastal and offshore bacterial communities. Weinbauer,M.G., Suttle,C.A. (1999). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 18:217-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1953. Family values in the age of genomics: comparative analyses of temperate bacteriophage HK022. Weisberg,R.A., Gottesmann,M.E., Hendrix,R.W., Little,J.W. (1999). Ann. Rev. Genet. 33:565-602. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1954. The panda and the phage: Compensatory mutations and the persistence of small populations. Whitlock,M.C., Otto,S.P. (1999). Trends Ecol. Evol. 14:295-296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1955. Different trajectories of parallel evolution during viral adaptation. Wichman,H.A., Badgett,M.R., Scott,L.A., Boulianne,C.M., Bull,J.J. (1999). Science 285:422-424. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1956. Purification of MS2 bacteriophage from complex growth media and resulting analysis by the integrated virus detection system (IVDS). Wick,C.H., McCubbin,P.E. (1999). Toxicology Methods 9:253-263. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1957. Passage of MS2 bacteriophage through various molecular weight filters. Wick,C.H., McCubbin,P.E. (1999). Toxicology Methods 9:265-273. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1958. Characterization of purified MS2 bacteriophage by the physical counting methodology used in the integrated virus detection system (IVDS). Wick,C.H., McCubbin,P.E. (1999). Toxicology Methods 9:245-252. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1959. Method for detecting bacteria using bacteriophage, contrast-coloring dye and precipitable dye. Wicks,J.H., Krejcarek,G.E., Williams,M.G. (1999). 3M Innovative Properties Company. 844145(5,958,675). St. Paul, MN. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1960. Viruses and nutrient cycles in the sea. Wilhelm,S.W., Suttle,C.A. (1999). BioScience 49:781-788. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1961. Method to detect bacteria. Wilson,S.M. (1999). Biotec Laboratories Limited. 077992(5,985,596). GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1962. Analysis of cyanophage diversity and population structure in a south-north transect of the Atlantic ocean. Wilson,W.H., Fuller,N.J., Joint,I.R., Mann,N.H. (1999). Bull. Inst. Océanogr. Manaco 0:209-216. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1963. Hybridization analysis of Chesapeake Bay Virioplankton. Wommack,K.E., Ravel,J., Hill,R.T., Colwell,R.R. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:241-250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1964. Population dynamics of Chesapeake Bay virioplankton: total-community analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Wommack,K.E., Ravel,J., Hill,R.T., Colwell,R.R. (1999). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:231-240. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1965. An unexpected temporal pattern of coliphage isolation in groundwaters sampled from wells at varied distances from reclaimed water recharge sites. Yanko,W.A., Jackson,J.L., Williams,F.P., Walker,A.S., Castillo,M.S. (1999). Water Res. 33:53-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1966. Biodistribution of filamentous phage-Fab in nude mice. Yip,Y.L., Hawkins,N.J., Smith,G., Ward,R.L. (1999). J. Immunol. Meth. 225:171-178. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1967. Characterization of a Vibrio parahaemolyticus phage isolated from marine. Yoon,S.O., Ju,S.A., Heo,M.S., Jung,C.R., Ju,J.W. (1999). Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology 34:423-433. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1968. Amplification and spread of viruses in a growing plaque. You,L., Yin,J. (1999). J. Theor. Biol. 200:365-373. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1969. Blue-green algal viruses (cyanophages). Zhao,Y., Shi,Z., Huang,G., Wang,X. (1999). Virologica Sinica 14:100-105. [do not have abstract]

  1970. [Examining interaction of phages with microorganisms by fluorometry and electro-orientation spectroscopy]. Zhilenkov,E.L., Fomchenkov,V.M., Novikov,I.A., Sadomov,V.E., Oborotov,M.V., Gremiakova,T.A. (1999). Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Medisinskiky Nauk 24-29. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1971. Horizontal Gene Transfer. Anonymous (1998). Chapman & Hall, New York.[do not have abstract]

  1972. A phage DNA injection-blocking type resistance mechanism encoded by chromosomal DNA in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis PLM-18. ??? (1998). Milchwissenschaft 53:619-622. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1973. In vivo transduction with Shiga toxin 1-encoding phage. Acheson,D.W.K., Reidl,J., Zhang,X., Keusch,G.T., Mekalanos,J.J., Waldor,M.K. (1998). Infect. Immun. 66:4496-4498. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1974. Dissolved esterase activity as a tracer of physoplankton lysis: Evidence of high phytoplankton lysis rates in the northwestern Mediterranean. Agustí,S., Satta,M.P., Mura,M.P., Benavent,E. (1998). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43:1836-1849. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1975. Construction of multiple phage resistance in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis. Akcelik,M. (1998). Advances in Food Sciences 20:101-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1976. Vyiavlenie roli divergentsii v evoliutsii fagov-transpozonov gruppy B3 Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Role of divergence in evolution of group B3 Pseudomonas aeruginosa transposable phage evolution]. Akhverdian,V.Z., Khrenova,E.A., Lobanov,A.O., Krylov,V.N. (1998). Genetika 34:846-849. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1977. Rekominatsionnoe proiskhozhdenie prirodnykh fagov-transpozonov rodstvennykh vidov gruppy B3, aktivnykh na bakteriiakh vida Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Recombinational origin of natural transposable phages of related species belonging to group B3, active in Pseudomonas aeruginosa species]. Akhverdian,V.Z., Lobanov,A.O., Khrenova,E.A., Krylov,V.N. (1998). Genetika 34:697-700. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1978. Ispol'zovanie adaptirovannogo sal'monelleznogo bakteriofaga v praktike lecheniia i profilaktiki nozokomial'nogo sal'monelleza [Practical use of adapted Salmonella bacteriophage for the treatment and prevention of nosocomial infections]. Akimkin,V.G., Bondarenko,V.M., Voroshilova,N.N., Darbeeva,O.S., Baiguzina,F.A. (1998). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 85-86. [do not have abstract]

  1979. Use of processed solid residue of olive mill products to absorb Escherichia coli and bacteriophage T3 from drinking water. Al-Momani,F., Meqdam,M.M.M., Saadoun,I., Gharaibeh,S.H., Abu-El-Sha'r,W.Y. (1998). Cytobios 95:37-41. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1980. Polyvirulent rhizobiophage from a soybean rhizosphere soil. Ali,F.S., Hammand,A.M.M., Loynachan,T.E. (1998). Soil Biol. Biochem. 30:2171-2175. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1981. Phage-encoded genes and Salmonella virulence [letter]. Ali,T.R., Pallen,M.J. (1998). Mol. Microbiol. 28:1039-1041. [do not have abstract]

  1982. Bacteriophages show promise as antimicrobial agents. Alisky,J., Iczkowski,K., Rapoport,A., Troitsky,N. (1998). J. Infect. 36:5-15. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1983. Phage resistance mechanisms in lactic acid bacteria. Allison,G.E., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1998). Int. Dairy J. 8:207-226. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1984. Application of Bacteriophages as Surrogates for Mammalian Viruses: A Case for Use in Filter Validation Based on Precedents and Current Practices in Medical and Environmental Virology. Aranha-Creado,H., Brandwein,H. (1998). Pall Corporation. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1985. Microbiological and chemical quality of sludges from domestic wastewater plants. Aulicino,F.A., Colombi,A., Calcaterra,E., Carere,M., Mastrantonio,A., Orsini,P. (1998). International Journal of Environmental Health Research 8:137-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1986. Peptide-guided cancer drugs show promise in mice. Barinaga,M. (1998). Science 279(5349), 323-324. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1987. Induction Studies on Thermophilic Phage. Barridge,B.D. (1998). The University of Nebraska - Lincoln. [do not have abstract]

  1988. Use of lytic bacteriophage for control of experimental Escherichia coli septicemia and meningitis in chickens and calves. Barrow,P., Lovell,M., Berchieri,A.jr. (1998). Clin. Diag. Lab. Immunol. 5:294-298. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1989. His1, and archaeal virus of the Fuselloviridae family that infects Haloarcula hispanica. Bath,C., Dyall-Smith,M.L. (1998). J. Virol. 72:9392-9395. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1990. Bacteriophage of Chlamydia psittaci. Bavoil,P.M., Hsia,R.C. (1998). University of Rochester. 565386(5,741,697). Rochester, NY. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1991. Molecular evolution of viruses - past and present, Part 2 - An introduction. Becker,Y. (1998). Virus Genes 16:7-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1992. Virus removal from bioproducts using ultrafiltration membranes modified with latex particle pretreatment. Bellara,S.R., Cui,Z., MacDonald,S.L., Pepper,D.S. (1998). Bioseparation 7:79-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1993. Comparison of elimination of bacteriophages MS2 and variant phiX-174 during sewage treatment by natural lagooning or activated sludges: A study on laboratory-scale pilot plants. Benyahya,M., Bohatier,J., Laveran,H., Senaud,J., Ettayebi,M. (1998). Environ. Technol. 19:513-519. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1994. Modeling and analysis of a marine bacteriophage infection. Beretta,E., Kuang,Y. (1998). Math. Biosci. 149:57-76. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1995. [Human parasites and amoeba: lower warm-water temperature is favourable to Legionella bacteria]. Bernander,S., Kallings,I. (1998). Lakartidningen 95:4340-4344. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1996. Bioluminescence-based assays for detection and characterization of bacteria and chemicals in clinical laboratories. Billard,P., DuBow,M.S. (1998). Clinical Biochemistryy 31:1-14. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1997. Microscale nutrient patches in planktonic habitats shown by chemotactic bacteria. Blackburn,N., Fenchel,T., Mitchell,J. (1998). Science 282:2254-2256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1998. Transduction of imipenem resistance by wild-type bacteriophages carried by three strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from a single source. Blahová,J., Kralikova,K., Krcmery,V., Mlynarcik,D., Trupl,J. (1998). J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 41:660-662. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  1999. Two high-frequency-transduction phage isolates from lysogenic strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa transducing antibiotic resistance. Blahová,J., Kralikova,K., Krcmery,V.Sr., Mikovicova,A., Bartonicova,N. (1998). Acta Virol. 42:175-179. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2000. Specific assays for bacteria using phage mediated release of adenylate kinase. Blasco,R., Murphy,M.J., Sanders,M.F., Squirrell,D.J. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 84:661-666. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2001. Response of model microbial communities to increased productivity. Bohannan,B.J.M. (1998). Michigan State Univeristy. [do not have abstract]

  2002. Human enteric viruses in the water environment: a minireview. Bosch,A. (1998). Int Microbiol 1:191-196. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2003. Viral lysis of Phaeocystis pouchetii and bacterial secondary production. Bratbak,G., Jacobsen,A., Heldal,M. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 16:11-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2004. Virus production in Phaeocystis pouchetii and its relation to host cell growth and nutrition. Bratbak,G., Jacobsen,A., Heldal,M., Nagasaki,K., Thingstad,T.F. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 16:1-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2005. Description of two bacteriophages active against Lotus rhizobia. Bruch,C.W., Allen,O.N. (1998). Proc. Am. Soil Sci. Soc. 19:175-??? [do not have abstract]

  2006. A natural longer glycine-rich region in IKe filamentous phage confers no selective advantage. Bruno,R., Bradbury,A. (1998). Gene 184:121-123. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2007. Molecular ecology and evolution of Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages--a review. Brüssow,H., Bruttin,A., Desiere,F., Lucchini,S., Foley,S. (1998). Virus Genes 16:95-109. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2008. Viral escape from antisense RNA. Bull,J.J., Jacoboson,A., Badgett,M.R., Molineux,I.J. (1998). Mol. Microbiol. 28:835-846. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2009. Occurrence of male-specific bacteriophage in feral and domestic animal wastes, human feces, and human-associated
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  2010. Bacteriophages induced from weakly beta-haemolytic human intestinal spirochaetes by mitomycin C. Calderaro,A., Dettori,G., Collini,L., Ragni,P., Grillo,R., Cattani,P., Fadda,G., Chezzi,C. (1998). J. Basic Microbiol. 38:323-335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2011. Search for bacteriophages spontaneously occurring in cultures of haemolytic intestinal spirochaetes of human and animal origin. Calderaro,A., Dettori,G., Grillo,R., Plaisant,P., Amalfitano,G., Chezzi,C. (1998). J. Basic Microbiol. 38:313-322. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2012. Fecal coliform-related bacterial and coliphage populations in five lakes of southeastern Spain. Calvo,C., Gomez,M.A., Gonzalez-Lopez,J. (1998). Microbiological Research 153:283-288. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2013. Bacteriophage-mediated gene transfer systems capable of transfecting eukaryotic cells. Chada,S., Dubensky,T.W., Jr. (1998). 366522(5,736,388). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2014. New cholera phages for Vibrio cholerae serovar O139. Chakrabarti,A.K., Ghosh,A.N., Sarkar,B.L. (1998). J. Infect. 36:131-132. [do not have abstract]

  2015. The bacteriophages. Champagne,C.P., Moineau,S. (1998). p. 89-116. In C.P.Champagne (ed.), (eds) Production of Dairy Starter Cultures (in French). [do not have abstract]

  2016. Filamentous bacteriophages of Vibrio parahaemolyticus as a possible clue to genetic transmission. Chang,B., Taniguchi,H., Miyamaoto,H., Yoshida,S.I. (1998). J. Bacteriol. 180:5094-5101. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2017. The use of affinity adsorbents in expanded bed adsorption. Chase,H.A. (1998). Journal of Molecular Recognition 11:217-221. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2018. The fate and transport of viruses through surface water constructed wetlands. Chendorian,M., Yates,M., Villegas,F. (1998). J. Environ. Qual. 27:1451-1458. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2019. Lysogenic bacteriophage M1 from Selenomonas ruminantium: isolation, characterization and DNA sequence analysis of the integration site. Cheong,J.P., Brooker,J.D. (1998). Microbiology 144:2195-2202. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2020. Bacteriophages and bacteria as indicators of enteric viruses in oysters and their harvest waters. Chung,H., Jaykus,L.A., Lovelace,G., Sobsey,M.D. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:37-44. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2021. Virus particle production in lysogenic bacteria exposed to protozoan grazing. Clarke,K.J. (1998). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 166:177-180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2022. Removal of waterborne human enteric viruses and coliphages with oxidized coal. Cloete,T.E., da Silva,E., Nel,L.H. (1998). Curr. Microbiol. 37:23-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2023. Prophage induction of indigenous marine lysogenic bacteria by environmental pollutants. Cochran,P.K., Kellogg,C.A., Paul,J.H. (1998). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 164:125-133. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2024. Seasonal abundance of lysogenic bacteria in a subtropical estuary. Cochran,P.K., Paul,J.H. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:2308-2312. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2025. Increasing phage resistance of cheese starters: A case study using Lactococcus lactis DPC4268. Coffey,A., Coakley,M., McGarry,A., Fitzgerald,G.F., Ross,R.P. (1998). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 26:51-55. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2026. Increasing the phage resistance of cheese starter Lactococcus lactis DPC4268 in response to the emergence of a novel highly virulent phage in industry. Coffey,A., Coakley,M., McGarry,A., Fitzgerald,G.F., Ross,R.P. (1998). p. 460-481. In ??? (ed.), (eds) Actes du Colloque LACTIC-97 Lactic Acid Bacteria: Which strains? For which products? Villers Bocage, Cedex, France.[do not have abstract]

  2027. Effect of Environmental Factors upon a Staphylococcus Host-Phage System. Countryman,J.L. (1998). Stanford University. [do not have abstract]

  2028. Technological and health benefits of dairy starter cultures. Daly,C., Fitzgerald,G.F., O'Connor,L., Davis,R. (1998). Int. Dairy J. 8:195-205. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2029. Virulence of phage populations infecting Halobacterium cutirubrum. Daniels,L.L., Wais,A.C. (1998). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 25:129-134. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2030. Coliphage prevalence in high school septic effluent and associated ground water. DeBorde,D.C., Woessner,W.W., Lauerman,B., Ball,P. (1998). Water Res. 32:3781-3785. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2031. Virus occurrence and transport in a school septic system and unconfined aquifer. DeBorde,D.C., Ball,P.N., Lauerman,B., Woessner,W.W. (1998). Ground Water 36:825-834. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2032. Filtration medium. Degen,P.J., Bilich,M.H., Staff,T.A., Gerringer,J., Salinaro,R.F. (1998). Pall Corporation. 527162(5,788,862). East Hills, NY. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2033. Polyvinylidene fluoride membrane and method for removing viruses from solutions. Degen,P.J., Bilich,M.H., Staff,T.A., Gerringer,J., Salinaro,R.F. (1998). Pall Corporation. 327622(5,736,051). East Hills, NY. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2034. Phages infecting Vibrio vulnificus are abundant and diverse in oysters (Crassostrea virginica) collected from the Gulf of Mexico. Depaola,A., Motes,M.L., Chan,A.M., Suttle,C.A. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:346-351. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2035. Evolution of Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage genomes by modular exchanges followed by point mutations and small deletions and insertions. Desiere,F., Lucchini,S., Brüssow,H. (1998). Virology 241:345-356. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2036. A leucine repeat motif in AbiA is required for resistance of Lactococcus lactis to phages representing three species. Dinsmore,P.K., O'Sullivan,D.J., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1998). Gene 212:5-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2037. E. coli's double life. Dixon,B. (1998). ASM News 64:616-617. [do not have abstract]

  2038. The development of management strategies for control of virological quality in oysters. Dore,W.J., Henshilwood,K., Lees,D.N. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:29-35. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2039. Sequence and analysis of the 60 kb conjugative, bacteriocin-producing plasmid pMRC01 from Lactococcus lactis DPC3147. Dougherty,B.A., Hill,C., Weidman,J.F., Richardson,D.R., Venter,J.C., Ross,R.P. (1998). Mol. Microbiol. 29:1029-1038. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2040. Delineating the specific influence of virus isoelectric point and size on virus adsorption and transport through sandy soils. Dowd,S.E., Pillai,S.D., Wang,S., Corapcioglu,M.Y. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:405-410. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2041. Rates of spontaneous mutation. Drake,J.W., Charlesworth,B., Charlesworth,D., Crow,J.F. (1998). Genetics 148:1667-1686. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2042. Effectiveness of membrane-filtration for phage technique for the detection of Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri. Ebisugi,H., Ooishi,S., Goda,T., Kubo,H., Sakiyama,K. (1998). Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service Japan 113-115. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2043. Evolutionary dynamics of fitness recovery from the debilitating effects of Muller's ratchet. Elena,S.F., Davila,M., Novella,I.S., Holland,J.J., Domingo,E., Moya,A. (1998). Evolution 52:309-314. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2044. AbiQ, an abortive infection mechanism from Lactococcus lactis. Emond,E., Dion,E., Walker,S.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Kondo,J.K., Moineau,S. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:4748-4756. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2045. rexB of bacteriophage lambda is an anti-cell death gene. Engelberg-Kulka,H., Reches,M., Narasimhan,S., Schoulaker-Shwarz,R., Klemes,Y., Aizenman,E., Glaser,G. (1998). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:15481-15486. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2046. Induction of the lysogenic phage encoding Cholera toxin in naturally occurring strains of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139. Faruque,S.M., Asadulghani, Alim,A.R., Albert,M.J., Islam,K.M.N., Mekalanos,J.J. (1998). Infect. Immun. 66:3752-3757. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2047. Epidemiology, genetics, and ecology of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae. Faruque,S.M., Albert,M.J., Mekalanos,J.J. (1998). Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 62:1301-314. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2048. Assessment of the effects of various UV sources on inactivation and photoproduct induction in phage T7 dosimeter. Fekete,A., Vink,A.A., Gáspár,S., Berces,A., Modos,K., Rontó,G., Roza,L. (1998). Photochem. Photobiol. 68:527-531. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2049. A short noncoding viral DNA element showing characteristics of a replication origin confers bacteriophage resistance to Streptococcus thermophilus. Foley,S., Lucchini,S., Zwahlen,M.C., Brüssow,H. (1998). Virology 250:377-387. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2050. Genome structure of mycobacteriophage D29: implications for phage evolution. Ford,M.E., Sarkis,G.J., Belanger,A.E., Hendrix,R.W., Hatfull,G.F. (1998). J. Mol. Biol. 279:143-164. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2051. Characterization of Lactobacillus fermentum bacteriophage Z63-B2. Foschino,R., Castiglioni,E., Galli,A. (1998). Annali di Microbiologia ed Enzimologia 48:151-159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2052. Occurrence of a sequence in marine cyanophages similar to that of T4 gp20 and its application to PCR-based detection and quantification techniques. Fuller,N.J., Wilson,W.H., Joint,I.R., Mann,N.H. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:2051-2060. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2053. Sravnitel'noe izuchenie bakteriofagov Morganella i Providencia [Comparative study of Morganella and Providencia bacteriophages]. Gabrilovich,I.M., Zarochentsev,M.V., Saimov,S.R. (1998). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 5:20-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2054. Phage restriction and the presence of small plasmids in Salmonella enteritidis. Gado,I., Laszlo,V.G., Nagy,B., Milch,H., Drin,I., Awad-Masalmeh,M., Horvath,J. (1998). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 287:509-519. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2055. Detection of infectious enteroviruses, enterovirus genomes, somatic coliphages, and Bacteroides fragilis phages in treated wastewater. Gantzer,C., Maul,A., Audic,J.M., Schwartzbrod,L. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:4307-4312. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2056. Characterization of a lytic virus infectious to the bloom-forming microalga Aureococcus anophagefferens (Pelagophyceae). Garry,R.T., Hearing,P., Cosper,E.M. (1998). J. Phycol. 34:616-621. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2057. A species barrier between bacteriophages T2 and T4: exclusion, join-copy and join-cut-copy recombination and mutagenesis in the dCTPase genes. Gary,T.P., Colowick,N.E., Mosig,G. (1998). Genetics 148:1461-1473. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2058. The effect of cyanophages on the morality of Synechococcus spp. and selection for UV resistant viral communities. Garza,D.R., Suttle,C.A. (1998). Microb. Ecol. 36:281-292. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2059. Viral products. Gasson,M.J. (1998). Agricultural & Food Research Council. 877516(5,763,251). Norwich, GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2060. Ultrastructural analysis of viral invection in the brown-tide alga, Aureococcus anophagefferens (Pelagophyceae). Gastrich,M.D., Anderson,O.R., Benmayor,S.S., Cosper,E.M. (1998). Phycologia 37:300-306. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2061. High titer, phage-neutralizing antibodies in bovine colostrum that prevent lytic infection of Lactococcus lactis in fermentations of phage-contaminated milk. Geller,B.L., Kraus,J., Schell,M.D., Hornsby,M.J., Neal,J.J., Ruch,F.E. (1998). J. Dairy Sci. 81:895-900. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2062. Membrane receptor for prolate phages is not required for infection of Lactococcus lactis by small or large isometric phages. Geller,B.L. (1998). J. Dairy Sci. 81:2329-2335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2063. Origin, adaptation and evolutionary pathways of fungal viruses. Ghabrial,S.A. (1998). Virus Genes 16:119-131. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2064. Metastabil'nost' fenotipa u bakterii [Metastable phenotype of bacteria]. Golovlev,E.L. (1998). Mikrobiologica 67:149-155. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2065. Protecting the neighborhood: Extreme measures. Gottesman,S. (1998). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:2731-2732. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2066. Predicting disinfection performance in continuous flow systems from batch disinfection kinetics. Haas,C.N., Joffe,J., Heath,M., Jacangelo,J., Anmangandla,U. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:171-179. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2067. Legionella pneumophila kills human phagocytes but not protozoan host cells by inducing apoptotic cell death. Hagele,S., Hacker,J., Brand,B.C. (1998). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 169:51-58. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2068. Evaluation of alginate-encapsulated Azotobacter chroococcum as a phage-resistant and an effective inoculum. Hammad,A.M.M. (1998). J. Basic Microbiol. 38:9-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2069. Efficacy and mechanisms of action of sodium hypochlorite on Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 phage F116. Hann,A.C., Baubet,V., Perrin,R. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:925-932. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2070. Optimising starter culture performance in NZ cheese plants production. Heap,H.A. (1998). Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 53:74-78. [do not have abstract]

  2071. Virus-mediated total release of dimethylsulfonioproprionate from marine phytoplankton: a potential climate process. Hill,R.W., White,B.A., Cottrell,M.T., Dacey,J.W.H. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 14:1-6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2072. Microbial indicator reductions in alternative treatment systems for swine wastewater. Hill,V.R., Sobsey,M.D. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:119-122. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2073. Origin and evolution of viruses. Holland,J., Domingo,E. (1998). Virus Genes 16:13-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2074. Phage as antibacterial tool. Holzman,D. (1998). Genetic Engineering News 18(18), 1-48. [do not have abstract]

  2075. …Spurs companies to study therapeutic uses. Holzman,D. (1998). ASM News 64:622-623. [do not have abstract]

  2076. Reassessment of medicinal phage……. Holzman,D. (1998). ASM News 64:620-622. [do not have abstract]

  2077. Evolutionary relationships among putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerases encoded by a mitochondrial virus-like RNA in the Dutch elm disease fungus, Ophiostoma novo-ulmi, by other viruses and virus-like RNAs and by the Arabidopsis mitochondrial genome. Hong,Y., Cole,T.E., Brasier,C.M., Buck,K.W. (1998). Virology 246:158-169. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2078. A comparison of two methods to recover phages from soil samples. Hu,T.L. (1998). Bioresource Technology 65:167-169. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2079. Biofilm susceptibility to bacteriophage attack: The role of phage-borne polysaccharide depolymerase. Hughes,K.A., Sutherland,I.W., Jones,M.V. (1998). Microbiology (Reading) 144:3039-3047. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2080. Bacteriophage and associated polysaccharide depolymerases--novel tools for study of bacterial biofilms. Hughes,K.A., Sutherland,I.W., Clark,J., Jones,M.V. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:583-590. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2081. Lysis of bacteriophages, Lactococcus spp., flow cytometric analysis. Hutter,K.J., Guo,X., Schueller,G., Suessmuth,R. (1998). Advances in Food Sciences 20:7-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2082. A novel filamentous phage, fs-2, of Vibrio cholerae O139. Ikema,M., Honma,Y. (1998). Microbiology 144 ( Pt 7):1901-1906. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2083. Virus removal by advanced membrane filtration for wastewater reclamation. Iranpour,R. (1998). Water Environ. Res. 70:1198-1204. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2084. Mechanism of T4 Phage Restriction by a Thermosensitive Drug Resistant Factor RTSL. Ishaq,M. (1998). University of Pennsylvania. [do not have abstract]

  2085. Targeted delivery of multivalent phage display vectors into mammalian cells. Ivanenkov,V., Felici,F., Menon,A.G. (1998). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1448:463-472. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2086. Combined use of bacteriophage typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis in the epidemiological analysis of Japanese isolates of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Izumiya,A., Masuda,T., Ahmed,R., Khakhria,R., Wada,A., Terajima,A., Itoh,K., Johnson,W.M., Konuma,H., Shinagawa,K., Tamura,K., Watanabe,H. (1998). Microbiology and Immunology 42:515-519. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2087. Prevalence of broad-host-range lytic bacteriophages of Sphaerotilus natans, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Jensen,E.C., Schrader,H.S., Rieland,B., Thompson,T.L., Lee,K.W., Nickerson,K.W., Kokjohn,T.A. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:575-580. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2088. Characterization of marine temperate phage-host systems isolated from Mamala Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Jiang,S.C., Kellogg,C.A., Paul,J.H. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:535-542. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2089. Gene transfer by transduction in the marine environment. Jiang,S.C., Paul,J.H. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:2780-2787. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2090. Significance of lysogeny in the marine environment: studies with isolates and a model of lysogenic phage production. Jiang,S.C., Paul,J.H. (1998). Microb. Ecol. 35:235-243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2091. Fluorescent Escherichia coli C for enumeration of coliphages from environmental samples. Jothikumar,N., Cliver,D.O. (1998). BioTechniques 24:546-550. [do not have abstract]

  2092. The Vibrio cholerae mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin is the receptor for a filamentous bacteriophage from V. cholerae O139. Jouravleva,E.A., McDonald,G.A., Marsh,J.W., Taylor,R.K., Boesman-Finkelstein,M., Finkelstein,R.A. (1998). Infect. Immun. 66:2535-2539. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2093. Characterization and possible functions of a new filamentous bacteriophage from Vibrio cholerae O139. Jouravleva,E.A., McDonald,G.A., Garon,C.F., Boesman-Finkelstein,M., Finkelstein,R.A. (1998). Microbiology 144:315-324. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2094. Bacterial and viral abundances in hydrothermal event plumes over northern Gorda Ridge. Juniper,S.K., Bird,D.F., Summit,M., Pong Vong,M., Baker,E.T. (1998). Deep-Sea Research 45:2739-2749. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2095. The technique for the lyophilizing preservation of the plague phages. Kadetov,V.V., Kurdyakova,T.A., Terent'ev,A.N., Kachkina,G.V., Borodina,T.N., Sayamov,S.R. (1998). Biotekhnologiya 63-67. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2096. Phage display of a biologically active Bacillus thuringiensis toxin. Kasman,L.M., Lukowiak,A.A., Garczynski,S.F., McNall,R.J., Youngman,P., Adang,M.J. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:2995-3003. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2097. Genetic diversity and DNA repair of marine vibriophages. Kellogg,C.A. (1998). University of South Florida, FL, USA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2098. Viruses in Antarctic lakes. Kepner,R.L., Wharton,R.A.Jr., Suttle,C.A. (1998). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43:1754-1761. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2099. High-temperature inducible cell-free transcription and replication of double-stranded RNAs within the parasitic protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum. Khramtsov,N.V., Upton,S.J. (1998). Virology 245:331-337. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2100. Bacteriophage-triggered cell suicide systems and fermentation methods employing the same. Klaenhammer,T.R., Conkling,M.A., O'Sullivan,D., Djordjevic,G., Walker,S.A., Taylor,C.G. (1998). North Carolina State University. 709616(5,792,625). Raleigh, NC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2101. Dietary influences on bacteriophage numbers in the rumen. Klieve,A.V., Turner,A.F., Heck,G.L. (1998). Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 22:341 [do not have abstract]

  2102. Evolution of Viral DNA-Dependent DNA Polymerases. Knopf,C.W. (1998). Virus Genes 16:47-58. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2103. The hunt is on for new ways to overcome bacterial resistance. Knudson,M. (1998). Technology Review 100:22-30? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2104. Selfishness and death: Raison d'etre of restriction, recombination and mitochondria. Kobayashi,I. (1998). Trends Genet. 14:368-374. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2105. Return of a killer. Koerner,B.I. (1998). U.S.News and World Report (November 2, 1998), 51-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2106. Inactivation of bacteriophage lambda, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans by ozone. Komanapalli,I.R., Lau,B.H.S. (1998). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 49:766-769. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2107. Soderzhanie mikroorganizmov na ottiskakh posle dezinfektsii ikh metodom pogruzheniia v rastvory gipokhlorita natriia [The microorganism count on impressions after their disinfection by submersion in sodium hypochlorite solutions]. Koshmanova,T.N., Panteleeva,L.G. (1998). Stomatologiia 77:48-49. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2108. An experimental selection system to identify bacterial cells exhibiting a new DNA host specificity. Kunz,A., Meisel,A., Mackeldanz,P., Reuter,M., Krueger,D.H. (1998). Biological Chemistry 379:563-566. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2109. Phage Therapy: Bacteriophages as Antibiotics. Kutter,E. (1998). [do not have abstract]

  2110. Invasion of protozoa by Legionella pneumophila and its role in bacterial ecology and pathogenesis. Kwaik,A., Gao,L.Y., Stone,B.J., Venkataraman,C., Harb,O.S. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:3127-3133. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2111. Breathable non-woven composite viral penetration barrier fabric and fabrication process. Langley,J.D., Hinkle,B.S. (1998). 824449(5,728,451). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2112. Targeting bacteriophage to mammalian cell surface receptors for gene delivery [see comments]. Larocca,D., Witte,A., Johnson,W., Pierce,G.F., Baird,A. (1998). Human Gene Therapy 9:2393-2399. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2113. Advanced wastewater disinfection technologies: Short and long term efficiency. Lazarova,V., Janex,M.L., Fiksdal,L., Oberg,C., Barcina,I., Pommepuy,M. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:109-117. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2114. Inactivation of phage Qbeta by 254nm UV light and titanium dioxide photocatalyst. Lee,S., Nakamura,M., Ohgaki,S. (1998). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A 33:1643-1655. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2115. Distribution of indicator bacteria and bacteriophages in shellfish and shellfish-growing waters. Legnani,P., Leoni,E., Lev,D., Rossi,R., Villa,G.C., Bisbini,P. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:790-798. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2116. Involvement of a prophage in the lysis of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris AM2 during cheese ripening. Lepeuple,A.S., Vassal,L., Cesselin,B., Delacroix-Buchet,A., Gripon,J.C., Chapot-Chartier,M.P. (1998). Int. Dairy J. 8:667-674. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2117. Reconstruction of the presumptive mechanisms of bacteriophage speciation and morphological evolution. Letarov,A.V. (1998). Genetika 34:1461-1469. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2118. The challenge of antibiotic resistance. Levy,S.B. (1998). Scientific American (March), 46-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2119. An evolutionary link between sporulation and prophage induction in the structure of a repressor:anti-repressor complex. Lewis,R.J., Brannigan,J.A., Offen,W.A., Smith,I., Wilkinson,A.J. (1998). J. Mol. Biol. 283:907-912. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2120. A new and simple method for concentration of enteric viruses from water. Li,J.W., Wang,X.W., Rui,Q.Y., Song,N., Zhang,F.G., Ou,Y.C., Chao,F.H. (1998). J. Virol. Meth. 74:99-108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2121. Studies on the pustule disease of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino) on the Dalian coast. Li,T., Ding,M., Zhang,J., Xiang,J., Liu,R. (1998). J. Shelfish Res. 17:707-711. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2122. Complete DNA sequence and detailed analysis of the Yersinia pestis KIM5 plasmid encoding murine toxin and capsular antigen. Lindler,L.E., Plano,G.V., Burland,V., Mayhew,G.F., Blattner,F.R. (1998). Infect. Immun. 66:5731-5742. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2123. Bacteriophage and gene transfer. Lindqvist,B.H. (1998). APMIS. SUPPLEMENTUM 84:15-18. [do not have abstract]

  2124. Defective phage as an antagonistic factor of closely related bacilli. Lotareva,O.V., Prozorov,A.A. (1998). Mikrobiologiia 67:788-791. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2125. The structural gene module in Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage f Sfi11 shows a hierarchy of relatedness to Siphoviridae from a wide range of bacterial hosts. Lucchini,S., Desiere,F., Brüssow,H. (1998). Virology 246:63-73. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2126. Virus binding to brown algal spores and gametes visualized by DAPI fluorescence microscopy. Maier,I., Mueller,D.G. (1998). Phycologia 37:60-63. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2127. Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 phage F116 to sodium hypochlorite. Maillard,J.Y., Hann,A.C., Perrin,R. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:799-806. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2128. Elevated production of dimethylsulfide resulting from viral infection of cultures of Phaeocystis pouchetii. Malin,G., Wilson,W.H., Bratbak,G., Liss,P.S., Mann,N.H. (1998). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43:1389-1393. [do not have abstract]

  2129. Taxonomy of bacterial viruses: establishment of tailed virus genera and the order Caudovirales [news]. Maniloff,J., Ackermann,H.-W. (1998). Archives in Virology 143:2051-2063. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2130. Cloning and sequencing of major capsid protein (mcp) gene of a vibriophage, KVP20, possibly related to T-even coliphages. Matsuzaki,S., Inoue,T., Kuroda,M., Kimura,S., Tanaka,S. (1998). Gene 222:25-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2131. Inviable phages, their production and DNA thereof. Mattson,T.L., Epstein,R. (1998). 468027(5,834,291). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2132. Characterization of a novel cis-syn and trans-syn-II pyrimidine dimer glycosylase/AP lyase from a eukaryotic algal virus, Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1. McCullough,A.K., Romberg,M.T., Nyaga,S., Wei,Y., Wood,T.G., Taylor,J.S., van Etten,J.L., Dodson,M.L., Lloyd,R.S. (1998). J. Biol. Chem. 273:13136-13142. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2133. Synergistic effects of abiE or abiF from pNP40 when cloned in combination with abiD from pBF61. McLandsborough,L.A., Sechaud,L., McKay,L.L. (1998). J. Dairy Sci. 81:362-368. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2134. Inactivation of mycobacteriophage D29 using ferrous ammonium sulphate as a tool for the detection of viable Mycobacterium smegmatis and M. tuberculosis. McNerney,R., Wilson,S.M., Sidhu,A.M., Harley,V.S., Al Suwaidi,Z., Nye,P.M., Parish,T., Stoker,N.G. (1998). Res. Microbiol. 149:487-495. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2135. Principles of virus-directed regulation of formation of the dynamic system virus-cell (problems, methodology and prospects of cyanophagia). Mendzhul,M.I., Lysenko,T.G., Koltukova,N.V., Syrchin,S.A., Sukhanov,S.N. (1998). Mikrobiol. Zh. 60:66-78. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2136. Bacteriophage PM2 nomenclature revision. Merino,S., Tomas,J.M., Maniloff,J. (1998). Arch. Virol. 143:1852-1853. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2137. Antibacterial therapy with bacteriophage genotypically modified to delay inactivation by the host defense system together with an antibiotic. Merril,C.R., Carlton,R.M., Adhya,S.L. (1998). Exponential Biotherapies, Inc. and The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health. 464404(5,766,892). New York, NY; Washington, DC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2138. Bacteriophage genotypically modified to delay inactivations by the host defense system. Merril,C.R., Carlton,R.M., Adhya,S.L. (1998). Exponential Biotherapies, Inc. and The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health. 631427(5,811,093). New York, NY; Washington, DC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2139. Comparative adsorption of Norwalk virus, poliovirus 1 and F+ RNA coliphage MS2 to soils suspended in treated wastewater. Meschke,J.S., Sobsey,M.D. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:187-189. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2140. Advance in bacterial typing methods (a review). Milch,H. (1998). Acta Microbiol. Immunol. Hungarica 45:401-408. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2141. Application and evaluation of male-specific bacteriophage as a process integrity or faecal contamination indicator in a pork slaughterhouse environment. Miller,A.J., Eblen,B.S., Oser,A., Burkhardt III,W. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:898-904. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2142. Bacterial gene swapping in nature. Miller,R.V. (1998). Scientific American 278:66-71. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2143. DNA encodoing phage abortive infection protein from Lactococcus lactis and method of use thereof. Moineau,S., Holler,B.J., Vandenbergh,P.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Kondo,J.K. (1998). Quest International Flavors & Food Ingredients Company, Division of. 565907(5,814,499). Bridgewater, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2144. Isolated DNA encoding enzyme for phage resistance. Moineau,S., Walker,S., Vedamuthu,E.R., Vandenbergh,P.A. (1998). Quest International Flavors & Food Ingredients Company, Division of. 424641(5,824,523). Bridgewater, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2145. Phage-resistant streptococcus. Mollet,B., Pridmore,D., Zwahlen,M.C. (1998). Nestec S.A. 665119(5,766,904). Vevey, CH. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2146. Abundance in sewage of bacteriophages that infect Escherichia coli 0157:H7 and that carry the Shiga toxin 2 gene. Muniesa,M., Jofre,J. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:2443-2448. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2147. Effect of temperature on the algicidal activity and the satability of HaV (Heterosigma akashiwo virus). Nagasaki,K., Yamaguchi,M. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 15:211-216. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2148. Intra-species host specificity of HaV (Heterosigma akashiwo virus) clones. Nagasaki,K., Yamaguchi,M. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 14:109-112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2149. A temperate phage with cohesive ends induced by mitomycin C treatment of Lactobacillus casei. Nakashima,Y., Hasuwa,H., Kakita,Y., Murata,K., Kuroiwa,A., Miake,F., Watanabe,K. (1998). Arch. Virol. 143:1621-1626. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2150. Filamentous phage fs1 of Vibrio cholerae O139. Nakasone,N., Honma,Y., Toma,C., Yamashiro,T., Iwanaga,M. (1998). Microbiology and Immunology 42:237-239. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2151. Comparison of the lysogeny modules from the temperate Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages TP-J34 and Sfi21: implications for the modular theory of phage evolution. Neve,H., Zenz,K.I., Desiere,F., Koch,A., Heller,K.J., Brüssow,H. (1998). Virology 241:61-72. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2152. Isolation of an amoeba naturally harboring a distinctive Legionella species. Newsome,A.L., Scott,T.M., Benson,R.F., Fields,B.S. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:1688-1693. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2153. Long term use of a Cheddar starter and development of phages with homology to its bacteria. Nielsen,E.W. (1998). Int. Dairy J. 8:1003-1009. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2154. Group I introns found in Chlorella viruses: biological implications. Nishida,K., Suzuki,S., Kimura,Y., Nomura,N., Fujie,M., Yamada,T. (1998). Virology 242:319-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2155. Use of SYBR Green I for rapid epifluorescence counts of marine viruses and bacteria. Noble,R.T., Fuhrman,J.A. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 14:113-118. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2156. Design of a phage-insensitive lactococcal dairy starter via sequential transfer of naturally occurring conjugative plasmids. O'Sullivan,D., Coffey,A., Fitzgerald,G.F., Hill,C., Ross,R.P. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:4618-4622. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2157. Phage viability in organic media: insights into phage stability. Olofsson,L., Ankarloo,J., Nicholls,I.A. (1998). Journal of Molecular Recognition 11:91-93. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2158. Virus removal in a membrane separation process. Otaki,M., Yano,K., Ohgaki,S. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 37:107-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2159. Bacteriophage: tools toward a cell-targeted delivery. Paillard,F. (1998). Human Gene Therapy 9:2307-2308. [do not have abstract]

  2160. Genetic dynamics of Salmonella typhi-diversity in clonality. Pang,T. (1998). Trends Microbiol. 6:339-342. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2161. The polyvalent staphylococcal phage í812: its host-range mutants and related phages. Pantucek,R., Rosypalova,A., Doskar,J., Kailerova,J., Ruzicková,V., Borecka,P., Snopkova,S., Horvath,R., Goetz,F., Rosypal,S. (1998). Virology 246:241-252. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2162. Starter cultures for Mozzarella cheese. Parente,E., Moschetti,G., Coppola,S. (1998). Annali di Microbiologia ed Enzimologia 48:89-109. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2163. Generation of reactive oxygen species from the photolysis of histidine by near-ultraviolet light: effects on T7 as a model biological system. Paretzoglou,A., Stockenhuber,C., Kirk,S.H., Ahmad,S.I. (1998). Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B 1998 May 15, 43:101-105. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2164. Phage typing of Lactococcus garvieae (formerly Enterococcus seriolicida) a pathogen of cultured yellowtail. Park,K.H., Kato,H., Nakai,T., Muroga,K. (1998). Fish. Sci. 64:62-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2165. Biologicheskiye sistemy kontrolya mutagennykh faktorov okruzhayushchey sredy [Biological systems aimed at a control over environmental mutagenic load]. Pererva,T.P., Miryuta,N.Y., Miryuta,A.Y., Aleksandrov,Y. (1998). Dopovidi Natsional'noyi Akademiyi Nauk Ukrayini. Matematika, Prirodoznavstvo, Tekhnichni Nauki 1998:188-192. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2166. Molecular evolution of a pathogenicity island from enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Perna,N.T., Mayhew,G.F., Posfai,G., Elliott,S., Donnenberg,M.S., Kaper,J.B., Blattner,F.R. (1998). Infect. Immun. 66:3810-3817. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2167. Viral pollution in the environment and in shellfish: Human adenovirus detection by PCR as an index of human viruses. Pina,S., Puig,M., Lucena,F., Jofre,J., Girones,R. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:3376-3382. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2168. Abundance, morphology and distribution of planktonic virus-like particles in two high-mountain lakes. Pina,S., Creus,A., Ganzález,N., Gironés,R., Felip,M., Sommaruga,R. (1998). J. Plankton. Res. 20:2413-2421. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2169. Lysogeny of Oenococcus oeni (syn. Leuconostoc oenos) and study of their induced bacteriophages. Poblet-Icart,M., Bordons,A., Lonvaud-Funel,A. (1998). Curr. Microbiol. 36:365-369. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2170. Comparative analysis of the effect of energy process inhibitors on the efficacy of phage infection in staphylococci. Polishko,T.N. (1998). Mikrobiol. Zh. 60:36-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2171. New method churns out TB mutants. Potera,C. (1998). Science 280, 1350-1351. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2172. Biochemical and phylogenetic characterization of the dUTPase from the archaeal virus SIRV. Prangishvili,D., Klenk,H.P., Jakobs,G., Schmiechen,A., Hanselmann,C., Holz,I., Zillig,W. (1998). J. Biol. Chem. 273:6024-6029. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2173. Coinfection of a fungal pathogen by two distinct double-stranded RNA viruses. Preisig,O., Wingfield,B.D., Wingfield,M.J. (1998). Virology 252:399-406. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2174. Nucleotide seqeunce and analysis of the new chromosomal abortive infection gene abiN of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris S114. Prevots,F., Tolou,S., Delpech,B., Kaghad,M., Daloyau,M. (1998). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 159:331-336. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2175. Complete sequence of the new lactococcal abortive phage resistance gene abiO. Prevots,F., Ritzenthaler,P. (1998). J. Dairy Sci. 81:1483-1485. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2176. Nucleic acid sequence and plasmids comprising at least one phage resistence mechanism, bacteria containing them and their use. Prevots,F., Tolou,S., Daloyau,M. (1998). Systems Bio-Industries. 689916(5,712,150). Boulogne, FR. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2177. Marine Virus Ecology. Proctor,L.M. (1998). p. 113-130. In S.E.Cooksey (ed.), (eds) Molecular Approaches to the Study of the Ocean. Chapman & Hall, London.[do not have abstract]

  2178. Performance of Lactobacillus helveticus spontaneous phage-resistant mutants in hard cheese production. Quiberoni,A., Reinheimer,J., Suarez,J.E. (1998). Int. Dairy J. 8:941-949. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2179. Physicochemical characterization of phage adsorption to Lactobacillus helveticus ATCC 15807 cells. Quiberoni,A., Reinheimer,J.A. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:762-768. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2180. Genetic (RAPD-PCR) and technological diversities among wild Lactobacillus helveticus strains. Quiberoni,A., Tailliez,P., Quenee,P., Suarez,V., Reinheimer,J. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 85:591-596. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2181. Survival and transfer of faecal indicator organisms of wastewater effluents in receiving lake waters. Rajala,R.L., Heinonen-Tanski,H. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:191-194. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2182. Method for forming an array of biological particles. Raybuck,M. (1998). Amersham International plc. 463890(5,763,170). GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2183. Genetically engineered reporter bacteria for the detection of bacteriophage. Rees,C.E.D., Rostas-Mulligan,K., Park,S.F., Denyer,S.P., Anderson,G.S., Stewart,B., Jassim,S.A.A. (1998). Merck Patent GmbH. 575155(5,723,330). Darmstadt, DE. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2184. Coliphages and indicator bacteria in birds around Boston Harbor. Ricca,D.M., Cooney,J.J. (1998). J. Indust. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 21:28-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2185. Susceptibility of bacteria in estuarine environments to autochthonous bdellovibrios. Rice,T.D., Williams,H.N., Turng,B.F. (1998). Microb. Ecol. 35:256-264. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2186. Dynamics of the pseudolysogenic response in slowly growing cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Ripp,S., Miller,R.V. (1998). Microbiology (Reading) 144:2225-2232. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2187. The use of luciferase-reporter phage for antibiotic-susceptibility testing of mycobacteria. Riska,P.F., Jacobs,W.R., Jr. (1998). Methods in Molecular Biology 101:431-455. [do not have abstract]

  2188. Yeast positive-stranded virus-like RNA replicons: 20 S and 23 S RNA terminal nucleotide sequences and 3' end secondary structures resemble those of RNA coliphages. Rodriguez-Cousino,N., Solorzano,A., Fujimura,T., Esteban,R. (1998). J. Biol. Chem. 273:20363-20371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2189. Higher-order predators and the regulation of insect herbivore populations. Rosenheim,J.A. (1998). Annual Review of Entomology 43:421-447. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2190. Bacteriophages as surface and ground water tracers. Rossi,P., Doerfliger,N., Kennedy,K., Müller,I., Aragno,M. (1998). Hydr. Earth Syst. Sci. 2:101-110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2191. Bacteriophage tracing techniques. Rossi,P., Käss,W. (1998). p. 244-270. In Matthes and Käss (eds.), (eds) Tracing Techniques in Geohydrology. Balkema, Rotterdam.[do not have abstract]

  2192. Somatostatin displayed on filamentous phage as a receptor-specific agonist. Rousch,M., Lutgerink,J.T., Coote,J., de Bruine,A., Arends,J.W., Hoogenboom,H.R. (1998). British Journal of Pharmacology 125:5-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2193. Isolation of three different bacteriophage from mesophilic Aeromonas sp. that use different types of monopolar flagella as their primary receptor. Rubires,X., Merino,S., Aguilar,A., Nogueras,M.M., Tomas,J.M. (1998). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 161:53-57. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2194. Bacteriophage PRD1 and silica colloid transport and recovery in an iron oxide-coated sand aquifer. Ryan,J.N., Elimelech,M., Ard,R.A., Harvey,R.W., Johnson,P.R. (1998). Environ. Sci. Technol. 33:63-73. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2195. Vertical distribution of virus-like particles (VLP) and viruses infecting Micromonas pusilla during late summer in the southeastern Skagerrak. Sahlsten,E., Karlson,B. (1998). J. Plankton. Res. 20:2207-2212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2196. Seasonal abundance in Skagerrak-Kattegat coastal waters and host specificity of viruses infecting the marine photosynthetic flagellate Micromonas pusilla. Sahlsten,E. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 16:103-108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2197. Characterisation of 16 Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli typing bacteriophages. Sails,A.D., Wareing,D.R., Bolton,F.J., Fox,A.J., Curry,A. (1998). J. Med. Microbiol. 47:123-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2198. Detection of Listeria by means of recombinant bacteriophages. Scherer,S., Loessner,M. (1998). Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit beschrankkter Haftung. 648978(5,824,468). Darmstadt, DE. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2199. A comparative study on the frequency of prophages among natural isolates of Salmonella and Escherichia coli with emphasis on generalized transducers. Schicklmaier,P., Moser,E., Wieland,T., Rabsch,W., Schmieger,H. (1998). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 73:49-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2200. Reduction of FRNA-bacteriophages and faecal indicator bacteria by dune infiltration and estimation of sticking efficiencies. Schijven,J.F., Hoogenboezem,W., Nobel,P.J., Medema,G.J., Stakelbeek,A. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:127-131. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2201. On the fate of orally ingested foreign DNA in mice: chromosomal association and placental transmission to the fetus. Schubbert,R., Hohlweg,U., Renz,D., Doerfler,W. (1998). Mol. Gen. Genet. 259:569-576. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2202. A new bacteriophage typing scheme for Proteus mirabilis and Proteus vulgaris strains: 3. Analysis of lytic properties. Sekaninova,G., Rychlik,I., Kolarova,M., Pillich,J., Semenka,J., Zajicova,V. (1998). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 43:136-140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2203. The influence of environmental factors on microbiological indicators of coastal water pollution. Serrano,E., Moreno,B., Solaun,M., Aurrekoetxea,J.J., Ibarluzea,J. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:195-199. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2204. Parvovirus B19-induced anemia as the presenting manifestation of X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome. Seyama,K., Kobayashi,R., Hasle,H., Apter,A.J., Rutledge,J.C., Rosen,D., Ochs,H.D. (1998). J. Infect. Dis. 178:318-324. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2205. Reduction of Norwalk virus, poliovirus 1 and coliphage MS2 by monochloramine disinfection of water. Shin,G.A., Sobsey,M.D. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:151-154. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2206. Bacterioplankton dynamics in Lake Constance (Bodensee): Substrate utilization, growth control, and long-term trends. Simon,M., Bunte,C., Schulz,M., Weiss,M., Wuensch,C. (1998). E.Baeuerle and U.Gaedke (eds.), (eds) Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie. Spec. issue: Ergebnisse der Limnologie. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart (FRG).[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2207. The origin and evolution of viruses (a review). Sinkovics,J., Horvath,J., Horak,A. (1998). Acta Microbiol. Immunol. Hungarica 45:349-390. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2208. Distinguishing human from animal faecal contamination in water: A review. Sinton,L.W., Finlay,R.K., Hannah,D.J. (1998). N. Z. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 32:323-348. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2209. Isolation of phages and phage typing of Bacillus cereus. Smimizu,M., Inoue,M., Miyazawa,W., Itoh,T. (1998). Japanese Journal of Food Microbiology 15:147-152. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2210. RT-PCR amplification detects inactivated viruses in water and wastewater. Sobsey,M.D., Battigelli,D.A., Shin,G.A., Newland,S. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:91-94. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2211. Time dose reciprocity in UV disinfection of water. Sommer,R., Haider,T., Cabaja., Pribil,W., Lhotsky,M. (1998). Water Sci. Technol. 38:145-150. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2212. Phage therapy. Soothill,J.S. (1998). J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 50:36 [do not have abstract]

  2213. Mycobacterium avium grow saprozoically in co-culture with Acanthamoeba polyphaga and survive within cyst walls. Steinert,M., Birkness,K., White,E., Fields,B., Quinn,F. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:2256-2261. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2214. The specific and sensitive detection of bacterial pathogens within 4 h using bacteriophage amplification. Stewart,G.S., Jassim,S.A., Denyer,S.P., Newby,P., Linley,K., Dhir,V.K. (1998). J. Appl. Microbiol. 84:777-783. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2215. [The effect of low-frequency electromagnetic fields on living organisms]. Strasak,L., Vetterl,V., Smarda,J. (1998). Sbornik Lekarsky 99:455-464. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2216. Construction of bacteriophage resistant strains of Streptococcus thermophilus by pGh9::ISS1 insertional mutagenesis. Sturino,J.M., Steele,J.L. (1998). J. Dairy Sci. 81:7 [do not have abstract]

  2217. Lack of surface receptors not restriction-modification system determines F4 phage resistance in Streptococcus bovis II/1. Styriak,I., Pristas,P., Javorsky,P. (1998). Folia Microbiol (Praha) 43:35-38. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2218. Detection, quantification and morphological characterization of Vibrio cholerae indicator bacteriophages [Spanish]. Talledo,M.A., Gutiérrez,S., Merino,F., Rojas,N. (1998). Rev. Peru. Biol. 5:90-97. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2219. Temperate viruses and lysogeny in Lake Superior bacterioplankton. Tapper,M.A., Hicks,R.E. (1998). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43:95-103. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2220. Morphology and abundance of free and temperate viruses in Lake Superior. Tapper,M.A., Hicks,R.E. (1998). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43:95-103. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2221. Genome plasticity in the distal tail fiber locus of the T-even bacteriophage: recombination between conserved motifs swaps adhesin specificity. Tétart,F., Desplats,C., Krisch,H.M. (1998). J. Mol. Biol. 282:543-556. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2222. A theoretical approach to structuring mechanisms in the pelagic food web. Thingstad,T.F. (1998). Hydrobioligia 363:59-72. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2223. Role of the air-water-solid interface in bacteriophage sorption experiments. Thompson,S.S., Flury,M., Yates,M.V., Jury,W.A. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:304-309. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2224. Is the major capsid protein of iridoviruses a suitable target for the study of viral evolution? Tidona,C.A., Schnitzler,P., Kehm,R., Darai,G. (1998). Virus Genes 16:59-66. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2225. Biological properties and classification of Erwinia carotovora bacteriocins. Tovkach,F.I. (1998). Mikrobiologiia 67:767-774. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2226. Sex and the evolution of intrahost competition in RNA virus f6. Turner,P.E., Chao,L. (1998). Genetics 150:523-532. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2227. Characterization of the lysogenic bacteriophage MAV1 from Mycoplasma arthritidis. Voelker,L.L., Dybvig,K. (1998). J. Bacteriol. 180:5928-5931. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2228. Chemiluminescence patterns from bacterial cultures undergoing bacteriophage induced mass lysis. Vogel,R., Guo,X., Suessmuth,R. (1998). Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 46:59-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2229. Bacteriophage biology and bacterial virulence. Waldor,M.K. (1998). Trends Microbiol. 6:295-297. [do not have abstract]

  2230. Identification and characterization of a newly isolated Shiga toxin 2-converting phage from Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia
    coli
    . Watarai,M., Sato,T., Kobayashi,M., Shimizu,T., Yamasaki,S., Tobe,T., Sasakawa,C., Takeda,Y. (1998). Infect. Immun. 66:4100-4107. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2231. Size-specific mortality of lake bacterioplankton by natural virus communities. Weinbauer,M.G., Hoefle,M.G. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 15 or 156?:103-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2232. Significance of viral lysis and flagellate grazing as factors controlling bacterioplankton production in a eutrophic lake. Weinbauer,M.G., Hofle,M.G. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:431-438. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2233. Bacteriophage diversity in the North Sea. Wichels,A., Biel,S.S., Gelderblom,H.R., Brinkhoff,T., Muyzer,G., Schutt,C. (1998). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:4128-4133. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2234. The role of sunlight in the removal and repair of viruses in the sea. Wilhelm,S.W., Weinbauer,M.G., Suttle,C.A., Jeffrey,W.H. (1998). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43:586-592. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2235. Measurements of DNA damage and photoreactivation imply that most viruses in marine surface waters are infective. Wilhelm,S.W., Weinbauer,M.G., Suttle,C.A., Pledger,R.J., Mitchell,D.L. (1998). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 14:215-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2236. DNA analysis of temperate bacteriophage Aavariant phi23 isolated from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Willi,K., Meyer,J. (1998). Mol. Gen. Genet. 258:323-325. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2237. Population dynamics of phytoplankton and viruses in a phosphate-limited mesocosm and their effect on DMSP and DMS production. Wilson,W.H., Turner,S., Mann,N.H. (1998). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 46:49-59. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2238. Biochemical and genetic analysis of lambdaW, the newly isolated lambdoid phage. Wrobel,B., Srutkowska,S., Wegrzyn,G. (1998). Acta Biochimica Polonica 45:251-259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2239. The effect of storage and ozonation on the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of swine manure slurries. Wu,J.J., Park,S.H., Hengemuehle,S.M., Yokoyama,M.T., Person,H.L., Masten,S.J. (1998). Ozone Science & Engineering 20:35-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2240. Svoistva mikobakteriofaga MTPN11 [Properties of MTPN11 mycobacteriophage]. Zhilenkov,E.L., Shemakin,I.G., Stepanshina,V.N., Korobova,O.V., Oborotov,M.V., Dorozhkova,I.R. (1998). Mikrobiologica 67:660-665. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2241. Effect of plating medium and phage storage on mutant frequency and titer in the lambda cII transgenic mutation assay. Zimmer,D.M., Harbach,P.R., Mattes,W.B., Aaron,C.S. (1998). ironmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 32:325-330. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2242. [A virus at the service of health]. Anonymous (1997). SERVIR 45:332 [do not have abstract]

  2243. Attenuated poliovirus, bacteriophage, and bromide transport through a coarse-grained aquifer, western Montana. Anonymous (1997). p.138[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2244. Antibiotic Resistance: Origins, Evolution, Selection and Spread. Anonymous (1997). John Wiley & Sons, [do not have abstract]

  2245. Disinfection of human enteric viruses on fomites. Abad,F.X., Pinto,R.M., Bosch,A. (1997). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 156:107-111. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2246. Taxonomic changes in tailed phages of enterobacteria. Ackermann,H.-W., DuBow,M.S., Gershman,M., Karska-Wysocki,B., Kasatiya,S.S., Loessner,M.J., Mamet-Bratley,M.D., Regue,M. (1997). Arch. Virol. 142:1381-1390. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2247. A catalogue of T4-type bacteriophages. Ackermann,H.-W., Krisch,H.M. (1997). Arch. Virol. 142:2329-2345. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2248. Bacteriophage ecology. Ackermann,H.-W. (1997). p. 335-339. In M.T.Martins, M.I.Z.Sato, J.M.Tiedje, L.C.N.Hagler, J.Döbereiner, and P.S.Sanchez (eds.), (eds) Progress in Microbial Ecology (Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Microbial Ecology). Brazilian Society for Microbiology/International Committee on Microbial Ecology, São Paulo, Brazil.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2249. Characterization of a novel bacteriophage in Fusobacterium varium. Andrews,D.M., Gharbia,S.E., Shah,H.N. (1997). Clin. Infect. Dis. 25 Suppl 2:S287-S288 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2250. Virus retention by a hydrophilic triple-layer PVDF microporous membrane filter. Aranha-Creado,H., Oshima,K., Jafari,S., Howard,G.J., Brandwein,H. (1997). PDA JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 51:119-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2251. Abundance of bacteriophages of enteric bacteria in different freshwater environments. Araujo,R., Lasobras,J., Puig,A., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:11-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2252. Phages of enteric bacteria in fresh water with different levels of faecal pollution. Araujo,R.M., Puig.A., Lasobras,J., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (1997). J. Appl. Microbiol. 82:281-286. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2253. Bacteriophages of enteric bacteria in drinking water, comparison of their distribution in two countries. Armon,R., Araujo,R., Kott,Y., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (1997). J. Appl. Microbiol. 83:627-633. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2254. Synchronized disruption of Escherichia coli cells by T4 phage infection. Asami,K., Xing,X.H., Tanji,Y., Unno,H. (1997). Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 83:511-516. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2255. Isolation and Characterization of a New Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp.bulgaricus Temperate Bacteriophage. Auad,L., de Ruiz Holgado,A.A.P., Forsman,P., Alatossava,T., Raya,R.R. (1997). J. Dairy Sci. 80:2706-2712. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2256. Morphology and protein pattern of bacteriophages isolated from type strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. Azizbekyan,K.R., Kuzin,A.I., Shamshina,T.N., Dobrzhanskaya,E.O. (1997). Mikrobiologiia 66:242-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2257. New thermal inducible Streptomyces phages isolated from tropical soils. Balan,A., Padilla,G. (1997). Brazilian Journal of Genetics 20:547-552. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2258. Bacteriophage and microsphere transport in saturated porous media; forced-gradient experiment at Borden, Ontario. Bales,R.C., Gerba,C.P., Lenczewski,M.E., Li,S., Yeh,T.C.J. (1997). Water Resources Research 33:639-648. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2259. Novel approaches to control of bacterial infections in animals. Barrow,P.A. (1997). ACTA VETERINARIA HUNGARICA 45:317-329. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2260. Bacteriophage therapy and prophylaxis: Rediscovery and renewed assessment of potential. Barrow,P.A., Soothill,J.S. (1997). Trends Microbiol. 5:268-271. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2261. Phage resistance in Mycobacterium smegmatis. Barsom,E.K. (1997). University of Pittsburgh. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2262. A Member of the Immunoglobulin Superfamily in Bacteriophage T4. Bateman,A., Eddy,S.R., Mesyanzhinov,V.V. (1997). Virus Genes 14:163-165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2263. The record of horizontal gene transfer in Salmonella. Bäumler,A.J. (1997). Trends Microbiol. 5:318-322. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2264. Transduction of antibiotic resistance including imipenem resistance by wild type phages from nosocomial strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Blahová,J., Kralikova,K., Krcmery,V.S., Mlynarcik,D., Trupl,J. (1997). Acta Virol. 41:293-296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2265. Effect of resource enrichment on a chemostat community of bacteria and bacteriophage. Bohannan,B.J.M., Lenski,R.E. (1997). Ecology 78:2303-2315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2266. Physico-chemical properties of three phages of Pseudomonas syringae. Boiko,A.L., Semchuk,L.I., Tokarchuk,L.V., Romashev,S.A. (1997). Ukrainskii Biokhimicheskii Zhurnal 69:133-137. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2267. Lysogeny in Xanthomonas campestris pv. erythrinae and X. campestris pv. azadirachtae and the behaviour of harboured temperate phages. Borkar,S.G. (1997). J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 27:283-285. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2268. Large-scale production and plaque titration of European chlorella viruses. Bornemann,C., Follmann,H. (1997). J. Virol. Meth. 67:119-125. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2269. Microbiological quality of natural waters. Borrego,J.J., Figueras,M.J. (1997). Microbiologia (Madrid) 13:413-426. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2270. Microorganism removal in wastewater stabilisation ponds in Maracaibo, Venezuela. Botero,L., Montiel,M., Estrada,P., Villalobos,M., Herrera,L. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:205-209. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2271. Movement of bacteriophage and fluorescent tracers through underground river sediments. Briclj,M., MišIiè,M. (1997). p. 3-9. In A.Kranjc (ed.), (eds) Tracer hydrology 97 : proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water Tracing, Portorož, Slovenia. Balkema, Rotterdam,A.A.[do not have abstract]

  2272. Compositions and methods for phage resistance in dairy fermentations. Broadbent,J.R., Oberg,C.J., Caldwell,S. (1997). Utah State University, Office of Technology Commercialization. 462017(5,677,166). Logan, UT. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2273. Molecular ecology of Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage infections in a cheese factory. Bruttin,A., Desiere,F., d'Amico,N., Guerin,J.P., Sidoti J, Huni B, Lucchini,S., Brüssow,H. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:3144-3150. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2274. Characterization of the lysogeny DNA module from the temperate Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage f Sfi21. Bruttin,A., Desiere,F., Lucchini,S., Foley S, Brüssow,H. (1997). Virology 233:136-148. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2275. The site-specific integration system of the temperate Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage fSfi21 [In Process Citation]. Bruttin,A., Foley S, Brüssow,H. (1997). Virology 237:148-158. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2276. Exceptional convergent evolution in a virus. Bull,J.J., Badgett,M.R., Wichman,H.A., Huelsenbeck,J.P., Hillis,D.M., Gulati,A., Ho,C., Molineux,I.J. (1997). Genetics 147:1497-1507. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2277. Prophages and cryptic prophages. Campbell,A. (1997). p. 23-29. In F.J.de Bruin, J.R.Lupski, and G.M.Weinstock (eds.), (eds) Bacterial Genomes, Physical Structure and Analysis. Chapman and Hall, New York.[do not have abstract]

  2278. Conditionally replicating luciferase reporter phages: improved sensitivity for rapid detection and assessment of drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Carriere,C., Riska,P.F., Zimhony,O., Kriakov,J., Bardarov,S., Jr., Burns,J., Chan,J., Jacobs,W.R., Jr. (1997). J. Clin. Microbiol. 35:3232-3239. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2279. Isolation of Vibrio cholerae 0139 phages to develop a phage typing scheme. Chakrabarti,A.K., Ghosh,A.N., Sarkar,B.L. (1997). Indian J. Med. Res. 105:254-257. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2280. Analysis of the DNA sequence, gene expression, origin of replication, and modular structure of Lactococcus lactis lytic bacteriophage. Chandry,P.S., Moore,S.C., Boyce,J.D., Davidson,B.E., Hillier,A.J. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 26:49-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2281. Evolution of sex and the molecular clock in RNA viruses. Chao,L. (1997). Gene 205:301-308. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2282. The advantage of sex in the RNA virus f6. Chao,L., Tran,T.T., Tran,T.T. (1997). Genetics 147:953-959. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2283. Generalized gene transfer by virus-like particles from marine bacteria. Chiura,H.X. (1997). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 13:75-83. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2284. DNA fragments coding for a bacteriophage-resistant mechanism. Chopin,M.-C., Cluzel,P.J. (1997). Institut National de la Recherche Agronamique (INRA). 248466(5,629,182). Paris, FR. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2285. Characterization of bacteriophages from tox-containing, non-toxigenic isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Cianciotto,N.P., Groman,N.B. (1997). Microb. Pathog. 22:343-351. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2286. Reduced polysialic acid capsule expression in Escherichia coli K1 mutants with chromosomal defects in kpsF. Cieslewicz,M., Vimr,E. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 26:237-249. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2287. INHIBITION OF LACTIC BACTERIOPHAGE PROLIFERATION BY HYDROLYZED BACTERIOPHAGE PEPTIDE (STREPTOCOCCUS LACTIS, PHAGE PEPTIDES). Clark-Safko,P.A. (1997). University of Kentucky. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2288. Application and evaluation of the phage resistance- and bacteriocin-encoding plasmid pMRC01 for the improvement of dairy starter cultures. Coakley,M., Fitzgerald,G., Ros,R.P. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:1434-1440. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2289. Parallel molecular evolution of deletions and nonsense mutations in bacteriophage T7 [letter]. Cunningham,C.W., Jeng,K., Husti,J., Badgett,M.R., Molineux,I.J., Hillis,D.M., Bull,J.J. (1997). Mol. Biol. Evol. 14:113-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2290. A novel plasmid-encoded phage abortive infection system from Lactococcus lactis biovar. diacetylactis. Deng,Y.M., Harvey,M.L., Liu,C.Q., Dunn,N.W. (1997). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 146:149-154. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2291. Distribution of Vibrio vulnificus phage in oyster tissues and other estuarine habitats. Depaola,A., McLeroy,S., McManus,G. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:2464-2467. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2292. A highly conserved DNA replication module from Streptococcus thermophilus phages is similar in sequence and topology to a module from Lactococcus lactis phages. Desiere,F., Lucchini,S., Bruttin,A., Zwahlen MC, Brüssow,H. (1997). Virology 234:372-382. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2293. Microbiological quality of coastal sea water of Alexandria, Egypt. Divizia,M., Ruscio,V., Donia,D., el,G.E., Elcherbini,E., Gabrieli,R., Gamil,F., Kader,O., Zaki,A., Renganathan,E., Pana,A. (1997). Annali di Igiene 9:289-294. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2294. Bacteriophage-triggered defense systems: phage adaptation and design improvements. Djordjevic,G.M., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:4370-4376. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2295. Development of a triggered suicide system for bacteriophage defense (Guanylyl transferase, restriction endonuclease, phage inducible, Lacotococcus lactis). Djordjevic,G.M. (1997). North Carolina State University. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2296. A triggered-suicide system designed as a defense against bacteriophages. Djordjevic,G.M., O'Sullivan,D.J., Walker,S.A., Conkling,M.A., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:6741-6748. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2297. Survival and transport of selected bacterial pathogens and indicator viruses under sandy aquifer conditions. Dowd,S.E., Pillai,S.D. (1997). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A Environ. Sci. Engin. 32:2245-2258. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2298. Natural protection of spring and well drinking water against surface microbial contamination. II. Indicators and monitoring parameters for parasites. Edberg,S.C., Leclerc,H., Robertson,J. (1997). Critical Reviews in Microbiology 23:179-206. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2299. Characterization of filamentous phages of Vibrio cholerae O139 and O1. Ehara,M., Shimodori,S., Kojima,F., Ichinose,Y., Hirayama,T., Albert,M.J., Supawat,K., Honma,Y., Iwanaga,M., Amako,K. (1997). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 154:293-301. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2300. Phenotypic and genetic characterization of the bacteriophage abortive infection mechanism AbiK from Lactococcus lactis. Emond,E., Holler,B.J., Boucher,I., Vandenbergh,P.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Kondo,J.K., Moineau,S. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:1274-1283. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2301. Development and application of a genetically-structured simulation for bacteriophage T7. Endy,D. (1997). Darmouth College. [do not have abstract]

  2302. Intracellular kinetics of a growing virus: A genetically-structured simulation for bacteriophage T7. Endy,D., Kong,D., Yin,J. (1997). Biotech. Bioeng. 55:375-389. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2303. Unsuspected prophage-like elements in Salmonella typhimurium. Figueroa-Bossi,N., Coissac,E., Netter,P., Bossi,L. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 25:161-173. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2304. Mycobacteriophage L5 infection of Mycobacterium bovis BCG: implications for phage genetics in the slow-growing mycobacteria. Fullner,K.J., Hatfull,G.F. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 26:755-766. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2305. Chlorella virus PBCV-1 encodes a homolog of the bacteriophage T4 UV damage repair gene denV. Furuta,M., Schrader,J.O., Schrader,H.S., Kokjohn,T.A., Nyaga,S., McCullough,A.K., Lloyd,R.S., Burbank,D.E., Landstein,D., Lane,L., van Etten,J.L. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:1551-1556. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2306. Polymorphism of bacteriophage T7. Gabashvili,I.S., Khan,S.A., Hayes,S.J., Serwer,P. (1997). J. Mol. Biol. 273:658-667. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2307. Evaluation of the wastewater treatment plant of Rome airport. Gabrieli,R., Divizia,M., Donia,D., Ruscio,V., Bonadonna,L., Diotallevi,C., Villa,L., Manzone,G., Pana,A. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:193-196. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2308. Kluyvera bacteriophage Kvp1: a new member of the Podoviridae family phylogenetically related to the coliphage T7. Gadaleta,P., Zorzopulos,J. (1997). Virus Res. 51:43-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2309. Bacteriophage resistance in Lactococcus lactis engineered by replacement of a gene for a bacteriophage receptor. Garbutt,K.C., Kraus,J., Geller,B.L. (1997). J. Dairy Sci. 80:1512-1519. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2310. Bacteriophages of Streptococcus pneumoniae: A molecular approach. Garcia,P., Martin,A.C., Lopez,R. (1997). Microbial Drug Resistance-Mechanisms Epidemiology & Disease 3:165-176. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2311. Identification of a RecA homolog (RecA-LP) on the conjugative lactococcal phage resistance plasmid pNP40: Evidence of a role for chromosomally encoded RecA-L in abortive infection. Garvey,P., Rince,A., Hill,C., Fitzgerald,G.F. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:1244-1251. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2312. Release and bioavailability of C, N, P, Se, and Fe following viral lysis of a marine chrysophyte. Gobler,C.J., Hutchins,D.A., Fisher,N.S., Cosper,E.M., Sanudo Wilhelmy,S.A. (1997). Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:1492-1504. [do not have abstract]

  2313. Persistence of MS-2 and PRD-1 bacteriophages in an ultrapure water system. Governal,R.A., Gerba,C.P. (1997). Journal of Industrial 18:297-301. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2314. Bacteriophage T4 development depends on the physiology of its host Escherichia coli. Hadas,H., Einav,M., Fishov,I., Zaritsky,A. (1997). Microbiology 143:179-185. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2315. Microorganisms as tracers in groundwater injection and recovery experiments: a review. Harvey,R.W. (1997). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 20:461-472. [do not have abstract]

  2316. Presence of bacteriophage Aa phi 23 correlates with the population genetic structure of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Haubek,D., Willi,K., Poulsen,K., Meyer,J., Kilian,M. (1997). Eur. J. Oral Sci. 105:2-8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2317. Infection and removal of L-forms of Listeria monocytogenes with bred bacteriophage. Hibma,A.M., Jassim,S.A., Griffiths,M.W. (1997). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 34:197-207. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2318. Pathogenesis and virulence of Rhodococcus equi. Hondalus,M.K. (1997). Vet Microbiol 56:257-268. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2319. Purification and characterization of VSH-1, a generalized transducing bacteriophage of Serpulina hyodysenteriae. Humphrey,S.B., Stanton,T.B., Jensen,N.S., Zuerner,R.L. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:323-329. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2320. The characterisation of Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals. Jahans,K.L., Foster,G., Broughton,E.S. (1997). Vet Microbiol 57:373-382. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2321. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophage BCJA1, a novel temperate bacteriophage active against the alkaliphilic bacterium, Bacillus clarkii. Jarrell,K.F., Vydykhan,T., Lee,P., Agnew,M.D., Thomas,N.A. (1997). Extremophiles 1:199-206. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2322. Sorption of viruses during flow through saturated sand columns. Jin,Y., Yates,M.V., Thompson,S.S., Jury,W.A. (1997). Environ. Sci. Technol. 31:548-555. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2323. Elution and reconcentration of coliphages in water from positively charged membrane filters with urea-arginine phosphate buffer. Jothikumar,N., Cliver,D.O. (1997). J. Virol. Meth. 65:281-286. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2324. Photocatalysis-dependent inactivation of Lactobacillus phage PL-1 by a ceramics preparation. Kakita,Y., Kashige,N., Miake,F., Watanabe,K. (1997). TEMP 99/06/16 61:1947-1948. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2325. Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa genes required for epithelial cell injury. Kang,P.J., Hauser,A.R., Apodaca,G., Fleiszig,S.M.J., Wiener-Kronish,J., Mostov,K., Engel,J.N. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 24:1249-1262. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2326. Effect of irradiation on microbial indicators during sewage treatment. Karem,H.A., Waite,T.D. (1997). Egyptian Journal of Microbiology 32:169-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2327. The abundance of planktonic viruses in antarctic lakes. Kepner,R., Galchenko,V., Wharton,R. (1997). p. 241-252. In W.B.Lyons, C.Howard-Williams, and I.Hawes (eds.), (eds) Ecosystem Processes in Antarctic Ice-Free Landscapes. Balkema Press, Rotterdam.[do not have abstract]

  2328. Virus-like, double-stranded RNAs in the parasitic protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum. Khramtsov,N.V., Woods,K.M., Nesterenko,M.V., Dykstra,C.C., Upton,S.J. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 26:289-300. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2329. Shuffling of structural elements in filamentous bacteriophages. Kishchenko,G., Dmakowski,L. (1997). Proteins Structure Function and Genetics 27:405-409. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2330. Method of eliminating genetic routes for bacteriophage evolution and products produced thereby. Klaenhammer,T.R., Moineau,S. (1997). North Carolina State University. 424723(5,618,723). Raleigh, NC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2331. Phage defense rotation strategy. Klaenhammer,T.R., Sing,W.D., Hill,C.J. (1997). 375072(5,593,885). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2332. Rapid evolution of translational control mechanisms in RNA genomes. Klovins,J., Tsareva,N.A., de Smit,M.H., Berzins,V., Van,D. (1997). J. Mol. Biol. 265:372-384. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2333. Repeatability of microbial evolution in simple experimental arrangements. Korona R, Koron (1997). Wiadomosci Ekologiczne 43:97-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2334. Bacterial capsules: No barrier against Bdellovibrio. Koval,S.F., Bayer,M.E. (1997). Microbiology (Reading) 143:749-753. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2335. [The study on biology of bacteriophages and their usage in the treatment of bacterial diseases and on the influence of different bacteriophages on cytokine production by leukocytes in human peripheral blood]. Kozminska,J., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Mulczyk,M. (1997). OTOLARYNGOLOGIA POLSKA 51 Suppl 25:195-198. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2336. The complete genome sequence of the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Kunst,F., Ogasawara,N., Moszer,I., Albertini,A.M., Alloni,G., Azevedo,V., Bertero,M.G., Bessieres,P., Bolotin,A., Borchert,S., Borriss,R., Boursier,L., Brans,A., Braun,M., Brignell,S.C., Bron,S., Brouillet,S., Bruschi,C.V., Caldwell,B., Capuano,V., Carter,N.M., Choi,S.K., Codani,J.J., Connerton,I.F., Danchin,A. (1997). Nature 390:249-256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2337. Relationship between the morphology of bacteriophages and their persistence in the environment. Lasobras,J., Muniesa,M., Frias,J., Lucena,F., Jofre,J. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:129-132. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2338. Two groups of bacteriophages infecting Streptococcus thermophilus can be distinguished on the basis of mode of packaging and genetic determinants for major structural proteins. Le Marrec,C., van Sinderen,D., Walsh,L., Stanley,E., Vlegels,E., Moineau,S., Heinze,P., Fitzgerald,G., Fayard,B. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:3246-3253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2339. Protozoa in open reservoirs. Lechevallier,M.W., Norton,W.D., Atherholt,T.B. (1997). American Water Works Association Journal 89:84-96. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2340. Negative effects of chemical mutagenesis on the adaptive behavior of vesicular stomatitis virus. Lee,C.H., Gilbertson,D.L., Novella,I.S., Huerta,R., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1997). J. Virol. 71:3636-3640. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2341. The effects of methylene blue and oxygen concentration on the photoinactivation of Q beta bacteriophage. Lee,D., Foux,M., Leonard,E.F. (1997). Photochem. Photobiol. 65:161-165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2342. Bacteriophages are a better indicator of illness rates than bacteria amongst users of a white water course fed by a lowland river. Lee,J.V., Dawson,S.R., Ward,S., Surman,S.B., Neal,K.R. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:165-170. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2343. Antiserum inhibition of propagating viruses. Lee,Y., Eisner,S.D., Yin,J. (1997). Biotech. Bioeng. 55:542-546. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2344. Optimization of the detection of bacteriophages induced from Listeria sp. Lemaitre,J.P., Delcourt,A., Rousset,A. (1997). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 24:51-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2345. An improved plaque assay for poor plaque-producing temperate lactococcal bacteriophages. Lillehaug,D. (1997). J. Appl. Microbiol. 83:85-90. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2346. Fate of liberated viral RNA in wastewater determined by PCR. Limsawat,S., Ohgaki,S. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:2932-2933. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2347. Konwersja lizogenna jako czynnik wpylwajacy na zjawisko tolerancji na wankomycyne u Staphylococcus aureus [Lysogenic conversion as a factor influencing tolerance to vancomycin in Staphylococcus aureus]. lMynarczyk,G., lMynarczyk,A., Zabicka,D., Jeljaszewicz,J. (1997). Med Dosw Mikrobiol 49:13-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2348. Evaluation of luciferase reporter bacteriophage A511::luxAB for detection of Listeria monocytogenes in contaminated foods. Loessner,M.J., Rudolf,M., Scherer,S. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:2961-2965. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2349. Three Bacillus cereus bacteriophage endolysins are unrelated but reveal high homology to cell wall hydrolases from different bacilli. Loessner,M.J., Maier,S.K., Daubek-Puza,H., Wendlinger,G., Scherer,S. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:2845-2851. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2350. Studies of divergence between "early" genes of defective phages in different strains of soil bacilli related to Bacillus subtilis 168. Lotareva,O.V., Poluektova,E.U., Prozorov,A.A. (1997). Genetika 33:752-756. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2351. Wastewater reclamation at Lake Arrowhead, California: An overview. Madireddi,K., Babcock,R.W.Jr., Levine,B., Huo,T.L., Khan,E., Ye,Q.F., Neethling,J.B., Suffet,I.H., Stenstrom,M.K. (1997). Water Environ. Res. 69:350-362. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2352. Characterization of a bacteriophage for Carnobacterium divergens NCFB 2763 by host specificity and electron microscopy. Manchester,L.N. (1997). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 25:401-404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2353. Effect of microgravity on Escherichia coli and MS-2 bacteriophage disinfection by iodinated resins. Marchin,G.L., Silverstein,J., Brion,G.M. (1997). Acta Astronautica 40:65-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2354. Molecular population genetics analysis of a Streptococcus pyogenes bacteriophage-encoded hyaluronidase gene: recombination contributes to allelic variation. Marciel,A.M., Kapur,V., Musser,J.M. (1997). Microb. Pathog. 22:209-217. [do not have abstract]

  2355. Mechanism of bacteriophage SfII-mediated serotype conversion in Shigella flexneri. Mavris,M., Manning,P.A., Morona,R. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 26:939-950. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2356. Genetic studies of erythrogenic toxin carrying temperate bacteriophages of Streptococcus pyogenes. McShan,W.M., Ferretti,J.J. (1997). Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology 418:971-973. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2357. Genetic diversity in temperate bacteriophages of Streptococcus pyogenes: Identification of a second attachment site for phages carrying the erythrogenic toxin A gene. McShan,W.M., Ferretti,J.J. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:6509-6511. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2358. Assessment of the exposure of swimmers to microbiological contaminants in fresh waters. Medema,G.J., Van Asperen,I.A., Havelaar,A.H. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:157-163. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2359. Antibacterial therapy with bacteriophage genotypically modified to delay inactivation by the host defense system. Merril,C.R., Carlton,R.M., Adhya,S.L. (1997). Exponential Biotherapies, Inc. and The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health. 464412(5,660,812). New York, NY; Washington, DC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2360. Antibacterial therapy with bacteriophage genotypically modified to delay inactivation by the host defense system. Merril,C.R., Carlton,R.M., Adhya,S.L. (1997). Exponential Biotherapies, Inc. and The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health. 593269(5,688,501). New York, NY; Washington, DC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2361. Is group selection a factor modulating the virulence of RNA viruses? Miralles,R., Moya,A., Elena,S.F. (1997). Genet. Res. 69:165-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2362. Investigations of the marine lysogenic bacterium H24. II. Development of pseudolysogeny in nutrient-rich broth culture. Moebus,K. (1997). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 148:229-240. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2363. Investigations of the marine lysogenic bacterium H24. III. Growth of bacteria and production of phage under nutrient-limited conditions. Moebus,K. (1997). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 148:241-250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2364. Investigations of the marine lysogenic bacterium H24. I. General description of the phage-host system. Moebus,K. (1997). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 148:217-228. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2365. Growth and phage resistance of Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 in the presence of cyanophage AN-15. Mole,R., Meredith,D., Adams,D.G. (1997). Journal of Applied Phycology [J. Appl. Phycol. ] 9:339-345. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2366. The genome of the pseudo T-even bacteriophages, a diverse group that resembles T4. Monod,C., Repoila,F., Kutateladze,M., Tétart,F., Krisch,H.M. (1997). J. Mol. Biol. 267:237-249. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2367. Viruses scout evolution's path [news]. Morell,V. (1997). Science 278:1563-1564. [do not have abstract]

  2368. Sex frees viruses from genetic 'ratchet'. Morell,V. (1997). Science 278:1562-1563. [do not have abstract]

  2369. The disinfection of wastewater by ultraviolet light. Moreno,B., Goni,F., Fernandez,O., Martinez,J.A., Astigarraga,M. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:233-235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2370. Characterization of the locus encoding the Streptococcus pneumoniae type 19F capsular polysaccharide biosynthetic pathway. Morona,J.K., Morona,R., Paton,J.C. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 23:751-763. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2371. A novel mechanism of virus-virus interactions: bacteriophage P2 Tin protein inhibits phage T4 DNA synthesis by poisoning the T4 single-stranded DNA binding protein, gp32. Mosig,G., Yu,S., Myung,H., Håggard-Ljungquist,E., Davenport,L., Carlson,K., Calendar,R. (1997). Virology 230:72-81. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2372. Isolation of a virus infectious to the harmful bloom causing microalga Heterosigma akashiwo. Nagasaki,K., Yamaguchi,M. (1997). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 13:135-140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2373. Beating bacteria: New ways to fend off antibiotic pathogens. Nemecek,S. (1997). Scientific American 276(2 (February)), 38 (24?)-39 (25?). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2374. Virus decay and its cause in coastal waters. Noble,R.T., Fuhrman,J.A. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:77-83. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2375. Serratia entomophila bacteriophages: host range determination and preliminary characterization. O'Callaghan,M., Jackson,T.A., Glare,T.R. (1997). Can. J. Microbiol. 43:1069-1073. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2376. Stability of CII is a key element in the cold stress response of bacteriophage lambda infection. Obuchowski,M., Shotland,Y., Koby,S., Giladi,H., Gabig,M., Wegrzyn,G., Oppenheim,A.B. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:5987-5991. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2377. Occurence of virus-like particles in the Dead Sea. Oren,A., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1997). Extremophiles 1:143-??? [do not have abstract]

  2378. The detection of enteroviruses in large volume concentrates of recreational waters by the polymerase chain reaction. Pallin,R., Wyn-Jones,A.P., Place,B.M., Lightfoot,N.F. (1997). J. Virol. Meth. 67:57-67. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2379. [Diagnosis of Yersinia pestis]. Pan,T.M., Chien,S.H., Wang,T.K., Tsai,J.L., Horng,C.B. (1997). Chung-Hua Min Kuo Wei Sheng Wu Chi Mien I Hsueh Tsa Chih Chinese 30:43-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2380. A Mycobacterum smegmatis mutant with a defectivbe inositol monophosphate phosphatase gene homolog has altered cell envelope permeability. Parish,T., Liu,J., Nikaido,H., Stoker,N.G. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:7827-7833. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2381. A virulent bacteriophage of Lactococcus garvieae (formerly Enterococcus seriolicida) isolated from yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata. Park,K.H., Matsuoka,S., Nakai,T., Muroga,K. (1997). Dis. Aquat. Org. 29:145-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2382. Colonization of transplant unit water supplies with Legionella and protozoa: precautions required to reduce the risk of legionellosis. Patterson,W.J., Hay,J., Seal,D.V., McLuckie,J.C. (1997). J. Hosp. Infect. 37:7-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2383. Evidence for groundwater and surface marine water contamination by waste disposal wells in the Florida Keys. Paul,J.H., Rose,J.B., Jiang,S.C., Xhou,X., Cochran,P., Kellogg,C., Kang,J.B., Griffin,D., Farrah,S., Lukasik,J. (1997). Water Res. 31:1448-1454. [do not have abstract]

  2384. Coliphage and indigenous phage in Mamala Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Paul,J.H., Rose,J.B., Jiang,S.C., London,P., Xhou,X., Kellogg,C. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:133-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2385. Mycobacteriophage specific for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Pearson,R.E., Dickson,J.A., Hamilton,P.T., Little,M.C., Beyer,W.F., Jr. (1997). Becton, Dickinson and Company. 402066(5,612,182). Franklin Lakes, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2386. Bacteriophage B103: complete DNA sequence of its genome and relationship to other Bacillus phages. Pecenkova,T., Benes,V., Paces,J., Vlcek,C., Paces,V. (1997). Gene 199:157-163. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2387. Phage-mediated transfer of tetracycline resistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from cattle in Brazil. Periera,M.S., Barreto,V.P., Siqueira-Junior,J.P. (1997). Microbios 92:147-155. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2388. Transport and recovery of bacteriophage PRD1 in a sand and gravel aquifer: Effect of sewage-derived organic matter. Pieper,A.P., Ryan,J.H., Harvey,R.W., Amy,G.L., Illangasekare,T.H., Metge,D.W. (1997). Environ. Sci. Technol. 31:1163-1170. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2389. Cloning and characterization of bacteriophage-like DNA from Haemophilus somnus homologous to phages P2 and HP1. Pontarollo,R.A., Rioux,C.R., Potter,A.A. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:1872-1879. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2390. Nucleic acid sequence and plasmids comprising at least one phage resistance mechanism, bacteria in which they are present, and their use. Prevots,F., Remy,E., Ritzenthaler,P. (1997). Sanofi, Aquitaine, and Elf. 286325(5,658,770). Paris, FR; Courbevoie, FR. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2391. Blending of pure strains for safer and enhanced flavouring in the dairy industry. Prigent,J.R. (1997). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France 83:67-82. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2392. Advances in the study of marine viruses. Proctor,L.M. (1997). Microscopy Research and Technique 37:136-161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2393. Use of oxyrase enzyme (Oxyrase®) for the detection of bacteriophages of Bacteroides fragilis in aerobic incubating conditions. Puig,A., Jofre,J., Araujo,R. (1997). J. Microbiol. Meth. 31:205-207. [do not have abstract]

  2394. Bacteriophages infecting various Bacteroides fragilis strains differ in their capacity to distinguish human from animal faecal pollution. Puig,A., Jofre,J., Araujo,R. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:359-362. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2395. Viral spread within ageing bacterial populations. Ramirez,E., Villverde,A. (1997). Gene 202:147-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2396. Method of detecting compounds utilizing genetically modified lambdoid bacteriophage. Ray,B.L., Lin,E.C.C., Crea,R. (1997). SymBioTech, Inc. 299249(5,650,267). Woburn, MA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2397. Filtration of recombinant Norwalk virus particles and bacteriophage MS2 in quartz sand: Importance of electrostatic interactions. Redman,J.A., Grant,S.B., Olson,T.M., Hardy,M.E., Estes,M.K. (1997). Environ. Sci. Technol. 31:3378-3383. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2398. Natural milk cultures for the production of Argentinian cheeses. Reinheimer,J.A., Binetti,A.G., Quiberoni,A., Bailo,N.B., Rubiolo,A.C., Giraffa,G. (1997). J. Food Prot. 60:59-63. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2399. The role of pseudolysogeny in bacteriophage-host interactions in a natural freshwater environment. Ripp,S., Miller,R.V. (1997). Microbiology 143:2065-2070. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2400. Specific identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the luciferase reporter mycobacteriophage: use of p-nitro-alpha-acetylamino-beta-hydroxy propiophenone. Riska,P.F., Jacobs,W.R., Jr., Bloom,B.R., McKitrick,J., Chan,J. (1997). J. Clin. Microbiol. 35:3225-3231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2401. Comparison of PCR and plaque assay for detection and enumeration of coliphage in polluted marine waters. Rose,J.B., Zhou,X., Griffin,D.W., Paul,J.H. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:4564-4566. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2402. Adsorption of viruses in water environment onto solid surfaces. Sakoda,A., Sakai,Y., Hayakawa,K., Suzuki,M. (1997). Water Sci. Technol. 35:107-114. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2403. Studies on phage pattern, antibiotic sensitivity and enterotoxigenicity of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from fish and factory workers. Sanjeev,S., Stephen,J., Gopakumar,K. (1997). D.G.James (ed.), (eds) Asia Pacific Fishery Commission. Summary report of and papers presented at the tenth session of the Working Party of Fish Technology and Marketing. Colombo, Sri Lanka. FAO fisheries report, Rome.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2404. Characterization of host-range mutants of cyanophage N-1. Sarma,T.A., Kaur,B. (1997). Acta Virol. 41:245-250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2405. Sequence comparison of the genes for immunity, DNA replication, and cell lysis of the P22-related Salmonella phages ES18 and L. Schicklmaier,P., Schmeiger,H. (1997). Gene 195:93-100. [do not have abstract]

  2406. Effects of host starvation on bacteriophage dynamics. Schrader,H.S., Schrader,J.O., Walker,J.J., Bruggeman,N.B., Vanderloop,J.M., Shaffer,J.J., Kokjohn,T.A. (1997). p. 368-385. In R.Y.Morita (ed.), (eds) Bacteria in Oligotrophic Environments. Starvation-Survival Lifestyle. Chapman & Hall, New York.[do not have abstract]

  2407. Bacteriophage infection and multiplication occur in Pseudomonas aeruginosa starved for 5 years. Schrader,H.S., Schrader,O., Walker,J.J., Wolf,T.A., Nickerson,K.W., Kokjohn,T.A. (1997). Can. J. Microbiol. 43:1157-1163. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2408. Foreign (M13) DNA ingested by mice reaches peripheral leukocytes, spleen and liver via the intestinal wall mucosa and can be covalently linked to mouse DNA. Schubbert,R., Renz,D., Schmitz,B., Doerfler,W. (1997). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:961-966. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2409. Altered 3'-terminal RNA structure in phage Qb adapted to host factor-less Escherichia coli. Schuppli,D., Miranda,G., Tsui,H.C.T., Winkler,M.E., Sogo,J.M., Weber,H. (1997). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:10239-10242. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2410. Formation of submicron colloidal particles from marine bacteria by viral infection. Shibata,A., Kogure,K., Koike,I., Ohwada,K. (1997). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 155:303-307. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2411. Morphological features of a filamentous phage of Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal. Shimodori,S., Iida,K., Kojima,F., Takade,A., Ehara,M., Amako,K. (1997). Microbiology and Immunology 41:757-763. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2412. Viruses in aquatic ecosystems. A review. Sime-Ngando,T. (1997). L'Année Biologique 36:181-210. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2413. Transport of bacteria and bacteriophages in irrigated effluent into and through an alluvial gravel aquifer. Sinton,L.W., Finlay,R.K., Pang,L., Scott,D.M. (1997). Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 98:17-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2414. The relationship between HP1 and S2 bacteriophages of Haemophilus influenzae. Skowronek,K., Baranowski,S. (1997). Gene (Amsterdam) 196:139-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2415. Rod-shaped virus-like particles in intestinal contents of pheasant chicks. Smid,B., Valicek,L., Kudrna,J. (1997). Zentralblatt Fur Veterinarmedizin - Reihe B 44:445-447. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2416. Induction of a temperate marine cyanophage by heavy metal. Sode,K., Oonari,R., Oozeki,M. (1997). J. Mar. Biotechnol. 5:178-180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2417. Selectively infective phages (SIP). Spada,S., Krebber,C., Pluckthun,A. (1997). Biological Chemistry 378:445-456. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2418. Isolation, cloning and characterisation of the abiI gene from Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis M138 encoding abortive phage infection. Su,P., Harvey,M., Im,H.J., Dunn,N.W. (1997). J. Biotechnol. 54:95-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2419. Quantification of bacteriophages of Bacteroides fragilis in environmental water samples of Seine river. Sun,Z.P., Levi,Y., Kiene,L., Dumoutier,N., Lucena,F. (1997). Water 96:175-183. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2420. Community structure: Viruses. Suttle,C.A. (1997). p. 272-277. In C.J.Hurst, G.R.Knudson, M.J.McInerney, L.D.Stezenbach, and M.V.Walter (eds.), (eds) Manual of Environmental Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington DC.[do not have abstract]

  2421. Trophic interactions controlling the diversity in pelagic microbial food webs. Thingstad,T., Lignell,R. (1997). p. 107-114. In Anonymous (eds) Progress in Microbial Ecology. Brazilian Society for Microbiology, São Paulo.[do not have abstract]

  2422. Accumulation of degradable DOC in surface waters: Is it caused by a malfunctioning microbial loop? Thingstad,T.F., Hagstrom,A., Rassoulzadegan,F. (1997). Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:398-404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2423. Theoretical models for the control of bacterial growth rate, abundance, diversity and carbon demand. Thingstad,T.F., Lignell,R. (1997). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 13:19-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2424. Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus: A review. Torriani,S., Vescovo,M., Dicks,L.M.T. (1997). Annali di Microbiologia ed Enzimologia 47:28-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2425. Generalized transduction in the potato blackleg pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica by bacteriophage fM1. Toth,I.K., Mulholland,V., Cooper,V., Bentley,S., Shih,Y.L., Perombelon,M.C.M., Salmond,G.P.C. (1997). Microbiology (Reading) 143:2433-2438. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2426. Bacterial population dynamics in a meromictic lake. Tuomi,P., Torsvik,T., Heldal,M., Bratbak,G. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:2181-2188. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2427. Evaluation of seven experimental phages for inclusion in the international phage set for the epidemiological typing of Listeria monocytogenes. van der Mee-Marquet,N., Loessner,M., Audurier,A. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:3374-3377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2428. Identification and characterization of a DNA region involved in the export of capsular polysaccharide by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5a. Ward,C.K., Inzana,T.J. (1997). Infect. Immun. 65:2491-2496. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2429. Comparison of epifluorescence and transmission electron microscopy for counting viruses in natural marine waters. Weinbauer,M.G., Suttle,C.A. (1997). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 13:225-232. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2430. Photoreactivation compensates for UV damage and restores infectivity to natural marine virus communities. Weinbauer,M.G., Wilehelm,S.W., Suttle,C.A., Garza,D.R. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:2200-2205. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2431. Occurrence of temperate bacteriophages in different Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes isolated from periodontally healthy individuals. Willi,K., Sandmeier,H., Asikainen,S., Saarela,M., Meyer,J. (1997). Oral Microbiology & Immunology 12:40-46. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2432. Transduction of antibiotic resistance markers among Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strains by temperate bacteriophages Aa phi 23. Willi,K., Sandmeier,H., Kulik,E.M., Meyer,J. (1997). Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 53:904-910. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2433. Evaluation of a new rapid bacteriophage-based method for the drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Wilson,S.M., Al Suwaidi,Z., McNerney,R., Porter,J., Drobniewski,F. (1997). Nat. Med. 3:465-468. [do not have abstract]

  2434. Lysogenic and lytic viral production in marine microbial communities. Wilson,W.H., Mann,N.H. (1997). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 13:95-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2435. Characterization of Natronobacterium magadii phage PHI-Ch1, a unique archaeal phage containing DNA and RNA. Witte,A., Baranyi,U., Klein,R., Sulzner,M., Luo,C., Wanner,G., Krueger,D.H., Lubitz,W. (1997). Mol. Microbiol. 23:603-616. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2436. Replication of coliphage Q-beta as affected by host cell number, nutrition, competition from insusceptible cells and non-FRNA coliphages. Woody,M.A., Cliver,D.O. (1997). J. Appl. Microbiol. 82:431-440. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2437. Microwave enhanced staining for counting viruses by epifluorescence microscopy. Xenopoulos,M.A., Bird,D.F. (1997). Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:1648-1650. [do not have abstract]

  2438. Virus a la sauce Yo-Pro: microwave-enhanced staining for counting viruses by epifluorescence microscopy. Xenopoulos,M.A., Bird,D.F. (1997). Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:1648-1650. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2439. Lipopolysaccharide dependence of cyanophage sensitivity and aerobic nitrogen fixation in Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120. Xu,X., Khudyakov,I., Wolk,C.P. (1997). J. Bacteriol. 179:2884-2891. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2440. Parasitic action of marine bdellovibrios on prawn-pathogenic bacteria and other bacteria. Yang,S., Huang,Q. (1997). Journal of Xiamen University. Natural science/Xiamen Daxue Xuebao. Xiamen [J. Xiamen Univ. [Nat. Sci. ]/Xiamen Daxue Xuebao] 36:449-453. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2441. Transfection of Actinomyces spp. by genomic DNA of bacteriophages from human dental plaque. Yeung,M.K., Kozelsky,C.S. (1997). Plasmid 37:141-153. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2442. A simple method for enumerating bacteriophages in soil. Yin,X., Zeph,L.R., Stotzky,G. (1997). Can. J. Microbiol. 43:461-466. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2443. Isolation and characterization of the Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage SC921. Yoon,S.C., Shin,Y.J., Her,S., Oh,D.H. (1997). Korean J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25:96-101. [do not have abstract]

  2444. Can immobilization of Bacillus megaterium cells in alginate beads protect them against bacteriophages? Zayed,G. (1997). Plant and Soil 197:1-7. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2445. Isolation and characterization of an attenuated strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa AC869, a 3,5-dichlorobenzoate degrader. Zhou,X., George,S.E., Frank,D.W., Utley,M., Gilmour,I., Krogfelt,K.A., Claxton,L.D., Laux,D.C., Cohen,P.S. (1997). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:1389-1395. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2446. Catalogue of Bacteria and Phages / American Type Culture Collection. Anonymous (1996). Rockville, MD.[do not have abstract]

  2447. Antiviral activity of water extract of Sanicula europaea L. leaves on the bacteria-bacteriophage system. Anonymous (1996). Turkish Journal of Biology 20:225-234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2448. The phagosome containing Legionella pneumophila within the protozoan Hartmannella vermiformis is surrounded by the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Abu Kwaik,Y. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:2022-2028. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2449. Frequency of morphological phage descriptions in 1995. Ackermann,H.-W. (1996). Arch. Virol. 141:209-218. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2450. Phage specific for Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal. Albert,M.J., Bhuiyan,N.A., Rahman,A., Ghosh,A.N., Hultenby,K., Weintraub,A., Nahar,S., Kibriya,A.K., Ansaruzzaman,M., Shimada,T. (1996). J. Clin. Microbiol. 34:1843-1845. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2451. A shared strategy for virulence. Barinaga,M. (1996). Science 272:1261-1263. [do not have abstract]

  2452. Tentative d'utilisation de Dreissena polymorpha comme bioindicateur de pollution virale des effluents de station d'epuration [Attempts to use Dreissena polymorpha as a bioindicator of viral pollution in sewage treatment plant effluents]. Baron,J., Lesavre,J., Schwartzbrod,L. (1996). Ecologie. Brunoy 27:257-261. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2453. Characterization of Mycobacterium smegmatis gene that confers resistance to phages L5 and D29 when overexpressed. Barsom,E.K., Hatfull,G.F. (1996). Mol. Microbiol. 21:159-170. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2454. An oligonucleotide hybridization assay for the identification and enumeration of F-specific RNA phages in surface water. Beekwilder,J., Nieuwenhuizen,R., Havelaar,A.H., van Duin,J. (1996). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 80:179-186. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2455. Study of viral and bacterial indicators in cockles and mussels. Beril,C., Crance,J.M., Leguyader,F., Apaire-Marchais,V., Leveque,F., Albert,M., Goraguer,M.A., Schwartzbrod,L., Billaudel,S. (1996). Marine Pollution Bulletin 32:404-409. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2456. Similarities and dissimilarities of phage genomes. Blaisdell,B.E., Campbell,A.M., Karlin,S. (1996). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:5854-5859. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2457. Effect of effluent quality and temperature on the persistence of viruses in soil. Blanc,R., Nasser,A. (1996). Water Sci. Technol. 33:237-242. [do not have abstract]

  2458. Dynamics of virus abundance in coastal seawater. Bratbak,G., Heldal,M., Thingstad,T.F., Tuomi,P. (1996). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 19:263-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2459. Viral control of Emiliania huxleyi blooms? Bratbak,G., Wilson,W., Heldal,M. (1996). J. Mar. Syst. 9:75-81. [do not have abstract]

  2460. One infection cures another. Brown,P. (1996). New Scientist ???, ??? [do not have abstract]

  2461. Virus-like particles in a summer bloom of Emiliania huxleyi in the North Sea. Brussaard,C.P.D., Kempers,R.S., Kop,A.J., Riegman,R., Heldal,M. (1996). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 10:105-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2462. Site-specific spontaneous deletions in three genome regions of a temperate Streptococcus thermophilus phage. Bruttin,A., Brüssow,H. (1996). Virology 219:96-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2463. Cryptic prophages. Campbell,A.M. (1996). p. 2041-2046. In F.C.Neidhardt (ed.), (eds) Escherichia coli and Salmonella Cellular and Molecular Biology. ASM Press, Washington, D.C.[do not have abstract]

  2464. Bacteriophages. Campbell,A.M. (1996). p. 2325-2338. In F.C.Neidhardt (ed.), (eds) Escherichia coli and Salmonella Cellular and Molecular Biology. ASM Press, Washington, D.C.[do not have abstract]

  2465. Bacteriophages. Genome homology and superinfection immunity between temperate and virulent Lactobacillus delbrueckii bacteriophages. Campbell,A.M., Fields,B.N., Knipe,D.M., Howley,P.M., Alatossava,T., Forsman,P., Ritzenthaler,P. (1996). p. 2261-2268. In Anonymous (eds) Fundamental virology, Third edition. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2466. Comparative removal of coliphage and poliovirus from secondary wastewater during soil aquifer treatment (SAT). Carrol,S.M., Gerba,C.P., Quanrud,D.M., Arnold,R.G. (1996). p. 1001-1005. In Anonymous (eds) San Diego, CA.[do not have abstract]

  2467. Sequences homologous to yeast mitochondrial and bacteriophage T3 and T7 RNA polymerases are widespread throughout the eukaryotic lineage. Cermakian,N., Ikeda,T.M., Cedergren,R., Gray,M.W. (1996). Nucleic Acids Research 24:648-654. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2468. Characterization of Vibrio cholerae EIT or typing phage D10. Chakrabarti,B.K., Si,K., Chattopadhyay,D. (1996). J. Gen. Virol. 77:2881-2884. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2469. Selection of the phage-resistant mutant strains of E.coli M 17 and study of their main biological properties. Chanishvili,N., Tediashvili,M., Eliashvili,T., Zviadadze,N., Porchkhidze,K., Alavidze,Z., Giorkhelidze,D., Kvatadze,N., Natroshvili,G., Giorkhelidze,R., Adamia,R., Chanishvili,T. (1996). Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences 22:203-209. [do not have abstract]

  2470. Bioreactor studies on temperature induction of the Q- mutant of bacteriophage lambda in Escherichia coli. Chen,B.Y., Lim,H.C. (1996). J. Biotechnol. 51:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2471. Evolutionary relationships among large double-stranded DNA viruses that infect microalgae and other organisms as inferred from DNA polymerase genes. Chen,F., Suttle,C.A. (1996). Virology 219:170-178. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2472. Genetic diversity in marine algal virus communities as revealed by sequence analysis of DNA polymerase genes. Chen,F., Suttle,C.A., Short,S.M. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:2869-2874. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2473. Extended host range of a beta-related corynebacteriophage. Cianciotto,N.P., Groman,N.B. (1996). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 140:221-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2474. The diversity of bacteria, eukaryotic cells and viruses in an oligotrophic lake. Corpe,W.A., Jensen,T.E. (1996). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 46:622-630. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2475. Biotechnology of lactic acid bacteria with special reference to bacteriophage resistance. Daly,C., Fitzgerald,G.F., Davis,R. (1996). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 70:99-110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2476. Gene transfer by transduction. Day,M.J., Marchesi,J.R. (1996). p. ?A.D.L.Ackermans, J.D.van Elsas, and F.J.Bruijn (eds.), (eds) Molecular Microbial Ecology Manual. Kluwer Acad. Pub., [do not have abstract]

  2477. GENETIC AND MUTATIONAL STUDIES OF THE ABIA PHAGE RESISTANCE GENE IN LACTOCOCCUS LACTIS AND IDENTIFICATION OF A PHAGE GENOMIC REGION INVOLVED IN SENSITIVITY TO ABIA. Dinsmore,P.K. (1996). North Carolina State University. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2478. Basic concepts in RNA virus evolution. Domingo,E., Escarmis,C., Sevilla,N., Moya,A., Elana,S.F., Quer,J., Novella,I.S., Holland,J.J. (1996). FASEB J. 10:859-864. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2479. Tracing the interaction of bacteriophage with bacterial biofilms using fluorescent and chromogenic probes. Doolittle,M.M., Cooney,J.J., Caldwell,D.E. (1996). J. Indust. Microbiol. 16:331-341. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2480. Evolution of fitness in experimental populations of vesicular stomatitis virus. Elena,S.F., Gonzalez-Candelas,F., Novella,I.S., Duarte,E.A., Clarke,D.K., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J., Moya,A. (1996). Genetics 142:673-679. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2481. Study of biological properties of CB phages isolated from the cells of the industrial strain E. coli M17. Eliashvili,T., Tediashvili,M., Chanishvili,N., Zviadadze,N., Kvachadze,L., Adamia,R., Chanishvili,T. (1996). Selected articles, G. Eliava Institute of BMV 9:152-154. [do not have abstract]

  2482. Relationships between indicators, pathogens and water quality in an estuarine system. Ferguson,C.M., Coote,B.G., Ashbolt,N.J., Stevenson,I.M. (1996). Water Res. 30:2045-2054. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2483. The molecular ecology of legionellae. Fields,B.S. (1996). Trends Microbiol. 4:286-290. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2484. A method for the enumeration of Aeromonas bacteriophage in aquatic environments. Flint,K.P. (1996). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 22:244-248. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2485. An evaluation of retention time and short-circuiting in waste stabilisation ponds using Serratia marcescens bacteriophage as a tracer. Frederick,G.L., Lloyd,B.J. (1996). Water Sci. Technol. 33:49-56. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2486. Sensitization of bacteria to danofloxacin by temperate prophages. Froshauer,S., Silvia,A.M., Chidambaram,M., Sharma,B., Weinstock,G.M. (1996). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 40:1561-1563. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2487. The lactococcal plasmid pNP40 encodes a third bacteriophage resistance mechanism, one which affects phage DNA penetration. Garvey,P., Hill,C., Fitzgerald,G.F. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:676-679. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2488. In situ production and decay of marine viruses. Garza,D.R. (1996). University of Texas at Austin. [do not have abstract]

  2489. Lytic systems in lactic acid bacteria and their bacteriophages. Gasson,M.J. (1996). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 70:147-159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2490. Biological effectiveness of environmental radiation in aquatic systems, measurements by T7-phage sensor. Gáspár,S., Berces,A., Rontó,G., Grof,P. (1996). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 32:183-187. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2491. The effect of Staphylococcus aureus phage lysate vaccine on a rabbit model of staphylococcal blepharitis, phlyctenulosis, and catarrhal infiltrates. Giese,M.J., Adumu,S.A., Pitchekian-Halabi,H., Ravindranath,R.M.H., Mondino,B.J. (1996). Am. J. Ophthalmol. 122:245-??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2492. Influence of the contaminating phages on the propagation process of the industrial strain E-coli M17, held in industrial conditions. Goderdzishvili,M., Kvatadze,N., Eliashvili,T., Tediashvili,M., Chanishvili,N., Zviadadze,N., Chanishvili,T. (1996). Selected articles, G. Eliava Institute of BMV 9:56-59. [do not have abstract]

  2493. A moderately halophilic Vibrio from a Spanish saltern and its lytic bacteriophage. Goel,U., Kauri,T., Ackermann,H.-W., Kushner,D.J. (1996). Can. J. Microbiol. 42:1015-1023. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2494. [Phagolysates of cyanobacteria: their biocidal properties and use]. Gol'din,E.B., Mendzhul,M.I. (1996). Mikrobiol. Zh. 58:51-58. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2495. A bacteriophage of Rhodopseudomonas blastica. Gorham,H., Dow,C.S. (1996). Microbiology 142:979-983. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2496. Viral lysis and bacterivory as prokaryotic loss factors along a salinity gradient. Guixa-Boixareu,N., Calderon-Paz,J.I., Heldal,M., Bratbak,G., Pedros-Alio,C. (1996). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 11:215-227. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2497. Factors influencing the loss of bacteria in preserved seawater samples. Gundersen,K., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 137:305-310. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2498. Analysis of the enzymatic cleavage (beta elimination) of the capsular K5 polysaccharide of Escherichia coli by the K5-specific coliphage: reexamination. Hanfling,P., Shashkov,A.S., Jann,B., Jann,K. (1996). J. Bacteriol. 178:4747-4750. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2499. Abundance of viruses in deep oceanic waters. Hara,S., Koike,I., Terauchi,K., Kamiya,H., Tanoue,E. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 145:269-277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2500. Phage susceptibility and plasmid profile analysis of Sinorhizobium fredii. Hashem,F.M., Kuykendall,L.D., Udell,S.E., Thomas,P.M. (1996). Plant and Soil 186:127-134. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2501. Ecological importance of bacterivorous, pigmented flagellates (mixotrophs) in the Bay of Aarhus, Denmark. Havskum,H., Riemann,B. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 137:251-263. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2502. Comparative evaluation of four bacterial assays for the detection of genotoxic effects in the dissolved water phases of aqueous matrices. Helma,C., Mersch-Sundermann,V., Houk,V.S., Glasbrenner,U., Klein,C., Wenquing,L., Kassie,F., Knasmueller,R.S.H. (1996). Environ. Sci. Technol. 30:897-907. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2503. Bacteriophage resistant recombinant bacteria. Hill,C.J., Klaehammer,T.R. (1996). North Carolina State University. 373877(5,538,864). Raleigh, NC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2504. Fracture aperture measurements and migration of solutes, viruses, and immiscible creosote in a column of Clay-Rich Till. Hinsby,K., McKay,L.D., Jorgensen,P., Lenczewski,M., Gerba,C.P. (1996). Ground Water 34:1065-1089. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2505. Visualizing virus fitness gains [news; comment]. Holland,J.J. (1996). Nat. Biotech. 14:431-432. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2506. Isolation and characterization of a virus infecting Phaeocystis pouchetii (Prymnesiophyceae). Jacobsen,A., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1996). J. Phycol. 32:923-927. [do not have abstract]

  2507. Genotoxicity of photoilluminated riboflavin in the presence of Cu(II). Jazzar,M.M., Naseem,I. (1996). Free Radical Biology and Medicine 21:7-14. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2508. Occurence of lysogenic bacteria in marine microbial communities as determined by prophage induction. Jiang,S.C., Paul,J.H. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 142:27-38. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2509. Integration of the DNA of a novel filamentous bacteriophage VSK from Vibrio cholerae 0139 into the host chromosomal DNA. Kar,S., Ghosh,R.K., Ghosh,A.N., Ghosh,A. (1996). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 145:17-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2510. Variability of the biological characteristics of Vibrio cholerae isolated from environmental objects. [Russian]. Khaitovich,A.B. (1996). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 0:23-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2511. Evidence that the hanA gene coding for HU protein is essential for heterocyst differentiation in, and cyanophage A-4(L) sensitivity of, Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120. Khudyakov,I., Wolk,C.P. (1996). J. Bacteriol. 178:3572-3577. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2512. Analysis of Lactobacillus phages and bacteriocins in American dairy products and characterization of a phage isolated from yogurt. Kilic,A.O., Pavlova,S.I., Ma,W.G., Tao,L. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:2111-2116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2513. Isolation of a mutant bacteriophage T7 deleted in nonessential genetic elements, gene 19.5 and m. Kim,S.H., Chung,Y.B. (1996). Virology 216:20-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2514. Method of eliminating genetic routes for bacteriophage evolution and products produced thereby. Klaenhammer,T.R., Moineau,S. (1996). North Carolina State University. 229548(5,580,725). Raleigh, NC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2515. Bacteriophages in the rumen: types present, population size and implications for the efficiency of feed utilisation. Klieve,A.V. (1996). Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 21:92-94. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2516. Inducible gene expression and environmentally regulated genes in lactic acid bacteria. Kok,J. (1996). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 70:129-145. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2517. Selection and properties of totally phage-resistant mutant Pseudomonas putida PpG1. Krylov,V.N., Rasskazchikova,S.A., Al'nikin,A.F. (1996). Genetika 32:348-353. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2518. Effects of dilution rate on bacteriophage development in an immobilized cell system used for continuous inoculation of lactococci in milk. Lapointe,M., Champagne,C.P., Vuillemard,J.C., Lacroix,C. (1996). J. Dairy Sci. 79:767-774. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2519. Smaller fleas ... ad infinitum: therapeutic bacteriophage redux. Lederberg,J. (1996). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:3167-3168. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2520. Imaging the propagation of viruses. Lee,Y., Yin,J. (1996). Biotech. Bioeng. 52:438-442. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2521. Detection of evolving viruses. Lee,Y., Yin,J. (1996). Nat. Biotech. 14:491-493. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2522. The meaning of soil characteristics and temperature for the survival of bacteriophages in naturally contaminated soil samples. Leonardopoulos,J., Papaconstantinou,A., Georgakopoulou-Papandreou,E. (1996). Deltion Ellenikes Mikrobiologikes Etaireias 41:309-316. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2523. Survival of S. typhimurium in the soil in the presence of bacteriophages. Leonardopoulos,J., Achladi-Aliferi,P., Papaconstantinou,A. (1996). Deltion Ellenikes Mikrobiologikes Etaireias 41:586-597. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2524. Evaluation of a phage-inhibitory medium for lactococcus starters in pilot cheese manufacture. Lerayer,A.L.S., Van Dender,A.G.F., Moreno,I., Mori,E.E.M., Parada,J.L. (1996). Int. Dairy J. 6:529-535. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2525. Phage therapy revisited: the population biology of a bacterial infection and its treatment with bacteriophage and antibiotics. Levin,B.R., Bull,J.J. (1996). Am. Nat. 147:881-898. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2526. The evolution and maintenance of virulence in microparasites. Levin,B.R. (1996). Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2:93-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2527. Cholera: Nice bacteria and bad viruses. Levin,B.R., Tauxe,V. (1996). Curr. Biol. 6:1389-1391. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2528. Modification of the polyethylene glycol 6000 precipitation method for recovering human and indicator viruses from oysters and mussels. Lewis,G.D., Hough,A., Green,D.H., Hay,J.E., Ferguson,L.R. (1996). N. Z. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 30:443-447. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2529. Genetic control of the resistance to phage C1 of Escherichia coli K-12. Likhacheva,N.A., Samsonov,V.V., Samsonov,V.V., Sineoky,S.P. (1996). J. Bacteriol. 178:5309-5315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2530. Construction of luciferase reporter bacteriophage A511::luxAB for rapid and sensitive detection of viable Listeria cells. Loessner,M.J., Rees,C.E., Stewart,G.S., Scherer,S. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:1133-1140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2531. A super lytic actinophage system as a pre-treatment in the isolation of non-streptomycete actinomycetes from soil. Long,P.F., Amphlett,G.E. (1996). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 22:62-65. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2532. Wastewater treatment and elimination of pathogens: new prospects for an old problem. Lopez-Pila,J.M., Dizer,H., Dorau,W. (1996). Microbiologia 12:525-536. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2533. A field experiment on competition of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae. Lorkiewicz,Z., Kowalczuk,E. (1996). Bull. Polish Acad. Sci. Biol. Sci. 44:221-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2534. Usefulness of bacteriophages Infecting Bacteroides fragilis as index microorganisms of remote faecal pollution. Lucena,F., Araujo,R., Jofre,J. (1996). Water Res. 30:2812-2816. [do not have abstract]

  2535. Active surveillance for Vibrio cholerae O1 and vibriophages in sewage water as a potential tool to predict cholera outbreaks. Madico,G., Checkley,W., Gilman,R.H., Bravo,N., Cabrera,L., Calderon,M., Ceballos,A. (1996). J. Clin. Microbiol. 34:2968-2972. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2536. Opinion. Maillard,J.Y. (1996). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 23:273-274. [do not have abstract]

  2537. Bacteriophages: a model system for human viruses f. Maillard,J.Y. (1996). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 23:273-274. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2538. The use of an automated assay to assess phage survival after a biocidal treatment. Maillard,J.Y., Beggs,T.S., Day,M.J., Hudson,R.A., Russell,A.D. (1996). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 80:605-610. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2539. Rapid detection of mutagens by induction of luciferase-bearing prophage in Escherichia coli. Maillard,K.I., Benedik,M.J., Willson,R.C. (1996). Environ. Sci. Technol. 30:2478-2483. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2540. Sentinel school. Manuel,J. (1996). Environmental Health Perspectives 104:934-936. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2541. High concentrations of viruses in the sediments of Lac Gilbert, Quebec. Maranger,R., Bird,D.E. (1996). Microb. Ecol. 31:141-151. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2542. Inviable phages, their production and DNA thereof. Mattson,T.L., Epstein,R. (1996). 946033(5,559,018). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2543. WHO study on subtyping Listeria monocytogenes: results of phage-typing. McLauchlin,J., Audurier,A., Frommelt,A., Gerner-Smidt,P., Jacquet,C., Loessner,M.J., van der Mee-Marquet,N., Rocourt,J., Shah,S., Wilhelms,D. (1996). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 32:289-299. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2544. Use of bacteriophages as selective factors in bacteriological diagnosis of mixed infections. [Russian]. Men'Shikov,D.D., Yanisker,G.Y., Orlova,N.Y., Men'Shikova,E.D. (1996). Klinicheskaya Laboratornaya Diagnostika 0(2). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2545. Long-circulating bacteriophage as antibacterial agents. Merril,C.R., Biswas,B., Carlton,R., Jensen,N.C., Creed,G.J., Zullo,S., Adhya,S. (1996). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:3188-3192. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2546. Effects of viruses on nutrient turnover and growth efficiency of noninfected marine bacterioplankton. Middelboe,M., Jorgensen,N.O.G., Kroer,N. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:1991-1997. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2547. Napravleniya i rezul'taty issledovanij Otdela Morskoj Sanitarnoj, gidrobiologii [Trends and results of investigations made by the Marine Sanitary Hydrobiology Department]. Mironov,O.G. (1996). Ehkologiya Morya 85-92. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2548. Evolution of the genetic switch in temperate bacteriophage. I. Basic theory. Mittler,J.E. (1996). J. Theor. Biol. 179:161-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2549. Marine bacteriophage reproduction under nutrient-limited growth of host bacteria. II. Investigations with phage-host system [H3: H3/1]. Moebus,K. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 144:13-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2550. Marine bacteriophage reproduction under nutrient-limited growth of host bacteria. I. Investigations with six phage-host systems. Moebus,K. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 144:1-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2551. Isolation and characterization of lactococcal bacteriophages from cultured buttermilk plants in the United States. Moineau,S., Borkaev,M., Holler,B.J., Walker,S.A., Kondo,J.K., Vedamuthu,E.R., Vandenbergh,P.A. (1996). J. Dairy Sci. 79:2104-2111. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2552. Anti-vaccinia virus effect of M13 bacteriophage DNA. Mori,K., Kubo,T., Kibayashi,Y., Ohkuma,T., Kaji,A. (1996). Antiviral Research 31:79-86. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2553. Nitrogen metabolism by ruminal microorganisms: Current understanding and future perspectives. Morrison,M., Mackie,R.I. (1996). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 47:227-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2554. Bacteriophages of Pseudomonas solanacearum and their potential for biological control of potato bacterial wilt. Mosa,A.A., ABD El-Ghafar,N.Y., Othman,B.A. (1996). Zagazig J. Agric. Res. 23:1053-1063. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2555. The role of ciliate protozoa in the lysis of methanogenic archaea in rumen fluid. Newbold,C.J., Ushida,K., Morvan,B., Fonty,G., Jouany,J.P. (1996). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 23:421-425. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2556. Repeated transfer of small RNA virus populations leading to balanced fitness with infrequent stochastic drift. Novella,I.S., Elena,S.F., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1996). Mol. Gen. Genet. 252:733-738. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2557. Large-population passages of vesicular stomatitis virus in interferon-treated cells select variants of only limited resistance. Novella,I.S., Elena,S.F., Kohn,J., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1996). J. Virol. 70:6414-6417. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2558. AbiG, a genotypically novel abortive infection mechanism encoded by plasmid pCI750 of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris UC653. O'Connor,L., Coffey,A., Daly,C., Fitzgerald,G. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:3075-3082. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2559. Occurrence of a temperate cyanophage lysogenizing the marine cyanophyte Phormidium persicinum. Ohki,K., Fujita,Y. (1996). J. Phycol. 32:365-370. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2560. Evolutionary reconstruction of a hairpin deleted from the genome of an RNA virus. Olsthoorn,R.C., van Duin,J. (1996). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:12256-12261. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2561. USE OF HYDROLYZED WHEY PEPTIDE BLOCKERS TO NHIBIT CULTURE AGGLUTINATION AND PHAGE PROLIFERATION IN LACTIC BULK STARTER CULTURE. Onuorah,C.E. (1996). University of Kentucky. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2562. Viruses and DNA in marine environments. Paul,J.H., Kellogg,C.A., Jiang,S.C. (1996). p. 119-128. In R.R.Colwell, U.Simidu, and K.Ohwada (eds.), (eds) Microbial Diversity in Time and Space. Plenum Press, New York, N.Y.[do not have abstract]

  2563. Mycobacteriophage specific for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Pearson,R.E., Dickson,J.A., Hamilton,P.T., Little,M.C., Beyer,W.F., Jr. (1996). Becton, Dickinson and Company. 508004(5,582,969). Franklin Lakes, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2564. Construction of D29 shuttle phasmids and luciferase reporter phages for detection of mycobacteria. Pearson,R.E., Jurgensen,S., Sarkis,G.J., Hatfull,G.F., Jacobs,W.R., Jr. (1996). Gene 183:129-136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2565. Exclusion of T4 phage by the hok/sok killer locus from plasmid R1. Pecota,D.C., Wood,T.K. (1996). J. Bacteriol. 178:2044-2050. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2566. Lessons from the animal models: the BB rat. Pettersson,A., Jacob,H., Lernmark,Å. (1996). p. 182-200. In J.P.Palmer (ed.), (eds) Diabetes Prediction, Prevention, and Genetic Counceling in IDDM. John Wiley and Sons, New York.[do not have abstract]

  2567. Occurrence of airborne bacteria and pathogen indicators during land application of sewage sludge. Pillai,S.D., Widmer,K.W., Dowd,S.E., Ricke,S.C. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:296-299. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2568. Reproducible nonlinear population dynamics and critical points during replicative competitions of RNA virus quasispecies. Quer,J., Novella,I.S., Tsimring,L., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1996). J. Mol. Biol. 264:465-471. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2569. The good virus. The use of bacteriophages to fight antibiotic-resistant bacterial diseases. Radetsky,P. (1996). Discover Magazine 17(11), 50-58. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2570. Methods for rapid microbial detection. Rees,C.E.D., Rostas-Mulligan,K., Park,S.F., Denyer,S.P., Stewart,G.S.A.B., Jassim,S.A.A. (1996). Amersham International plc. 839766(5,498,525). GB. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2571. The lactic acid microflora of natural whey starters used in Argentina for hard cheese production. Reinheimer,J.A., Quiberoni,A., Tailliez,P., Binetti,A.G., Suarez,V.B. (1996). Int. Dairy J. 6:869-879. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2572. Resistotyping of campylobacters: Fulfilling a need. Ribeiro,C.D., Thomas,M.T., Kembrey,D., Magee,J.T., North,Z. (1996). Epidem. Inf. 116:169-175. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2573. EVALUATION OF MULTIPLE BACTERIAL SPECIES AND F RNA PHAGE TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF UV SYSTEMS AS A DISINFECTANT OF DRINKING WATER AND WASTEWATER (ULTRAVIOLET DISINFECTION, ESCHERICHIA COLI, CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS, BACILLUS, HYDROGEN SULFIDE BACTERIA). Rijal,G.K. (1996). University of Hawaii. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2574. The Role of Transduction and Pseudolysogeny in Bacteriophage-host Interactions in a Natural Freshwater Environment. Ripp,S. (1996). Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK, USA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2575. Temporal and spatial dynamics of Synechococcus spp. and Micromonas pusilla host-viral systems. Rodda,K.M. (1996). University of Texa at Austin. [do not have abstract]

  2576. Removal of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms by a full-scale water reclamation facility. Rose,J.B., Dickson,L.J., Farrah,S.R., Carnahan,R.P. (1996). Water Res. 30:2785-2797. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2577. Comparison of two methods for root nodule bacteria preservation: Lyophilization and liquid nitrogen freezing. Safronova,V.I., Novikova,N.I. (1996). J. Microbiol. Meth. 24:231-237. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2578. Biological activity & interaction of Vibrio cholerae bacteriophages in rabbit ileal loop. Sarkar,B.L., Chakrabarti,A.K., Koley,H., Chakrabarti,M.K., De,S.P. (1996). Indian J. Med. Res. 104:139-141. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2579. Host-parasite persistence: the role of spatial refuges in stabilizing bacteria-phage interactions. Schrag,S., Mittler,J.E. (1996). Am. Nat. 148:348-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2580. Felix d'Hérelle in Russia. Shrayer,D. (1996). Bull. Inst. Pasteur 94:91-96. [do not have abstract]

  2581. [Caracterisation des particules virales planctoniques dans un lac du Massif Central francais: Aspects methodologiques et premiers resultats] Characterization of planktonic virus-like particles in a French mountain lake: Methodological aspects and preliminary results. Sime-Ngando,T., Mignot,J.P., Amblard,C., Bourdier,G., Desvilettes,C., Quiblier-Lloberas,C. (1996). Annales de Limnologie 32:259-263. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2582. Characterization of planktonic virus-like particles in a French mountain lake: Methodological aspects and preliminary results [French]. Sime-Ngando,T., Mignot,J.P., Amblard,C., Bourdier,G., Desvilettes,C., Quiblier Llobers,C. (1996). Annales de Limnologie 32:259-263. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2583. A simple membrane filtration-elution method for the enumeration of F-RNA, F-DNA and somatic coliphages in 100-ml water samples. Sinton,L.W., Finlay,R.K., Reid,A.J. (1996). J. Microbiol. Meth. 25:257-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2584. Virus-like particles in Polysporoplasma mugilis (Protozoa:Myxosporea), parasitic in a marine fish (Liza aurata L.). Sitja-Bobadilla,A., Alvarez-Pellitero,P. (1996). International Journal for Parasitology 26:457-459. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2585. Virulence-associated characteristics and phage lysogenicity of two morphologically distinct colonies of Vibrio cholerae O139 serogroup. Smirnova,N.I., Chekhovskaya,G.V., Davidova,N.I., Livanova,L.F., Yeroshenko,G.A. (1996). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 136:175-180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2586. Interactions between a genetically marked Pseudomonas fluorescens strain and bacteriophage PHI-R2f in soil: Effects of nutrients, alginate encapsulation, and the wheat rhizosphere. Smit,E., Wolters,A.C., Lee,H., Trevors,J.T., van Elsas,J.D. (1996). Microb. Ecol. 31:125-140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2587. The ecology of Legionella longbeachae in Australia. Steele,T.W. (1996). Med J Aust 164:703-704. [do not have abstract]

  2588. Pretreatment to reduce somatic salmonella phage interference with FRNA coliphage assays: Successful use in a one-year survey of vulnerable groundwaters. Stetler,R.E., Williams,F.P.J. (1996). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 23:49-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2589. The bacterial viruses of the oral pathogen Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Aa). Stevens,R.H. (1996). Diamond (Philadelphia Pa) 5:26-29. [do not have abstract]

  2590. Abundance and production of bacteria and viruses in the Bering and Chukchi sea. Steward,G.F., Smith,D.C., Azam,F. (1996). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 131:287-300. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2591. Viruses as biological control agents for blooms of marine phytoplankton. Suttle,C.A. (1996). p. 71-76. In Anonymous (eds) Proceedings of the Brown Tide Summit, 20-21 October, 1995. New York Sea Grant Institute???, [do not have abstract]

  2592. The effect of cyanophages on Synechococcus spp. during a bloom in the western Gulf of Mexico. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M., Rodda,K.M., Short,S.M., Weinbauer,M.G., Garza,D.R., Wilhelm,S.W. (1996). EOS 76 (suppl.):OS207-OS208 [do not have abstract]

  2593. Factors affecting the rumen bacteriophage population. Swain,R.A., Klieve,A.V., Nolan,J.V. (1996). Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 21:409 [do not have abstract]

  2594. Natural variability and diurnal fluctuations within the bacteriophage population of the rumen. Swain,R.A., Nolan,J.V., Klieve,A.V. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:994-997. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2595. Separation and characterization of two related giardiaviruses in the parasitic protozoan Giardia lamblia. Tai,J.H., Chang,S.C., Chou,C.F., Ong,S.J. (1996). Virology 216:124-132. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2596. Pitting Microbe against Microbe. Talan,J. (1996). Newsday ???, ??? [do not have abstract]

  2597. Biology of lysogenic strains of Streptococcus bovis and virulent mutants of their temperate phages. Tarakanov,B.V. (1996). Mikrobiologiia 65:656-662. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2598. Bacteriophage T4 host range is expanded by duplications of a small domain of the tail fiber adhesin. Tétart,F., Repoila,F., Monod,C., Krisch,H.M. (1996). J. Mol. Biol. 258:726-731. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2599. Biological warfare: Scientists once again advocate pitting viruses against bacterial infections. Travis,J. (1996). Science News (149), 350-??? [do not have abstract]

  2600. Anti-viral acoustically transparent earphone cover. Ullrich,K.A. (1996). 206971(5,545,859). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2601. A genetic approach for analysing surface-exposed regions of the OmpC protein of Escherichia coli K-12. Vakharia,H., Misra,R. (1996). Mol. Microbiol. 19:881-889. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2602. Lysogenic conversion by a filamentous phage encoding cholera toxin. Waldor,M.K., Mekalanos,J.J. (1996). Science 272:1910-1914. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2603. The evolution of phage lysis timing. Wang,I.-N., Dykhuizen,D.E., Slobodkin,L.B. (1996). Evol. Ecol. 10:545-558. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2604. MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS OF THE ACEK AND ICD GENES OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND SALMONELLA ENTERICA AND THE INT GENE OF LAMBDOID PHAGE 21. Want,F.-S. (1996). Pennsylvania State University. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2605. Potential significance of lysogeny to bacteriophage production and bacterial mortality in coastal waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Weinbauer,M.G., Suttle,C.A. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:4374-4380. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2606. Why do many ruminal bacteria die and lyse so quickly? Wells,J.E., Russell,J.B. (1996). J. Dairy Sci. 79:1487-1495. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2607. Phage transfer: a new player turns up in cholera infection. Williams,N. (1996). Science 272:1869-1870. [do not have abstract]

  2608. The effect of phosphate status on the kinetics of cyanophage infection in the oceanic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH7803. Wilson,W.H., Carr,N.G., Mann,N.H. (1996). J. Phycol. 32:506-516. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2609. Effects of sunlight on bacteriophage viability and structure. Wommack,K.E., Hill,R.T., Muller,T.A., Colwell,R.R. (1996). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:1336-1341. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2610. First report of a strain of Brucella melitensis that was widely sensitive to brucellaphages isolated in the United Arab Emirates. Worsley,B., Goodwin,S., Jahans,K., Atallah,C. (1996). Clin. Infect. Dis. 22:190-191. [do not have abstract]

  2611. Viruses, plasmids and other genetic elements of thermophilic and hyperthermophilic Archaea. Zillig,W., Prangishvilli,D., Schleper,C., Elferink,M., Holz,I., Albers,S., Janekovic,D., Gotz,D. (1996). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 18:225-236. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2612. Viruses, plasmids and other genetic elements of thermophilic and hyperthermophilic Archaea. [Review] [28 refs]. Zillig,W., Prangishvili,D., Schleper,C., Elferink,M., Holz,I., Albers,S., Janekovic,D., Gotz,D. (1996). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 18:225-236. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2613. Viruses of Fungi and Lower Eukaryotes. Anonymous (1995). [do not have abstract]

  2614. Relationships of tailed phages: a survey of protein sequence identity. Ackermann,H.-W., Elzanowski,A., Fobo,G., Stewart,G. (1995). Arch. Virol. 140:1871-1884. [do not have abstract]

  2615. A Bacillus phage that is a living fossil. Ackermann,H.-W., Yoshino,S., Ogata,S. (1995). Can. J. Microbiol. 41:294-297. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2616. Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from bovine mastitic milk: Bacteriophage and antimicrobial agent susceptibility, and enterotoxigenicity. Adesiyun,A.A. (1995). J. Vet. Med. Ser. B 42:129-139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2617. Kinetics of pathogen destruction during storage of dewatered biosolids. Ahmed,A.U., Sorensen,D.L. (1995). Water Environ. Res. 67:143-150. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2618. Bacillus cereus phage typing as an epidemiological tool in outbreaks of food poisoning. Ahmed,R., Sankar-Mistry,P., Jackson,S., Ackermann,H.-W., Kasatiya,S.S. (1995). J. Clin. Microbiol. 33:636-640. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2619. Virological quality of the Ria de Aveiro: Validity of potential microbial indicators. Alcantara,F., Almeida,M.A. (1995). Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 29:419-425. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2620. Suicide bombing, Bacillus style. Anonymous (1995). Discover Magazine December(December), 28. [do not have abstract]

  2621. Distribution comparison between coliphages and phages of anaerobic bacteria (Bacteroides fragilis) in water sources, and their reliability as fecal pollution indicators. Armon,R., Kott,Y. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:215-222. [do not have abstract]

  2622. Electron microscopic investigation of lactic phages isolated in Turkey. Aydar,L.Y., Tunail,N. (1995). Milchwissenschaft 50:312-316. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2623. Effects of basal resources, predation, and alternative prey in microcosm food chains. Balciunas,D., Lawler,S.P. (1995). Ecology 76:1327-1336. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2624. Virus and bacteria transport in a sandy aquifer, Cape Cod, MA. Bales,R.C., Li,S., Maguire,K.M., Yahya,M.T., Gerba,C.P., Harvey,R.W. (1995). Ground Water 33:653-661. [do not have abstract]

  2625. Speculations on the influence of infecting phenotype on virulence and antibiotic susceptibility of Legionella pneumophila. Barker,J., Brown,M.R. (1995). J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 36:7-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2626. Bor Gene of phage lambda, involved in serum resistance, encodes a widely conserved outer membrane lipoprotein. Barondess,J.J., Beckwith,J. (1995). J. Bacteriol. 177:1247-1253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2627. Biological effectiveness of environmental radiation in surface measurements by phage T7. Berces,A., Gáspár,S., Fekete,A., Kuluncsics,Z. (1995). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 31:87-90. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2628. Biology of DNA restriction. Bickle,T.A., Krüger,D.H. (1995). Microbiol. Rev. 57:434-450. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2629. Ground Water Pollution. Bitton,G., Gerba,C.P. (1995). John Wiley and Sons, New York.[do not have abstract]

  2630. High frequency of conjugation versus plasmid segregation of RP1 in epiphytic Pseudomonas syringae populations. Bjorklof,K., Suoniemi,A., Haahtela,K., Romantschuk,M. (1995). Microbiology (Reading) 141:2719-2727. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2631. Differential accumulation and depuration of human enteric viruses by mussels. Bosch,A., Pintó,R.M., Abad,F.X. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:447-451. [do not have abstract]

  2632. Viruses—the new players in the game: their ecological role and could they mediate genetic exchange by transduction? Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1995). p. 249-264. In Anonymous (eds) Molecular Ecology of Aquatic Microbes. Spring-Verlag KG, Berlin, Germany.[do not have abstract]

  2633. Viral activity in relation to Emiliania huxleyi blooms—a mechanism of DMSP release. Bratbak,G., Levasseur,M., Michaud,S., Cantin,G., Fernandez,E., Heimdal,B.R., Heldal,M. (1995). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 128:133-142. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2634. Genetic conflicts and parasitism. Brookfield,J. (1995). Trends Ecol. Evol. 10:138-139. [do not have abstract]

  2635. Characterization of a temperate Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophage and its genetic relationship with lytic phages. Brüssow,H., Bruttin,A. (1995). Virology 212:632-640. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2636. Parasitology year 2000. Bush,A.O., Caira,J.N., Minchella,D.H., Nadler,S.A., Seed,J.R. (1995). Journal of Parasitology 81:835-842. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2637. Comparative survival of hepatitis-A virus, poliovirus and indicator viruses in geographically diverse seawaters. Callahan,K.M., Taylor,D.J., Sobsey,M.D. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:189-193. [do not have abstract]

  2638. Large Pseudomonas phages isolated from barley rhizosphere. Campbell,J.I.A., Albrechtsen,M., Sorensen,J. (1995). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 18:63-74. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2639. Detection of coliphages and enteroviruses in sewage and aerosol from an activated sludge wastewater treatment plant. Carducci,A., Arrighi,S., Ruschi,A. (1995). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 21:207-209. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2640. Isolation and characterization of temperature and virulent bacteriophages of Lactobacillus plantarum. Caso,J.L., de los Reyes Gavilan,C.G., Herrero,M., Montilla,A., Rodriguez,A., Suarez,J.E. (1995). J. Dairy Sci. 78:741-750. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2641. Links and interactions between mycoplasmas and viruses: Past confusions and present realities. Chastel,C. (1995). Arch. Virol. 140:811-826. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2642. A role for bacteriophages in the evolution and transfer of bacterial virulence determinants. Cheetham,B.F., Katz,M.E. (1995). Mol. Microbiol. 18:201-208. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2643. Amplification of DNA polymerase gene fragments from viruses infecting microalgae. Chen,F., Suttle,C.A. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:1274-1278. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2644. Nested PCR with three highly degenerate primers for amplification and identification of DNA from related organisms. Chen,F., Suttle,C.A. (1995). BioTechniques 18:609-611. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2645. Studies on diagnostic bacteriophage of Vibrio fluvialis. [Chinese]. Chen,K., Lin,Y., Chen,G. (1995). Chung-Hua Yu Fang i Hsueh Tsa Chih [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine] 29:138-140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2646. Lysotypie des Acinetobacter. Coffi,H. (1995). Laval University, Quebec, Canada. [do not have abstract]

  2647. Bacteriophages in mussels and in waters for the cultivation of molluscs [Batteriofagi nei mitili e in acque per la molluschicoltura]. Contato,E., Mirolo,G., Sartea,A., Tampieri,M.L., Tuffanelli,A., Chiccoli,M., Bucci,G. (1995). Ig. Mod. 103:361-371. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2648. Viruses and the Environment. Cooper,J.I. (1995). Chapman and Hall, London.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2649. Dynamics of a lytic virus infecting the photosynthetic marine picoflagellate Micromonas pusilla. Cottrell,M.T., Suttle,C.A. (1995). Limnol. Oceanogr. 40:730-739. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2650. Genetic diversity of algal viruses which lyse the photosynthetic picoflagellate Micromonas pusilla (Prasinophyceae). Cottrell,M.T., Suttle,C.A. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3088-3091. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2651. The influence of phage-assisted Lysis of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis ML8 on cheddar cheese ripening. Crow,V.L., Martley,F.G., Coolbear,T., Roundhill,S.J. (1995). Int. Dairy J. 5:451-472. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2652. Cell surface differences in lactococcal strains. Crow,V.L., Gopal,P.K., Wicken,A.J. (1995). Int. Dairy J. 5:45-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2653. Incidence of lysogeny in wild lactococcal strains. Cuesta,P., Suarez,J.E., Rodriguez,A. (1995). J. Dairy Sci. 78:998-1003. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2654. Characterisation of four Leuconostoc bacteriophages isolated from dairy fermentations. Davey,G.P., Ward,L.J.H., Brown,J.C.S. (1995). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 128:21-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2655. Developing new starters for fermented milk products. Davidson,B.E., Hillier,A.J. (1995). Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 50:6-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2656. Spatial and temporal distribution of fecal coliforms, coliphages, moulds and yeasts in freshwater at the semi-arid tropic northeast region in Brazil (Paraiba State). de Ceballos,B.S.O., de Lima,E.O., Koenig,A., Martins,M.T. (1995). Revista de Microbiologia 26:90-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2657. Relationships among Actinomyces naeslundii (A. viscosus) bacteriophages isolated from sewage and the oral cavity. Delisle,A.L., Donkersloot,J.A. (1995). Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 8:121-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2658. Phylogeny of Aureococcus anophagefferens and a morphologically similar bloom-forming alga from Texas as determined by 18S rDNA sequence analsysis. DeYoe,H.R., Chan,A.M., Suttle,C.A. (1995). J. Phycol. 31:413-418. [do not have abstract]

  2659. Bacteriophage resistance in Lactococcus. Dinsmore,P.K., Klenhammer,T.R. (1995). Molecular Biotechnology 4:297-314. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2660. Neutralizing recombinant human antibodies to a conformational V2- and CD4-binding site-sensitive epitope of HIV-1 gp120 isolated by using an epitope-masking procedure. Ditzel,H.J., Binley,J.M., Moore,J.P., Sodroski,J., Sullivan,N., Sawyer,L.S., Hendry,R.M., Yang,W.P., Barbas,C.F., Burton,D.R. (1995). J. Immunol. 154:893-906. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2661. Somatic and F-specific coliphages in New Zealand waste treatment lagoons. Donnison,A.M., Ross,C.M. (1995). Water Res. 29:1105-1110. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2662. Lytic infection of Escherichia coli biofilms by bacteriophage T4. Doolittle,M.M., Cooney,J.J., Caldwell,D.E. (1995). Can. J. Microbiol. 41:12-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2663. Behavior of Escherichia coli and male-specific bacteriophage in environmentally contaminated bivalve molluscs before and after depuration. Dore,W.J., Lees,D.N. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2830-2834. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2664. A Starter Culture Rotation Strategy Incorporating Paired Restriction/Modification and Abortive Infection Bacteriophage Defenses in a Single Lactococcus lactis Strain. Durmaz,E., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:1266-1273. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2665. Bacteriophages of Erwinia carotovora and Erwinia ananas isolated from freshwater lakes. Eayre,C.G., Bartz,J.A., Concelmo,D.E. (1995). Plant Dis. 79:801-804. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2666. Nodulation of Vicia faba plants by Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Viciae raised in modified tube culture containing active transducing phages. El-Didamony,G. (1995). Egyp. J. Bot. 35:163-176. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2667. Partial characterization of Streptomyces phages isolated from the soils of jarrah forest in Western Australia. El-Tarabily,K.A., Kurtböke,D.I., Hardy,G.E.S. (1995). Actinomycetes 6:7-15. [do not have abstract]

  2668. Evolution: A composite model. Emiliani,C. (1995). Evolutionary Theory 10:299-303. [do not have abstract]

  2669. Detection of F+ bacteriophage in large volumes of water by a membrane filter method (MFM). Erb,P., Nasser,A.M., Fattal,B. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:211-214. [do not have abstract]

  2670. Can phage defence maintain colicin plasmids in Escherichia coli? Feldgarden,M., Golden,S., Wilson,H., Riley,M.A. (1995). Microbiology 141:2977-2984. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2671. Bacteriophage resistance in Lactococcus: characterization of the ScrFI restriction/modification system from Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris UC503. Fitzgerald,G.F., Twomey,D.P., Daly,C., Coffey,A. (1995). p. 581-590. In J.Ferretti, M.Gilmore, T.Klaenhammer, and F.Brown (eds.), (eds) Genetics of streptococci, enterococci and lactococci. Karger, Basel.[do not have abstract]

  2672. Phage infection, transfection and transformation of Mycobacterium avium complex and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Foley-Thomas,E.M., Whipple,D.L., Bermudez,L.E., Barletta,R.G. (1995). Microbiology 141 ( Pt 5):1173-1181. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2673. Evaluation of Serratia marcescens bacteriophage as a tracer and a model for virus removal in waste stabilisation ponds. Frederick,G.L., Lloyd,B.J. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:291-302. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2674. Viruses and protists cause similar bacterial mortality in coastal seawater. Fuhrman,J.A., Noble,R.T. (1995). Limnol. Oceanogr. 40:1236-1242. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2675. Phagotherapy of nosocomial strains of P. aeruginosa, belonging to the o-groups. Gabisonia,T.G., others??? (1995). Georg. Med. News. (I suspect this is "Georgia Medical News" and I also suspect this is Georgia as in the former USSR) N.15:19-21. [do not have abstract]

  2676. The Revenge of the Germs, or Just Keep Inventing New Drugs. Garrett,L. (1995). p. ???Anonymous (eds) The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance. ???, ???[do not have abstract]

  2677. Cloning and DNA sequence analysis of two abortive infection phage resistance determinants from the lactococcal plasmid pNP40. Garvey,P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Hill,C. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:4321-4328. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2678. Molecular genetics of bacteriophage and natural phage defence systems in the genus Lactococcus. Garvey,P., van Sinderen,D., Twomey,D.P., Hill,C., Fitzgerald,G.F. (1995). Int. Dairy J. 5:905-947. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2679. Large double-stranded DNA viruses which cause the lysis of marine heterotrophic nanoflagellates (Bodo sp.) occur in natural marine virus communities. Garza,D.R., Suttle,C.A. (1995). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 9:203-210. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2680. Occurrence of Propionibacterium freudenreichii bacteriophages in swiss cheese. Gautier,M., Rouault,A., Sommer,P., Briandet,R. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2572-2576. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2681. Mutual adaptation of bacteriophage fd, pfd plasmids and their host strains. Geider,K., Baldes,R., Bellemann,P., Metzger,M., Schwartz,T. (1995). Microbiological Research 150:337-346. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2682. A study on cyanophages inhibiting the growth of algae producing musty odor. Goto,Y., Kitayama,M. (1995). Water Supply 13:263-266. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2683. Bacterioides fragilis and Escherichia coli bacteriophages—Excretion by humans and animals. Grabow,W.O.K., Neubrech,T.W., Holtzhausen,C.S., Jofre,J. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:223-230. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2684. Efficiency of the Euroguard domestic water treatment unit with regard to viruses, phages and bacteria. Grabow,W.O.K., Wyn-Jones,A.P., Schildhauer,C., Jofre,J. (1995). Water S A (Pretoria) 21:71-74. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2685. Characterization of Serratia entomophila bacteriophages and the phage-resistant mutant strain BC4B. Grkovic,S., O'Callaghan,M., Mahanty,H.K. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:4160-4166. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2686. Extremo-phage: In vitro selection of tolerance to a hostile environment. Gupta,K., Lee,Y., Yin,J. (1995). J. Mol. Evol. 41:113-114. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2687. Bacteriophages specific for Rhizobium leguminosarum. II. Their effect on nodulation and growth of Vicia faba. Hammad,A.M.M., Saad,O.A.O., Ali,M.Z.H. (1995). Minia J. Agric. Res. & Dev. 17:247-255. [do not have abstract]

  2688. Comparing predator-prey models to Luckinbill's experiment with Didinium and Paramecium. Harrison,G.W. (1995). Ecology 76:357-374. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2689. Removal and inactivation of viruses by drinking-water treatment process under full-scale conditions. Havelaar,A.H., Vanolphen,M., Schijven,J.F. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:55-62. [do not have abstract]

  2690. Study on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cytotoxin and Cytotoxin-Converting Phages. Hayashi,T. (1995). Japanese Journal of Bacteriology 50:391-401. [do not have abstract]

  2691. Fluorescently labeled virus probes show that natural virus populations can control the structure of marine microbial communities. Hennes,K.P., Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3623-3627. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2692. Significance of bacteriophages for controlling bacterioplankton growth in a mesotrophic lake. Hennes,K.P., Simon,M. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:333-340. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2693. Direct counts of viruses in natural waters and laboratory cultures by epifluorescence microscopy. Hennes,K.P., Suttle,C.A. (1995). Limnol. Oceanogr. 40:1050-1055. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2694. Isolation of FC3-11, a bacteriophage specific for the Klebsiella pneumoniae porin OmpK36, and its use for the isolation of porin-deficient mutants. Hernandez,A.S., Alberti,S., Rubires,X., Merino,S., Tomas,J.M., Benedi,V.J. (1995). Can. J. Microbiol. 41:399-406. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2695. Characterization of Lactococci other than Lactococcus lactis for Possible Use as Starter Cultures. Holler,B.J., Steele,J.L. (1995). Int. Dairy J. 5:275-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2696. Small extrachromosomal nucleic acid segments in protozoan parasites. Hotzel,I., Kabakoff,R., Ozaki,L.S. (1995). Veterinary Parasitology 57:57-60. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2697. Genotyping male-specific RNA coliphages by hybridization with oligonucleotide probes. Hsu,F.-C., Shieh,Y.-S.C., van Duin,J., Beekwilder,M.J., Sobsey,M. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3960-3966. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2698. Mitomycin C induction of bacteriophages from Serpulina hyodysenteriae and Serpulina innocens. Humphrey,S.B., Stanton,T.B., Jensen,N.S. (1995). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 134:97-101. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2699. Baseplate as a logical controller between the reception and the transformation of bacteriophage T4. Ivanitskii,G.R., Khusainov,A.A., Deev,A.A., Dawson,K. (1995). Biofizika 40:1265-1280. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2700. [Does taxis exist in bacterial viruses?]. [Review] [Russian]. Ivanitskii,G.R., Medvinskii,A.B., Deev,A.A., Khusainov,A.A., Tsyganov,M.A. (1995). Biofizika 40:60-73. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2701. Evaluation of indicators for assessment of human and animal faecal pollution of surface run-off. Jagals,P., Grabow,W.O.K., de Villiers,J.C. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:235-241. [do not have abstract]

  2702. Virus breeding. Jassim,S.A.A., Denyer,S.P., Stewart,G.S.A.B. (1995). WO 9523848. International Patent Application. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2703. Viral contribution to dissolved DNA in the marine environment as determined by differential centrifugation and kingdom probing. Jiang,S.C., Paul,J.H. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:317-325. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2704. Isolation and characterization of a temperate bacteriophage from a ruminal acetogen. Jiang,W.H., Patterson,J.A., Steenson,L.R. (1995). Curr. Microbiol. 31:336-339. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2705. Potential usefulness of bacteriophages that infect Bacteroides fragilis as model organisms for monitoring virus removal in drinking water treatment plants. Jofre,J., Olle,E., Ribs,F., Vidal,A., Lucena,F. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3227-3231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2706. Bacteriophage removal in water-treatment plants. Jofre,J., Ollé,E., Ribas,F., Vidal,A., Lucena,F. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:69-73. [do not have abstract]

  2707. Association between the mollusc bivalve Loripes lucinalis and a Chlamydia-like organism, with comments on its pathogenic impact, life cycle and possible mode of transmission. Johnson,M.A., Le Pennec,M. (1995). Mar. Biol. 123:523-530. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2708. Inactivation of Lactobacillus bacteriophage PL-1 by microwave irradiation. Kakita,Y., Kashige,N., Murata,K., Kuroiwa,A., Funatsu,M., Watanabe,K. (1995). Microbiology and Immunology 39:571-576. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2709. [Viruses of parasitic protozoa]. [Polish]. Kasprzak,W., Majewska,A.C. (1995). Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne 41:131-137. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2710. [The bacteriophage lysis-susceptibility properties of Vibrio cholerae strains isolated in separate regions of Dagestan in 1994]. [Russian]. Kazakova,E.S., Abramova,E.G., Makkaeva,A.M., Luk'ianova,O.I., Naumov,A.V., Adamov, AK (1995). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii Suppl 2:78-80. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2711. Viral inactivation by potassium ferrate. Kazama,F. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:165-168. [do not have abstract]

  2712. Genetic diversity of related vibriophages isolated from marine environments around Florida and Hawaii, USA. Kellogg,C.A., Rose,J.B., Jiang,S.C., Thurmond,J.M., Paul,J.H. (1995). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 120:89-98. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2713. Reduction of the concentration of bacteria and coliphages along the flowing stretch of a treated sewage channel. Koerner,S., Dizer,H., Lopez-Pila,J.M. (1995). Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica 23:264-270. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2714. Whole-virus vaccine development by continuous culture on a complementing host. Kong,D., Yin,J. (1995). Bio/Technology 13:583-586. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2715. The ecological concept of parasitism [Russian]. Krasnoshchekov,G.P. (1995). Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii 56:18-32. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2716. Introduction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutator phage D3112 into Alcaligenes eutrophus strain CH34. Krylov,V., Merlin,C., Toussaint,A. (1995). Res. Microbiol. 146:245-250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2717. Cryptic transposable phages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Krylov,V.N., Mit'kina,L.N., Pleteneva,E.A., Aleshin,V.V. (1995). Genetika 31:1507-1511. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2718. Mucoid clones of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 surviving after induction of transposable prophages. Krylov,V.N., Solov'eva,T.I., Burkal'tseva,M.V. (1995). Genetika 31:1375-1379. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2719. [The reasons for the resistance of Vibrio cholerae to diagnostic phages]. [Russian]. Kudriakova,T.A., Cherepakhina,I.I., Alekseeva,L.P., Makedonova,L.D., Evteeva,E.I., Dudkina,O.V., Burlakova,O.S., Vlasov,V.P., Gavrilov,B.V., Vodop'ianov,S.O., et al. (1995). Mikrobiol. Zh. 57:56-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2720. [The reasons for the resistance of Vibrio cholerae to diagnostic phages]. Kudriakova,T.A., Cherepakhina,I.I., Alekseeva,L.P., Makedonova,L.D., Evteeva,E.I., Dudkina,O.V., Burlakova,O.S., Vlasov,V.P., Gavrilov,B.V., Vodop'ianov,S.O. (1995). Mikrobiol. Zh. 57:56-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2721. Reasons of stability of cholera germs to diagnostic phages. Kudryakova,T.A., Cherepakhina,I.Y., Alekseeva,L.P., Makedonova,L.D., Evteeva,E.I., Dudkina,O.V., Burlakova,O.S., Vlasov,V.P., Gavrilov,B.V., Vodop'yanov,S.O., Sorokin,V.M. (1995). Mikrobiol. Zh. 57:56-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2722. Evolution of T4-related phages. Kutter,E., Gachechiladze,K., Poglazov,A., Marusich,E., Shneider,M., Aronsson,P., Napuli,A., Porter,D., Mesyanzhinov,V. (1995). Virus Genes 11:285-297. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2723. Phagotyping of Bacillus thuringiensis. Kuzin,A.I., Azizbekyan,K.R. (1995). Biotekhnologiya 7-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2724. Population dynamics in the co-culture of Shigella flexneri 1b original strain and its antigenic 3b mutant carrying a prophage. Lachowicz,T.M., Dziadkowiec,D., Kopocinska,I., Kopocinski,B. (1995). Microbios 83:89-106. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2725. Induction of systemic resistance against fusarium wilt of radish by lipopolysaccharides of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Leeman,M., Van Pelt,J.A., Den Ouden,F.M., Heinsbroek,M., Bakker,P.A.H., Schippers,B. (1995). Phytopathology 85:1021-1027. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2726. Removal of virus particles, bacteria and bovine serum albumin from water by steam-exploded Pinus radiata bark. Lewis,G.D., Lomax,T.D., Kimerley,M. (1995). Water Res. 29:1689-1693. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2727. [Phages of halophilic vibrios]. [Russian]. Libinzon,A.E., Us,Z.I., Gal'tseva,G.V., Degtiareva,B.M., Golkovskii,G.M. (1995). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 15-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2728. Ultrastructural Examination of Virus-like Particles in a Marine Rhizopod (Sarcodina, Protista). Lipscomb,D.L., Riordan,G.P. (1995). Acta Protozoologica 34:35-44. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2729. Inducible bacteriophages of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Loftus,A., Delisle,A.L. (1995). Curr. Microbiol. 30:317-321. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2730. Complete nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding bacteriophage E endosialidase: implications for K1E endosialidase structure and function. Long,G.S., Bryant,J.M., Taylor,P.W., Luzio,J.P. (1995). Biochem. J. 309 ( Pt 2):543-550. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2731. Simple concentration method for bacteriophages of Bacteroides fragilis in drinking water. Lucena,F., Muniesa,M., Puig,A., Araujo,R., Jofre,J. (1995). J. Virol. Meth. 54:121-130. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2732. Bacteriophage persistence in the sea environment. Lucena,F., Lasobras,J., Munoz,R., Araujo,R., Jofre,J. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:195-198. [do not have abstract]

  2733. Minimized virus binding for tests of barrier materials. Lytle,C.D., Routson,L.B. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:643-649. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2734. Electron microscopic investigation of the effect of biocides on Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO bacteriophages F116. Maillard,J.-Y., Hann,A.C., Beggs,T.S., Day,M.J., Hudson,R.A., Russell,A.D. (1995). J. Med. Microbiol. 42:415-420. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2735. Effects of biocides on the transduction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO by F116 bacteriophage. Maillard,J.-Y., Beggs,T.S., Day,M.J., Hudson,R.A., Russell,A.D. (1995). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 21:215-218. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2736. Viral abundance in aquatic systems: a comparison between marine and fresh waters. Maranger,R., Bird,D.F. (1995). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 121:1-3. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2737. Seasonal variations of virus abundance and viral control of the bacterial production in a backwater system of the Danube River. Mathias,C.B., Kirschner,A.K.T., Velimirov,B. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3734-3740. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2738. Viruses of eukaryotic freshwater and marine algae. Meints,R.H., Graves,M.V., Henry,E.C. (1995). p. ???Y.Koltin, M.Leibowitz, and V.Rubio (eds.), (eds) Viruses of Fungi and Lower Eukaryotes. [do not have abstract]

  2739. Presence of lysogenic phage in the outbreak strains of Vibrio cholerae O139. Mitra,S.N., Kar,S., Ghosh,R.K., Pajni,S., Ghosh,A. (1995). J. Med. Microbiol. 42:399-403. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2740. Expression of a Lactococcus lactis phage resistance mechanism by Streptococcus thermophilus. Moineau,S., Walker,S.A., Holler,B.J., Vedamuthu,E.R., Vandenbergh,P.A. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2461-2466. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2741. Cloning and sequencing of LlaDCHI [corrected] restriction/modification genes from Lactococcus lactis and relatedness of this system to the Streptococcus pneumoniae DpnII system [published erratum appears in Appl Environ Microbiol 1995 Sep;61(9):3514]. Moineau,S., Walker,S.A., Vedamuthu,E.R., Vandenbergh,P.A. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2193-2202. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2742. Specific chromosomal sequences can contribute to the appearance of a new lytic bacteriophage in Lactococcus. Moineau,S., Pandian,S., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1995). Dev. Biol. Standard. 85:577-580. [do not have abstract]

  2743. Prophage distribution in coryneform bacteria. Moreau,S., Leret,V., Le,M., Varangot,H., Ayache,M., Bonnassie,S., Blanco,C., Trautwetter,A. (1995). Res. Microbiol. 146:493-505. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2744. Sewage dispersion in an estuary with distinct EBB and flood channels. Morgan,N., Munro,D., Mollowney,B.M., Linwood,P. (1995). Environment International 21:123-130. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2745. Biocontrol of bacterial blotch of the cultivated mushroom with lytic phages: Some practical considerations. Munsch,P., Olivier,J.M. (1995). p. 595-602. In T.J.Elliott (ed.), (eds) Science and Cultivation of Edible Fungi, Vol. II: Proceedings of the 14th International Congress. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2746. Virus taxonomy. Classification and nomenclature of viruses. Sixth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Murphy,F.A., Fauquet,C.M., Bishop,D.H.L., Ghabrial,S.A., Jarvis,A.W., Martelli,G.P., Mayo,M.A., Summers,M.D. (1995). Arch. Virol. Supplent 10:51-54. [do not have abstract]

  2747. Phytoplankton exudation: Exploitation of the microbial loop as a defense against algal viruses. Murray,A.G. (1995). J. Plankton. Res. 17:1079-1094. [do not have abstract]

  2748. Virus-like particles in unicellular apochlorotic microorganisms in the coastal water of Japan. Nagasaki,K., Ando,M., Imai,I., Itakura,S., Ishida,Y. (1995). Fish. Sci. 61:235-239. [do not have abstract]

  2749. Removal of hepatitis-A virus (HAV), poliovirus and MS2 coliphage by coagulation and high-rate filtration. Nasser,A., Weinberg,D., Dinoor,N., Fattal,B., Adin,A. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:63-68. [do not have abstract]

  2750. Plasmid profiles and stability of industrial strains of lactococci. Nechaeva,A.A., Kalinina,N.A., Sukhodolets,V.V. (1995). Genetika 31:1210-1217. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2751. Size of genetic bottlenecks leading to virus fitness loss is determined by mean initial population fitness. Novella,I.S., Elena,S.F., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1995). J. Virol. 69:2869-2872. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2752. Exponential increases of RNA virus fitness during large population transmissions. Novella,I.S., Duarte,E.A., Elena,S.F., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1995). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:5841-5844. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2753. Extreme fitness differences in mammalian and insect hosts after continuous replication of vesicular stomatitis-virus in sandfly cells. Novella,I.S., Clarke,D.K., Quer,J., Duarte,E.A., Lee,C.H., Weaver,S.C., Elena,S.F., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1995). J. Virol. 69:6805-6809. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2754. Halophage HF2: genome organisation and replication strategy. Nuttall,S.D., Dyall-Smith,M.L. (1995). J. Virol. 69:2322-2327. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2755. Restriction-modification systems in Lactococcus lactis. Nyengaard,N., Vogensen,F.K., Josephsen,J. (1995). Gene 157:13-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2756. In vivo restriction by LlaI is encoded by three genes, arranged in an operon with llaIM, on the conjugative Lactococcus plasmid pTR2030. O'Sullivan,D.J., Zagula,K., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1995). J. Bacteriol. 177:134-143. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2757. Bacterial genetic exchange in nature. Ogunseitan,O.A. (1995). Sci. Prog. 78:183-204. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2758. Nucleotide sequence of a single-stranded RNA phage from Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Kinship to coliphages and conservation of regulatory RNA structures. Olsthoorn,R.C.L., Garde,G., Dayhuff,T., Atkins,J.F., van Duin,J. (1995). Virology 206:611-625. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2759. Detection of spring viremia of carp virus by hybridization with biotinylated DNA probes. Oreshkova,S.F., Tikunova,N.V., Shchelkunov,I.S., Ilyichev,A.A. (1995). Veterinary Research [VET. RES. ] 26:533-537. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2760. The removal of phages T1 and PP7, and poliovirus from fluids with hollow-fiber ultrafilters with molecular weight cut-offs of 50,000, 13,000, and 6000. Oshima,K.H., Evans-Strickfaden,T.T., Highsmith,A.K., Ades,E.W. (1995). Can. J. Microbiol. 41:316-322. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2761. PHAGE-MEDIATED DETECTION OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND ESCHERICHIA COLI O157:H7 USING BIOLUMINESCENCE. Pagotto,F.J. (1995). UNIVERSITY OF GUELPH (CANADA). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2762. Lipopolysaccharide recovery restores susceptibility levels towards beta-lactams in Serratia marcescens. Palomar,J., Puig,M., Montilla,R., Loren,J.G., Vinas,M. (1995). Microbios 82:21-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2763. Spread of bacterial resistance to antibiotics through the aquatic environment [Greek]. Papapetropoulou,M. (1995). Deltion Ellenikes Mikrobiologikes Etaireias 40:473-479. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2764. Isolation of Dermatophilus congolensis phage from the 'lumpy wool' of sheep in Western Australia. Patten,K.M., Kurtböke,D.I., Lindsay,D.R. (1995). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 20:199-203. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2765. Occurrence of fecal indicator bacteria in surface waters and the subsurface aquifer in Key Largo, Florida. Paul,J.H., Rose,J.B., Kellogg,C., Shinn,E.A. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2235-2241. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2766. Viral tracer studies indicate contamination of marine waters by sewage disposal practices in Key Largo, Florida. Paul,J.H., Rose,J.B., Brown,J., Shinn,E.A., Miller,S., Farrah,S.R. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2230-2234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2767. Mycobacteriophage DSGA specific for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Pearson,R.E., Dickson,J.A., Hamilton,P.T., Little,M.C., Beyer,W.F., Jr. (1995). Becton, Dickinson and Company. 402282(5,476,768). Franklin Lakes, NJ. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2768. Ultra-morphology of coliphages isolated from water. Pedroso,D.M.M., Martins,M.T. (1995). Water Res. 29:1199-1202. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2769. Isolation of bacteriophage infectious for Vibrio vulnificus. Pelon,W., Siebeling,R.J., Simonson,J., Luftig,R.B. (1995). Curr. Microbiol. 30:331-336. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2770. Phage T4-coded Stp: double-edged effector of coupled DNA and tRNA-restriction systems. Penner,M., Morad,I., Snyder,L., Kaufmann,G. (1995). J. Mol. Biol. 249:857-869. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2771. [The efficacy of bacteriophage preparations in treating inflammatory urologic diseases]. [Russian]. Perepanova,T.S., Darbeeva,O.S., Kotliarova,G.A., Kondrat'eva,E.M., Maiskaia,L.M., Malysheva,V.F., Baiguzina,F.A., Grishkova,N.V. (1995). Urologiia i Nefrologiia 14-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2772. In situ inactivation of animal viruses and a coliphage in nonaerated liquid and semiliquid animal wastes. Pesaro,F., Sorg,I., Metzler,A. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:92-97. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2773. Thyroiditis in the BB rat is associated with lymphopenia but occurs independently of diabetes. Pettersson,A., et al. (1995). Journal of Autoimmunity 8:493-505. [do not have abstract]

  2774. Bacteriophage typing. Pitt,T.L., Gaston,M.A. (1995). Methods in Molecular Biology 46:15-26. [do not have abstract]

  2775. Transport of bromide, simazine, and MS-2 coliphage in a lysimeter containing undisturbed, unsaturated soil. Poletika,N.N., Jury,W.A., Yates,M.V. (1995). p.801-810. Washington, DC : American Geophysical Union, Apr. 1995, [do not have abstract]

  2776. ??? Poletika,N.N., Jury,W.A., Yates,M.V. (1995). Water Resourses Research 31:801-810. [do not have abstract]

  2777. The erythrocytes and lysate of erythrocytes might mitigate harmful effect of UVC-light on mammalian cells or bacteriophage lambda. Poljak Blazi,M., Stambolija,N., Petranovic,M. (1995). Periodicum Biologorum 97:35-40. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2778. [The DNA damage by photodynamic effects of hematoporphyrin derivatives (HPD)]. [Chinese]. Qi,Z., Qin,J., Zhao,X., Yan,J., Li,Z. (1995). Chung-Kuo i Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 17:139-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2779. Effect of advanced oxidation processes on inactivation of coliphages. Rajala-Mustonen,R.L., Heinonen-Tanski,H. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:131-134. [do not have abstract]

  2780. DNA UVB dosimeters. Regan,J.D., Yoshida,H. (1995). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 31:57-61. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2781. Characterization of Vibrio cholerae bacteriophage K139 and use of a novel mini-transposon to identify a phage-encoded virulence factor. Reidl,J., Mekalanos,J.J. (1995). Mol. Microbiol. 18:685-701. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2782. Phenotypic variability among cells of Lactobacillus helveticus ATCC 15807. Reinheimer,J.A., Morelli,L., Bottazzi,V., Suarez,V. (1995). Int. Dairy J. 5:97-103. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2783. A continuous culture model to examine factors that affect transduction among Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in freshwater environments. Replicon,J., Frankfater,A., Miller,R.V. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3359-3366. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2784. Effects of suspended particulates on the frequency of transduction among Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a freshwater environment. Ripp,S., Miller,R.V. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:1214-1219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2785. Infectivity of algal viruses studied by chlorophyll fluorescence. Rohozinski,J., Patil,P.N., Seaton,G.R. (1995). J. Gen. Virol. 76:2859-2862. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2786. Biological UV dosimetry: A comprehensive problem. Rontó,G., Gaspar,P.G. (1995). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 31:51-56. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2787. Increasing the phage resistance of starter cultures. Ross,R.P., Fitzgerald,G.F., Coffey,A. (1995). p. 110-118. In T.Cogan, R.P.Ross, and P.Fox (eds.), (eds) National Dairy Products Research Centre 4th Cheese Symposium. TEAGASC, Fermoy, Co. Cork.[do not have abstract]

  2788. Antibiotic resistance, plasmid content, phage type, and capsule type of Staphylococcus aureus isolates at a children's hospital. Salamah,A.A. (1995). New. Microbiol. 18:41-51. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2789. Temperate bacteriophages are common among Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans isolates from periodontal pockets. Sandmeier,H., van,W., Bar,K., Ankli,E., Maeder,M., Meyer,J. (1995). Journal of Periodontal Research 30:418-425. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2790. Inhibition of the proliferation of the bacteriophages of lactic acid bacteria in milk in presence of gluconodelta-lactone. Saniez,M.H., Bauquis,A.C., Carini,S., Dusautois,C., Serpelloni,M. (1995). Sciences des Aliments 15:291-304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2791. L5 luciferase reporter mycobacteriophages: A sensitive tool for the detection and assay of live mycobacteria. Sarkis,G.J., Jacobs???, Hatfull,G.F. (1995). Mol. Microbiol. 15:1055-1067. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2792. Characterization of TS-mutants of cyanophage N-1 by their inactivation by physical and chemical agents. Sarma,T.A., Singh,R. (1995). Acta Virol. 39:65-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2793. Frequency of generalized transducing phages in natural isolates of the Salmonella typhimurium complex. Schicklmaier,P., Schmeiger,H. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:1637-1640. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2794. INACTIVATION OF PHAGE MS2 BY TITANIUM DIOXIDE PHOTOCATALYSIS (VIRAL DISINFECTION). Sjogren,J.C. (1995). University of Arizona. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2795. A novel locus of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 involved in lipopolysaccharide outer core biosynthesis. Skurnik,M., Venho,R., Toivanen,P., al-Hendy,A. (1995). Mol. Microbiol. 17:575-594. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2796. [Phenotypic analysis of two morphologically different types of Vibrio cholerae 0139 colonies]. Smirnova,N.I., Chekhovskaia,G.V., Davydova,N.I., Livanova,L.F., Eroshenko,G.A., Ostroumova,N.M. (1995). Molekuliarnaia Genetika, Mikrobiologia, i Virusologa 30-34. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2797. Comparative reductions of hepatitis A virus, enteroviruses and coliphage MS2 in miniature soil columns. Sobsey,M.D., Hall,R.M., Hazard,R.L. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:203-209. [do not have abstract]

  2798. Presence of large virus-like particles in a eutrophic reservoir. Sommaruga,R., Krössbacher,M., Salvenmoser,W., Catalan,J., Psenner,R. (1995). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 9:305-330. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2799. ??? Stenström,T.A. (1995). p. 73-78. In Anonymous (eds) Conference Proceedings Safe Water Environments, Kenya. Linköping University, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Sweden.[do not have abstract]

  2800. Synergistic inactivation of Escherichia coli and MS-2 coliphage by chloramine and cupric chloride. Straub,T.M., Gerba,C.P., Zhou,X., Price,R., Yahya,M.T. (1995). Water Res. 29:811-818. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2801. A diagnostic bacteriophage for Enterobacter cloacae. [Chinese]. Sun,J., He,X., Zhang,S. (1995). Zhonghua Weishengwuxue He Mianyixue Zazhi 15:332-335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2802. Pili of Pseudomonas syringae pathovar syringae enhance initiation of bacterial epiphytic colonization of bean. Suoniemi,A., Bjorklof,K., Haahtela,K., Romantschuk,M. (1995). Microbiology (Reading) 141:497-503. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2803. Viruses infecting the marine prymnesiophyte Chrysochromulina spp.: Isolation, preliminary characterization and natural abundance. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M. (1995). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 118:275-282. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2804. The cDNA sequence of Trichomonas vaginalis virus-T1 double-stranded RNA. Tai,J.H., Ip,C.F. (1995). Virology 206:773-776. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2805. Biological properties of bacteriophages revealed throughout the manufacturing process of an industrial strain E. coli M 17. Tediashvili,M., Chanishvili,N., Eliashvili,T., Zviadadze,N., Porchkhidze,K., Natroshvili,G., Cholokashvili,N., Giorkhelidze,D., Adamia,R., Chanishvili,T. (1995). Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences 21:175-184. [do not have abstract]

  2806. Differential mortality of two closely related host species induced by one parasite. Thomas,F., Renaud,F., Rousset,F., Cezilly,F., de Meeüs,T. (1995). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 260:349-352. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2807. Nutritional enrichment of a microbial community: The effects on activity, elemental composition, community structure and virus production. Tuomi,P., Fagarbakke,K.M., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1995). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 16:123-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2808. Comparison of F-specific bacteriophage, enterococci, and faecal coliform densities through a wastewater treatment process employing oxidation ponds. Turner,S.J., Lewis,G.D. (1995). Water Sci. Technol. 31:85-89. [do not have abstract]

  2809. Giant chlorella viruses. van Etten,J.L., van Etten,J. (1995). Mol. Cells 5:99-106. [do not have abstract]

  2810. Use of two short-term tests to evaluate the genotoxicity of river water treated with different concentration/extraction procedures. Vargas,V.M.F., Guidobono,R.R., Jordao,C., Henriques,J.A.P. (1995). Mut. Res. 343:31-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2811. Increased in bacteriophage radiation resistance as a result of enhanced expression of stress systems in host cells. Verbenko,V.N., Kalinin,V.K. (1995). Genetika 31:1630-1636. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2812. Morphological diversity of rumen bacteriophages in bovine. Vijayarani,K., Prabha,N.R.G., Chandramohan,A., Nachimuthu,K., Padmanaban,V.D. (1995). Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 65:749-750. [do not have abstract]

  2813. Association of lysogenic bacteriophage MAV1 with virulence of Mycoplasma arthritidis. Voelker,L.L., Weaver,K.E., Ehle,L.J., Washburn,L.R. (1995). Infect. Immun. 63:4016-4023. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2814. Induction of a Cryphonectria parasitica Cellobiohydrolase I Gene is Suppressed by Hypovirus Infection and Regulated by A GTP-Binding-Protein- Linked Signaling Pathway Involved in Fungal Pathogenesis. Wang,P., Nuss,D.L. (1995). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:11529-11533. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2815. Diel, seasonal, and depth-related variability of viruses and dissolved DNA in the Northern Adriatic Sea. Weinbauer,M.G., Fuks,D., Puskaric,S., Peduzzi,P. (1995). Microb. Ecol. 30:25-41. [do not have abstract]

  2816. Temporal and spatial distribution of viruses and dissolved DNA in the northern Adriatic Sea. Weinbauer,M.G., Fusk,D., Puskaric,S., Peduzzi,P. (1995). Microb. Ecol. 30:25-41. [do not have abstract]

  2817. Effect of virus-rich high molecular weight concentrates of seawater on the dynamics of dissolved amino acids and carbohydrates. Weinbauer,M.G., Peduzzi,P. (1995). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 127:245-253. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2818. Significance of viruses versus heterotrophic nanoflagellates for controlling bacterial abundance in the northern Adriatic Sea. Weinbauer,M.G., Peduzzi,P. (1995). J. Plankton. Res. 17:1851-1856. [do not have abstract]

  2819. Suppression of Leishmania RNA virus replication by capsid protein overexpression. Widmer,G. (1995). J. Virol. 69:4122-4126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2820. Phylogenetic analysis of Leishmania RNA virus and Leishmania suggests ancient virus-parasite association. Widmer,G., Dooley,S. (1995). Nucleic Acids Research 23:2300-2304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2821. The association of bdelovibrios with surfaces in the aquatic environment. Williams,H.N., Kelley,J.I., Baer,M.L., Turng,B.F. (1995). Can. J. Microbiol. 41:1142-1147. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2822. Transfer, methylation and spontaneous mutation frequency of Phi X174am3cs70 sequences in medaka (Oryzias latipes) and mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus): Implications for gene transfer and environmental mutagenesis in aquatic species. Winn,R.N., Van Beneden,R.J., Burkhart,J.G.A. (1995). Mar. Environ. Res. 40:247-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2823. Bacterial detection by phage transduction of ice nucleation and other phenotypes. Wolber,P.K., Green,R.L. (1995). DNA Plant Technology Corporation. 474282(5,447,836). Oakland, CA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2824. A simple method for the concentration of viruses from natural water samples. Wommack,K.E., Hill,R.T., Colwell,R.R. (1995). J. Microbiol. Meth. 22:57-67. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2825. Effects of Temperature and Host Cell Growth Phase on Replication of F-Specific RNA Coliphage QB. Woody,M.A., Cliver,D.O. (1995). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:1520-1526. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2826. Effect of testing method on apparent activities of viral disinfectants and antiseptics. Woolwin,J.D., Gerberding,J.L. (1995). Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 39:921-923. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2827. DNA sequence of tail fiber genes of coliphage 186 and evidence for a common ancestor shared by dsDNA phage fiber genes. Xue,Q., Egan,J.B. (1995). Virology 212:128-133. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2828. Transduction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by Phage F116(RMS149) in Soil (Gene Transfer). Yin,X. (1995). New York University. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2829. Virus-mediated expression of firefly luciferase in the parasitic protozoan Giardia lamblia. Yu,D.C., Wang,A.L., Wu,C.H., Wang,C.C. (1995). Molecular and Cellular Biology 15:4867-4872. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2830. The role of viruses in the dynamics of phytoplankton blooms. Zingone,A. (1995). G. Bot. Ital. 129:415-423. [do not have abstract]

  2831. Characterization of cryptic prophages (monocins) in Listeria and sequence analysis of a holin/endolysin gene. Zink,R., Loessner,M.J., Scherer,S. (1995). Microbiology 141:2577-2584. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2832. Disinfection of human enteric viruses in water by copper and silver in combination with low levels of chlorine. Abad,F.X., Pinto,R.M., Diez,J.M., Bosch,A. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:2377-2383. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2833. Survival of enteric viruses on environmental fomites. Abad,F.X., Pinto,R.M., Bosch,A. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:3704-3710. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2834. Lysis and the interaction between free phages and infected cells. Abedon,S.T. (1994). p. 397-405. In J.D.Karam (ed.), (eds) The Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2835. PID, a new member of the P1 bacteriophage group. Ackermann,H.-W., Reynaud,A., Gayerie,M.C. (1994). Can. J. Microbiol. 40:63-67. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2836. Bacteriophages from Bombyx mori. Ackermann,H.-W., Auclair,P., Basavarajappa,S., Emadi Konjin,H.P., Savanurmath,C. (1994). Arch. Virol. 137:185-190. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2837. Classification of Acinetobacter phages. Ackermann,H.-W., Brochu,G., Emadi Konjin,H.P. (1994). Arch. Virol. 135:345-354. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2838. New Bacillus bacteriophage species. Ackermann,H.-W., Azizbekyan,R.R., Emadi Konjin,H.P., Lecadet,M.-M., Seldin,L., Yu,M.X. (1994). Arch. Virol. 135:333-344. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2839. Evolutionary factors influencing the nature of parasite specificity. Adamson,M.L., Caira,J.N. (1994). Parasitology 109(SUPPL.):S85-S95 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2840. Characterization of a cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) rhizobiophage and its effects on cowpea nodulation and growth. Ahmad,M.H., Morgan,V. (1994). Biol. Fertil. Soils 18:297-301. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2841. Period dependent selection in continuous culture of viruses in a periodic environment. Aita,T., Husimi,Y. (1994). J. Theor. Biol. 168:281-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2842. Adsorption and growth characteristics of some lactic phages. Akcelik,M. (1994). Turkish Journal of Biology 18:155-160. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2843. Recovery of somatic coliphages in shellfish. Albert,M., Vannesson,C., Schwartzbrod,L. (1994). Water Sci. Technol. 31:453-456. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2844. A direct membrane filter method for enumerating somatic coliphages in drinking water. Alonso,M.C., Sanchez,J.M., Moriñigo,M.A., Borrego,J.J. (1994). Microbiologia (Madrid) 10:285-296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2845. Bacteriophage-like particle of Rochalimaea henselae. Anderson,B., Goldsmith,C., Johnson,A., Padmalayam,I., Baumstark,B. (1994). Mol. Microbiol. 13:67-73. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2846. On the generation of genetic diversity in microorganisms. Arber,W. (1994). Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 60:357-363. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2847. Stand der Forschung bei der Untersuchung der Phagen Problematik in biotechnologischen Prozessen der Lebensmittelfermentation. Arendt,E.K., Fitzgerald,G.F., Coffey,A., Hammes,W.P. (1994). Lebensmitteltechnik 6:40-44. [do not have abstract]

  2848. Cultivation of Leishmania braziliensis in an economical serum-free medium containing human urine. Armstrong,T.C., Patterson,J.L. (1994). Journal of Parasitology 80:1030-1032. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2849. Trojan horses of the microbial world: protozoa and the survival of bacterial pathogens in the environment. Barker,J., Brown,M.R.W. (1994). Microbiology 140:1253-1259. [do not have abstract]

  2850. Modeling the role of viral disease in recurrent phytoplankton blooms. Beltrami,E., Carroll,T.O. (1994). J. Math. Biol. 32:857-863. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2851. Characterization of thirteen Staphylococcus epidermidis and S. saprophyticus bacteriophages. Bes,M. (1994). Research in Virology 145:111-121. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2852. New pyruvylated, glycosylated acyltrehaloses from Mycobacterium smegmatis strains, and their implications for phage resistance in mycobacteria. Besra,G.S., Khoo,K.H., Belisle,J.T., McNeil,M.R., Morris,H.R., Dell,A., Brennan,P.J. (1994). Carbohydrate Research 251:99-114. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2853. Bacterial and Bacteriophage Genetics. Birge,E.A. (1994). Springer-Verlag, New York.[do not have abstract]

  2854. Phage F-116 transduction of antibiotic resistance from a clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Blahová,J., Hupkova,M., Krcmery,V.S. (1994). J. Chemother. 6:184-188. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2855. Viruses and the microbial loop. Bratbak,G., Thingstad,T.F., Heldal,M. (1994). Microb. Ecol. 28:209-221. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2856. Distinct Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages share an extremely conserved DNA fragment. Brüssow,H., Probst,A., Fremont,M., Sidoti,J. (1994). Virology 200:854-857. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2857. Detection and classification of Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages isolated from industrial milk fermentation. Brüssow,H., Fremont,M., Bruttin,A., Sidoti,J., Constable,A., Fryder,V. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:4537-4543. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2858. Behaviour of two D. halophila bacteriophages with respect to salt concentrations and other environmental factors. Calvo,C., Garcia De La Paz,M., Martinez-Checa,F., Caba,M. (1994). Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 43:85-93. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2859. Comparative molecular biology of lambdoid phages. Campbell,A. (1994). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 48:193-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2860. General procedures. Carlson,K., Miller,E.S. (1994). p. 427-437. In J.D.Karam (ed.), (eds) Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  2861. Working with T4. Carlson,K., Miller,E.S. (1994). p. 421-426. In J.D.Karam (ed.), (eds) Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  2862. Enumerating phage: the plaque assay. Carlson,K., Miller,E.S. (1994). p. 427-429. In J.D.Karam (ed.), (eds) Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2863. On the specificity of a bacteriophage-borne endoglycanase for the native capsular polysaccharide produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae SK1 and its derived polymers. Cescutti,P., Paoletti,S. (1994). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 198:1128-1134. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2864. Microbiological quality of shellfish-growing waters in Chesapeake Bay. Chai,T.-J., Han,T.-J., Cockey,R.R. (1994). J. Food Prot. 57:229-234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2865. Growth of Legionella pneumophila in Acanthamoeba castellanii enhances invasion. Cirillo,J.D., Falkow,S., Tompkins,L.S. (1994). Infect. Immun. 62:3254-3261. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2866. The red queen reigns in the kingdom of RNA viruses. Clarke,D.K., Duarte,E.A., Elena,S.F., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J. (1994). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:4821-4824. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2867. A comparison between the Most Probable Number (MPN) method and direct counting for the determination of anti-E. coli bacteriophages. Contato,E., Mirolo,G., Garasto,G., Tampieri,M.L., Tuffanelli,A., Sartea,A., Bucci,G. (1994). Ig. Mod. 101:801-808. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2868. T4 phage evolution data in terms of a time-dependent topal- fresco mechanism. Cooper,W.G. (1994). Biochemical Genetics 32:383-395. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2869. Bacteriophages presence in human faeces of healthy subjects and patients with gastrointestinal disturbances. Cornax,R., Moriñigo,M.A., Gonzalez-Jaen,F., Carmen,A., Borrego,J.J. (1994). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 281:214-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2870. Synergistic action of near-UV and phenylalanine, tyrosine or tryptophan on the inactivation of phage T7: role of superoxide radicals and hydrogen peroxide. Craggs,J., Kirk,S.H., Ahmad,S.I. (1994). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 24:123-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2871. New technologies in the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Crawford,J.T. (1994). SEMINARS IN RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS 9:62-70. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2872. Characterization of lipopolysaccharide- deficient mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa derived from serotypes O3, O5, and O6. Dasgupta,T., de Kievit,T.R., Masoud,H., Altman,E., Richards,J.C., Sadovskaya,I., Speert,D.P., Lam,J.S. (1994). Infect. Immun. 62:809-817. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2873. Phenotypic consequences of altering the copy number of abiA, a gene responsible for aborting bacteriophage infections in Lactococcus lactis. Dinsmore,P.K., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:1129-1136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2874. Bacteriophage: A smart alternative to antibiotics? Dixon,B. (1994). p. 190-192. In Anonymous (eds) The Power Unseen. W.H.Freeman/Spektrum, Oxford, UK.[do not have abstract]

  2875. Reduction of some bacteria and bacteriophages in secondary effluent by microfiltration in a pilot plant. Dizer,H., Althoff,W., Bartocha,W., Dorau,W., Grohmann,A., Lopez-Pila,J.M., Seidel,K. (1994). Zentralblatt fuer Hygiene und Umweltmedizin 196:23-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2876. The evaluation of the hygienic and sanitary quality of water from private shallow wells situated in an urban area of south-eastern Brazil: A comparison between the use of coliphages and bacterial indicators of fecal pollution. Do Amaral,L.A., Rossi,O.D.Jr., Nader Filho,A., Alexandre,A.V. (1994). Revista de Saude Publica 28:345-348. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2877. Subclonal component of consensus fitness in an RNA virus clone. Duarte,E.A., Novella,I.S., Ledesma,S., Clarke,D.K., Elena,S.F., Domingo,E., Holland,J.J. (1994). J. Virol. 68:4295-4301. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2878. [Bacteriophage lambda:lux: design and expression of bioluminescence in E. coli cells]. Duzhii,D.E., Zavil'gel'skii,G.B. (1994). Molekuliarnaia Genetika, Mikrobiologia, i Virusologa 36-38. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2879. Evolution of Infectious Disease. Ewald,P.W. (1994). Oxford University Press, New York.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2880. Genetic variation and evolution of bacteriophages of lactobacilli. Forsman,P. (1994). Acta Universitatis Ouluensis Series a Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 1-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2881. Polymorphism of bacterial restriction-modification systems: The advantage of diversity. Frank,S.A. (1994). Evolution 48:1470-1477. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2882. Relationship between phage sensitivity and pathogenicity in Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum. Freigoun,S.O., Abdel,R., Elfaki,H.I., Omer,M.E., Lemattre,M., Freigoun,S., Rudolph,K., Swings,J.G. (1994). Colloques de l'INRA 109 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2883. Phage sensitivity in relation to pathogenicity and virulence of the cotton bacterial blight pathogen of Sudan. Freigoun,S.O., El Faki,H.I., Gelie,B., Schirmer,M., Lemattre,M. (1994). Plant Pathol. 43:493-499. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2884. Population biology of virus-host interactions. Garnett,G.P., Antia,R. (1994). p. 51-73. In S.S.Morse (ed.), (eds) The Evolutionary Biology of Viruses. Raven Press, Ltd., New York.[do not have abstract]

  2885. New developments in fungal virology. Ghabrial,S.A. (1994). Adv. Virus Res. 43:303-388. [do not have abstract]

  2886. Gene transfer among bacteria under conditions of nutrient depletion in simulated and natural aquatic environments. Goodman,A.E., Marshall,K.C., Hermansson,M. (1994). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 15:55-60. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2887. Virus coagulation in aqueous environments. Grant,S.B. (1994). Environ. Sci. Technol. 28:928-933. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2888. Effect of gamma irradiation on shelf life and bacterial and viral loads in hard-shelled clams (Mercenaria mercenaria). Harewood,P., Rippey,S., Montesalvo,M. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:2666-2670. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2889. Alterations of receptor specificities of coliphages of the T2 family. Hashemolhosseini,S., Holmes,Z., Mutschler,B., Henning,U. (1994). J. Mol. Biol. 240:105-110. [do not have abstract]

  2890. Receptor recognition by T-even type coliphages. Henning,U., Hashemolhosseini,S. (1994). p. 291-298. In J.D.Karam (ed.), (eds) The Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  2891. Gene transfer in the marine environment. Hermansson,M., Linberg,C. (1994). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 15:47-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2892. In situ replication studies of somatic and male-specific coliphages in a tropical pristine river. Hernandez-Delgado,E.A., Toranzos,G.A. (1994). Water Sci. Technol. 31:247-250. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2893. Population dynamics of phage-host interactions and phage conversion of streptomycetes in soil. Herron,P.R., Wellington,E.M.H. (1994). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 14:25-32. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2894. Population and persistence of Zag-1 phage and cowpea Rhizobium in two sterile soils. Hussein,M.E., El-Hawa,M.E.A., El Dydamony,G. (1994). Egyptian Journal of Microbiology 29:271-283. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2895. M13 bacteriophage DNA inhibits duck hepatitis B virus during acute infection. Iizuka,A., Watanabe,T., Kubo,T., Yamamoto,M., Ogawa,K., Ohkuma,T., Kaji,A. (1994). HEPATOLOGY 19:1079-1087. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2896. Development and evaluation of a colorimetric coliphage assay detection system. Ijzerman,M.M., Hagedorni,C.I., Reneau,R.B., Jr. (1994). Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Water Resources Research Center Bulletin I-VII [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2897. Field evaluation of two colorimetric coliphage detection methods. Ijzerman,M.M., Falkinhami,J.O.L., Reneau,R.B., Jr., Hagedom,C. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:826-830. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2898. Seasonal and diel abundance of viruses and occurrence of lysogeny/bacteriocinogeny in the marine environment. Jiang,S.C., Paul,J.H. (1994). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 104:163-172. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2899. Isolation and characterization of V. furnissii phage [Korean]. Ju,J.W. (1994). Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology 29:685-697. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2900. Some characteristics of virulent bacteriophages isolated from Pseudomonas solanacearum-infested soil [Japanese]. Kakutani,K., Toyoda,H., Goto,S., Ouchi,S. (1994). An. Phytopathol. Soc. Japan 60:531-534. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2901. Host range, morphology and DNA restriction patterns of bacteriophage isolates infecting Rhizobium leguminosarum Bv. trifolii. Kankila,J., Lindström,K. (1994). Soil Biol. Biochem. 26:429-437. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2902. Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. Karam,J.D. (1994). ASM Press, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  2903. Inactivation of Q by potasium ferrate. Kazama,F. (1994). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 118:345-350. [do not have abstract]

  2904. Trichomonas vaginalis with a double-stranded RNA virus has upregulated levels of phenotypically variable immunogen mRNA. Khoshnan,A., Alderete,J.F. (1994). J. Virol. 68:4035-4038. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2905. Evidence for phage-mediated gene transfer among Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains on the phylloplane. Kidambi,S.P., Ripp,S., Miller,R.V. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:496-500. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2906. Host determination of viral evolution: A variable tautology. Kilbourne,E.D. (1994). p. 253-271. In S.S.Morse (ed.), (eds) The Evolutionary Biology of Viruses. Raven Press, Ltd., New York.[do not have abstract]

  2907. A New Synechococcus Cyanophage from a Reservoir in Korea. Kim,M., Choi,Y.-K. (1994). Virology 204:338-342. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2908. Measurements of UV-B radiation in two freshwater lakes: An instrument intercomparison. Kirk,J.T.O., Hargreaves,B.R., Morris,D.P., Coffin,R.B., David,B., Frederickson,D., Karentz,D., Lean,D.R.S., Lesser,M.P. (1994). Ergebnisse der Limnologie/Advances in limnology 43:71-99. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2909. Bacteriophages and bacteriophage resistance. Klaenhammer,T.R., Fitzgerald,G.F. (1994). p. 106-168. In M.J.Gasson and W.M.de Vos (eds.), (eds) Genetics and Biotechnology of Lactic Acid Bacteria. Blacie Academic & Professional, London.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2910. Inducible cell lysis system for the study of natural transformation and environmental fate of DNA released by cell death. Kloos,D.U., Stratz,M., Guttler,A., Steffan,R.J., Timmis,K.N., phenom: lysis (1994). J. Bacteriol. 176:7352-7361. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2911. A long lytic cycle in filamentous phage Cf1tv infecting Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri. Kuo,T.-T., Chiang,C.-C., Chen,S.-Y., Lin,J.-H., Kuo,J.-L. (1994). Arch. Virol. 135:253-264. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2912. Rapid detection of Clavibacter toxicus and of its bacteriophage responsible for annual ryegrass toxicity in Australia and the effect of selected herbicides on toxin production. Kurtböke,D.I. (1994). Actinomycetes 5:31-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2913. Effects of bacterial growth conditions and physiology on T4 infection. Kutter,E., Kellenberger,E., Carlson,K., Eddy,S., Neitzel,J., Messinger,L., North,J., Guttman,B. (1994). p. 406-418. In J.D.Karam (ed.), (eds) The Molecular Biology of Bacteriophage T4. ASM Press, Washington, DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2914. [Bacteriophage therapy in the treatment of recurrent subphrenic and subhepatic abscess with jejunal fistula after stomach resection]. [Polish]. Kwarcinski,W., Lazarkiewicz,B., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Rudnicki,J., Kaminski,K., Sciebura,M. (1994). Polski Tygodnik Lekarski 49:535 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2915. Vphi-AAU2, a temperate bacteriophage specific for 'Arthrobacter aureus', whose integrative functions work in other corynebacteria. Le Marrec,C., Michotey,V., Blanco,C., Trautwetter,A. (1994). Microbiology (Reading) 140:3071-3077. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2916. The evolution of virulence in parasites and pathogens reconciliation between two competing hypotheses. Lenski,R.E., May,R.M. (1994). J. Theor. Biol. 169:253-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2917. F-specific bacteria as an indicator of human viruses in natural waters and sewage effluents in northern New Zealand. Lewis,G.D. (1994). Water Sci. Technol. 31:231-234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2918. Characterization of two novel filamentous phages of Xanthomonas. Lin,N.T., You,B.Y., Huang,C.Y., Kuo,C.W., Wen,F.S., Yang,J.S., Tseng,Y.H. (1994). J. Gen. Virol. 75 ( Pt 9):2543-2547. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2919. Pf1 virus structure: helical coat protein and DNA with paraxial phosphates. Liu,D.J., Day,L.A. (1994). Science 265:671-674. [do not have abstract]

  2920. Taxonomical classification of 20 newly isolated Listeria bacteriophage by electron microscopy and protein analysis. Loessner,M.J., Estela,L.A., Zink,R., Scherer,S. (1994). Intervirology 37:31-35. [do not have abstract]

  2921. Effect of distance from the polluting focus on relative concentrations of Bacteroides fragilis phages and coliphages in mussels. Lucena,F., Lasobras,J., McIntosh,D., Forcadell,M., Jofre,J. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:2272-2277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2922. Effects of biocides on MS2 and K coliphages. Maillard,J.-Y., Beggs,T.S., Day,M.J., Hudson,R.A., Russell,A.D. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 3:849-853. [do not have abstract]

  2923. Viral and bacterial dynamics in Arctic sea ice during the spring algal bloom near Resolute, N.W.T., Canada. Maranger,R., Bird,D.F., Juniper,S.K. (1994). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 111:121-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2924. Phage-host interactions in soil. Marsh,P., Wellingron,E.M.H. (1994). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 15:99-108. [do not have abstract]

  2925. Isolation of virus capable of lysing the Brown Tide microalga, Aureococcus anophagefferens. Milligan,K.L.D., Cosper,E.M. (1994). Science 266:805-807. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2926. Transmission of Vibrio cholerae O1. Mintz,E.D., Popovic,T., Blake,P.A. (1994). p. 345-356. In P.A.Blake and O.Olsvik (eds.), (eds) Vibrio cholerae and cholera: molecular to global perspectives. American Society for Microbiology, Washington,DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2927. Evolution of a lytic bacteriophage via DNA acquisition from the Lactococcus lactis chromosome. Moineau,S., Pandian,S., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:1832-1841. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2928. Non-O group 1 Vibrio cholerae strains not associated with epidemic disease. Morris,J.G., Jr. (1994). p. 103-115. In P.A.Blake and O.Olsvik (eds.), (eds) Vibrio cholerae and cholera: molecular to global perspectives. American Society for Microbiology, Washington,DC.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2929. The Evolutionary Biology of Viruses. Morse,S.S. (1994). Raven Press, Ltd., New York.[do not have abstract]

  2930. Toward an evolutionary biology of viruses. Morse,S.S. (1994). p. 1-28. In S.S.Morse (ed.), (eds) The Evolutionary Biology of Viruses. Raven Press, Ltd., New York.[do not have abstract]

  2931. Marine viral ecology: Incorporation of bacteriophage into the microbial planktonic food web paradigm. Murray,A.G., Eldridge,P.M. (1994). J. Plankton. Res. 16:627-641. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2932. Viral mortality in the final stage of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) red tide. Nagasaki,K., Ando,M., Itakura,S., Imai,I., Ishida,Y. (1994). J. Plankton. Res. 16:1595-1599. [do not have abstract]

  2933. Virus-like particles in Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae): a possible red tide disintegration mechanism. Nagasaki,K., Ando,M., Imai,I., Itakura,S., Ishida,Y. (1994). Mar. Biol. 119:307-312. [do not have abstract]

  2934. The Kinetics of Batch Ultraviolet Inactivation of Bacteriophage MS2 and Microbiological Calibration of an UV Pilot Plant. Nieuwstad,T.J., Havelaar,A.H. (1994). J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A Environ. Sci. Engin. 29:1993-2007. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2935. Detection of Escherichia coli K95 strains by bacteriophages. Nimmich,W. (1994). J. Clin. Microbiol. 32:2843-2845. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2936. Correlation between antibiotic resistance, phage-like particle presence, and virulence in Rhodococcus equi human isolates. Nordmann,P., Keller,M., Espinasse,F., Ronco,E. (1994). J. Clin. Microbiol. 32:377-383. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2937. Polyagglutinable Pseudomonas aeruginosa from cystic fibrosis patients. A survey. [Review] [233 refs]. Ojeniyi,B. (1994). APMIS Supplementum. 46:1-44. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2938. Removal of influenza a virus, phage T1, and PP7 from fluids with a Nylon 0.04-mu-M membrane filter. Oshima,K.H., Highsmith,A.K., Ades,E.W. (1994). Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 9:165-170. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2939. Response to phage infection of immobilized lactococci during continuous acidification and inoculation of skim milk. Passos,F.M.L., Klaenhammer,T.R., Swaisgood,H.E. (1994). J. Dairy Res. 61:537-544. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2940. Significance of the virus-rich 2-200 nm size fraction of seawater for heterotrophic flagellates: I. Impact on growth. Pesan,B.F., Weinbauer,M.G., Peduzzi,P. (1994). P. S. Z. N. I. : Mar. Ecol. 15:281-290. [do not have abstract]

  2941. Monitoring of bacterial and viral indicators in a drinking-water treatment plant. Poda,G., Cesaroni,D., Bucci,M.A., Chetti,L., Rossi,L., Illice,M., Turtura,G.C., Bianchi,G.C., Bianchi,G., Minelli,L., et al. (1994). J. Wat. Sup. Res. Technol. 43:127-132. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2942. Genetic enhancement of phage resistance in a commercial cheese starter. Powell,I.B., Romano,G.M., Hillier,A.J., Davidson,B.E. (1994). Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 49:30-33. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2943. Virus removal from sewage effluents during saturated and unsaturated flow through soil columns. Powelson,D.K., Gerba,C.P. (1994). Water Res. 28:2175-2181. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2944. Isolation and characterization of large lactococcal phage resistance plasmids by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Prevots,F., Remy,E., Mata,M., Ritzenthaler,P. (1994). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 117:7-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2945. Sensitivity of host strains and host range of coliphages isolated from Finnish and Nicaraguan wastewater. Rajala-Mustonen,R.L., Heinonen-Tanski,H. (1994). Water Res. 28:1811-1815. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2946. Genomic polymorphism in the T-even bacteriophages. Repoila,F., Tétart,F., Bouet,J.Y., Krisch,H.M. (1994). EMBO J. 13:4181-4192. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2947. Transduction of a freshwater microbial community by a new Pseudomonas aeruginosa generalized transducing phage, UT1. Ripp,S., Ogunseitan,O.A., Miller,R.V. (1994). Molecular Ecology 3:121-126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2948. Virus-like particles in Eimeria nieschulzi are associated with multiple RNA segments. Roditi,I., Wyler,T., Smith,N., Braun,R. (1994). Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 63:275-282. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2949. Advances in biological tracer techniques for hydrology and hydrogeology using bacteriophages. Optimization of the methods and investigation of the behavior of the bacterial viruses in surfaces waters and in porous and fractured aquifers. Rossi,P. (1994). University of Neuchâtel. [do not have abstract]

  2950. Comparative tracing experiments in a porous aquifer using bacteriophages and fluorescent dye on a test field located at Wilerwald (Switzerland) and simultaneously surveyed in detail on a local scale by radio-magneto-tellury (12-240 kHz). Rossi,P., de Carvalho-Dill,A., Mueller,I., Aragno,M. (1994). Environmental Geology 23:192-200. [do not have abstract]

  2951. The pilE gene product of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, required for pilus biogenesis, shares amino acid sequence identity with the N-termini of type 4 prepilin proteins. Russell,M.A., Darzins,A. (1994). Mol. Microbiol. 13:973-985. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2952. Correlation between phage-resistance and fructose-tolerance in Lactococcus lactic subsp. lactis 4513-5. Sandberg,S., Laux,P., Suessmuth,R. (1994). Milchwissenschaft 49:552-555. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2953. Acquisition and rearrangement of sequence motifs in the evolution of bacteriophage tail fibres. Sandmeier,H. (1994). Mol. Microbiol. 12:343-350. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2954. Bacteriophages in industrial fermentations. Saunders,M.E. (1994). p. 116-121. In R.Webster and A.Granoff (eds.), (eds) Encyclopedia of Virology. Academic Press, ???[do not have abstract]

  2955. Ingested foreign (phage M13) DNA survives transiently in the gastrointestinal tract and enters the bloodstream of mice. Schubbert,R., Lettmann,C., Doerfler,W. (1994). Mol. Gen. Genet. 242:495-504. [do not have abstract]

  2956. A new phage typing scheme for Proteus mirabilis and Proteus vulgaris strains. Sekaninová,G., Hofer,M., Rychlík,I., Pillich,J., Kolárová,M., Zajíková,D. (1994). Folia Microbiol. 39:381-386. [do not have abstract]

  2957. Giardiavirus-resistant Giardia lamblia lacks a virus receptor on the cell membrane surface. Sepp,T., Wang,A.L., Wang,C.C. (1994). J. Virol. 68:1426-1431. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2958. Bacterial viruses. Bacterial altruism? Shub,D.S. (1994). Curr. Biol. 4:555-556. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2959. Energetics of cyanophage N-1 multiplication in the diazotrophic cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum. Singh,S., Bhatnagar,A., Kashyap,A.K. (1994). Microbios 78:259-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2960. Inactivation of phage MS2 by iron-aided titanium dioxide photocatalysis. Sjogren,J.C., Sierka,R.A. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:344-347. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2961. Isolation of a marine cyanophage infecting the marine unicellular cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. NKBG 042902. Sode,K., Oozeki,M., Asakawa,K., Burgess,J.G., Matsunaga,T. (1994). J. Mar. Biotechnol. 1:189-192. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2962. Bacteriophage prevents destruction of skin grafts by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Soothill,J.S. (1994). Burns 20:209-211. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2963. Zwittermicin A-producing strains of Bacillus cereus from diverse soils. Stabb,E.V., Jacobson,L.M., Handelsman,J. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:4404-4412. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2964. Fluctuation tests: how reliable are the estimates of mutation rates? Stewart,F.M. (1994). Genetics 137:1139-1146. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2965. Examination of repeating units of bacterial exopolysaccharides. Stirm,S. (1994). p. 143-154. In J.N.BeMiller, D.J.Manners, and R.J.Sturgeon (eds.), (eds) Methods in Carbohydrate Chemistry. Wiley, New York.[do not have abstract]

  2966. Isolation and characterization of a new ruminal bacteriophage lytic to Streptococcus bovis. Styriak,I., Spanova,A., Montagova,H., Kmet',V. (1994). Curr. Microbiol. 28:355-358. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2967. Expression of capsular polysaccharide determines serum resistance in Escherichia coli K92. Suerbaum,S., Friedrich,S., Leying,H., Opferkuch,W. (1994). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 281:146-157. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2968. Application of polymerase chain reaction to detect RNA coliphage Q beta in environmental water samples. Sunun,L., Kamiko,N., Yamamoto,K., Ohgaki,S. (1994). Water Sci. Technol. 31:383-390. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2969. Dynamics and distribution of cyanophages and their effect on marine Synechococcus spp. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M. (1994). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:3167-3174. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2970. The significance of viruses to mortality in aquatic microbial communities. Suttle,C.A. (1994). Microb. Ecol. 28:237-243. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2971. Ecology and characteristics of bdellovibrios from three tropical marine habitats. Sutton,D.C., Besant,P.J. (1994). Mar. Biol. 119:313-320. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2972. Regulation of microbial processes in the rumen by bacteriophages of Streptococcus bovis. Tarakanov,B.V. (1994). Mikrobiologiia 63:657-667. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2973. Phyconaviridae - Chlorella viruses. van Etten,J.L., van Etten,J. (1994). p. 35-40. In Anonymous (eds) Encyclopedia of Virology. Saunders Scientific Publication, London.[do not have abstract]

  2974. Drug Resistance: The New Apocalypse (special issue of Trends in Microbiology). various (1994). p.341-425. [do not have abstract]

  2975. Interaction between a plant virus and colloidal hematite. Vilker,V.L., Lyklema,J.L., Norde,W., Verduin,B.J.M. (1994). Water Res. 28:2425-2432. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2976. An additional set of phages to characterize epidemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from Spain (1989-92). Vindel,A., Trincado,P., Gomez,E., Aparicio,P., Martin de Nicolas,M., Boquete,T., Saez Nieto,J.A. (1994). Epidem. Inf. 112:299-306. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2977. Viral leakage risk differences in latex condoms. Voeller,B., Nelson,J., Day,C. (1994). AIDS Res. Human Retrovir. 10:701-710. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2978. Solar water disinfection: Scope of the process and analysis of radiation experiments. Wegelin,M., Canonica,S., Mechsner,K., Fleischmann,T., Pesaro,F., Metzler,A. (1994). J. Wat. Sup. Res. Technol. 43:154-169. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2979. Frequency, size and distribution of bacteriophages in different marine bacterial morphotypes. Weinbauer,M.G., Peduzzi,P. (1994). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 108:11-20. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2980. Isolation and characterization of a generalized transducing phage for Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. Weiss,B.D., Capage,M.A., Kessel,M., Benson,S.A. (1994). J. Bacteriol. 176:3354-3359. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2981. Characterization of a gene, pilU, required for twitching motility but not phage sensitivity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Whitchurch,C.B., Mattick,J.S. (1994). Mol. Microbiol. 13:1079-1091. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2982. Bacterial viruses in coastal seawater: Lytic rather than lysogenic production. Wilcox,R.M., Fuhrman,J.A. (1994). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 114:35-45. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2983. Detection of FRNA coliphages in groundwater: Interference with the assay by somatic salmonella bacteriophages. Willams,F.P., Jr., Stetler,R.E. (1994). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 19:79-82. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2984. Bacteriophages in soil. Williams,S.T., Mortimer,A.M., Eccleston,J. (1994). p. 121R.Webster and A.Granoff (eds.), (eds) Encyclopedia of Virology. Academic Press, ???[do not have abstract]

  2985. Spatially resolved evolution of viruses. Yin,J. (1994). Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 745:399-408. [do not have abstract]

  2986. Intron-containing T4-bacteriophage gene suny encodes an anaerobic ribonucleoside reductase. Young,P., Ochman,M., Xu,M.Q., Shub,D.A., Sjoberg,B.M. (1994). J. Biol. Chem. 269:20229-20232. [do not have abstract]

  2987. Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni bacteriophages on peach trees and their potential use for biological control. Zaccardelli,M., Saccardi,A., Gambin,E., Minardi,P., Mazzucchi,U., Lemattre,M., Freigoun,S., Rudolph,K., Swings,J.G. (1994). Colloques de l'INRA 875-878. [do not have abstract]

  2988. Streptomyces lividans 66 contains a gene for phage resistance which is similar to the phage lambda ea59 endonuclease gene. Zhou,X., Deng,Z., Hopwood,D.A., Kieser,T. (1994). Mol. Microbiol. 12:789-797. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2989. Screening for Sulfolobales, their plasmids and their viruses in Icelandic solfataras. Zillig,W., Kletzin,A., Schleper,C., Holz,I., Janekovic,D., Hain,J., Lanzendoerfer,M., Kristjansson,J.K. (1994). Systematic and Applied Microbiology 16:609-628. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2990. Supplementary Listeria-typing with defective Listeria phage particles (monocins). Zink,R., Loessner,M.J., Glas,I., Scherer,S. (1994). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 19:99-101. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2991. Lysogeny and lysotypes of Malaysian strains of Pseudomonas solanacearum. Abdullah,H., Hartman,G.L., Hayward,A.C. (1993). ACIAR Proceedings 316-319. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2992. The isolation of T-even phages (feces -?-> P.C./PC --> gamma --> T2; Sewage -?-> T4/T6). Abedon,S.T. (1993). T4 News (Feb 17). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2993. Conjugative mobilization of a heat-sensitive phage resistance (Hsp positive) plasmid between Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis strains. Akcelik,M. (1993). Turkish Journal of Biology 17:155-161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2994. Isolation, purification and ultrastructure of bacteriophages from natural mosquito breeding places in Egypt. Ali,S.M., Saleh,M.B., Merdan,A.I. (1993). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 23:431-435. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2995. A field survey of bacteriophage contamination of mosquito breeding places, inhibiting bacterial insecticide. Ali,S.M., Saleh,M.B., Merdan,A.I. (1993). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 23:389-397. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2996. Comparative inhibitory action of 4 standard bacteriophages on the larvicidal activity of certain mosquito pathogenic bacteria against Culex pipiens larvae. Ali,S.M., Saleh,M.B., Merdan,A.I. (1993). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 23:341-348. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2997. Effect of bacteriophage lysogeny on the efficacy of two bacterial larvicide formulations under field conditions. Ali,S.M. (1993). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 23:305-312. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2998. A simple, rapid and sensitive presence/absence detection test for bacteriophage in drinking water. Armon,R., Kott,Y. (1993). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 74:490-496. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2999. Successful transient introduction of Leishmania RNA virus into a virally infected and an uninfected strain of Leishmania. Armstrong,T.C., Keenan,M.C., Widmer,G., Patterson,J.L. (1993). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:1736-1740. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3000. Chaotic hierarchy in a model of competing populations. Baier,G., Thomsen,J.S., Mosekilde,E. (1993). J. Theor. Biol. 165:593-607. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3001. Biophysical characterization of Vibrio El Tor typing phage e5. Basu,R., Ghosh,A.N., Dasgupta,S., Ghosh,A. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 106:9-15. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3002. Ultrastructural studies on a chlorella virus from Germany. Becker,B., Lesemann,D.E., Reisser,W. (1993). Arch. Virol. 130:145-155. [do not have abstract]

  3003. Growth characteristics of lactococcal phages isolated from the dairy sources in India. Bhimani,R.S., Freitas,Y.M. (1993). J. Dairy Sci. 76:3338-3349. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3004. Palmer LTER: aquatic virus abundances neaer the Antarctic Peninsula. Bird,D.F., Maranger,R. (1993). Antarct. J. U. S. 28:234-235. [do not have abstract]

  3005. Viruses, bacterplankton, and phytoplankton in the southeastern Gulf of Mexico: distribution and contribution to oceanic DNA pools. Boehme,J., et al. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 97:1-10. [do not have abstract]

  3006. The phages and bacteriocins of Xenorhabdus spp., symbiont of the nematodes Steinernema spp. and Heterorhabditis spp. Boemare,N.E., Boyer-Giglio,M.H., Thaler,J.O., Akhurst,R.J. (1993). p. 137-145. In R.Bedding, R.Akhurst, and H.Kaya (eds.), (eds) Nematodes and the Biological Control of Insect Pests. CSIRO, East Melbourne.[do not have abstract]

  3007. Growth rate and mortality of bacteria in aquatic environments. Boersheim,K.Y. (1993). The University of Trondheim. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3008. Børsheim,K.Y. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 102:141-159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3009. Viral impact on microbial communities. Bratbak,G., Heldal,M., Naess,A., Roeggen,T. (1993). p. 299-302. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in Microbial Ecology. Spanish Society for Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3010. Total counts of viruses in aquatic environments. Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1993). p. 135-138. In P.F.Kemp (ed.), (eds) Handbook of Methods in Aquatic Microbial Ecology. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton,Fla.[do not have abstract]

  3011. Viral mortality of the marine alga Emiliana huxleyi (Haptophyceae) and termination of algal blooms. Bratbak,G., Egge,J.K., Heldal,M. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 93:39-48. [do not have abstract]

  3012. Experimental molecular evolution of bacteriophage T7. Bull,J.J., Cunningham,C.W., Molineux,I.J., Badgett,M.R., Hills,D.M. (1993). Evolution 47:993-1007. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3013. A novel antivirulence element in the temperate bacteriophage HK022. Carlson,N.G., Little,J.W. (1993). J. Bacteriol. 175:7541-7549. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3014. Nota sobre la deteccion de bacteriofagos en patata de almacen [Bacteriophages detection during storing potato] [article is in Spanish]. Castro,S., Romero,J., Fresno,J., Noval,C. (1993). Investigacion Agraria Produccion y Proteccion Vegetales 8:109-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3015. Genetic bottlenecks and population passages cause profound fitness differences in RNA viruses. Clarke,D.K., Duarte,E.A., Moya,A., Elena,S.F., Domingo,E., Holland,J. (1993). J. Virol. 67:222-228. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3016. Spatial distribution of viruses, bacteria and chlorophyll a in neritic, oceanic and estuarine environments. Cochlan,W.P., Wikner,J., Steward,G.F., Smith,D.C., Azam,F. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 92:77-87. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3017. Computerized complex typing of Escherichia coli strains from different clinical materials. Czirok,E., Herpay,M., Milch,H. (1993). Acta Microbiologica Hungarica 40:217-237. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3018. Preliminary study of test methods to assess the virucidal activity of skin disinfectants using poliovirus and bacteriophages. Davies,J.G., Babb,J.R., Bradley,C.R., Ayliffe,G.A. (1993). J. Hosp. Infect. 25:125-131. [do not have abstract]

  3019. Method of recovering bacteriophage. DeBonville,D.A., Logan,K.A. (1993). Autogen Instruments, Inc. 693133(5,204,257). Beverly, MA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3020. Lytic bacteriophages of Streptococcus mutans. Delisle,A.L., Rostkowski,C.A. (1993). Curr. Microbiol. 27:163-167. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3021. Direct electron microscopy study on the morphological diversity of bacteriophage populations in Lake Plußsee. Demuth,J., Neve,H., Witzel,K.-P. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:3378-3384. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3022. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages specific for Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar phaseoli. Dhar,B., Upadhyay,K.K., Singh,R.M. (1993). Can. J. Microbiol. 39:775-779. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3023. Inactivation of bacteria and coliphages in highly polluted by secondary effluent and pretreated surface water through UV irradiation at a pilot plant scale. Dizer,H., Bartocha,W., Seidel,K., Lopez,P., Grohmann,A. (1993). Zentralblatt fuer Hygiene und Umweltmedizin 194:490-507. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3024. Superinfection immunity of mycobacteriophage L5: application for genetic transformation of mycobacteria. Donnelly-Wu,M.K., Jacobs,W.R., Hatfull,G.F. (1993). Mol. Microbiol. 7:407-417. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3025. Quality control of bacterial enumeration. Donnison,A.M., Ross,C.M., Russell,J.M. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:922-923. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3026. Extinction and viruses. Emiliani,C. (1993). Biosystems 31:155-159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3027. Viral extinctions in deep-sea species [letter] [see comments]. Emiliani,C. (1993). Nature 366:217-218. [do not have abstract]

  3028. A Functional Biology of Parasitism. Ecological and Evolutionary Implications. Esch,G.W., Fernández,J.C. (1993). Chapman and Hall, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3029. Characterization of a temperate phage hosted by Alcaligenes eutrophus strain A5. Faelen,M., Merlin,C., Geuskens,M., Mergeay,M., Toussaint,A. (1993). Res. Microbiol. 144:627-631. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3030. Interactions of temperate bacteriophages of Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus with lysogenic indicators affect phage DNA restriction patterns and host ranges. Fayard,B., Haefliger,M., Accolas,J.-P. (1993). J. Dairy Res. 60:385-399. [do not have abstract]

  3031. Characterization of Bacillus polymxya isolates from different Brazilian soils. Ferreira,E.C.N., Seldin,L. (1993). Revista de Microbiologia 24:151-155. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3032. Characterization of a prolate-headed bacteriophage of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis, and its DNA homology with isometric-headed phages. Forsman,P. (1993). Arch. Virol. 132:321-330. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3033. Structural similarity and genetic homology between Lactobacillus casei bacteriophages isolated in Japan and in Finland. Forsman,P., Tanskanen,J., Alatossava,T. (1993). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 57:2043-2048. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3034. Overivew of gene transfer in aquatic habitats. Fry,J.C., Day,M.J. (1993). p. 315-318. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in Microbial Ecology. Spanish Society for Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3035. Viruses in marine planktonic systems. Fuhrman,J.A., Suttle,C.A. (1993). Oceanography 6:50-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3036. Viruses in marine food webs. Fuhrman,J.A., Wilcox,R.M., Noble,R.T., Law,N.C. (1993). p. 295-298. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in microbial ecology. Spanish Society for Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3037. Grazing by marine nanoflagellates on viruses and virus-sized particles: Ingestion and digestion. González,J.M., Suttle,C.A. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 94:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3038. Characterization of loosely associated material from the cell surface of Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris E8 and its phage-resistant variant strain 398. Gopal,P.K., Crow,V.L. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:3177-3182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3039. Heat shock-induced axenic growth of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Gordon,R.F., Stein,M.A., Diedrich,D.L. (1993). J. Bacteriol. 175:2157-2161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3040. Large virus-like particles from vacuoles of phaeodarian radiolarians and from other marine samples. Gowing,M.M. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 101:33-43. [do not have abstract]

  3041. Comparison of methods for the recovery and quantitation of coliphage and indigenous bacteriophage from marine waters and sediments. Grabow,W.O.K., Reynolds,K.A., Rose,J.B., Giordano,A.T. (1993). p. 115-117. In R.W.Morris and A.P.Dufour (eds.), (eds) HEALTH-RELATED WATER MICROBIOLOGY. PERGAMON PRESS, OXFORD (UK).[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3042. Transducing particles and methods for their production. Gutterson,N.I., Tucker,W.T., Wolber,P.K. (1993). DNA Plant Technology Corporation. 609331(5,187,061). Oakland, CA. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3043. Plant, phage, bacterium: A new hypothesis on their interrelation. Gvozdyak,R.I. (1993). Mikrobiol. Zh. 55:92-94. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3044. Permeability of latex and thermoplastic elastomer gloves to the bacteriophage phi X174. Hamann,C.P., Nelson,J.R. (1993). Am. J. Infect. Contr. 21:289-296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3045. Occurence of bacteriophages of Bradyrhizobium japonicum in rhizosphere soil of soybean. Hammad,A.M.M. (1993). Minia J. Agric. Res. & Dev. 15:591-608. [do not have abstract]

  3046. Inactivation of viruses during ultraviolet light treatment of human intravenous immunoglobulin and albumin. Hart,H., Reid,K., Hart,W. (1993). VOX SANGUINIS 64:82-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3047. Lysogenic phage in Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg : Implications for organism tracing. Harvey,D., Harrington,M.W., Heuzenroeder,M.W., Murray,C. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 108:291-296. [do not have abstract]

  3048. Bacteriophages as models of human enteric viruses in the environment. Havelaar,A.H. (1993). ASM News 57:3121-3126. [do not have abstract]

  3049. F-specific RNA bacteriophages are adequate model organisms for enteric viruses in fresh water. Havelaar,A.H., Olphen,M., Drost,Y.C. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:2956-2962. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3050. Characterisation of a Helicobacter pylori phage (HP1). Heintschel,v.H., Nalik,H.P., Schmid,E.N. (1993). J. Med. Microbiol. 38:245-249. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3051. Use of MS2 coliphage as a surrogate for enteric viruses in surface waters disinfected with ozone. Helmer,R.D., Finch,G.R. (1993). Ozone Science & Engineering 15:279-293. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3052. Bacteriophage and bacteriophage resistance in lactic acid bacteria. Hill,C. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 12:87-108. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3053. Production of bacteriolytic enzyme by bacteriophage from seawater. Hirayama,S., Ueda,R., Sugata,K., Kamiyoshi,H. (1993). TEMP 99/06/16 57:2166-2167. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3054. PilS and PilR, a two-component transcriptional regulatory system controlling expression of type 4 fimbriae in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Hobbs,M., Collie,E.S.R., Free,P.D., Livingston,S.P., Mattick,J.S. (1993). Mol. Microbiol. 7:669-682. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3055. Bacteriophage as models for virus removal from Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) during re-laying. Humphrey,T.J., Martin,K. (1993). Epidemiology and Infection [EPIDEMIOL. INFECT. ] 111:325-335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3056. The seasonal distribution of some bacteriophages in the akron sewage treatment plant. Huynh,T.D., Kory,M.M. (1993). Ohio Journal of Science 93:48-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3057. Microbial tracers to evaluate an on-site shallow-placed low pressure distrobution system. Ijzerman,M.M., Hagedorn,C., Reneau,R.B., Jr. (1993). Water Res. 27:343-347. [do not have abstract]

  3058. A liquid, colorimetric presence-absence coliphage detection method. Ijzerman,M.M., Falkinhami,J.O.I., Hagedorn,C. (1993). J. Virol. Meth. 45:229-234. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3059. Rapid assessment of drug susceptibilities of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by means of luciferase reporter phages [see comments]. Jacobs,W.R., Jr., Barletta,R.G., Udani,R., Chan,J., Kalkut,G., Sosne,G., Kieser,T., Sarkis,G.J., Hatfull,G.F., Bloom,B.R. (1993). Science 260:819-822. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3060. Analysis of phage resistance mechanisms encoded by lactococcal plasmid pAJ2074. Jarvis,A.W. (1993). Can. J. Microbiol. 39:252-258. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3061. A study of five bacteriophages of the Myoviridae family which replicate on different gram-positive bacteria. Jarvis,A.W., Collins,L.J., Ackermann,H.-W. (1993). Arch. Virol. 133:75-84. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3062. The Sym plasmid pRP2JI and at least two other loci of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar phaseoli can confer resistance to infection by the virulent bacteriophage RL38. Jun,G., Aird,E.L.H., Kannenberg,E., Downie,J.A., Johnston,A.W.B. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 111:321-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3063. Chlorella viruses in diverse freshwaters in Northeast England. Kang,J.Y., Goulder,R., Wollston,C.J. (1993). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 16:214-216. [do not have abstract]

  3064. Efficacy of thermoplastic elastomer and latex condoms as viral barriers. Kettering,J. (1993). Contraception 47:559-567. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3065. Multiple double-stranded RNA segments are associated with virus particles infecting Trichomonas vaginalis. Khoshnan,A., Alderete,J.F. (1993). J. Virol. 67:6950-6955. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3066. Effect of pH on bacteriophage transport through sandy soils. Kinoshita,T., Bales,R.C., Maguier,K.M., Gerba,C.P. (1993). J. Contam. Hydrol. 14:55-70. [do not have abstract]

  3067. Estimation of ruminal bacteriophage numbers by pulsed-field gel electrophroesis and laser densitometry. Klieve,A.V., Swain,R.A. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:2299-2303. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3068. Marine viruses - their role in upper ocean dissolved organic matter (DOM) dynamics. Koike,I., Hara,S., Terauchi,K., Shibata,A., Kogure,K. (1993). p. 311-314. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in Microbial Ecology. Spanish Society for Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3069. Structural and molecular biological characterization of a new transducing bacteriophage TT91 of Bacillus thuringiensis. Koroleva,Y., Minenkova,I.B., Shamshina,T.N., Azizbekyan,R.R. (1993). Molekulyarnaya Genetika Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya 35-38. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3070. Phage-mediated selection and the evolution and maintenance of restriction-modification. Korona,R., Levin,B.R. (1993). Evolution 47:556-575. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3071. Sensitivity of naturally occurring coliphages to type I and type II restriction and modification. Korona,R., Korona,B., Levin,B.R. (1993). J. Gen. Microbiol. 139:1283-1290. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3072. Isolation and properties of a restriction endonuclease BstBSI from the thermophilic soil bacterium Bacillus stearothermophilus BS. Kovalevskaya,N.P., Ivanov,L.Y., Zheleznaya,L.A., Matvienko,N.A. (1993). Molekulyarnaya Genetika Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya 22-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3073. DNA homology in species of bacteriophages active on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Krylov,V.N., Tolmachova,T.O., Akhverdian,V.Z. (1993). Arch. Virol. 131:141-151. [do not have abstract]

  3074. Study of biological properties of cholera phages and Vibrio El Tor strains isolated from the environment in Donetsk. Kudryakova,T.A., Evteeva,E.I., Makedonova,L.D., Sayamov,S.R., Dudkina,O.V., Smirnova,E.V. (1993). Gigiena i Sanitariya 14-17. [do not have abstract]

  3075. Occurrence of Actinomadura phage in organic mulches used for avocado plantations in Western Australia. Kurtböke,D.I., Wilson,C.R., Sivasithamparam,K. (1993). Can. J. Microbiol. 39:389-394. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3076. Taxonomic implications of the reactions of representative Bacillus strains to Thermoactinomyces-phage. Kurtböke,D.I., Sivasithamparam,K. (1993). Actinomycetes 4:1-7. [do not have abstract]

  3077. Use of bacteriophage for the selective isolation of thermophilic actinomycetes from composted eucalyptus bark. Kurtböke,D.I., Murphy,N.E., Sivasithamparam,K. (1993). Can. J. Microbiol. 39:46-51. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3078. Regulation of proteinase synthesis in Lactococcus lactis. Laan,H., Bolhuis,H., Poolman,B., Abee,T., Konings,W.N. (1993). Acta Biotechnologica 13:95-101. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3079. Phage enumeration in water from Aragon Imperial channel and river Ebro in Zaragoza. lafarga,M.A., Ezquerra,J., Ferrandez,A., Grasa,B., Alejandre,M.C., Marcen,J.J. (1993). Microbiologia (Madrid) 9:43-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3080. Plasmid addiction genes of bacteriophage P1: doc, which causes cell death on curing of prophage, and phd, which prevents host death when prophage is retained. Lehnherr,H., Maguin,E., Jafri,S., Yarmolinsky,M.B. (1993). J. Mol. Biol. 233:414-428. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3081. The isolation of Vibrio Alginolyticus bacteriophage. Lin,Y., Chen,K., Chen,G., Hu,H. (1993). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 33:285-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3082. [The isolation of Vibrio alginolyticus bacteriophage]. [Chinese]. Lin,Y., Chen,K., Chen,G., Hu,H. (1993). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 33:285-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3083. Isolation, classification and molecular characterization of bacteriophages for Enterobacter species. Loessner,M.J., Neugirg,E., Zink,R., Scherer,S. (1993). J. Gen. Microbiol. 139:2627-2633. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3084. Isolation of actinophage that attack some Maduromycete actinomycetes. Long,P.F., Parekh,N.R., Munro,J.C., Williams,S.T. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 108:195-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3085. Identification and sequence analysis of the replication region of the phage resistance plasmid pCI528 from Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris UC503. Lucey,M., Daly,C., Fitzgerald,G. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 110:249-256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3086. Effect of biocides on Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage F116. Maillard,J.-Y., Beggs,T.S., Day,M.J., Hudson,R.A., Russell,A.D. (1993). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 17:167-170. [do not have abstract]

  3087. Survival of the temperate actinophage PHI-C31 and Streptomyces lividans in soil and the effects of competition and selection on lysogens. Marsh,P., Toth,I.K., Meijer,M., Schilhabel,M.B., Wellington,E.M.H. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 13:13-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3088. Abundance of virus-sized non-DNase-digestible DNA (coated DNA) in eutrophic seawater. Mauryama,A., Oda,M., Higashihara,T. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:712-717. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3089. Livestock deaths associated with Clavibacter toxicus/Anguina sp. infection in seedheads of Agrostis avenacea and Polypogon monspeliensis. McKay,A.C., Ophel,K.M., Reardon,T.B., Gooden,J.M. (1993). Plant Dis. 77:635-641. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3090. A field example of bacteriophage as tracers of fractured flow. McKay,L.D., Cherry,J.A., Bales,R.C., Yahya,M.T., Gerba,C.P. (1993). Environ. Sci. Technol. 27:1075-1079. [do not have abstract]

  3091. A novel ompC mutation of Escherichia coli K-12 that reduces OmpC and OmpF levels in the outer membrane. Misra,R. (1993). Mol. Microbiol. 10:1029-1035. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3092. Differentiation of two abortive mechanisms by using monoclonal antibodies directed toward lactococcal bacteriophage capsid proteins. Moineau,S., Durmaz,E., Pandian,S., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:208-212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3093. Production of monoclonal antibodies against the major capsid protein of the Lactococcus bacteriophage u136 and development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for direct phage detection in whey and milk. Moineau,S., Bernier,D., Jobin,M., Hebert,J., Klaenhammer,T.R., Pandian,S. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:2034-2040. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3094. A study on phage resistance and plasmid profiles of the mutants of industrial Lactococcus strains deficient in utilization of sugars. Molotova,N.O., Ganina,V.I., Molotov,S.V., Sukhodolets,V.V. (1993). Biotekhnologiya 9-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3095. Viral dynamics II: A model of the interaction of ultraviolet light and mixing processes on virus survival in seawater. Murray,A.G., Jackson,G.A. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 102:105-114. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3096. Isolation and partial characterization of three rumen Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophages. Nemcova,R., Styriak,I., Stachova,M., Kmet,V. (1993). Microbiologica (Pavia) 16:177-180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3097. Bacteriophages induced by ciprofloxacin in a Borrelia burgdorferi skin isolate. Neubert,U., Schaller,M., Januschke,E., Stolz,W., Schmieger,H. (1993). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 279:307-315. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3098. Fate of coliforms and coliphages in the sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Ng,W.J., Sim,T.S., Ong,S.L., Ng,K.Y., Ramasamy,M., Tan,K.N. (1993). Bioresource Technology 46:197-205. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3099. Phage sensitivity and host range of Rhizobium strains isolated from root nodules of temperature legumes. Novikova,N.I., Pavlov,E.A., Limeshchenko,E.V. (1993). Plant and Soil 151:45-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3100. FF1 and FF3, two virulent, archaeal phages infecting different thermophilic strains of genus Methanobacterium. Nölling,J., Groffen,A., de Vos,W.M. (1993). J. Gen. Microbiol. 139:2511-2516. [do not have abstract]

  3101. HF1 and HF2: Novel bacteriophages of halophilic archaea. Nuttall,S.D., Dyall-Smith,M.L. (1993). Virology 197:678-684. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3102. Ch2, a novel halophilic archaeon from an Australian solar saltern. Nuttall,S.D., Dyall-Smith,M.L. (1993). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43:729-734. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3103. Bacteriophage can inhibit the development of amber disease in the New Zealand grass grub. O'Callaghan,M., Jackson,T.A. (1993). J. Invertebr. Pathol 62:319-320. [do not have abstract]

  3104. Effect of increasing the copy number of bacteriophage origins of replication, in trans, on incoming-phage proliferation. O'Sullivan,D.J., Hill,C., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:2449-2456. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3105. Regulation of antibody responses: the role of complement and adhesion molecules. Ochs,H.D., Nonoyama,S., Zhu,Q., Farrington,M., Wedgewood,R.J. (1993). Clin. Immunol. Immunopathol. 67:S33-S40 [do not have abstract]

  3106. Association of bacteriophage particles with toxin production by Clavibacter toxicus, the causal agent of annual ryegrass toxicity. Ophel,K.M., Bird,A.F., Kerr,A. (1993). Phytopathology 83:676-681. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3107. Distribution of viral abundance in the reef environment of Key Largo, Florida. Paul,J.H., Rose,J.B., Jiang,S.C., Kellogg,C.A., Dickson,L. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:718-724. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3108. Bacteriophagotherapy and enterosorbtion in treatment of sepsis of newborns caused by gram-negative bacteria. Pavlenishvili,I., Tsertsvadze,T. (1993). Pren. Neon. Infect. 11:104-??? [do not have abstract]

  3109. Clostridium perfringens and somatic coliphages as indicators of the efficiency of drinking water treatment for viruses and protozoan cysts. Payment,P., Franco,E. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:2418-2424. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3110. The submicron size fraction of seawater containing high numbers of virus particles as bioactive agent in unicellular plankton community successions. Peduzzi,P., Weinbauer,M.G. (1993). Jour. Plankt. Res. 15:1375-1386. [do not have abstract]

  3111. Effect of concentrating the virus-rich 2-200 nm size fraction of seawater on the formation of algal flocs (marine snow). Peduzzi,P., Weinbauer,M.G. (1993). Limnol. Oceanogr. 87:105-112. [do not have abstract]

  3112. Effect of the submicron size fraction including viruses on the formation of algal flocs (marine snow) in the sea. Peduzzi,P., Weinbauer,M.G. (1993). Limnol. Oceanogr. 38:1562-1565. [do not have abstract]

  3113. Transport of bromide, simazine, and MS-2 coliphage in a lysimeter containing undisturbed, unsaturated soil. Poletika,N.N., Jury,W.A. (1993). Agronomy Abstracts 85:215 [do not have abstract]

  3114. Calibrating estimates of phage-induced mortality in marine bacteria ultrastructural studies of marine bacteriophage development from one-step growth experiments. Proctor,L.M., Okubo,A., Fuhrman,J.A. (1993). Microb. Ecol. 25:161-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3115. Versatile suicide vectors which allow direct selection for gene replacement in gram-negative bacteria. Quandt,J., Hynes,M.F. (1993). Gene (Amsterdam) 127:15-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3116. Dramatic improvements in viral inactivation with brominated psoralens, naphthalenes and anthracenes. Rai,S., Kasturi,C., Grayzar,J., Platz,M.S., Goodrich,R.P., Yerram,N.R., Wong,V., Tay-Goodrich,B.H. (1993). Photochem. Photobiol. 58:59-65. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3117. Phage resistance in Lactobacillus helveticus CNRZ 328. Rainheimer,J.A., Morelli,L., Callegari,M.L., Bottazzi,V. (1993). Microbiologie Aliments Nutrition 11:235-240. [do not have abstract]

  3118. The temperate phages RP2 and RP3 of Streptomyces rimosus. Rausch,H., Vesligaj,M., Pocta,D., Biukovic,G., Pigac,J., Cullum,J., Schmieger,H., Hranueli,D. (1993). J. Gen. Microbiol. 139 ( Pt 10):2517-2524. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3119. Evaluation of microbial indicators for the determination of the sanitary quality and safety of shellfish. Regan,P.M., Margolin,A.B., atkins,W.D. (1993). J. Shelfish Res. 12:95-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3120. Blooms of sequence-specific culturable bacteria in the sea. Rehstam,A.-S., Bäckman,S., Smith,D.C., Azam,F., Hangström,Å. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 102:161-166. [do not have abstract]

  3121. Soluble DNA in freshwater: the role of algal viruses. Reisser,W., Vietze,S. (1993). p. 308-310. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in Microbial Ecology. Spanish Society for Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3122. Viruses and virus-like particles of freshwater and marine eukaryotic algae—a review. Reisser,W. (1993). Arch. Protistenkd. 143:257-265. [do not have abstract]

  3123. Extracellular DNA in aquatic ecosytems may in part be due to phycovirus activity. Reisser,W., Grein,S., Krambeck,C. (1993). Hydrobiologica 252:199-201. [do not have abstract]

  3124. Bacteriophage lambda: long-term stored stocks ready for lysis. Requena,J.M., Soto,M., Alonso,C. (1993). Trends Genet. 9:4 [do not have abstract]

  3125. Influence of suspended particulates on increased transduction rates among Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a freshwater ecosystem. Ripp,S., Miller,R.V. (1993). ORD Biotechnology Risk Assessment Program (ed.), (eds) Risk Assessment for Environmental Releases of Biotechnology Products. USEPA, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  3126. Pilus-mediated adsorption of Pseudomonas syringae to the surface of host and non-host plant leaves. Romantschuk,M., Nurmiaho-Lassila,E.-L., Roine,E., Suoniemi,A. (1993). J. Gen. Microbiol. 139:2251-2260. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3127. Ultraviolet dosimetry in outdoor measurements based on bacteriophage T7 as a biosensor. Rontó,G., Gáspár,S., Bérces,A., Gugolya,Z. (1993). Photochem. Photobiol. 59:209-214. [do not have abstract]

  3128. Biological inactivation of adhering Listeria monocytogenes by listeriaphages and a quaternary ammonium compound. Roy,B., Ackermann,H.-W., Pandian,S., Picard,G., Goulet,J. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:2914-2917. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3129. Search for bacteriophages of black-pigmented gram-negative anaerobes from dental plaque. Sandmeier,H., Bar,K., Meyer,J. (1993). FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 6:193-194. [do not have abstract]

  3130. On the cytotoxicity of irradiated media. To what extent are stable products of radial chain reactions in physiological saline responsible for cell death? Saran,M., Bertram,H., Bors,W., Czapski,G. (1993). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY 64:311-318. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3131. Spontaneous and induced host range mutants of cyanophage N-1. Sarma,T.A., Kaur,B. (1993). Arch. Virol. 130:195-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3132. Methylene blue and rose bengal photoinactivation of RNA bacteriophages: comparative studies of 8-oxoguanine formation in isolated RNA. Schneider,J.J., Phillips,J.R., Pye,Q., Maidt,M.L., Price,S., Floyd,R.A. (1993). Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 301:91-97. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3133. Bacteriophages of Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus: Characterization of hereditary relationships and determination of virus-host interactions. Sebastiani,H., Jager,H. (1993). Milchwissenschaft 48:25-29. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3134. Killing of Trichomonas vaginalis by complement-mediated lysis is not associated with the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis virus. Shaio,M.F., Lin,P.R., Lee,C.S. (1993). International Journal for Parasitology 23:675-680. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3135. [The antimicrobial spectrum of the action of bacteriocins and bacteriophages from Klebsiella strains]. Sharga,B.M., Turianitsa,A.I. (1993). Mikrobiol. Zh. 55:59-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3136. The study of the antimicrobial action spectrum of bacteriocins and bacteriophages produced by some Klebsiella strains. Sharga,B.M., Turyanitsa,A.I. (1993). Mikrobiol. Zh. 55:59-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3137. Actinophage SKJ1 of Streptomyces kanamyceticus: A temperate phage. Shi,L., Chen,L., Li,H. (1993). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 33:405-410. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3138. Patterns of selection on phytophage resistance in Ipomoea purpurea. Simms,E.L., Rausher,M.D. (1993). Evolution 47:970-976. [do not have abstract]

  3139. A strategy for rotation of different bacteriophage defenses in a lactococcal single-strain starter culture system. Sing,W.D., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:365-372. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3140. Overview of gene transfer in soil. Stotzky,G. (1993). p. 319-324. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in Microbial Ecology. Spanish Society for Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3141. How bacteriophage came to be used by the Phage Group. Summers,W.C. (1993). J. Hist. Biol. 26:255-267. [do not have abstract]

  3142. Plague and cholera in India: The bacteriophage inquiry of 1928-1936. Summers,W.C. (1993). J. Hist. Med. All. Sci. 48:275-301. [do not have abstract]

  3143. Bacteriophage typing of Vibrio fluvialis. Suthienkul,O. (1993). Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 24:449-454. [do not have abstract]

  3144. Cyanophages and sunlight: A paradox. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M., Chen,F., Garza,D.R. (1993). p. 303-307. In R.Guerrero and C.Pedros-Alio (eds.), (eds) Trends in Microbial Ecology. Spanish Society Microbiology, Barcelona.[do not have abstract]

  3145. Enumeration and isolation of viruses. Suttle,C.A. (1993). p. 121-134. In P.F.Kemp, B.F.Sherr, E.F.Sherr, and J.J.Cole (eds.), (eds) Current Methods in Aquatic Microbial Ecology. Lewis Publ., Boca Raton.[do not have abstract]

  3146. Marine cyanophages infecting oceanic and coastal strains of Synechococcus: Abundance, morphology, cross-infectivity and growth characteristics. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M. (1993). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 92:99-109. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3147. The divergence of Trichomonas vaginalis virus RNAs among various isolates of Trichomonas vaginalis. Tai,J.H., Su,H.M., Tsai,J., Shaio,M.F., Wang,C.C. (1993). Experimental Parasitology 76:278-286. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3148. Are viruses important partners in pelagic food webs? Thingstad,T.F., Heldal,M., Bratbak,G., Dundas,I. (1993). Trends Ecol. Evol. 8:209-213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3149. M13 phage growth and single-strand DNA preparation. Tomley,F.M. (1993). Methods in Molecular Biology 23:37-40. [do not have abstract]

  3150. Bacteriophage fKP mediated generalized transduction in Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora. Toth,I., Perombelon,M.C.M., Slmond,G.P.C. (1993). J. Gen. Microbiol. 139:2705-2709. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3151. A rapid luminescent-phage based MPN method for the enumeration of Salmonella typhimurium in environmental samples. Turpin,P.E., Maycroft,K.A., Bedford,J., Rowlands,C.L., Wellington,E.M.H. (1993). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 16:24-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3152. Occurrence of bacteriophages lytic for Pediococcus halophilus, a halophilic lactic-acid bacterium, in soy sauce fermentation. Uchida,K., Kanbe,C. (1993). J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 39:429-437. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3153. Lambda prophage decreases Escherichia coli sensitivity to human serum bactericidal effect. Vaca-Pacheco,S., Piedra-Ibarra,E., Arenas-Aranda,D., Paniagua-Contreras,G.L. (1993). REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE MICROBIOLOGIA 35:71-75. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3154. Partial genetic characterization of FIZ15 bacteriophage of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Vaca,S., Perez,S., Martinez,G., Enriquez,F. (1993). REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE MICROBIOLOGIA 35:251-257. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3155. Bacillus subtilis gtaB encodes UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase and is controlled by stationary-phase transcription factor sigma B. Varon,D., Boylan,S.A., Okamoto,K., Price,C.W. (1993). J. Bacteriol. 175:3964-3971. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3156. A biocontrol agent for Pseudomonas solanacearum. Wall,G.C., Sanchez,J.L., Hartman,G.L., Hayward,A.C. (1993). ACIAR Proceedings 320-321. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3157. Characterization of a new bacteriophage which infects bacteria of the genus Acidiphilium. Ward,T.E., Bruhn,D.F., Shean,M.L., Watkins,C.S., Bulmer,D., Winston,V. (1993). J. Gen. Virol. 74 ( Pt 11):2419-2425. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3158. Resistance to co-occurring phages enables marine Synechococcus communities to coexist with cyanophages abundant in seawater. Waterbury,J.B., Valois,F.W. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:3393-3399. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3159. Studies on the isolation of phage-resistant derivatives of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris FG2 with phage sk1. Weimer,B.C., Blake,M., Hiller,A.J., Davidson,B.E. (1993). Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 48:59-61. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3160. Distribution of viruses and dissolved DNA along a coastal trophic gradient in the northern Adriatic Sea. Weinbauer,M.G., Fuks,D., Peduzzi,P. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:4074-4082. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3161. REGULATION AND FUNCTION OF THE PHAGE SHOCK PROTEINS OF ESCHERICHIA COLI (HEAT SHOCK, STRESS RESPONSE). Weiner,L. (1993). Rockefeller University. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3162. DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTERNAL PH-CONTROLLED, PHAGE INHIBITORY BULK STARTER MEDIUM FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THERMOPHILIC LACTIC ACID BACTERIA USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF MOZZARELLA CHEESE (LACTOBACILLUS BULGARICUS). Whitehead,W.E., IV (1993). Oregon State University. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3163. Genetic polymorphisms and recombination in natural populations of Escherichia coli. Whittam,T.S., Ake,S.E. (1993). p. 223-245. In N.Takahata and A.G.Clark (eds.), (eds) Mechanisms of Molecular Evolution. Sinauer Ass., Inc., Sunderland, Mass.[do not have abstract]

  3164. Nucleic acids from the host bacterium as a major source of nucleotides for three marine bacteriophages. Wikner,J., Vallino,J.J., Steward,G.F., Smith,D.C., Azam,F. (1993). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 12:237-248. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3165. Coliphage MS-2 as a UV water disinfection efficacy test surrogate for bacterial and viral pathogens. Wilson,B.R., Roessler,P.F., Van Dellen,E., Abbaszadegan,M., Gerba,C.P. (1993). p. 219-235. In Anonymous (eds) AWWA Proceedings 1992 Water Quality Technology Conference. Toronto, Canada.[do not have abstract]

  3166. Preliminary characterization of bacteriophages of Serratia entomophila. Wilson,C.R., Jackson,T.A., Mahanty,H.K. (1993). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 74:484-489. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3167. Isolation and molecular characterization of five marine cyanophages propagated on Synechococcus sp. strain WH7803. Wilson,W.H., Joint,I.R., Carr,N.G., Mann,N.H. (1993). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:3736-3743. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3168. Use of phages for identifying the citrus canker bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri in Taiwan. Wu,W.C., Lee,S.T., Kuo,H.F., Wang,L.Y. (1993). Plant Pathol. 42:389-395. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3169. Survival of bacteriophages MS-2 and PRD-1 in ground water. Yahya,M.T., Galsomies,L., Gerba,C.P., Bales,R.C. (1993). Water Sci. Technol. 27:409-411. [do not have abstract]

  3170. Widespread distribution of chlorella viruses in Japan. Yamada,T., Shimomae,A., Furukawa,S., Takehara,J. (1993). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 57:733-739. [do not have abstract]

  3171. Evolution of bacteriophage T7 in a growing plaque. Yin,J. (1993). J. Bacteriol. 175:1272-1277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3172. [Etiologic bacterial factors of infections in patients treated at the clinical anesthesiology ward and with intensive therapy]. [Polish]. Ziolkowski,G., Krawczyk,L., Dudzinska,G., Dyaczynska-Herman,A., Nolewajka,E., Ekiel,A., Rogala-Zawada,D. (1993). Med Dosw Mikrobiol 45:223-228. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3173. Lysogeny in Bradyrhizobium japonicum and its effect on soybean nodulation. Abebe,H.M., Sadowsky,M.J., Kinkle,B.K., Schmidt,E.L. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:3360-3366. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3174. Lysis of lysis inhibited bacteriophage T4 infected cells. Abedon,S.T. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:8073-8080. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3175. Phage susceptibility and enterotoxin production by Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from Nigerian foods. Adesiyun,A.A., Lenz,W., Schaal,K.P. (1992). J. Food Prot. 55:871-873. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3176. Vibriophage VcA-3 as an epidemic strain marker for the U.S. Gulf Coast Vibrio cholerae O1 clone. Almeida,R.J., Cameron,D.N., Cook,W.L., Wachsmuth,I.K. (1992). J. Clin. Microbiol. 30:300-304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3177. Isolation and characterization of Leuconostoc oenos phages from German wines. Arendt,E.K., Hammes,W.P. (1992). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 37:643-646. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3178. Phage coating of soybean seed reduces nodulation by indigenous soil bradyrhizobia. Basit,H.A., Angle,J.S., Salem,S., Gewaily,E.M. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:1264-1269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3179. Investigations with natural and artifical tracers in the karst aquifer of the lurbach system (Peggau-Tanneben-Semriach, Austria). Behrens,H., Benischke,R., Bricelj,M., Harum,T., Kaess,W., Kosi,G., Leditzky,H.P., Leibundgut,C., Maloszewski,P., Maurin,V., Rajner,V., Rank,D., Reichert,B., Stadler,H., Stichler,W., Trimborn,P., Zojer,H., Zupan,M. (1992). Steir. Beitr. Hydrogeol. 43:93-95. [do not have abstract]

  3180. Effect of the method of preparing monochloramine upon inactivation of MS2 coliphage, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Berman,D., Sullivan,R., Hurst,C.J. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:28-33. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3181. Comparative electron microscopic study of Bacillus thuringiensis cells grown in chemostat. Blokhina,T.P., Kostrikina,N.A., Sakharova,Z.V., Biryuzova,V.I. (1992). Mikrobiologiia 61:672-677. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3182. [Immunobiological properties and therapeutic effectiveness of preparations from Klebsiella bacteriophages]. [Russian]. Bogovazova,G.G., Voroshilova,N.N., Bondarenko,V.M., Gorbatkova,G.A., Afanas'eva,E.V., Kazakova,T.B., Smirnov,V.D., Mamleeva,A.G., Glukharev,I., Erastova,E.I. (1992). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 30-33. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3183. Incorporation of viruses into the budget of microbial C-transfer. A first approach. Bratbak,G., Heldal,M., Thingstad,T.F., Riemann,B., Haslund,O.H. (1992). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 83:273-280. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3184. Giant marine viruses? Bratbak,G., Haslund,O.H., Heldal,M., Noess,A., Røeggen,T. (1992). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 85:201-202. [do not have abstract]

  3185. Results with Salmonella phage P22H5. Bricelj,M., Kosi,G. (1992). Steir. Beitr. Hydrogeol. 43:93-95. [do not have abstract]

  3186. Staphylococcus carnosus bacteriophages isolated from salami factories in Germany and Italy. Bruttin,A., Marchesini,B., Moreton,R.S., Sozzi,T. (1992). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 73:401-406. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3187. Molecular genetics of adaptation in an experimental model of cooperation. Bull,J.J., Molineux,I.J. (1992). Evolution 46:882-895. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3188. Depuration rates of northern quahogs, Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) and eastern oysters Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) in ozone- and ultraviolet light-disinfected seawater systems. Burkhardt III,W., Rippey,S.R., Watkins,W.D. (1992). J. Shelfish Res. 11:105-109. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3189. Seasonal effects on accumulation of microbial indicator organisms by Mercenaria mercenaria. Burkhardt III,W., Watkins,W.D., Rippey,C.R. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:826-831. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3190. Survival and replication of male-specific bacteriophages in molluscan shellfish. Burkhardt III,W., Watkins,W.D., Rippey,S.R. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:1371-1373. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3191. Efficiency of crossflow ultrafiltration in the recovery of bacteriophage from water samples. Burrini,D., Pollicino,G., Lupi,E. (1992). Ig. Mod. 98:541-554. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3192. Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (expanded edition). Cairns,J., Stent,G., Watson,J.D. (1992). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.[do not have abstract]

  3193. The autoradiography of DNA. Cairns,J. (1992). p. 252-257. In J.Cairns, G.S.Stent, and J.D.Watson (eds.), (eds) Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (expanded edition). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3194. Evidence and characterization of temperate bacteriophage in Streptococcus salivarius spp thermophilus st18. Carminati,D., Giraffa,G. (1992). J. Dairy Res. 59:71-79. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3195. Evolution of dsDNA tailed-bacteriophage genomes. Casjens,S., Hatfull,G.F., Hendrix,R.W. (1992). Semin. Virol. 3:383-397. [do not have abstract]

  3196. The potential of immobilized cell technology to produce freeze-dried, phage-protected cultures of Lactococcus lactis. Champagne,C.P., Morin,N., Couture,R., Gagnon,C., Jelen,P., Lacroix,C. (1992). Food Res. Int. 25:419-427. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3197. Muller's ratchet and the advantage of sex in the RNA virus Phi-6. Chao,L., Tran,T., Matthews,C. (1992). Evolution 46:289-299. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3198. Bacteriocidal and mutagenic effects of ozone on shrimp (Penaeus monodon ) meat. Chen,H.C., Huang,S.H., Moody,M.W., Jiang,S.T. (1992). Journal of Food Science [J. FOOD SCI. ] 57:923-927. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3199. Detection of genetic exchange in the terrestrial environment. Cresswell,N., Wellington,E.M.H. (1992). p. 59-82. In E.M.H.Wellington and J.D.van Elsas (eds.), (eds) Genetic Interactions among Microorganisms in the Natural Environment. Pergamon Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]

  3200. The fate of introduced streptomyces, plasmid and phage populations in a dynamic soil system. Cresswell,N., Herron,P.R., Saunders,V.A., Wellington,E.M.H. (1992). J. Gen. Microbiol. 138:659-666. [do not have abstract]

  3201. Phages and phage resistance in lactococci. Actes du Colloque LACTIC 91. Daly,C., Coffey,A., Casey,C.N., Fitzgerald,G.F. (1992). none (ed.), (eds) Les Bacteries Lactiques, Recherche et Applications Industrielles en Agro-Alimentaire. Adria Normandie, Villers Bocage, Cedex, France.[do not have abstract]

  3202. Rates of inactivation of waterborne coliphages by monochloramine. Dee,S.W., Fogleman,J.C. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:3136-3141. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3203. The eclipse in the bacteriophage life cycle. Doermann,A.H. (1992). p. 79-87. In J.Cairns, G.S.Stent, and J.D.Watson (eds.), (eds) Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (expanded edition). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.[do not have abstract]

  3204. Tracing the origin of retroviruses. Doolittle,R.F., Feng,D.F. (1992). Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 176:195-211. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3205. Rapid fitness losses in mammalian RNA virus clones due to Muller's ratchet. Duarte,E., Clarke,D., Moya,A., Domingo,E., Holland,J. (1992). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89:6015-6019. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3206. Molecular characterization of a second abortive phage resistance gene present in Lactococcus lactis lactis ME2. Durmaz,E., Higgins,D.L., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:7463-7469. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3207. Introns in the T-Even Bacteriophages. Eddy,S.R. (1992). University of Colorado at Boulder. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3208. Bacteriophage: One-step growth. Ellis,E. (1992). p. 56-62. In J.Cairns, G.S.Stent, and J.D.Watson (eds.), (eds) Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (Expanded Edition). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.[do not have abstract]

  3209. Bacteriophage typing of Listeria monocytogenes cultures isolated from seafoods. Estela,L.A., Sofos,J.N., Flores,B.B. (1992). J. Food Prot. 55:13-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3210. Rates of experimental microbiological contamination of fish exposed to polluted water. Fattal,B., Dotan,A., Tchorsh,Y. (1992). Water Res. 26:1621-1627. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3211. Bacterial conjugation: everybody's doin' it. Frost,L.S. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:1091-1096. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3212. Bacterioplankton roles in cycling of organic matter: the microbial food web. Fuhrman,J.A. (1992). p. 361-383. In P.G.Falkowski and A.D.Woodhead (eds.), (eds) Primary Productivity and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Sea. Plenum, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3213. Biological properties of Serratia marcescens bacteriophages. Gabrilovich,I.M., Gairabekov,R.K. (1992). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 10-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3214. Wastewater renovation in buried and recirculating sand filters. Gold,A.J., Lamb,B.E., Loomis,G.W., Boyd,J.R., Cabelli,V.J., McKiel,C.G. (1992). J. Environ. Qual. 21:720-725. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3215. DNA sequences of the tail fiber genes of bacteriophage P2 evidence for horizontal transfer of tail fiber genes among unrelated bacteriophages. Håggard-Ljungquist,E., Halling,C., Calendar,R. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:1462-1477. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3216. A persistent virus infection in Feldmannia phaeophyceae. Henry,E.C., Meints,R.H. (1992). J. Phycol. 28:517-526. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3217. Extraction of Streptomyces spores from soil and detection of rare gene transfer events. Herron,P.R., Wellington,E.M.H. (1992). p. 91-103. In E.M.H.Wellington and J.D.van Elsas (eds.), (eds) Genetic Interactions among Microorganisms in the Natural Environment. Pergammon Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]

  3218. Experimental phylogenetics: generation of a known phylogeny. Hillis,D.M., Bull,J.J., White,M.E., Badgett,M.R., Molineux,I.J. (1992). Science 255:589-592. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3219. Improved method for coliphage detection based on beta-galactosidase induction. Ijzerman,M.M., Hagedorn,C. (1992). J. Virol. Meth. 40:31-36. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3220. Sexuality in a natural population of bacteria - Bacillus subtilis challenges the clonal paradigm. Istock,C.A., Duncan,K.E., Ferguson,N., Zhou,X. (1992). Molecular Ecology 1:95-103. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3221. Regulation of the BamHI restriction-modification system by a small intergenic open reading frame, bamHIC, in both Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Ives,C.L., Nathan,P.D., Brooks,J.E. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:7194-7201. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3222. Isolation and characterization of two temperate phages from Lactococcus lactis ssp cremoris C3. Jarvis,A.W., Parker,V.R., Bianchin,M.B. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:398-404. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3223. Evaluation of a mechanical/chemical infectious waste disposal system [see comments]. Jette,L.P., Lapierre,S. (1992). Infection control and hospital epidemiology 13:387-393. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3224. The inhibitory effects of the extracts of Zingiber plants on the adsorption, growth, and replication of phage LPP-1 in cyanobacterium. Jido,E.P. (1992). Loyola University of Chicago. [do not have abstract]

  3225. High energy phosphate bonds: Optional or obligatory? Kalckar,H.M. (1992). p. 43-49. In J.Cairns, G.S.Stent, and J.D.Watson (eds.), (eds) Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (expanded edition). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3226. Inactivation of lambda phage with 658 nm light using a DNA binding porphyrin sensitizer. Kasturi,C., Platz,M.S. (1992). Photochem. Photobiol. 56:427-429. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3227. Rapid identification of environmental bacillus. Kiel,J.L., Alls,J.L., Weber,R.A., Parker,J.E. (1992). 821525(5,156,971). [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3228. Bacteriophage resistance in Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis using antisense ribonucleic acid. Kim,S.G., Bor,Y.C., Batt,C.A. (1992). J. Dairy Sci. 75:1761-1767. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3229. PTR2030, a conjugal plasmid and derivatives thereof that confer phage resistance to group N streptococci. Klaenhammer,T.R., Sanozky,R.B., Steenson,L.R. (1992). North Carolina State University. 532027(5,139,950). Raleigh, NC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3230. Bakterienviren. Klaus,S., Krüger,W., Meyer,J. (1992). Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart.[do not have abstract]

  3231. Gene transfer in the environment: transduction. Kokjohn,T.A., Miller,R.V. (1992). p. 54-81. In J.C.Fry and M.J.Day (eds.), (eds) Release of Genetically Engineered and Other Microorganisms. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.[do not have abstract]

  3232. A natural mutant of plasmid RP4 that confers phage resistance and reduced conjugative transfer. Kornstein,L.B., Waters,V.L., Cooper,R.C. (1992). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 70:97-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3233. Isolation and characteristics of phage-resistant mutants of Bacillus thuringiensis var thuringiensis. Koroleva Yu,V., Grigoreva,T.M., Azizbekyan,R.R. (1992). Biotekhnologiya 3-5. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3234. A bacteriological survey of cheese-making and starter practices in a South African cheese factory. Kotze,C.J., Jooste,P.J. (1992). South African Journal of Dairy Science 24:1-6. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3235. Bacterial ice nucleation activity after bacteriophage infection. Kozloff,L.M., Lute,M., Arellano,F., Turner,M.A. (1992). J. Gen. Microbiol. 138:941-944. [do not have abstract]

  3236. Synonymous codon preferences in bacteriophage T4: a distinctive use of transfer RNAs from T4 and from its host Escherichia coli. Kunisawa,T. (1992). J. Theor. Biol. 159:287-298. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3237. Use of polyvalent phage for reduction of streptomycetes on soil dilution plates. Kurtböke,D.I., Chen,C.F., Williams,S.T. (1992). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 72:103-111. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3238. Stimulation of bacterial cytokinesis by bacteriophage predation. Lammers,W.T. (1992). p. 261-265. In B.T.Hart and P.G.Sly (eds.), (eds) SEDIMENT/WATER INTERACTIONS. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3239. Different bacteriophage resistance mechanisms in Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus. Larbi,D., Decaris,B., Simonet,J.M. (1992). J. Dairy Res. 59:349-357. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3240. Bioluminescence detection system of mutagen using firefly luciferase genes introduced in Escherichia coli lysogenic strain. Lee,S.M., Suzuki,M., Kumagai,M., Ikeda,H., Tamiya,E., Karube,I. (1992). Analyt. Chem. 64:1755-1759. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3241. Information spiraling movement of bacteria and their genes in streams. Leff,L.G., Mcarthur,J.V., Shimkets,L.J. (1992). Microb. Ecol. 24:11-24. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3242. Cross-contamination potential with dental equipment. Lewis,D.L., Arens,M., Appelton,S.S., Nakashima,K., Ryu,J., Boe,R.K., Patrick,J.B., Watanabe,D.T., Suzuki,M. (1992). Lancet (North American Edition) 340:1252-1254. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3243. Phage-inactivating effect of iron(II)-ascorbate complex. Lho,I.-H., Miyake,H., Morita,K. (1992). TEMP 99/06/16 56:720-724. [do not have abstract]

  3244. Origin of phage particles in culture fluids during the industrial production of fodder protein with the use of methanotrophic bacteria: The role of the bacteria in the discontinuing the fermentation process. Lobanov,A.O., Turin,V.S., Krylov,V.N. (1992). Biotekhnologiya 4-8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3245. Partial characterization of coliphage WPK and a comparison with coliphage T3. Loeffelholz,L., Maier,S. (1992). Microbiology and Immunology 36:173-189. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3246. Mutations of bacteria and of bacteriophage. Luria,S.E. (1992). p. 173-179. In J.Cairns, G.S.Stent, and J.D.Watson (eds.), (eds) Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (expanded edition). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.[do not have abstract]

  3247. Etude moléculaire comparative de 18 bacteriophages appartenant au morphospecies T-pair. Maftahi,M. (1992). Unité des Entérobactéries, U199 INSERM, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. [do not have abstract]

  3248. Differences in the production of tempered bacteriophages in lysogenic Salmonella typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains. Majtanova,L.'U. (1992). Biologia (Bratislava) 47:503-506. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3249. Characterization, localization, and sequence of F transfer region products: the pilus assembly gene product TraW and a new product, TrbI. Maneewannakul,S., Maneewannakul,K., Ippen-Ihler,K. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:5567-5574. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3250. Interactions between actinophage and their streptomycete hosts in soil and the fate of phage borne genes. Marsh,P., Wellington,E.M.H. (1992). p. 136-142. In M.J.Gauthier (ed.), (eds) Gene Transfers and Environment. SpringerVerlag, Berlin.[do not have abstract]

  3251. Enterobacterial and viral decay experimental models for anaerobic digestion of piggery waste. Mateu,A., Mata,A.J., Pares,R. (1992). Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 38:291-296. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3252. A broad-host-range vibriophage, KVP40, isolated from seawater. Matsuzaki,S., Tanaka,S., Koga,T., Kawata,T. (1992). Microbiology and Immunology 36:93-97. [do not have abstract]

  3253. Repliction of chlorella virus PBCV-1 and host karyotype determination studied with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Mccluskey,K., Graves,M.V., Mills,D., Meints,R.H. (1992). J. Phycol. 28:846-850. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3254. Effect of reproduction of cyanophages A-1, S-8K and LPP-3 on proteolysis processes in the cells of cyanobacteria. Mendzhul,M.I., Koltukova,N.V., Lysenko,T.G., Shainskaya,O.A. (1992). Mikrobiol. Zh. 54:90-95. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3255. Characterization of an O-antigen bacteriophage from Aeromonas hydrophila. Merino,S., Camprubi,S., Tomas,J.M. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:235-240. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3256. Virus-mediated gene transfer in freshwater environments. Miller,R.V., Ripp,S., Replicon,J., Ogunseitan,O.A., Kokjohn,T.A. (1992). p. 50-62. In M.J.Gauthier (ed.), (eds) Gene Transfers and Environment. SpringerVerlag, Berlin.[do not have abstract]

  3257. Bacteriophage-host interactions in aquatic systems. Miller,R.V., Sayler,G.S. (1992). p. 176-193. In E.M.H.Wellington and J.D.van Elsas (eds.), (eds) Genetic Interactions among Microorganisms in the Natural Environment. Pergamon Press, Oxford.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3258. Laboratory investigations on the survival of marine bacteriophages in raw and treated seawater. Moebus,K. (1992). Helgol. Meeresunters. 46:251-273. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3259. Further investigations on the concentration of marine bacteriophages in the water around helgoland with reference to the phage-host systems encountered. Moebus,K. (1992). Helgol. Meeresunters. 46:275-292. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3260. Preliminary observations on the concentration of marine bacteriophages in the water around helgoland. Moebus,K. (1992). Helgol. Meeresunters. 45:411-422. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3261. Characterization of lactococcal bacteriophages from Quebec cheese plants. Moineau,S., Fortier,J., Ackermann,H.-W., Pandian,S. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:875-882. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3262. Evaluation of different bacteriophage groups as faecal indicators in contaminated natural waters in southern England. Moriñigo,M.A., Wheeler,D., Berry,C., Jones,C., Munoz,M.A., Cornax,R., Borrego,J.J. (1992). Water Res. 26:267-271. [do not have abstract]

  3263. [Factors that affect transduction in microorganisms]. Mukvich,N.S., Romaniuk,L.V., Didyk,O.A. (1992). MIKROBIOLOGICHESKII ZHURNAL 54:75-86. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3264. Viral dynamics: A model of the effects of size, shape, motion, and abundance of single-celled planktonic organisms and other particles. Murray,A.G., Jackson,G.A. (1992). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 89:103-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3265. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages specific for capsular antigens K3, K7, K12, and, K13 of Escherichia coli. Nimmich,W., Krallmann Wenzel,U., Mueller,B., Schmidt,G. (1992). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 276:213-220. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3266. The susceptibility of nodule bacteria with the unclear taxonomic position to bacteriophages of various Rhizobium genera. Novikova,N.I., Limeshchenko,E.V. (1992). Mikrobiologiia 61:484-489. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3267. Antibody response to bacteriophage phi X174 in patients with adenosine deaminase deficiency. Ochs,H.D., Buckley,R.H., Kobayashi,R.H., Kobayashi,A.L., Sorensen,R.U., Douglas,S.D., Hamilton,B.L., Hershfield,M.S. (1992). Blood 5:1163-1171. [do not have abstract]

  3268. Application of DNA probes to analysis of bacteriophage distribution patterns in the environment. Ogunseitan,O.A., Sayler,G.S., Miller,R.V. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:2046-2052. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3269. Characterization of water quality in the Ukrainian part of the Danube (by general indices). Oksiyuk,O.P., Zhuravleva,L.A., Lyashenko,A.V., Bashmakova,I.K., Karpezo,Y.I., Ivanov,A.I. (1992). Gidrobiologicheskii Zhurnal 28:3-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3270. Population dynamics of bacteriophage and Bacillus subtilis in soil. Pantastica-Caldas,M., Duncan,K.E., Istock,C.A., Bell,J.A. (1992). Ecology 73:1888-1902. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3271. The rex system of bacteriophage lambda: Tolerance and altruistic cell death. Parma,D.H., Snyder,M., Sobolevski,S., Nawroz,M., Brody,E., Gold,L. (1992). Genes. Dev. 6:497-510. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3272. Differential activities of bacteriophage depolymerase on bacterial polysaccharide: binding is essential but degradation is inhibitory in phage infection of K1-defective Escherichia coli. Pelkonen,S., Aalto,J., Finne,J. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:7757-7761. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3273. Detection of gene transfer in aquatic environments. Pickup,R.W. (1992). p. 145-164. In E.M.H.Wellington and J.D.van Elsas (eds.), (eds) Genetic Interactions among Microorganisms in the Natural Environment. Pergamon Press, Oxford.[do not have abstract]

  3274. Bacteriophage fX-174 as an aerobiological marker for surgical plume generated by the electromagnetic field focusing system. Price,J.A., Yamanashi,W., McGee,J.M. (1992). J. Hosp. Infect. 21:39-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3275. Mortality of marine bacteria in response to enrichments of the virus size fraction from seawater. Proctor,L.M., Fuhrman,J.A. (1992). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 87:283-293. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3276. DNA as a solar dosimeter in the ocean. Regan,J.D., Carrier,W.L., Gucinski,H., Olla,B.L., Yoshida,H., Fujimura,R.K., Wicklund,R.I. (1992). Photochem. Photobiol. 56:35-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3277. Characteristics and diffusion in the rabbit of a phage for Escherichia coli 0103. Attempts to use this phage for therapy. Reynaud,A., Cloastre,L., Bernard,J., Laveran,H., Ackermann,H.-W., Licois,D., Joly,B. (1992). Vet Microbiol 30:203-212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3278. Virucidal effectiveness of some commercial disinfectants for chemothermal disinfection procedures tested against temperature resistant viruses and bacteriophages-evaluation of a test model. Rheinbaben,F.V., Bansemir,K.-P., Heinzel,M. (1992). Zentralbatt für Hygiene 192:419-431. [do not have abstract]

  3279. Influence of soil type on the transfer of plasmid RP4p from Pseudomonas fluorescens to introduced recipient and to indigenous bacteria. Richaume,A., Smit,E., Faurie,G., Elsas,J.D.V. (1992). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 101:281-292. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3280. Analysis of phagoresistance among pseudomonads. Romashko,A.M., Bylinski,A.F. (1992). Mikrobiologiia 61:478-483. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3281. Phage T7 in biological UV dose measurement. Rontó,G., Gáspár,S., Berces,A. (1992). J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 12:285-294. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3282. Application of phage typing to the identification of sources of groundwater contamination. Rusin,P.A., Sinclair,N.A., Gerba,C.P., Gershman,M. (1992). J. Contam. Hydrol. 11:173-188. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3283. DNA inversion regions min of plasmid P15B and cin of bacteriophage P1 evolution of bacteriophage tail fiber genes. Sandmeier,H., Iida,S., Arber,W. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:3936-3944. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3284. Experimental studies to modify the number of endocytic bacteria in Cryptomonas strain SAG 2580 (Cryptophyceae) and their lysis by bacteriophages. Schnepf,E., Feith,R. (1992). Archiv fuer Protistenkunde 142:95-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3285. Primary characterization of the bacteriophage BA-4 from a nitrogen-fixing Bacillus azotofixans strain. Seldin,L. (1992). Microbios 71:167-177. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3286. Identification of a family of bacteriophage T4 genes encoding proteins similar to those present in group I introns of fungi and phage. Sharma,M., Ellis,R.L., Hinton,D.M. (1992). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89:6658-6662. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3287. Roles of selection and recombination in the evolution of type I restriction-modification systems in enterobacteria. Sharp,P.M., Kelleher,J.E., Daniel,A.S., Cowan,G.M., Murray,N.E. (1992). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89:9836-9840. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3288. Virus and bacteria abundances in the Drake Passage during January and August 1991. Smith,D.C., Steward,G.F., Azam,F., Hollibaugh,J.T. (1992). Antarct. J. U. S. 27:125-126. [do not have abstract]

  3289. Treatment of experimental infections of mice with bacteriophages. Soothill,J.S. (1992). J. Med. Microbiol. 37:258-262. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3290. Nucleotide sequence of the genome of the filamentous bacteriophage I2-2 module evolution of the filamentous phage genome. Stassen,A.P.M., Schoenmakers,E.F.P.M., Yu,M., Schoenmakers,J.G.G., Konings,R.N.H. (1992). J. Mol. Evol. 34:141-152. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3291. Estimation of virus production in the sea. I. Method development. Steward,G.F., Wikner,J., Smith,D.C., Cochlan,W.P., Azam,F. (1992). Marine Microbial Food Webs 6:57-78. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3292. Estimation of virus production in the sea: II. Field results. Steward,G.F., Wikner,J., Cochlan,W.P., Smith,D.C., Azam,F. (1992). Mar. Microb. Food Webs. 6:79-90. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3293. Persistence of viruses in desert soils amended with anaerobically digested sewage sludge. Straub,T.M., Pepper,I.L., Gerba,C.P. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:636-641. [do not have abstract]

  3294. Marine viruses: Decay rates, diversity and ecological implications. Suttle,C.A., Chen,F., Chan,A.M. (1992). p. 153-163. In C.C.Nash, II (ed.), (eds) International Marine Biotechnology Conferences "IMBC-91": Short Communications of Invited Lectures. W. Brown Co., Dubuque.[do not have abstract]

  3295. Mechanisms and rates of decay of marine viruses in seawater. Suttle,C.A., Chen,F. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:3721-3729. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3296. Inhibition of photosynthesis by the submicron size fraction concentrated from seawater. Suttle,C.A. (1992). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 87:105-112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3297. Culture and decontamination methods affecting enumeration of phages infecting Bacteroides fragilis in sewage. Tartera,C., Araujo,R., Michel,T., Jofre,J. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:2670-2673. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3298. Bacteriological and physiological research styles in the early controversy on the nature of the bacteriophage phenomenon. Van Helvoort,T. (1992). Medical History 36:243-270. [do not have abstract]

  3299. Selective synthesis and labeling of the polysialic acid capsule in Escherichia coli K1 strains with mutations in nanA and neuB. Vimr,E.R. (1992). J. Bacteriol. 174:6191-6197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3300. Daily monitoring of an Adriatic coastal stretch. Volterra,L., Aulicino,F.A., Bonadonna,L., Girolamo,I., Liberti,R., Mancini,L., Finarelli,A. (1992). Science of the Total Environment 393-402. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3301. A simple, efficient PCR technique for characterizing bacteriophage plaques. Wang,H., Cutler,A.J. (1992). PCR METHODS AND APPLICATIONS 2:93-95. [do not have abstract]

  3302. Lysogenic bacteriophage isolated from acidophilium. Ward,T.W., Bruhn,D.F., Bulmer,D.K. (1992). The United States of America as represented by the United States. 350662(5,132,221). Washington, DC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3303. Viruses of marine bacteria. Waterbury,J.B. (1992). Oceanus 35:107-108. [do not have abstract]

  3304. Distribution of viruses in the Chesapeake Bay. Wommack,K.E., Hill,R.T., Kessel,M., Russek-Cohen,E., Colwell,R.R. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:2965-2970. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3305. Inactivation of coliphage MS-2 and poliovirus by copper, silver, and chlorine. Yahya,M.T., Straub,T.M., Gerba,C.P. (1992). Can. J. Microbiol. 38:430-435. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3306. Replication of viruses in a growing plaque: A reaction-diffusion model. Yin,J., McCaskill,J.S. (1992). Biophys. J. 61:1540-1549. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3307. Classification of virulent and temperate bacteriophages of Listeria spp. on the basis of morphology and protein analysis. Zink,R., Loessner,M.J. (1992). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:296-302. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3308. Assessing Ecological Risks of Biotechnology. Anonymous (1991). Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston.[do not have abstract]

  3309. Risk Assessment in Genetic Engineering. Anonymous (1991). McGraw-Hill, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3310. Molecular characterization of three small isometric-headed bacteriophages which vary in their sensitivity to the lactococcal phage resistance plasmid pTR2030. Alatossava,T., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:1346-1353. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3311. Vibrio cholerae phages from open water bodies in the basin of Lake Issyk-Kul and their taxonomy. Arutyunov,Y., Makedonova,L.D., Sayamov,S.R., Kazakbaeva,R.A., Tolmacheva,L.R., Bevz,L.V. (1991). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii 10-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3312. Bacteriophage adsorption during transport through porous media: chemical perturbations and reversibility. Bales,R.C., Hinkle,S.R., Kroegar,T.W., Gerba,C.P., Gerba,C. (1991). Environ. Sci. Technol. 25:2088-2095. [do not have abstract]

  3313. Influence of environmental conditions on infection of Klebsiella pneumoniae by two different types of bacteriophages. Benedi,V.J., Regue,M., Alberti,S., Camprubi,S., Tomas,J.M. (1991). Can. J. Microbiol. 37:270-275. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3314. The activity in the chicken alimentary tract of bacteriophages lytic for Salmonella typhimurium. Berchieri,A.jr., Lovell,M.A., Barrow,P.A. (1991). Res. Microbiol. 142:541-549. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3315. Isolation and characterization of the bacteriophages of Lactic streptococci. Bhimani,R.S., Freitas,Y.M. (1991). J. Dairy Sci. 74:1461-1471. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3316. Effektivnost' bakteriofaga Klebsiella pneumoniae pri terapii eksperimental'noi klebsielleznoi infektsii.[The efficacy of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteriophage in the therapy of experimental Klebsiella infection]. [Russian]. Bogovazova,G.G., Voroshilova,N.N., Bondarenko,V.M. (1991). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 4:5-8. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3317. Development and application of new positively charged filters for recovery of bacteriophages from water. Borrego,J.J., Cornax,R., Preston,D.R., Farrah,S.R., McElhaney,B., Bitton,G. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:1218-1222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3318. Principles of selective inactivation of viral genome. V. Rational selection of conditions for inactivation of the viral suspension infectivity to a given extent by the action of beta-propiolactone. Budowsky,E.I., Zalesskaya,M.A. (1991). Vaccine 9:319-325. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3319. Selection for benevolence in a host-parasite system. Bull,J.J., Molineux,I.J., Rice,W.R. (1991). Evolution 45:875-882. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3320. Salmonella phage PSP3, another member of the P2-like phage group [published erratum appears in Virology 1992 May;188(1):414]. Bullas,L.R., Mostaghimi,A.R., Arensdorf,J.J., Rajadas,P.T., Zuccarelli,A.J. (1991). Virology 185:918-921. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3321. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophage FC3-10 from Klebsiella spp. Camprubi,S., Merino,S., Benedi,V.J., Tomas,J.M. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 83:291-298. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3322. COLIPHAGES AND OTHER MICROBIAL INDICATORS IN STABILIZATION PONDS. Castillo,G.C., Trumper,B.A. (1991). Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 6:197-208. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3323. Levels of selection, evolution of sex in RNA viruses, and the origin of life. Chao,L. (1991). J. Theor. Biol. 153:229-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3324. Phage abortive infection mechanism from Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, expression of which is mediated by an iso-ISS1 element. Cluzel,P.-J., Chopin,A., Ehrlich,S.D. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3547-3551. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3325. Plasmid-encoded bacteriophage insensitivity in members of the genus Lactococcus with special reference to pCI829. Coffey,A., Costello,V., Fitzgerald,G., Daly,C. (1991). p. 131-135. In G.Dunny, P.Cleary, and L.McKay (eds.), (eds) Genetics and Molecular Biology of Streptococci, Lactococci and Enterococci. ASM, Washington, DC.[do not have abstract]

  3326. Significance of several bacteriophage groups as indicators of sewage pollution in marine waters. Cornax,R., Moriñigo,M.A., Balebona,M.C., Castro,D., Borrego,J.J. (1991). Water Res. 25:673-678. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3327. Wide-spread occurrence and clonal variation in viruses which cause lysis of a cosmopolitan, eukaryotic marine phytoplankter Micromonas pusilla. Cottrell,M.T., Suttle,C.A. (1991). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 78:1-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3328. Molecular evolution of bacteriophages discrete patterns of codon usage in T4 genes are related to the time of gene expresssion. Cowe,E., Sharp,P.M. (1991). J. Mol. Evol. 33:13-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3329. Process for retarding bacterial growth in cheese. Day,C.A., Holton,B.W. (1991). Microbial Development Ltd. 350215(5,006,347). England. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3330. Comparison of lactococcal bacteriophage isolated in the United States and Argentina. de Fabrizio,S.V., Ledford,R.A., Shieh,Y.S.C., Brown,J., Parada,J.L. (1991). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 13:285-294. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3331. REMOVAL OF FECAL INDICATOR BACTERIA AND BACTERIOPHAGES FROM THE COMMON MUSSEL MYTILUS-EDULIS UNDER ARTIFICIAL DEPURATION CONDITIONS. de Mesquita,M.M.F., Evison,L.M., West,P.A. (1991). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 70:495-501. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3332. Evaluation of an Escherichia coli host strain for enumeration of F male-specific bacteriophages. Debartolomeis,J., Cabelli,V.J. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:1301-1305. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3333. Biological characterization of the lytic cycle of actinophage f-A7 in Streptomyces antibioticus. Diaz,L.A., Gomez,P., Hardisson,C., Rodicio,M.R. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 83:65-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3334. Single mutations in a gene for a tail fiber component of an Escherichia coli phage can cause an extension from a protein to a carbohydrate as a receptor. Drexler,K., Dannull,J., Hindennach,I., Mutschler,B., Henning,U. (1991). J. Mol. Biol. 219:655-663. [do not have abstract]

  3335. Characteristics and some biological peculiarities of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteriophage. Dzhaparidze,G.G., Chanishvili,T.G. (1991). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Gruzii Seriya Biologicheskaya 17:50-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3336. Host ranges of Florida isolates of bacteriophages Erwinian cartovara. Eayre,C.G., Concelmo,D.E., Bartz,J.A. (1991). Phytopathology 81:1179 [do not have abstract]

  3337. The phage T4 nrdB intron: A deletion mutant of a version found in the wild. Eddy,S.R., Gold,L. (1991). Genes Dev. 5:1032-1041. [do not have abstract]

  3338. Use of modified diatomaceous earth for removal and recovery of viruses in water. Farrah,S.R., Preston,D.R., Toranzos,G.A., Girard,M., Erdos,G.A., Vasuhdivan,V. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:2502-2506. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3339. Comparative inactivation of poliovirus type 3 and MS2 coliphage in demand-free phosphate buffer by using ozone. Finch,G.R., Fairbarn,N. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3121-3126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3340. A single amino-acid substitution in polyomavirus VP1 correlates with plaque size and hemagglutination behavior. Freund,R., Garcea,R.L., Sahli,R., Benjamin,T.L. (1991). J. Virol. 65:350-355. [do not have abstract]

  3341. Host-controlled modificaiton and restriction as a criterion of evaluating the therapeutical potential of Pseudomonas phage. Gachechiladze,K.K., Balardshishvili,N.S., Adamia,R.S., Chanishvili,T.G., Kruger,D.H. (1991). J. Basic Microbiol. 31:101-106. [do not have abstract]

  3342. Mortality of fecal bacteria in seawater. Garcia,L.J., Menon,P., Servais,P., Billen,G. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:885-888. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3343. FATE OF VIRUSES IN TREATED SEWAGE EFFLUENT DURING SOIL AQUIFER TREATMENT DESIGNED FOR WASTEWATER RECLAMATION AND REUSE. Gerba,C.P., Powelson,D.K., Yahya,M.T., Wilson,L.G., Amy,G.L. (1991). Water Sci. Technol. 24:95-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3344. Electron microscopic study of Bacteroides nodosus pili and associated structures. Gradin,J.L., Sonn,A.E., Bearwood,D.E., Schmitz,J.A., Smith,A.W. (1991). American Journal of Veterinary Research 52:206-211. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3345. CHARACTERISTICS OF PHAGE-RESISTANT MUTANTS OF THE SORBOSE PRODUCER GLUCONOBACTER-OXYDANS. Grigor'eva,T.M., Gal'perin,M.Y., Lovchev,S.I., Lazarev,A.V., Azizbekyan,R.R. (1991). Biotekhnologiya 7-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3346. A bacteriophage-typing system for surveying the diversity and distribution of strains of Erwinia carotovora in potato fields. Gross,D.C., Powelson,M.L., Regner,K.M., Radamaker,G.K. (1991). Phytopathology 81:220-226. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3347. Properties of the streptomycete temperate bacteriophage FP43. Hahn,D.R., McHenney,M.A., Baltz,R.H. (1991). J. Bacteriol. 173:3770-3775. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3348. Ecology of bacteriophages infecting activated sludge bacteria. Hantula,J., Kurki,A., Vuoriranta,P., Bamford,D.H. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:2147-2151. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3349. Abundance of viruses in marine waters: assessment by epifluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. Hara,S., Terauchi,K., Koike,I. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:2731-2734. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3350. Production and decay of viruses in aquatic environments. Heldal,M., Bratbak,G. (1991). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 72:205-212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3351. COLIPHAGES AS ALTERNATE INDICATORS OF FECAL CONTAMINATION IN TROPICAL WATERS. Hernandez-Delgado,E.A., Serra,M.L., Toranzos,G.A. (1991). Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 6:131-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3352. Inactivation of T5 phage by cis-vaccenic acid, an antivirus substance from Rhodopseudomonas capsulata, and by unsaturated fatty acids and related alcohols. Hirotani,H., Ohigashi,H., Kobayashi,M., Koshimizu,K., Takahashi,E. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 61:13-17. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3353. Bacteriophages from China, an electron microscopical atlas. Ho,N.B., Si,Z.T., Yu,M.X. (1991). Science Press, Beijing.[do not have abstract]

  3354. THE EFFECTS OF CERTAIN PHAGES OF BACILLUS-SPP ON THE LARVICIDAL POTENCY OF BACILLUS-THURINGIENSIS AND BACILLUS-SPHAERICUS. Hussein,M.E., Merdan,A., Razik,N.A.A., Morsi,S.A., Saleh,M.B. (1991). Journal of Applied Entomology 112:176-180. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3355. THE EFFECTS OF BACTERIOPHAGES IN NATURAL MOSQUITO LARVAL HABITATS ON THE LARVICIDAL POTENCY OF THE ENTOMOPATHOGENIC BACILLI BACILLUS-THURINGIENSIS AND BACILLUS-SPHAERICUS USED FOR COMMERCIAL FORMULATIONS. Hussein,M.E., Merdan,A., Razik,N.A., Morsy,S., Botros,M. (1991). Zentralblatt fuer Mikrobiologie 146:279-284. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3356. PRESENCE OF CERTAIN BACTERIOPHAGES IN MOSQUITO LARVAL HABITATS INHIBITING THE LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY OF BACILLUS-THURINGIENSIS AND BACILLUS-SPHAERICUS. Hussein,M.E., Merdan,A., Razik,N.A.A., Morsy,S., Botros,M. (1991). Zentralblatt fuer Mikrobiologie 146:271-277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3357. Practical Phage Control. International Dairy Federation (1991). International Dairy Federation, Brussels, Belgium.[do not have abstract]

  3358. Isolation of bacteriophage of Bacillus pumilus and studies on their properties. Jiang,R., Li,Z., Ma,J. (1991). Acta Microbiol. Sin. 31:176-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3359. A putative RNA virus in Babesia bovis. Johnston,R.C., Farias,N.A., Gonzales,J.C., Dewes,H., Masuda,A., Termignoni,C., Amako,K., Ozaki,L.S. (1991). Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 45:155-158. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3360. Enumeration of Flexibacter canadensis in environmental samples by using a bacteriophage isolated from soil. Jones,A.M., Knowles,R. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3043-3045. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3361. Construction and characterization of derivatives carrying insertion mutations in F plasmid transfer region genes, trbA, artA, traQ, and trbB. KATHIR,P., Ippen-Ihler,K. (1991). Plasmid 26:40-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3362. Halobacterium halobium strains lysogenic for phage Phi H contain a protein resembling coliphage repressors. Ken,R., Hackett,N.R. (1991). J. Bacteriol. 173:955-960. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3363. Bacteriophages from the forestomachs of Australian marsupials. Klieve,A.V. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3660-3663. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3364. Isolation and characterization of lytic phages from Bacteroides ruminicola ssp brevis. Klieve,A.V., Gregg,K., Bauchop,T. (1991). Curr. Microbiol. 23:183-188. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3365. Phage resistance and altered growth habit in a strain of Streptococcus bovis. Klieve,A.V., Bauchop,T. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 64:155-159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3366. Near on-line detection of enteric bacteria using lux recombinant bacteriophage. Kodikara,C.P., Crew,H.H., Stewart,G.S. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 67:261-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3367. Transduction: Mechanism and potential for gene transfer in the environment. Kokjohn,T.A. (1991). p. 73-93. In S.B.Levy and R.V.Miller (eds.), (eds) Gene Transfer in the Environment. McGraw-Hill, New York, N.Y.[do not have abstract]

  3368. Attachment and replication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophages under conditions simulating aquatic environments. Kokjohn,T.A., Sayler,G.S., Miller,R.V. (1991). J. Gen. Microbiol. 137:661-666. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3369. [Isolation and characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage phikF77 mutants]. [Russian]. Kulakov,L.A., Balakshina,V.V., Morenkova,M.A., Zhulanova,E.I., Boronin,A.M. (1991). Genetika 27:1904-1911. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3370. Use of phage for selective isolation purposes–current problems. Kurtböke,D.I., Williams,S.T. (1991). p. 31-34. In R.Locci, H.Lechevalier, and S.T.Williams (eds.), (eds) Actinomycetes. International Centre for Theoretical and Applied Ecology, Gorizia, Italy.[do not have abstract]

  3371. Survival of bacteriophage 1 of the Salmonella typhimurium phage typing scheme in 4 different types of sterile soil. Leonardopoulos,J., Papaconstantinou,A., Papavassiliou,J. (1991). BOLLETTINO DELL ISTITUTO SIEROTERAPICO MILANESE 70:505-512. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3372. Characterization of fLC3, a Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris temperature bacteriophage with cohesive single-stranded DNA ends. Lillehaug,D., Lindqvist,B., Birkeland,N.K. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3206-3211. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3373. Genetic relatedness of bacteriophage infecting Rhizobium galegae strains. Lindström,K., Kaijalainen,S. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 82:241-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3374. ??? Loayza,D., Carpousis,A.J., Krisch,H.M. (1991). Mol. Microbiol. 5:715-725. [do not have abstract]

  3375. Improved procedure for bacteriophage typing of Listeria strains and evaluation of new phages. Loessner,M.J. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:882-884. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3376. Discovery of an actinophage that attacks a species of the genus Actinomadura. Long,P.F., Parkh,N., Vickers,J.C., Williams,S.T. (1991). p. P3-O51Anonymous (eds) International Symposium of the Biology of Actinomycetes, University of Wisconsin, Madison, August 11-16, 1991, Conference Program Booklet. [do not have abstract]

  3377. Bacteriophages for incompatibility group H plasmids morphological and growth characteristics. Maher,D., Sherburne,R., Taylor,D.E. (1991). Plasmid 26:141-146. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3378. LYOPHILIZATION OF 01 AND NON-O1 VIBRIO-CHOLERAE PHAGES. Makedonova,L.D., Kudryakova,T.A., Kadetov,V.V., Natalich,L.A. (1991). Kriobiologiya 34-40. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3379. VIRUCIDAL ACTIVITY OF DISINFECTANTS ON BACTERIOPHAGES CONTAMINATING INERT SURFACES. MARIS,P. (1991). Sciences des Aliments 11:17-24. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3380. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLASSICAL INDICATORS AND SEVERAL PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS INVOLVED IN SHELLFISH-BORNE DISEASES. Martinez-Manzanares,E., Moriñigo,M.A., Cornax,R., Egea,F., Borrego,J.J. (1991). J. Food Prot. 54:711-717. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3381. BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF GROUNDWATER IN CEMETERIES. Martins,M.T., PELLIZARI,V.H., Pacheco,A., Myaki,D.M., Adams,C., Bossolan,N.R.S., Mendes,J.M.B., Hassuda,S. (1991). Revista de Saude Publica 25:47-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3382. THE ROLE OF LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE IN COMPLEMENT-KILLING OF AEROMONAS-HYDROPHILA STRAINS OF SEROTYPE O 34. Merino,S., Camprubi,S., Tomas,J.M. (1991). J. Gen. Microbiol. 137:1583-1590. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3383. Preliminary observations on the concentration of marine bacteriophages in the water around Helgoland. Moebus,K. (1991). Helgol. Meeresunters. 45:411-422. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3384. Host-parasite interactions: Recent developments in the genetics of abortive phage infections. Molineux,I.J. (1991). New Biologist 3:230-236. [do not have abstract]

  3385. The effect of cyanophages on the growth and survival of Lyugbya wollei, Anabaenaflos aquae, and Anabaena circinalis. Monegue,R.L., Phlips,E.J. (1991). J. Aquat. Plant. Manage. 29:88-93. [do not have abstract]

  3386. Lipopolysaccharide is the receptor for kappa phage in Serratia marcescens. Montilla,R., Williams,R.P., Loren,J.G., Vinas,M. (1991). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. 59:15-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3387. Characterization of Rhizobiophage isolated from Jamaican soils. Morgan,V. (1991). University of the West Indies. [do not have abstract]

  3388. Physiological, morphological, and physicochemical characterization of a novel Escherichia coli bacteriophage, phage MM. Muller,M., Wurtz,M., Kellenberger,E., Aebi,U. (1991). J. Struct. Biol. 106:17-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3389. Experimental control of bacterial blotch by bacteriophages. Munsch,P., Olivier,J.L., Houdeau,G. (1991). p. 389-396. In M.J.Maher (ed.), (eds) Mushroom Science. Rotterdam, Netherlands.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3390. Electron microscopic investigation of lysogeny of Clostridium difficile strains isolated from antibiotic-associated diarrhea cases and from healthy carriers. Nagy,E., Foldes,J. (1991). APMIS : acta pathologica microbiologica et immunologica Scandinavica 99:321-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3391. Hydraulic and microbiological characterization of reactors for UV disinfection of secondary wastewater effluent. Nieuwstad,T.J., Havelaar,A.H., Van Olphen,M. (1991). Water Res. 25:775-784. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3392. Virus ecology. Olofsson,S., Kjelleberg,S. (1991). Nature 351:612 [do not have abstract]

  3393. The implications of horizontal gene transfer in the environmental impact of genetically engineered microorganisms. Olson,B.H., Ogunseitan,O.A., Rochelle,P.A., Tebbe,C., Tsai,Y.L. (1991). p. ???M.Levin and H.Strauss (eds.), (eds) Risk Assessment in Genetic Engineering: Environmental Release of Organisms. McGrawHill, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3394. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophage FJ-1 of Lactobacillus plantarum. Onda,T., Ito,K., Niimura,Y., Uchimura,T., Kozaki,M. (1991). Journal of Agricultural Science Tokyo Nogyo Daigaku 35:250-255. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3395. COLIPHAGE AND BACTERIOPHAGE AS INDICATORS OF RECREATIONAL WATER QUALITY. Palmateer,G.A., Dutka,B.J., Janzen,E.M., Meissner,S.M., Sakellaris,M.G. (1991). Water Res. 25:355-357. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3396. Two-stage fermentation with bacteriophage l as an expression vector in Escherichia coli. Park,T.H., Seo,J.-H., Lim,H.C. (1991). Biotech. Bioeng. 37:297-302. [do not have abstract]

  3397. Concentration of viruses and dissolved DNA from aquatic environments by vortex flow filtration. Paul,J.H., Jiang,S.C., Rose,J.B. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:2197-2204. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3398. Fate of human enteric viruses, coliphages, and Clostridium perfringens during drinking-water treatment. Payment,P. (1991). Can. J. Microbiol. 37:154-157. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3399. The use of bacteriophages of Bacteroides fragilis as indicators of the efficiency of virucidal products. Pinto,R.M., Abad,F.X., Roca,R.M., Riera,J.M., Bosch,A. (1991). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 82:61-66. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3400. ??? Popa,M., McKelvey,T., Hempel,J., Hendrix,R. (1991). J. Virol. 65:3227-??? [do not have abstract]

  3401. Effect of organic matter on virus transport in unsaturated flow. Powelson,D.K., Simpson,J.R., Gerba,C.P. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:2192-2196. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3402. Roles of viral infection in organic particle flux. Proctor,L.M., Fuhrman,J.A. (1991). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 69:133-142. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3403. The phage factor. Pullen,K.I., Dadson,P. (1991). Australian Journal of Medical Laboratory Science 12:44-47. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3404. The virus that eats bacteria. Radetsky,P. (1991). p. 74-88. In Anonymous (eds) The Invisible Invaders: The Story of the Emerging Age of Viruses. Little Brown & Company, Boston.[do not have abstract]

  3405. ON THE USE OF PHAGES AS INDICATORS OF FECAL POLLUTION. REALI,D., Rosati,S., Pinto,B., Iavarone,M.R. (1991). Ig. Mod. 95:820-834. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3406. Preliminary investigation of suitable bacteria strains for the detection of bacteriophages in environmental polluted surface waters. REALI,D., Rosati,S., Pinto,B., Iavarone,M.R. (1991). ZENTRALBLATT FUR HYGIENE UND UMWELTMEDIZIN 192:248-257. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3407. Viruses distinguish symbiotic Chlorella spp. of Paramecium bursaria. Reisser,W., Burbank,D.E., Meints,R.H., Becker,B., van Etten,J.L. (1991). Endocytobiosis and Cell Res. 7:245-251. [do not have abstract]

  3408. Use of Salmonella typhimurium WG49 to enumerate male-specific coliphages in an estuary and watershed subject to nonpoing pollution. Rhodes,M.W., Kator,H.I. (1991). Water Res. 25:1315-1324. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3409. Bacteriophage specific for the Clavibacter-sp associated with annual ryegrass toxicity. Riley,I.T., Gooden,J.M. (1991). Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 12:158-160. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3410. EFFECT OF THE LACTOPEROXIDASE SYSTEM ON BACTERIOPHAGE-RESISTANT MUTANTS OF LACTOCOCCI. Roginski,H., Hickey,M.W., Legg,G.A. (1991). Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 46:31-35. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3411. Isolation and characterization of a coliphage specific for Escherichia coli O157:H7. Ronner,A.B., Cliver,D.O. (1991). J. Food Prot. 53:944-947. [do not have abstract]

  3412. The combined use of specific phages and antibiotics in different infectious allergoses. Sakandelidze,V.M. (1991). Vrach. Delo 3:60-63. [do not have abstract]

  3413. Induction and partial purification of bacteriophages from Desulfovibrio vulgaris (Hildenborough) and Desulfovibrio deslfuricans ATCC 13541. Seyedirachti,S., Wood,C., Akagi,J.M. (1991). J. Gen. Microbiol. 137:1545-1549. [do not have abstract]

  3414. COMPOSITION AND PHAGE BINDING CAPACITY OF CELL WALLS ISOLATED FROM LACTOCOCCUS-LACTIS-SSP-CREMORIS SK110 AND SK112. Sijtsma,L., Hellingwerf,K.J., Wouters,J.T.M. (1991). Netherlands Milk and Dairy Journal 45:81-96. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3415. Detection of plasmid transfer from Pseudomonas fluorescens to indigenous bacteria in soil by using bacteriophage fR2f for donor counterselection. Smit,E., van Elsas,J.D., Van Veen,J.A., de Vos,W.M. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3482-3488. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3416. VIRUS-LIKE PARTICLES IN BACTERIA SYMBIOTIC IN BIVALVE GILLS. Southward,E.C., Southward,A.J. (1991). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 71:37-46. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3417. Use of ultrafiltration to isolate viruses from seawater which are pathogens to marine phytoplankton. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M., Cottrell,M.T. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:721-726. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3418. Virus ecology - reply. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M., Cottrell,M.T. (1991). Nature 351:612-613. [do not have abstract]

  3419. The course of giardiavirus infection in the Giardia lamblia trophozoites. Tai,J.H., Wang,A.L., Ong,S.J., Lai,K.S., Lo,C., Wang,C.C. (1991). Experimental Parasitology 73:413-423. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3420. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS WHICH INFLUENCE MUCOID CONVERSION IN PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA PAO1. Terry,J.M., Pina,S.E., MATTINGLY,S.J. (1991). Infect. Immun. 59:471-477. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3421. Parasite-Host Associations. Coexistance or Conflict? Toft,C.A., Aeschlimann,A., Bolis,L. (1991). Oxford University Press, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3422. [Study of Brevibacterium flavum phage PhiBSh6]. Tolmachev,O.E., Sharibzhanova,T.O., Gusiatiner,M.M. (1991). Molekuliarnaia genetika mikrobiologiia i virusologiia 8-12. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3423. CURRENT AND POSSIBLE ALTERNATE INDICATORS OF FECAL CONTAMINATION IN TROPICAL WATERS A SHORT REVIEW. Toranzos,G.A. (1991). Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 6:121-130. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3424. Characteriztaion of DNA of virulent bacteriophage and its infectivity to host bacteria Pseudomonas solanacearum. Toyoda,H., Kakutani,K., Ikeda,S., Goto,S., Tanaka,H., Ouchi,S. (1991). J. Phytopathol. 131:11-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3425. Bacteriophage typing of Staphylococcus aureus strains from fermented milk products and raw milk. Umoh,V.J., Adesiyun,A.A., Gomwalk,N.E. (1991). Tropical Veterinarian 9:131-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3426. Phycodnaviridae. van Etten,J.L. (1991). p. 137-139. In R.I.B.Francki, C.M.Fauguet, D.L.Knudson, and F.Brown (eds.), (eds) Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses: Archives of Virology Supplement. Springer-Verlag, Vienna.[do not have abstract]

  3427. Viruses and virus-like particles of eukaryotic algae. van Etten,J.L., Lane,L.C., Meints,R.H. (1991). Microbiol. Rev. 44:586-620. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3428. Unicellular plants also have large dsDNA viruses. van Etten,J.L., Lane,L.C., Meints,R.H. (1991). Seminars Virol. 2:71-77. [do not have abstract]

  3429. Viruses of the protozoa. Wang,A.L., Wang,C.C. (1991). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 45:251-263. [do not have abstract]

  3430. Genome structure and RNA polymerase activity in Leishmania virus. Widmer,C., Patterson,J.L. (1991). J. Virol. 65:4211-4215. [do not have abstract]

  3431. Isolation and characteristic of new phages from a serine- producing Escherishia coli K-12. Wu,W.W., Tanaka,K., Yoshinaga,K., Kato,F., Kanda,K., Murata,A. (1991). Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 71:293-297. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3432. Inactivation of bacteriophage MS-2 and poliovirus in copper and plastic domestic water pipes. Yahya,M.T., Straub,T.M., Gerba,C.P., Margolin,A.B. (1991). Int'l. J. Environ. Hlth. Res. 1:76-86. [do not have abstract]

  3433. Screening of natural waters for viruses which infect Chlorella cells. Yamada,T., Higashiyama,T., Fukuda,T. (1991). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3433-3437. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3434. A quantifiable phenotype of viral propagation. Yin,J. (1991). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com. 174:1009-1014. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3435. Pathomorphological evaluation of therapeutic effect of mycophages in tuberculosis. Zemskova,Z.S., Dorozhkova,I.R. (1991). Probl. Tuberk. 11:63-66. [do not have abstract]

  3436. THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE LEVELS OF VIRUSES AND INDICATOR BACTERIA IN SOURCE WATER AND TAP WATER. Zhang,C.-Y., Wang,Z.-Q. (1991). Virologica Sinica 6:65-70. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3437. Lysogeny of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and the role of prophages in transfer of conjugative and non-conjugative plasmids. Zueva,V.S., Nesterenko,L.N., Dmitrenko,O.A., Akatov,A.K. (1991). J. Chemother. 3:279-282. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3438. Bacteriophage therapy of pseudomonas burn wound sepsis. Abdul-Hassan,H.S., El-Tahan,A., Massoud,B., Gommaa,R. (1990). Annals of the Mediterranean Burn Club 3, 4:262-264. [do not have abstract]

  3439. Selection for lysis inhibition in bacteriophage. Abedon,S.T. (1990). J. Theor. Biol. 146:501-511. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3440. The Ecology of Bacteriophage T4. Abedon,S.T. (1990). University of Arizona. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3441. Isolation and primary characterization of a new bacteriophage of obligate methylotrophic bacteria. Almumin,S., Kadri,M., Mamat,U., Engel,J. (1990). J. Basic Microbiol. 30:627-633. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3442. Further biological and molecular characterization of actinophage VWB. Anne,J., Van,M.L., Decock,B., Van,D.J., Van,A.A., Herdewijn,P., Eyssen,H. (1990). J. Gen. Microbiol. 136:1365-1372. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3443. Sensitivity to phages of Streptomyces coelicolor strains harbouring type II restriction endonucleases. Aparicio,J.F., Barbes,C., Hardisson,C., Sanchez,J. (1990). Microbiologia 6:71-75. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3444. Using bacteriophage for slime control in the paper mill. Araki,M., Hosomi,M. (1990). TAPPI (Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry) Journal 73:155-158. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3445. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages from Myxococcus virescens. Azuaga,M.J., Munoz,J., Gonzalez,F., Arias,J.M. (1990). Microbios 61:83-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3446. Evidence of neutralizing activity against T3 coliphage in oyster Crassostrea gigas hemolymph. Bachere,E., Hervio,D., Mialhe,E., Grizel,H. (1990). Dev. Comp. Immunol. 14:261-268. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3447. Comparative survival of enteric viruses and coliphage on sewage irrigated grass. Badawy,A.S., Rose,J.B., Gerba,C.P. (1990). J. Environ. Sci. Hlth. 1425:937-952. [do not have abstract]

  3448. Modeling bacteriophage transport through porous media; laboratory experiments with silica beads. Bales,R., Hinkle,S., Kroeger,T., Stocking,K. (1990). Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 71:1324 [do not have abstract]

  3449. A bacterial virulence determinant encoded by lysogenic coliphage lambda. Barondess,J.J., Beckwith,J. (1990). Nature 346:871-874. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3450. Phage T4 introns: self-splicing and mobility. Belfort,M. (1990). Ann. Rev. Genet. 24:363-385. [do not have abstract]

  3451. [Interactions of the phytopathogenic bacteria Erwinia with phage P1 CRL100 CML]. Beliasova,N.A., Prokulevich,V.A., Fomichev,I. (1990). Molekuliarnaia Genetika, Mikrobiologia, i Virusologa 14-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3452. Intron mobility in phage T4 is dependent upon a distinctive class of endonucleases and independent of DNA sequences encoding the intron core: mechanistic and evolutionary implications. Bell-Pedersen,D., Quirk,S., Clyman,J., Belfort,M. (1990). Nucleic Acids Research 18:3763-3770. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3453. Characterization and comparison of virulent bacteriophages of Streptococcus thermophilus isolated from yogurt. Benbadis,L., Faelen,M., Slos,P., Fazel,A., Mercenier,A. (1990). Biochimie 72:855-862. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3454. A note describing a bacteriophage aerosol model of droplet infection to assess the viral barrier properties of filters. Betts,W.B., Mould,A., Clough,G. (1990). Microbios Letters 45:57-60. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3455. Coliphages as an indicator of faecal pollution in water. Their survival and productive infectivity in natural aquatic environment. Borrego,J.J., Cornax,R., Moriñigo,M.A., Martinez-Manazanare,E., Romero,P. (1990). Water Res. 24:111-116. [do not have abstract]

  3456. Enumeration and biomass estimation of planktonic bacteria and viruses by transmission electron microscopy. Børsheim,K.Y., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:352-356. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3457. Viruses as partners in spring bloom microbial trophodynamics. Bratbak,G., Heldal,M., Norland,S., Thingstad,T.F. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:1400-1405. [do not have abstract]

  3458. Fitness of RNA virus decreased by Muller's ratchet. Chao,L. (1990). Nature 348:454-455. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3459. APPLICATION OF DIRECT PLAQUE ASSAY FOR DETECTION AND ENUMERATION OF BACTERIOPHAGES OF BACTEROIDES-FRAGILIS FROM CONTAMINATED WATER SAMPLES. Cornax,R., Moriñigo,M.A., Paez,I.G., Munoz,M.A., Borrego,J.J. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:3170-3173. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3460. Ecophysiology of bacteriophage S5100 infecting Halobacterium cutirubrum. Daniels,L.L., Wais,A.C. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:3605-3608. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3461. Temperate bacteriophages and lysogeny in lactic acid bacteria. Davidson,B.E., Powell,I.B., Hillier,A.J. (1990). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 87:79-90. [do not have abstract]

  3462. Bacteriophage typing of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii infecting California native clovers. Denis-Arrue,R.A. (1990). California State University, Fresno. [do not have abstract]

  3463. Chimeric phage-bacterial enzymes: a clue to the modular evolution of genes. Diaz,E., Lopez,R., Garcia,J.L. (1990). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:8125-8129. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3464. INFLUENCE OF ANIONIC DETERGENTS SDS AND ALKYLBENZOLSULFONATE ON ADSORPTION AND TRANSPORT BEHAVIOR OF SEVERAL ENTEROTROPIC VIRUSES IN SOIL UNDER STIMULATED CONDITIONS. Dizer,H. (1990). Zentralblatt fuer Hygiene und Umweltmedizin 190:257-274. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3465. THE PRESENCE OF BACTERIAL VIRUS IN GROUNDWATER AND TREATED DRINKING WATER. Dutka,B.J., Palmateer,G.A., Meissner,S.M., Janzen,E.M., Sakellaris,M. (1990). Environmental Pollution 63:293-298. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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  3467. Eimeria species which infect the chicken contain virus-like RNA molecules. Ellis,J., Revets,H. (1990). Parasitology 101 Pt 2:163-169. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3468. Starvation survival of the fish pathogenic bacteria Vibrio anguillarum and Vibrio salmonicida in marine environments. Enger,O., Hoff,K.A., Schei,G.H., Dundas,I. (1990). Microb. Ecol. 74:215-220. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3469. Parasite Communities. Patterns and Processes. Esch,G.W., Bush,A.O., Aho,J.M. (1990). Chapman and Hall, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3470. Adsorption of viruses by diatomaceous earth coated with metallic oxides and metallic peroxides. Farrah,S.R., Preston,D.R. (1990). W.O.K.Grabow, R.Morris, and K.Botzenhart (eds.), (eds) HEALTH-RELATED WATER MICROBIOLOGY 1990. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3471. Isolation of an LC-specific Escherichia coli bacteriophage. Fralick,J.A., Diedrich,D.L., Casey Wood,S. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:1660-1662. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3472. Transfection of the Giardia lamblia double-stranded RNA virus into Giardia lamblia by electroporation of a single-stranded RNA copy of the viral genome. Furfine,E.S., Wang,C.C. (1990). Mol. Cell. Biol. 10:3659-3663. [do not have abstract]

  3473. Biological and physical dosimeters for monitoring solar UVB light. Furusawa,Y., Suzuki,K., Sasaki,M. (1990). J. Radiat. Res. 31:189-206. [do not have abstract]

  3474. Prey-derived signals regulating duration of the developmental growth phase of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Gray,K.M., Ruby,E.G. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:4002-4007. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3475. Inability of a bacteriophage pool to control beef spoilage. Greer,G.G., Dilts,B.D. (1990). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 10:331-342. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3476. A phasmid shuttle vector for cloning of complex operons in Salmonella. Gutmann,L., Agarwal,M., Arthur,M., Campanelli,C., Goldstein,R. (1990). Plasmid 23:42-58. [do not have abstract]

  3477. EFFECT OF SEASONS ON THE PRODUCTION OF TEMPERATE PHAGES BY STRAINS OF PSEUDOMONAS-SYRINGAE AND XANTHOMONAS-CAMPESTRIS. Gvozdyak,R.I., Samoilenko,V.I. (1990). Mikrobiol. Zh. 52:42-44. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3478. Rhizophage effects on nodulation, nitrogen fixation, and yield of field-grown soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr.). Hashem,F.M., Angle,J.S. (1990). Biol. Fertil. Soils 9:330-334. [do not have abstract]

  3479. INACTIVATION OF BACTERIOPHAGE MS2 IN WASTEWATER EFFLUENT WITH MONOCHROMATIC AND POLYCHROMATIC UV LIGHT. Havelaar,A.H., Meulemans,C.C.E., Pot-Hogeboom,W.M., Koster,J. (1990). Water Res. 24:1387-1394. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3480. F-specific RNA bacteriophages and sensitive host strains in faeces and wastewater of human and animal origin. Havelaar,A.H., Pot-Hogeboom,W.M., Furuse,K., Pot,R., Hormann,M.P. (1990). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 69:30-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3481. NEW METHODS FOR EXTRACTION OF STREPTOMYCETE SPORES FROM SOIL AND APPLICATION TO THE STUDY OF LYSOGENY IN STERILE AMENDED AND NONSTERILE SOIL. Herron,P.R., Wellington,E.M.H. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:1406-1412. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3482. Influence of rhizophage on the growth of rhizobium-leguminosarum. Hickish,B., Amrir,A. (1990). Zentralblatt fuer Mikrobiologie 145:95-98. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3483. Characterization of the bacteriophages infecting marine luminous bacterium Vibrio harveyi (Kaiyosei hakko-saikin Vibrio harveyi ni kansensuru bakuteriofaji no seijo). Hidaka,T., Kobayashi,M., Arimura,S. (1990). Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries Kagoshima University 39:159-166. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3484. Evidence for the exchange of segments between genomes during the evolution of lambdoid bacteriophages. Highton,P.J., Chang,Y., Myers,R.J. (1990). Mol. Microbiol. 4:1329-1340. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3485. Cloning, expression, and sequence determination of a bacteriophage fragment encoding bacteriophage resistance in Lactococcus lactis. Hill,C., Miller,L.A., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:6419-6426. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3486. Comparison of the action of ionizing radiation and UV-light on lambda phage. Influence on phage adsorption, DNA injection, replication, and DNA repair. Hradecná,Z., Kittler,L. (1990). Acta Virol. 34:401-409. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3487. Isolation of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Hu,L., Liu,B.Y. (1990). Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology (Beijing) 10:95-98. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3488. PRESENCE OF CERTAIN BACTERIOPHAGES IN MOSQUITO LARVAL HABITATS INHIBITING THE LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY OF BACILLUS-THURINGIENSIS AND BACILLUS-SPHAERICUS. Hussein,M.E., Merdan,A., Abdel Razik,N.A., Morsy,S., Botros,M. (1990). Journal of Applied Entomology 109:513-519. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3489. Isolation and propagation of phages naturally associated with the aizawai variety of Bacillus thuringiensis. Inal,J.R.M., Karunakaran,V., Burges,H.D. (1990). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 68:17-22. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3490. A simple elution and reconcentration technique for viruses concentrated on membrane filters from drinking water samples. Jothikumar,N., Dwarkadas,A., Khanna,P. (1990). Water Res. 24:367-372. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3491. Use of bacteriophages and antibiotics for prevention of acute postoperative empyema in chronic suppurative lung diseases. Kaczkowski,H., Weber-Dabrowska,B., Dabrowski,M., Zdrojweicz,Z., Cwioro,F. (1990). Wiad. Lek. 43:136-141. [do not have abstract]

  3492. The difficulty of using coliphages as "indicators" and "index" organisms. Karst,M., Dutkiewicz,R., Hahn,T., Botzenhart,K. (1990). W.O.K.Grabow, R.Morris, and K.Botzenhart (eds.), (eds) HEALTH-RELATED WATER MICROBIOLOGY 1990. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3493. pTR2030, a conjugal plasmid and derivatives thereof that confer phage reisistance to group N streptococci. Klaenhammer,T.R., Sanozky,R.B., Steenson,L.R. (1990). North Carolina State University. 256018(4,931,396). Raleigh, NC. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3494. Virus-like particles in an ultraoligotrophic lake on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Klut,M.E., Stockner,J.G. (1990). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47:725-730. [do not have abstract]

  3495. [Comparative evaluation of Escherichia coli strains as markers for the study of bacteriophages]. Liberti,R., Bonadonna,L., Volterra,L. (1990). BOLLETTINO - SOCIETA ITALIANA BIOLOGIA SPERIMENTALE 66:479-485. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3496. COMPARISON OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAINS FOR THE RECOVERY OF BACTERIOPHAGES. Liberti,R., Bonadonna,L., Volterra,L. (1990). Bollettino Societa Italiana Biologia Sperimentale 66:479-486. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3497. Characterization of bacteriophages and bacteria indigenous to a mixed-strain cheese starter. Lodics,T.A., Steenson,L.R. (1990). J. Dairy Sci. 73:2685-2696. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3498. Phagentypisierung von Listerien als ein Instrument zur Anlagensanierung [Phage typing of Listeria as an instrument for plant reorganization]. Loessner,M.J., Busse,M. (1990). Dtsch. Milchwirtsch. 33:1115-1118. [do not have abstract]

  3499. Bacteriophage typing of Listeria species. Loessner,M.J., Busse,M. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:1912-1918. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3500. ASSESSMENT OF STANDARD METHODS FOR THE DETECTION OF FECAL CONTAMINATION IN THE MONITORING OF STREAMS IN AN EQUATORIAL RAIN FOREST. Loh,C.L., Zain,H.M., Ngeow,Y.F., Wang,C.W., Ho,Y.C. (1990). Malayan Nature Journal 44:77-84. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3501. Properties of the transducing phage M1 of Rhizobium meliloti. Malek,W. (1990). J. Basic Microbiol. 30:43-50. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3502. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophage PM2 from Aeromonas hydrophila. Merino,S., Camprubi,S., Tomas,J.M. (1990). FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 56:239-244. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3503. MICROBIAL DEPURATION OF THE BIVALVE MYTILUS-EDULIS. Mesquita,M.M.F. (1990). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 49:933-942. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3504. BACTERIOPHAGES AS VIRAL MODELS IN STUDIES OF WATER AND SHELLFISH QUALITY. Mesquita,M.M.F.D. (1990). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 49:923-932. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3505. Receptor-recognizing proteins of T-even type bacteriophages. The receptor-recognizing area of proteins 37 of phages T4. Montag,D., Hashemolhosseini,S., Henning,U. (1990). J. Mol. Biol. 216:327-334. [do not have abstract]

  3506. Introduction of genetically modified organisms into the environment. Mooney,H.A., Bernardi,G. (1990). Wiley, New York.[do not have abstract]

  3507. A new temperate cyanophage NP-1T lysogenizing cyanobacterial cultures belonging to the genera Nostoc and Plectonema. Muradov,M., Cherkasov,G.V., Akhmedova,D.U., Khalmuradov,A.G. (1990). Mikrobiologiia 59:1038-1045. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3508. Comparative study of NP-IT cyanophages, which lysogenize nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the genera Nostoc and Pleconema (Russian?). Muradov,M.M., Cherkasova,G.V., Akhmedova,D.U., Kamilova,F.D., Mukhamedov,R.S., Abdukarimov,A.A., Khalmuradov,A.G. (1990). Mikrobiologiia 59:819-826. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3509. Comparative study of NP-IT cyanophages, which lysogenize nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the genera Nostoc and Pleconema (English). Muradov,M.M., Cherkasova,G.V., Akhmedova,D.U., Kamilova,F.D., Mukhamedov,R.S., Abdukarimov,A.A., Khalmuradov,A.G. (1990). Microbiology (translation of Mikrobiologiya) 59:558-563. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3510. Cyst formation in Bdellovibrio soil strain at parasitism on Microciclys major bacterial culture. Nikitina,E.S. (1990). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR Seriya Biologicheskaya 309-311. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3511. Lysogenization of Salmonella choleraesuis by phage 14 increases average length of O-antigen chains, serum resistance and intraperitoneal mouse virulence. Nnalue,N.A., Newton,S., Stocker,B.A. (1990). Microb. Pathog. 8:393-402. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3512. [Double-stranded RNA from phage F6: its interferon-inducing and antiviral properties]. Nosik,N.N., Pugachev,V.G., Ershov,F.I. (1990). Antibiot. Khimoter. 35:25-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3513. Competitiveness of alfalfa Rhizobia in the presence of a bacteriophage. Novikova,N.I., Simarov,V.B. (1990). Doklady Vsesoyuznoi Ordena Lenina i Ordena Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni Akademii Selskokhozyaistvennykh Nauk Imeni V I Lenina 29-31. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3514. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YERSINIA BACTERIOPHAGES AND BACTERIOPHAGES ISOLATED FROM SEWAGE. Novosel'tsev,N.N., Marchenkov,V.I., Sorokin,V.M., KRAVTSOV,A.N., Degtyarev,B.M. (1990). Molekulyarnaya Genetika Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya 18-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3515. [Relation between the Yersinia phage and bacteriophages isolated from the environment]. Novosel'tsev,N.N., Marchenkov,V.I., Sorokin,V.M., KRAVTSOV,A.N., Degtiarev,B.M. (1990). Molekuliarnaia genetika mikrobiologiia i virusologiia 18-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3516. LYTIC ACTIVITY OF YERSINIA-PESTIS PHAGE P SEROVAR 3. Novosel'tsev,N.N., Marchenkov,V.I., Kravchenko,A.N., Valentsev,V.E., Tinker,L.A. (1990). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 12:15-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3517. [The lytic activity of Yersinia pestis phage P 3d serovar]. Novosel'tsev,N.N., Marchenkov,V.I., Kravchenko,A.N., Valentsev,V.E., Tinker,L.A. (1990). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 15-18. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3518. Interactions between the soil-borne bacteriophage Fo-1 and Pseudomonas spp. on sugarbeet roots. O'Sullivan,M., Stephens,P.M., O'Gara,F. (1990). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 68:329-334. [do not have abstract]

  3519. Dynamic interactions of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and bacteriophages in lake water. Ogunseitan,O.A., Sayler,G.S., Miller,R.V. (1990). Microb. Ecol. 19:171-186. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3520. Viruses of protozoan parasites. Patterson,J.L. (1990). Exp. Parasitol. 70:111-113. [do not have abstract]

  3521. Cyanophages which impact bloom-forming cyanobacteria. Phlips,E.J., Monegue,R.L., Aldridge,F.J. (1990). J. Aquat. Plant. Manage. 28:92-97. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3522. Virus transport and survival in saturated and unsaturated flow through soil columns. Powelson,D.K., Simpson,J.R., Gerba,C.P. (1990). J. Environ. Qual. 19:396-401. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3523. TISSUE DISTRIBUTION OF A COLIPHAGE AND ESCHERICHIA-COLI IN MUSSELS AFTER CONTAMINATION AND DEPURATION. Power,U.F., Collins,J.K. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:803-807. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3524. Viral mortality of marine bacteria and cyanobacteria. Proctor,L.M., Fuhrman,J.A. (1990). Nature 343:60-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3525. EFFICIENCY OF REMOVAL OF COLIFORMS FECAL COLIFORMS AND COLIPHAGES IN THE TUBLI SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT BAHRAIN. Qureshi,M.A., Qureshi,A.A. (1990). Water Res. 24:1459-1462. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3526. The incidence of Bdellovibrio spp. in man-made water systems: coexistence with legionellas. Richardson,I.R. (1990). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 69:134-140. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3527. Abortive phage infection and restriction/modification activities directed by pTR2030 determinants are enhanced by recombination with conjugal elements in lactococci. Romero,D.A., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1990). J. Gen. Microbiol. 136:1817-1824. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3528. Characterization of insertion sequence IS946, an Iso-ISS1 element, isolated from the conjugative lactococcal plasmid pTR2030. Romero,D.A., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:4151-4160. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3529. PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA TRANSPOSABLE BACTERIOPHAGES D3112 AND B3 REQUIRE PILI AND SURFACE GROWTH FOR ADSORPTION. Roncero,C., Darzins,A., Casadaban,M.J. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:1899-1904. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3530. First isolation of bacteriophages for a spirochaete: potential genetic tools for Leptospira. Saint Girons,I., Margarita,D., Amouriaux,P., Baranton,G. (1990). Res. Microbiol. 141:1131-1138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3531. CLONING OF PHAGE RESISTANCE GENES FROM LACTOCOCCUS-LACTIS-SSP-CREMORIS KH. Sanders,M.E., Shultz,J.W. (1990). J. Dairy Sci. 73:2044-2053. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3532. Transduction of linked chromosomal genes between Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains during incubation in situ in a freshwater habitat. Saye,D.J., Ogunseitan,O.A., Sayler,G.S., Miller,R.V. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:140-145. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3533. Bacteriophages in Helicobacter pylori. Schmid,E.N., von Recklinghausen,G., Ansorg,R. (1990). J. Med. Microbiol. 32:101-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3534. Bacteriophage-like particles in endocytic bacteria of Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). Schnepf,E., Melkonian,M. (1990). Phycologia 29:338-343. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3535. Changes of traits in a bacterial population associated with protozoal predation. Shikano,S., Luckinbill,L.S., Kurihara,Y. (1990). Microb. Ecol. 20:75-84. [do not have abstract]

  3536. Bacteriophage-enhanced sporulation: Comparison of the spore converting bacteriophages PMB12 and SP10. Silver-Mysliwiec,T., Bramucci,M.G. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:1948-1953. [do not have abstract]

  3537. Characteristics of phage abortion conferred in lactococci by the conjugal plasmid pTR2030. Sing,W.D., Klaenhammer,T.R. (1990). J. Gen. Microbiol. 136:1807-1815. [do not have abstract]

  3538. A SIMPLE MEMBRANE FILTER METHOD TO CONCENTRATE AND ENUMERATE MALE-SPECIFIC RNA COLIPHAGES. Sobsey,M.D., SCHWAB,K.J., Handzel,T.R. (1990). American Water Works Association Journal 82:52-59. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3539. USE OF ECOLOGICALLY HARMLESS PESTICIDES IN CROP INDUSTRY ITS STATUS PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS REPORT 2. PATHOGEN OF FUNGAL AND BACTERIAL DISEASES. Sokolov,M.S. (1990). Agrokhimiya 124-145. [do not have abstract]

  3540. CHARACTERIZATION OF PHI-GA1 AN INDUCIBLE PHAGE PARTICLE FROM BREVIBACTERIUM-FLAVUM. Sonnen,H., Schneider,J., Kutzner,H.J. (1990). J. Gen. Microbiol. 136:567-572. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3541. Stochastic three species systems. Sridhara,R., Watson,R. (1990). J. Math. Biol. 28:595-608. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3542. Infection of phytoplankton by viruses and reduction of primary productivity. Suttle,C.A., Chan,A.M., Cottrell,M.T. (1990). Nature 347:467-469. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3543. Control of tobacco bacterial wilt by an avirulent strain of Pseuomonas solanacearum M4S and its bacteriophage. Tanaka,H., Negishi,H., Maeda,H. (1990). An. Phytopathol. Soc. Japan 56:243-246. [do not have abstract]

  3544. AS-1 cyanophage infection inhibits the photosynthetic electron flow of photosytem II in Synechococcus sp. PCC 6301, a cyanobacterium. Teklemariam,T.A., Demeter,S., Deak,Z., Suranyi,G., Borbely,G. (1990). FEBS Lett. 270:211-215. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3545. CHARACTERIZATION OF A TEMPERATE ACTINOPHAGE MPPHIWR-1 CAPABLE OF INFECTING MICROMONOSPORA-PURPUREA ATCC 15835. Tilley,B.C., Meyertons,J.L., Lechevalier,M.P. (1990). J. Indust. Microbiol. 5:167-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3546. STUDIES ON PHAGE-SENSITIVITY OF SOFT ROT BACTERIA [title and text of manuscript is in Japanese, abstract is in English]. Togashi,J. (1990). An. Phytopathol. Soc. Japan 56:309-314. [do not have abstract]

  3547. Principles of Bacteriology, Virology and Immunity. Topley,W.W.C., Wilson,G.S. (1990). B.C. Decker Publishing, London.[do not have abstract]

  3548. High diversity in DNA of soil bacteria. Torsvik,V., Goksoyr,J., Daae,F.L. (1990). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:782-787. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3549. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BDELLOVIBRIO PARASITIC TO GRAM-NEGATIVE FISH PATHOGENIC BACTERIUM AEROMONAS-HYDROPHILA. Tsay,S.-S., Wang,H.H. (1990). Taiwania 35:112-126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3550. A new model for the penetration of prey cells by bdellovibrios. Tudor,J.J., McCann,M.P., Acrich,I.A. (1990). J. Bacteriol. 172:2421-2426. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3551. Method for producing mucoid and phage resistant group N streptococcus strains from non-mucoid and phage sensitive parent strains. Vedamuthu,E.R. (1990). Microlife Technics, Inc. 786631(4,918,014). Sarasota, FL. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3552. THE EFFECTS OF CHLORINE DISINFECTION ON THE RESISTANCE OF BACTERIOPHAGE F2 IN WATER. WU,Z.-C., JIANG,X.-J. (1990). Zhonghua Yufang Yixue Zazhi 24:196-198. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3553. Bacteriophage transport through porous media, effects of pH and hydrophobicity. Yahya,M., McGuire,K., Gerba,C.P. (1990). EOS 71:1326-??? [do not have abstract]

  3554. Evaluation of potassium permanganate for inactivation of bacteriophage MS-2 in water systems. Yahya,M.T., Landeen,L.K., Forshoefel,N.R., Kujawa,K., Gerba,C.P. (1990). J. Environ. Sci. Hlth. A25:81-100. [do not have abstract]

  3555. The effect of indigenous bacteria on virus survival in ground water. Yates,M.V., Stetzenbach,L.D., Gerba,C.P., Sinclair,N.A. (1990). J. Environ. Sci. Health A25:81-100. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3556. Selection for bacteriophage latent period length by bacterial density: A theoretical examination. Abedon,S.T. (1989). Microb. Ecol. 18:79-88. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3557. ??? Alippi,A.M. (1989). Microbiologia 5:35-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3558. Bacteriophage transport in sandy soil and fractured tuff. Bales,R.C., Gerba,C.P., Grondin,G.H., Jensen,S.L. (1989). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:2061-2067. [do not have abstract]

  3559. Sequence counter-selection in cyanophage. Bancroft,I., Smith,R.J. (1989). p. 316L.J.Rogers and J.R.Gallon (eds.), (eds) Biochemistry of the Algae and Cyanobacteria. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3560. The virulence characteristics of strains of Escherichia coli isolated from cases of bovine mastitis in England and Wales. Barrow,P.A., Hill,A.W. (1989). Vet Microbiol 20:35-48. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3561. Sequence of bacteriophage T3 DNA from gene 2.5 through gene 9. Beck,P.J., Gonzalez,S., Ward,C.L., Molineux,I.J. (1989). J. Mol. Biol. 210:687-701. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3562. Bacteriophage introns: parasites within parasites? Belfort,M. (1989). Trends Genet. 5:209-213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3563. Isolation and characterization of Klebsiella pneumoniae unencapsulated mutants. Benedi,V.J., Ciurana,B., Tomas,J.M. (1989). J. Clin. Microbiol. 27:82-87. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3564. High abundance of viruses found in aquatic environments. Bergh,O., Børsheim,K.Y., Bratbak,G., Heldal,M. (1989). Nature 340:467-468. [do not have abstract]

  3565. Isolation and characterization of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage with a very limited host range. Bigby,D., Kropinski,A.M.B. (1989). Can. J. Microbiol. 35:630-635. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3566. Comparative resistance of bacteriophages active against Bacteroides fragilis to devitalization by chlorination or ultraviolet radiation. Bosch,A., Tartera,C., Gajardo,R., Diez,J.M., Jofre,J. (1989). Water Sci. Technol. 21:221-226. [do not have abstract]

  3567. FRNA bacteriophages as indicators of fecal pollution in an estuarine environment. Boyd,D.M., Kator,H., Rhodes,M. (1989). J. Shelfish Res. 8:482 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3568. Phage and fluorescent dyes tracing in karst. Bricelj,M., Krivic,P., Zupan,M. (1989). International Geological Congress, Abstracts--Congres Geologique Internationale, Resumes 28:199-200. [do not have abstract]

  3569. Role of the antilysozyme activity of Shigella flexneri as a factor controlling the degree of their resistance to the lytic action of bacteriophages. Bukharin,O.V., Deryabin,D.G. (1989). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 16-19. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3570. Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the genes of the arginine deiminase system of Streptococcus sanguis NCTC 10904. Burne,R.A., Parsons,D.T., Marquis,R.E. (1989). Infect. Immun. 57:3540-3548. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3571. Mutual exclusion occurs in a Chlorella-like green alga inoculated with two viruses. Chase,T.E., Nelson,J.A., Burbank,D.E., van Etten,J.L. (1989). J. Gen. Virol. 70:1829-1836. [do not have abstract]

  3572. Bacteriophages and their therapeutic-prophylactic use. Chernomordick,A.B. (1989). Med. Sestra. 6:44-47. [do not have abstract]

  3573. Identification and characterization of a plasmid encoding phage abortive infection from Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis UC811. Coffey,A., Fitzgerald,G.F., Daly,C. (1989). Netherlands Milk and Dairy Journal 43:229-244. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3574. Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophages mediating the simultaneous lysogenic conversion of .beta.-lysin, staphylokinase and enterotoxin A: molecular mechanism of triple conversion. Coleman,D., Sullivan,D., Russell,R., Arbuthnott,J., Carey,B.<